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Towards ICT-centric Innovation Ecosystems, Reinhard Scholl - ITU, SEE MIKTA seminar

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Within the SEE MIKTA seminar held in November 2017 in Belgrade, discussing the topic of investing in innovation, Dr Reinhard Scholl, Deputy Director of Telecommunications Standardization Sector in the International Telecommunications Union - ITU, presented the technology requirements - infrastructure for innovation, and a path from innovation to commercialization.

ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies. Mr Reinhard Scholl presented the innovation ecosystem within the seminar SEE MIKTA: Innovation and Entrepreneurship, organized on 23 November 2017 in Belgrade, by NALED and embassies of MIKTA countries - Mexico, Indonesia, Korea, Turkey and Australia.

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Towards ICT-centric Innovation Ecosystems, Reinhard Scholl - ITU, SEE MIKTA seminar

  1. 1. Towards ICT-centric Innovation Ecosystems Reinhard.Scholl@itu.int Beograd, 23 November 2017
  2. 2. ITU
  3. 3. 3 ITU manages the radio frequency spectrum and satellite orbits
  4. 4. 4 ITU develops standards Hollywood, 26 Nov 2017
  5. 5. 5 ITU assists developing countries in setting up their ICT infrastructure
  6. 6. Serbia’s digital infrastructure
  7. 7. 7 This makes an innovation high performer … • Public & private investment in education, R&D and skills • Innovation partnerships among companies and with academia • Innovation-friendly business environment, including strong digital infrastructure Source The Economist Intelligence Unit
  8. 8. 8 Fixed Broadband Penetration 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Europe Serbia Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Hungary Macedonia Montenegro Romania Slovenia FIXED BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS PER 100 CAPITA Source ITU; 2016 data
  9. 9. 9 Mobile Broadband (= data) Subscriber Penetration 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Europe Serbia Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Hungary Macedonia Montenegro Romania Slovenia MOBILE BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS PER 100 CAPITA Source ITU; 2016 data
  10. 10. 10 International Internet Bandwidth is low 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Europe Serbia Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Hungary Macedonia Montenegro Romania Slovenia INTERNATIONAL INTERNET BANDWIDTH/USER (KBPS) Source ITU; 2016 data
  11. 11. 11 Broadband Prices (%GNI) 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% 3.0% 3.5% Europe Serbia Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Hungary Macedonia Montenegro Romania Slovenia BROADBAND PRICES (% GNI) Source ITU; 2016 data
  12. 12. 12 ITU offers national reviews of the ICT centric innovation ecosystem based on ITU methodology
  13. 13. 13 ITU-D Innovation All Ecosystem Stakeholders are important Source ITU
  14. 14. 14 ITU-D Innovation Pre Idea & Culture Ideation Startup “Valley of Death” SME High Growth Entrepreneurial Lifecycle Profit Loss Entrepreneurship Phase Pre-Idea Ideation Startup The “Valley of Death” SME Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurial Interest Engage with problems Develop Business Models Build Collaboration Expand Finance Research Funding Seed Funding Angel Investment Venture Capital Business Finance & Loans Entrepreneurial Support Entrepreneurial Events Hackathons & Competitions Co-working & Support Incubators & Accelerators Business Association Private Sector Success Stories Research Programs Lab programs B2B & Support Services Skill Training Programs Academia Entrepreneur Community Basic Research Spin Offs Soft skill trainings Human capital Public Sector Vision & Strategy IP & R&D Support Tax Support Public Procurement Trade Policy Source ITU
  15. 15. 15 Serbia’s SW industry is “resounding success… • … in terms of innovation at a sector level” • 6’000 people in 2’000 companies and growing • But need to increase IT graduates per year Source The Economist Intelligence Unit
  16. 16. 16 Source: New York Times, 4 November 2017 blue: # of graduates pink: # of job openings Life Sciences Engineering Physical Sciences Mathematical Sciences Computer Science (US-data
  17. 17. Three Case Studies
  18. 18. M-PESA
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20 Light regulation helped kick-start M-PESA C U S TO M E R S U S I N G M - P E S A 24,698,20 0AV E R A G E T R A N S A C T I O N S 390m tpm 13m tpd A N N U A L T R A N S A C T I O N G R O W T H 34% Source Safaricom @ ITU-WTSA Oct 2016 tpm = transactions/month tpd = transactions/day
  21. 21. infobip.com
  22. 22. 22 /
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. 25 infobip: from a town with 6000 inhabitants to a global company (and Croatia’s biggest SW company)
  26. 26. goopti.com
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. Join us:
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. 31 2nd Summit: 15-17 May 2018
  32. 32. 32 2nd Summit: 15-17 May 2018
  33. 33. 33 Thank you
  34. 34. Backup slides
  35. 35. 35 Cellular (= voice, SMS) Subscriber Penetration Source ITU; 2016 data 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Europe Serbia Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Hungary Macedonia Montenegro Romania Slovenia CELLULAR SUBSCRIBERS PER 100 CAPITA
  36. 36. 36 % Households with Internet 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Europe Serbia Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Hungary Macedonia Montenegro Romania Slovenia % HOUSEHOLDS WITH INTERNET Source ITU; 2016 data
  37. 37. 37 % Internet User Penetration Rate 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Europe Serbia Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Hungary Macedonia Montenegro Romania Slovenia % INTERNET USER PENETRATION RATE Source ITU; 2016 data
  38. 38. 38 Selected Regional IXPs Source: Packet Clearing House; https://www.pch.net/ixp/dir Country No IXP s Title No. Particip ants Peak Speed Average Speed Date Established Albania 2 Albania IX Albanian Neutral Internet Exchange 8 ? ? 2011 Bulgaria 8 Balkan IXP, Sofia IXP, Bulgaria IXP… 100 195, 311, 187G/s 132, 207, 127G/s 2009-13 Croatia 1 Croatia IXP 36 84G/s 2005 Hungary 1 Budapest IXP 59 193G/s 117G/s 1996 Serbia 1 Serbian Open Exch 23 100G/s 2010 Slovenia 1 Slovenian IXP 23 49.1G/s 26.9G/s 1994
  39. 39. 39 All ITU data in one chart Country Cellular subs per 100 cap Fixed BB subs per 100 cap Mob BB subs per 100 cap *BB prices (% GNI) % HHs with Internet % Int Users Intl Int BW/use r, kbps Europe 118.0 30.2 80.1 1.1% 82.5% 77.9% 178.0 Albania 105.1 8.3 52.6 2.4% 37.0% 66.4% 57.0 Bosnia & Herzegovina 89.2 17.4 37.4 2.0% 57.1% 69.3% 98.5 Bulgaria 127.2 24.1 88.3 2.8% 63.5% 59.8% 175.9 Croatia 104.1 24.6 76.7 1.1% 77.2% 72.7% 119.0 Hungary 119.1 28.5 44.5 2.0% 78.6% 79.3% 154.8 Macedonia 97.2 18.1 56.4 2.9% 70.4% 72.2% 109.0 Montenegro 167.5 18.5 60.7 1.9% 69.8% 69.9% 202.9 Romania 106.4 20.7 73.7 0.8% 72.4% 59.5% 155.5 Serbia 120.6 19.2 67.4 3.0% 64.7% 67.1% 26.3 Slovenia 114.6 28.3 62.2 1.0% 78.4% 75.5% 239.2 * Average of mobile and fixed broadband prices (% GNI) Source ITU; 2016 data

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