STEM jobscultivatesuccessScience. Technology.Engineering. Mathematics.Tim McAward and megan raftery
2 | stem jobs cultivate successOpportunities aregrowing all around usFaster aircraft. Bolder video games. Better medicines. Technology is advancing every day, Workers in STEM occupations useand STEM workers make it happen. Without the work of scientists, technicians, engineers, science, math, and technologicalmathematicians, and other skilled workers, many new products and discoveries would never innovations to solve problems.have come about. Although educationalJust as the stem of a plant holds up other structures, STEM jobs are essential to our economy. requirements for STEM occupations range from a high school diplomaThey affect the way we communicate, work, live, travel, maintain our health, and enjoy our free and on-the-job training to a Ph.D.,time. They are an engine for job growth, creating more downstream jobs to fuel the economy. all require the ability to problemIf STEM jobs are good for the economy, then STEM careers certainly hold great promise for solve and think logically.current and future workers. This ebook provides a quick overview of STEM jobs, which are verymuch alive and growing.What makes STEM jobs so great?• STEM workers enjoy wage premiums• STEM workers experience relatively low unemployment• There is growing demand for STEM workers across the globe• They are often in the most innovative fields, working for the most progressive companies, leading to interesting and challenging work
3 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs have REACH. The scope of STEM occupations is large,touching nearly every business or organization in one way or another. Accordingto the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there are roughly 97 STEM occupationsthat account for 7.3 million jobs, or nearly 5.7% of U.S. employment.The top five STEM occupations by category are: did you know?S / Life, Physical, and Social Sciences E / Architecture and Engineering Technology (IT/Computer) occupations make up 49% of STEM employment with1. Clinical Counseling/School Psychologists 1. Civil Engineers STEM Occupation breakdown architecture and engineering; life, physical and social sciences; and mathematics2. Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 2. Mechanical Engineers occupations making up 34%, 15%, and 2% respectively.3. Environmental Scientists/Specialists, 3. Industrial Engineers Including Health 4. Architectural and Engineering Managers4. Chemists 5. Electrical Engineers Technology (IT/Computer) 49% 34%5. Biological Technicians Architecture and Engineering M / Mathematics Life, Physical and Social SciencesT / Computer Specialists 1. Operations Research Analysts Mathematics1. Computer Support Specialists 2. Statisticians2. Software Developers, Applications 3. Actuaries3. Computer Systems Analysts 4. Mathematicians4. Software Developers, Systems Software 5. Mathematical Science Occupations, 2%5. Network and Computer Systems All Other 15% Administrators
4 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs are IN DEMAND. The increasingly globaleconomy of innovation in which we live is driving the demand forthe knowledge, skills, and abilities STEM workers possess.Innovation is in the driver’s seat • Renewed focus on innovation: cost • Adoption of nanotechnology: the U.S.According to research by Kelly Services®, pressures coming out of the global National Science Foundation estimatesother key factors driving the demand include: recession will force companies to improve that nanotechnology industries worldwide and update product designs and optimize will require 2 million workers by 2015.• Technology explosion: use of the existing manufacturing processes. internet, proliferation of web applications, • Conservation and green energy: Globally speaking social communities and mobile apps are increasing the demand for more environmental pressures, international As a result of these drivers, the demand sophisticated technologies. legislation, and the higher costs for STEM talent is expected to increase of fossil fuels are creating new across the globe. The STEM workforce• An aging and growing worldwide market opportunities. is global by nature. Although we often population: demand for new products hear about American companies going and medical and scientific advancements • Heightened security measures: abroad for STEM talent, the continuing will grow rapidly in response to the need for security and security globalization of the STEM workforce is changing demographic trends. systems technology is on the rise in driving interest in the American workforce the public and private sectors. from companies abroad who are increasingly “insourcing” STEM work.
