International Forum     Industry Perspectives on Commercial International               Program/Project Collaboration     ...
Space Industry ?                                                       Satellite          Monetized                       ...
Russian RD-180 Rocket Engine                                                 for Atlas V Launch Vehicle NASA 2010 Program ...
RD-180 Background• Russian Designed/Produced Engine     – Liquid Oxygen-Kerosene Booster Engine     – Derived from RD-170 ...
Contracting Relationships                                                                                            Custo...
Motivation for Cooperation  • Technologies and Performance Capabilities         – Currently not available in U.S.  • US/Ru...
Integration• Development (1996 - 1999)      – Designed and developed by NPO Energomash under joint        program with P&W...
Interdependencies                Stakeholders                             Interests                                       ...
Government Involvement• Cooperation required by both Governments     –    Participation at high levels at program startup ...
Government Participation                                     RD-180 “One Team”                               Integrated Te...
Challenges • Profitability in an export-controlled environment        – TAA and MLA approval process can take up to 1 year...
Program Management                  Recommendations• Know and comply with Export Laws     – Plan for a longer and more com...
Summary• RD-180 fully operational in the Atlas V launch vehicle     – Atlas cost and launch capabilities greatly improved ...
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  1. 1. International Forum Industry Perspectives on Commercial International Program/Project Collaboration Gene BoundsNASA PM Challenge Chairman, PMI Board of Directors10 Feb. 2010 Senior Vice President, Booz Allen Hamilton
  2. 2. Space Industry ? Satellite Monetized Services $145 billion worldwide in 2008 14.2% annual growth 2003-2008 Ground Mostly communications Equipment Relatively mature (for current technology) Launch Services Satellite Mfg. 2
  3. 3. Russian RD-180 Rocket Engine for Atlas V Launch Vehicle NASA 2010 Program Managers Challenge Galveston, TX “Industry Perspectives on CommercialInternational Program/Project Collaboration” Gregory J. Pech 10 Feb 2010 Director, Engines & Motors Product Delivery Team United Launch Alliance (ULA) Copyright © United Launch Alliance, LLC NASA.PMC.2010 1
  4. 4. RD-180 Background• Russian Designed/Produced Engine – Liquid Oxygen-Kerosene Booster Engine – Derived from RD-170 ( Energya “Buran” Space Shuttle) – Fully Throttleable up to 860,000 Lbs of S.L. Thrust – Produced by NPO Energomash, Khimky Russia• First Stage Engine for Atlas III and Atlas V – Commercial and Government satellite launches – 100% Mission Success: 25 Flights to Date • 13 Commercial + 12 US Government • NASA Launches: AC-201/Eutelsat W4 – Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Aug 2005 May 24, 2000 1 st RD-180 Launch – Pluto New Horizons Jan 2006 – LRO/LCROSS Jun 2009 RD-180 is a Core Element of the Atlas V Launch Vehicle for the USG’s Assured Access to Space NASA.PMC.2010 2
  5. 5. Contracting Relationships Customer• U.S. company est. 1997• Contracting for production, sale, shipment and support services for RD-180 and derivative engines. American/Russian Rocket Engine Joint Venture 50% Owner 50% Owner Pratt & Whitney NPO Rocketdyne Energomash •Premier U.S. liquid rocket engine developer/producer •Premier Russian liquid rocket engine developer/producer •Premier turbopump developer/producer for SSME •Developer/designer of RD-180 using RD-170 heritage •Funding source for RD-180 development •Produces RD-180 engines for Atlas launch vehicles •Provides RD-180 engine integration and launch •Provides engine integration and launch support services support services •Provides technology transfer for U.S. Co-production •Demonstrated U.S. Co-Production capability
  6. 6. Motivation for Cooperation • Technologies and Performance Capabilities – Currently not available in U.S. • US/Russia cooperative relations • Dramatic capability improvements: Atlas IIAS Atlas V Reliability: 0.9876 0.9955 Payload: 8200 lb. 10900 lb. (GTO) Atlas IIAS Cost: 8 engines 2 engines Atlas V(US engines) (RD-180) NASA.PMC.2010 4
