Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include:tobacco (25-30%)
Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include: diet and obesity (30-35%)tobacco (25-30%)
Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include: diet and obesity (30-35%)tobacco (25-30%) infections (15-20%)
Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include: diet and obesity (30-35%)tobacco (25-30%) Radiation infections (15-20%) Stress lack of physical activity environmental pollutants
CAUSESBenzene and other chemicalsDrinking excess alcoholEnvironmental toxins, such as certain poisonousmushrooms anda type of poison that can grow on peanut plants(aflatoxins)Excessive sunlight exposureGenetic problemsObesityRadiationViruses
TESTSBiopsy of the tumorBlood tests (which look for chemicals such as tumormarkers)Bone marrow biopsy (for lymphoma or leukemia)Chest x-rayComplete blood count (CBC)CT scanLiver function testsMRI scan
TREATMENT•Surgery•Chemotherapy•Radiation•Targeted Cancer Treatments•Small Molecule Inhibitors•Antibodies•Cell Based Immunotherapy•Gene Therapy
ChemotherapyDrugs used to kill cancer cells; disrupt someaspect of cell division.Toxic to healthy cells; hair, bonemarrow, lymphocytes, and epithelial cells ofintestinal lining .Side effects include hairloss, nausea, vomiting, and reduced immuneresponses.
Radiation therapyHigh-energy rays are used to kill cancer cells Stop them from growing and dividing.radiotherapy is a local treatment; it can affectcancer cells only in the treated area.side effects-Tiredness, skin reactions such as rash orredness, and loss of appetite.Temporary lowering of the WBC count.
Surgery therapyIn localized cancer surgery typically attemptsto remove the entire mass. Biological therapy/immunotherapy Monoclonal antibodies, interferon, interleukin-2, and colony-stimulating factors.Side effects - Temporary flu-like symptomssuch as fever and chills, muscle aches andweakness, loss of appetite and diarrhea.
Recently launched drugs-Axitinib (Inlyta) for advanced kidney cancer.Vismodegib (Erivedge) for advanced basal cellcarcinoma.Carfilzomib (Kyprolis) for multiple myeloma.Ziv-aflibercept (Zaltrap) in combination withchemotherapy for metastatic colon cancer.Regorafenib (Stivarga) for metastatic colorectalcancer .
PREVENTIONEating a healthy diet.Exercising regularly.Limiting alcohol.Maintaining a healthy weight.Minimizing your exposure to radiation and toxicchemicals.Not smoking or chewing tobaccoReducing sun exposure, especially if you burn easily.
CONCLUSIONHence cancer is second leading cause of deaths followingheart diseases one should care about its prevention beforethe occurrence of disease by varies examinations and ifdisease is already exists then one should go for its regulartreatment. Recent treatment mainly includes radiationtherapy, cell based immunotherapy, genetherapy, chemotherapy are most widely used methods usedfor treatment of various type of cancers.
REFERNCESwww.chronicdisease.isdh.inwww.cancer.govwww.chronicdisease.isdh.in.govhttp://www.essense-of-life.com/moreinfo/minerals/cesium.htmhttp://www.micronmetals.com/55.htmhttp://www.stopcancer.com/toc.htmhttp://www.prostate90.com/sci_papers/warburg.htmlhttp://www.alternative-doctor.com/cancer/oxygen.htmhttp://www.advancedhealthplan.com/2cesiumchlorideforcancer2.htmlCancer Facts and Figures 2012". Journalists Resource.orghttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/cancer-oncologyhttp://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Cancer.aspxhttp://www.cancerresearchuk.org/http://www.who.int/cancer/