5 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs are on the rise in the U.S. In the U.S.,demand for STEM professionals is expected to increase 16.8% from 2010 to2020—adding nearly 1.3 million new STEM jobs to the workforce. The Bureau ofLabor Statistics expects the demand will be the greatest for computer-relatedoccupations, with new job openings expected to jump 21.8% from 2010 to 2020.Overall, the top 10 fastest growing The top four STEM jobs in terms There are other promising STEM occupations. From 2000 to 2010 in the UnitedSTEM occupations in terms of numerical of numerical and percentage The following occupations are expected States, STEM jobs grew 7.9%—that’sincrease through 2020 are: growth through 2020 are: to grow more than 25% by 2020: three times the rate of other fields!1. Software Developers, Applications 1. Software Developers, Applications • Biomedical Engineers2. Software Developers, Systems Software (143,800 new jobs, 27.6% growth) (61.7% growth)3. Computer Systems Analysts4. Computer Support Specialists 2. Software Developers, Systems Software • Biochemists and Biophysicists5. Network and Computer (127,200 new jobs, 32.4% growth) (30.8% growth) Systems Administrators 3. Network and Computer Systems • Database Administrators6. Information Security Analysts, Administrators (96,600 new (30.6% growth) Web Developers and Computer jobs, 27.8% growth) • Actuaries Network Architects 4. Medical Scientists, Except (26.7% growth)7. Computer and Information Epidemiologists (36,400 new Systems Managers jobs, 36.4% growth)8. Civil Engineers9. Computer Programmers10. Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
6 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs are geographically based. Geographyplays a part in where STEM jobs exist. Regions with a strong presence ofSTEM-related employment are often heavily dependent on governmentfunding. Local technology centers, research parks, and research universityclusters also influence the concentration of STEM jobs in a region.The following metropolitan areas have a Although the volume of STEM jobs is still relatively small, the following states havesubstantial volume and concentration of experienced the strongest STEM job growth on a percentage basis from 2001 to 2011:STEM jobs, compared to total employment.STEM jobs in these areas are predicted to Seattle North Dakota (31%)grow by more than 6% in the next five years:1. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA minneapolis2. Baltimore-Towson, MD Wyoming (26%)3. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH boston Alaska (18%)4. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Nevada (19%)5. Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX Utah (18%) baltimore washington san francisco6. Minneapolis-St. Paul- san jose Bloomington, MN-WI7. San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA atlanta san diego dallas8. San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA9. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA houston10. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA11. Washington-Arlington- States with the strongest STEM job growth 2001-2011 Metropolitan areas with high concentration of STEM jobs Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
7 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs are industry baseD. STEM occupations make up morethan half of industry employment in computer systems design and related services;architectural, engineering, and related services; scientific research and developmentservices; software publishing; and computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing.It’s worth noting that even though the STEM workforce concentration in government is 6% overall,the government (local, state, and federal) employs more than 1 million STEM workers. Industries with the highest concentration of STEM jobs Industries with the most STEM jobsIndustries with the highest concentration of STEM jobs Industries with the most STEM jobs# of STEM % of overall # of STEM % of overalljobs (’000s) industry employment jobs (’000s) industry employment1,500 100% 1,500 100%1,200 80% 1,200 80% 900 60% 900 60% 600 40% 600 40% 300 20% 300 20% 0 0% 0 0% Computer Architectural, Scientific Software Computer and Data Communications Navigational, Pharmaceutical Semiconductor Computer Architectural, State Federal Scientific Local Management Management, Offices Software systems design engineering, research publishers peripheral processing, equipment measuring, and and other systems design engineering, government government, research and government of companies scientific, of other publishers and related and related and equipment hosting, and manufacturing electromedical, medicine electronic and related and related civilian (except development and enterprises and technical health services services development manufacturing related and control manufacturing component services services postal service) services consulting practitioners services services instruments manufacturing services manufacturing
8 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs have EARNING POTENTIAL.It pays to be in a STEM occupation. The average annual wage forall STEM occupations is $77,880, compared to the U.S. average of$43,460. Why the higher wages? The strong demand for STEMworkers is the driving force behind higher than average wages.In addition to higher earnings, workers The highest paying STEM occupations—all No matter what their occupation,in STEM occupations on average earning more than $100k per year—are: those who major in a STEM fieldexperience lower unemployment • Natural Science Managers make substantially more moneyrates than workers in other fields. • Architectural and Engineering Managers during their lifetime than thoseAll STEM degree holders receive an who do not, by about $300,000. • Computer/Information Systems Managersearnings premium relative to other collegegraduates, whether or not they end up in • Petroleum Engineersa STEM job. Likewise, college graduates,regardless of their major, enjoy an earningspremium for having a STEM job.
