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"Understanding the gender dimensions of vulnerability to climate change” activity

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The presentation "Understanding the gender dimensions of vulnerability to climate change" by Tonni Brodber, UN Women, delivered at the Climate Change and Gender Focal Points Workshop in Jamaica in September 2018.

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"Understanding the gender dimensions of vulnerability to climate change” activity

  1. 1. An organisational strategy to bring a gender perspective to all aspects of an institution’s policy and activities, through building gender capacity and accountability. Mainstreaming is not an end in itself but a strategy, an approach, a means to achieve the goal of gender equality. Mainstreaming involves ensuring that gender perspectives and attention to the goal of gender equality are central to all activities - policy development, research, advocacy/ dialogue, legislation, resource allocation, and planning, implementation and monitoring of programmes and projects. Gender Mainstreaming
  2. 2. 1. Harvard Analytical Framework aka Gender Roles Framework or Gender Analysis Framework • First framework developed in 1985. • WID efficiency approach. • Designed to demonstrate that there is an economic case for allocating resources to women as well as men. • Aims to help planners design more efficient projects and improve overall productivity. • It is a grid that maps the work and resources of men and women in a community and highlighting the main differences. • There are 4 Tools that make up the Framework. Gender Analysis Frameworks
  3. 3. Checklist
  4. 4. 2. People Oriented Planning Framework (POP) • Adaption of Harvard Analytical Framework (HAF), adapted for use for Refugee populations and to address the gaps of the HAF. • WID approach. • Designed to ensure an efficient and equitable distribution of resources and services. • Key factors are CHANGE and PARTICIPATION. • The POP Framework has three components: – The Determinants Analysis, (also called the Refugee Population Profile – and Context Analysis); – The Activities Analysis; – The Use and Control of Resources Analysis. Gender Analysis Frameworks
  5. 5. 3. Moser Framework • GAD approach. • Aim to set up ‘gender planning’ in its own right. • Questions assumptions that planning is a purely technical task. • At the heart of the Moser Framework are three concepts: – Women's triple role; – Practical and strategic gender needs; – Categories of WID/GAD policy approaches (policy matrix). Gender Analysis Frameworks
  6. 6. 4. Gender Analysis Matrix (GAM)- UN Women • GAD, inclusive and participatory approach. • Aims to help determine the different impact development interventions have on women and men, by providing a community-based technique for identifying and analysing gender differences. • Based on the following principles: – All requisite knowledge for gender analysis exists among the people whose lives are the subject of the analysis. – Gender analysis does not require the technical expertise of those outside the community, except as facilitators. – Gender analysis cannot promote transformation unless it is carried out by the people being analysed. (Parker 1993, 2) Gender Analysis Frameworks
  7. 7. 5. Capacities and Vulnerability Analysis Framework (CVA) • Similar to POP in that it was developed specifically for use in humanitarian interventions and disaster preparedness. • Aims to help outside agencies plan aid in emergencies, in such a way that interventions meet immediate needs, and at the same time build on the strengths of people and their efforts to achieve long-term social and economic development. • CVA is based on the central idea that people's existing strengths (or capacities) and weaknesses (or vulnerabilities) determine the impact that a crisis has on them, as well as the way they respond to the crisis. • Two Tools: – Categories of Capacities and Vulnerabilities. – Additional Dimensions of ‘complex reality’. Gender Analysis Frameworks
  8. 8. Gender Analysis Frameworks 6. Women’s Empowerment Framework (Longwe) • Aim to assess whether a development intervention is supporting empowerment i.e. what does women’s empowerment and equality mean in practice. • In the Longwe framework, development means enabling people to take charge of their own lives, and escape from poverty; poverty is seen as arising not from lack of productivity, but from oppression and exploitation. • The Framework assumes 5 different levels of equality: – Control – Participation – Conscientisation – Access – Welfare • There are two main tools.
  9. 9. 7. Social Relations Approach • Is intended as a method of analysing existing gender inequalities in the distribution of resources, responsibilities, and power, and for designing policies and programmes which enable women to be agents of their own development. • The framework uses concepts rather than tools to concentrate on the relationships between people and their relationship to resources and activities - and how these are re- worked through 'institutions' such as the state or the market. • Key elements of the approach are: – The goal of development as human well-being; – The concept of social relations; and – Institutional analysis. Gender Analysis Frameworks

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