Transitive verb :
Is the verb that is followed by a noun or
pronoun that tells
who or what Received the action of that
verb. That noun or pronoun is called the
Here are some more examples of transitive
verbs with their objects:
I sold some books.
I took the bus.
I understood her question.
I wrote a letter.
Are verbs that do not have objects.
This means that the verb doesn't
need more than the subject to fulfill
Here are some more examples of
My cat ran.
The sun rose.
Hala is a nice girl
is = verb
nice = adjective
is = intransitive because it is
followed by an adjective and
not a noun
A ditransitive verb is a verb which takes a subject
and two objects. According to certain linguistics
considerations, these objects may be called direct
and indirect, or primary and secondary.
Another definition, A ditransitive verb is a type of verb that
requires both a direct object and an indirect object in the
sentence with it in order for the meaning of the sentence to
be complete. This type of verb is typically used when
something is being given or exchanged between two or
more parties, as the something is the direct object and the
receiver is the indirect object
EG: Ahmed gave the students an exam
An exam is the direct object, what he gave, and ’the students ' is the
indirect object, the person he gave it to.
This sentence can be also written
Ahmed gave an exam to the students
(to ) is a preposition in this example it has
joined with NP the students to form PP.
The PP here is function as io
What are some Common Ditransitive Verbs?
Others include assign, bet, bring, cost, do,
feed, find, get, lend, owe, pass, pay, play
(e.g., She played him a song), promise,
serve (e.g., He served us dinner), teach,
throw, wish, write.
Ditransitive verbs can be made
The passive forms of ditransitive verbs
move one object into the subject
position and leave the other in the
original place. Usually, however, it is
the indirect rather than the direct
object that is moved.
The students were given an exam by
Another class of verb is the complextransitive verb
A verb that requires both a direct object and another object or an object
Complex transitive verbs have a direct object and a complement (a word or
phrase that says something about the direct object.)
They have painted their house purple. (complement)
I will prove you wrong.
The complement relates to the object, not the subject.
The complement is therefore an OBJECT COMPLEMENT
and the shorthand version is oC.
A further type takes both a nominal and a
Ex: Percy placed the penguin on the podium
Other verbs take adjectival or adverbial
Ex: the judge looked mean.
the pianist performed passionately.
Elena Kagan clerked for Thurgood
Marshall and has long considered him a
When the Congress
unanimously elected George Washington
president, he accepted reluctantly.
We use intensive verbs to describe the subject.
Intensive verbs are also called copular verbs, are usually
followed by a noun or a noun phrase, an adjective or a
Intensive means to focus on one thing; in this case, the
subject. The words or phrases following an intensive
verb work as the subject complement. This means they
apply to the subject, not the verb.
“Rose is a student” – The focus of this sentence is Rose and what
“Tomas looks very young for his age” - The focus of this
sentence is Tomas and what he looks like.
Examples : against, , below, , beside, but (when it means
except), by, down, , out, since, through, , toward, under, until, , within …
Prepositional verbs are a group of multi-word
verbs made from a verb plus another word or
words. Many people refer to all multi-word
verbs as phrasal verbs. This is a distinction
between three types of multi-word verbs:
prepositional verbs, phrasal verbs and
Prepositional verbs are made of:
verb + preposition
Because a preposition always has an object, all prepositional verbs
have direct objects. Here are some examples of prepositional verbs:
have faith in the existence of
I believe in
take care of
He is looking after
Did you talk about
John is waiting for
Prepositional verbs cannot be separated. That
means that we cannot put the direct object between
the two parts. For example, we must say "look after
the baby". We cannot say "look the baby after":
prepositional verbs are
Who is looking after the
This is possible.
Who is looking the baby
This is not