9 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs allow self-employment. Moreand more STEM workers are becoming free agents. While the recentrecession has most likely been a factor in driving some STEM workersinto entrepreneurial pursuits, the shift may be due in part to personalreasons, such as the desire for more freedom and flexibility.According to the 2012 Kelly Global • The growth of self-employed STEMWorkforce Index , an annual survey revealing ™ workers (3.1%) is nearly twice the Free agent, definedopinions about work and the workplace, rate of growth for all self-employed A free agent is an independent professional who moves from project to project, location to location,about 75% of STEM workers see the workers (1.7%) and five times the enhancing his or her skills and knowledge with each assignment. Free agents prefer freedom andfree agent workstyle as a career asset. rate of overall employment (.6%). flexibility over the security of traditional employment, and look for challenging and rewarding work that complements their personal goals—allowing them to build the value of their own professional • The growth of self-employedConsider these statistics about the portfolio. STEM workers (3.1%) is moregrowth of self-employed STEM In general, free agency is gaining popularity in the workplace today to meet the needs of workers who than twice the rate of growthworkers between 2009 and 2011: are seeking a better work-life balance and businesses that need to fill gaps with flexible talent. for STEM workers in traditional employment relationships (1.5%).
10 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs require EDUCATION AND SKILLS.Current statistics show that more than two-thirds of STEM workers(68%) have a bachelor’s degree or higher, nearly one-quarter(23%) have completed an associate’s degree or at least somecollege, and only 9% have a high school diploma or less.While there are some STEM opportunities STEM hard skills STEM soft skills Emerging STEM soft skills·for those with a high school diploma, • Analytical and critical thinking • Active listening • Cross-cultural competencythe majority of new and replacementoccupations in STEM will require at least • Complex problem solving • Cooperation and teamwork • New media literacysome postsecondary education. • Evaluation, analysis, and troubleshooting • Creativity/Innovation • Social intelligenceBeyond education in a STEM field, there • Mathematics, calculation, • Leadership • Transdisciplinary skillsare some key hard and soft skills that are measurement, and monitoring • Organization/Attention to detail • Virtual collaborationnecessary to succeed. More and more • Technical (systems, computers, • Written and oral communicationemployers are looking beyond the technical software, etc.)skills to individuals who are well roundedand possess complementary soft skills.The great news is that all of the followingSTEM skills are easily transferable andneeded in virtually every job sector.
11 | stem jobs cultivate successSTEM jobs have STRONG ROOTS. There are many reasonsto consider a STEM career. Beyond the premium wages and increasingopportunities, STEM workers are today’s innovators and inventors.They often work for the most progressive Could a STEM career be ideal for you?companies, generating new ideas, inventing The potential is huge, and many workingnew products, and solving complex in STEM fields find great satisfactionbusiness and societal problems. Their in making contributions to further ourcontributions are significant and their global economy of innovation.impact is immense, creating downstreamjobs and fueling economic growth. If you would like more information on STEM opportunities, contact your local Kelly Services office. To locate a branch near you, visit kellyservices.us today.
12 | stem jobs cultivate successsources• Ben Cover, John I. Jones, and Audrey Watson. “Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Occupations: A Visual Essay.” Monthly Labor Review Online 134.5 (2011). Bureau of Labor Statistics. Web. May 2011.• “An Economy That Works: Job Creation and America’s Future.” McKinsey Global Institute. Web. June 2011.• “STEM.” Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce. Web. October 2011.• U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration. STEM: Good Jobs Now and For the Future. Issue brief 03-11. Web. July 2011.• “States with Largest Presence of STEM-related Jobs.” EMSI. Web. September, 2011.• Bureau of Labor Statistics.• Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc.• OECD