  7. 7. Integration• Development (1996 - 1999) – Designed and developed by NPO Energomash under joint program with P&WR – System integration by Lockheed Martin – Tested in both U.S. and Russia• Operations (1998 - Present) – Manufacture & test by NPO Energomash in Khimky, Russia – Reviews by P&WR and Lockheed Martin in Khimky & Denver System testing at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center – Air shipment by RD AMROSS to Denver, CO – Integration into Atlas launch vehicle in Denver, CO – Air shipment of Atlas V to U.S. launch sites – Integration & Launch support from RD AMROSS using P&WR and NPO Energomash team in U.S. RD-180 Engine Successfully Integrated into ULA’s Atlas V Launch Vehicles and Fully OperationalNASA.PMC.2010 5
  8. 8. Interdependencies Stakeholders Interests BALANCE BALANCE – Governments – Multinational Agreement • MTCR • DoS MOFA – Policy • DoD MOD • FSU Propulsion Systems • Nuclear Non-Proliferation • DoC MEDT • US Space Transportation • USAF, Navy FSA – Fair International Trade • NASA – Assured Access to Space – Mission Success • Technical Integration – Industry • Data Access • IV&V • United Launch Alliance – Export Control • RD AMROSS • ITAR • NPO Energomash – Intellectual Property • Protection / Patents • Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne – Profitability • SubcontractorsNASA.PMC.2010 6
  9. 9. Government Involvement• Cooperation required by both Governments – Participation at high levels at program startup (1994-1995) – DoD FSU Policy extension granted in Oct 2002 by Under Secretary of Defense – Licensing granted by both governments to allow technical integration – Steady improvements in RD180 data access granted by GOR Export Control• Active USG “One Team” – Engine acceptance reviews – Anomaly investigations – Launch operations – Risk reduction initiatives – U.S. Co-Production monitoring – Mission Assurance Team (MAT) – Independent Readiness Reviews Boris Yeltsin and Norm Augustine discussing RD180 matters.NASA.PMC.2010 7
  10. 10. Government Participation RD-180 “One Team” Integrated Team Management (USAF, NASA, Aerospace, SCITOR) Program Management & Engineering Independent Systems Hardware Denver Launch Review Analysis Acceptance Coordination Operations • “One Team” Charter – Provide objective, independent RD-180 launch verification – Monitor RD-180 production engine Program • “One Team” Benefits – Consolidate USG technical talent • Maximize technical insight and information sharing while protecting data • Minimize organizational duplication and overlap of efforts – Minimize impact of existing barriers • Multiple contracts, contracting strategies Process in Place for USG ParticipationNASA.PMC.2010 8
  11. 11. Challenges • Profitability in an export-controlled environment – TAA and MLA approval process can take up to 1 year from time of application – License restrictions make technical Integration more difficult – Anomaly resolutions and optimization take longer • Access to technical information – Protection of competition-sensitive or strategic data vs. over-protection – Must comply with both US and Russian export laws • Cultural differences – Language / communications – Contracting and business practices – Trusting relationships – Ethics Challenging Business EnvironmentNASA.PMC.2010 9
  12. 12. Program Management Recommendations• Know and comply with Export Laws – Plan for a longer and more complex process of doing business• Develop business relationships with mutual benefits – Understand and respect foreign supplier’s constraints – Recognize obligations to protect intellectual property – Fair economic exchange for products and technologies – Understand and recognize cultural differences – Employ facilitators who understand language and business practices – Communicate and adhere to our Ethics – Seek long-term opportunities for cooperative space exploration Great Potential for Mutual Benefits with International PartnersNASA.PMC.2010 10
  13. 13. Summary• RD-180 fully operational in the Atlas V launch vehicle – Atlas cost and launch capabilities greatly improved – 100% Mission Success• Strong relationships established with Russian partners – Industry and Government• Government support & participation critical to success International Cooperation Successfully Demonstrated by RD-180 Program: Foundation for Future Space ExplorationNASA.PMC.2010 11

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