Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services
A Historical Reflection
By Dr. Gary Foley
Professor of History, Victoria U...
Today I would like to talk about History
History is important
“It’s important to understand what went before,
because if you’ve got no history, There’s no present.
And if you’ve got no...
Today we reflect on the first 20 years of history of
Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Services
because it is those y...
The challenges of today and tomorrow have been
created in our past and our history...
So it is important and timely to remember and to
celebrate the ideals and philosophy that were
part of the community spiri...
It is important to remember that Community
Controlled Health Services were a
product of the Black Power era...
So what was the Black Power era...
And how did Redfern AMS and VAHS evolve
from the ideals and philosophy of the era?
Black Power Movement Influences and inspirations
Malcolm X
Black Power became part of the
political language in Australia in 1969
In 1969 Bruce McGuinness and Bob Maza
were officials at the
Aborigines Advancement League in Northcote
McGuinness and Maza invite a Caribbean academic
Prof. Roosevelt Brown to address a meeting at
Aborigines Advancement Leagu...
Bob Maza Patsy Kruger Roosevelt Brown
Roosevelt Brown holds a press conference for Australian media
Roosevelt Brown is interviewed by Australian media
And creates a sensation when he talks about “Black Power”
Bruce McGuinness asserts that the term Black Power
means “Black Control of Black Affairs”
Or in other words….
Aboriginal C...
Bruce McGuinness is vilified in the media
Meanwhile in Sydney and Brisbane....
Meanwhile in Sydney and Brisbane....
Other young activists are inspired by
the example set by McGuinness and Maza.
In Sydney in Redfern a Black Power group is led by Paul Coe...
The Australian Black Power Movement stood for:-
Land Rights
Saw land as an economic base
Self-Determination
Aboriginal con...
The Black Power Movement established the first -
Aboriginal Community-controlled Legal Aid Centres
Aboriginal Community-co...
First Aboriginal Legal Service Redfern 1971
First Aboriginal Medical Service Redfern 1971
Redfern Aboriginal Breakfast Program evolved into Murawina Women and Children’s Centre
Redfern 1972
Developing Community-controlled, self-help programmes
National Black Theatre
In 1970 Bob Maza had visited the Black Theatre in Harlem, New York.
In 1972 he created the National Black Theatre company ...
In 1970 Bob Maza had visited the Black Theatre in Harlem, New York.
In 1972 he created the National Black Theatre company ...
And another clip from “Basically Black”
The principle of ‘Aboriginal control of Aboriginal affairs‘
was the underlying idea of Black Power as it was
developing in...
Meanwhile in Melbourne...
In May 1973 poor health conditions in the Aboriginal community in Gippsland
drew public attention to the failure of the ma...
Aunty Edna and Aunty Cissy Hyllus Marus Geraldine Briggs
In June 1973 among the group who were involved in the establishme...
The dominant political voice in Fitzroy at that time was
Bruce McGuinness
The dominant political voice in Fitzroy at that time was
Bruce McGuinness
1969 - 1971 Director, Aborigines Advancement Lea...
The Victorian Aboriginal Health Service officially opened on the 18th of August 1973
At 229 Gertrude Street Fitzroy
The Victorian Aboriginal Health Service officially opened on the 18th of August 1973
229 Gertrude Street Fitzroy
“[It was]...
In 1973 the Federal Government refused to Provide financial assistance for
newly created Aboriginal community-controlled h...
In 1973 the Federal Government bureaucracy still clung onto
their ideas and policy of assimilation.
State and Federal gove...
By the beginning of 1974 the newly formed VAHS employed their first full-time staff
They were....
Alma Thorpe, Administrat...
As part of the rejection of externally imposed ideas, the VAHS developed
its own definition of health for our community.
T...
Definition of Health
“Health does not simply mean the physical well-being of
an individual but refers to the social, emoti...
Community Control
The VAHS believed that the only REAL experts about the
situation of Aboriginal people in any given commu...
The Role of Aboriginal Health Workers
Consistent with the VAHS belief and policy on “Community
– control, we also believed...
In September 1974 VAHS established the Victorian Aboriginal Dental
Service, the first community controlled facility of its...
Dr. Bill Roberts
VAHS and NAIHO promoted the idea that
paramedic Koori Health Workers were the key
people in Aboriginal health. As the ‘mid...
Koori Kollij opened in 1982
Koori Kollij opened in 1982
Health Worker Education Program
Koori Kollij opened in 1982
Health Worker Education Program
Other Significant VAHS initiatives.....
Under 5’s program
Koori Radio on 3ZZZ
Fitzroy Stars Youth Club and Gymnasium
Ninde...
VAHS’ most famous visitor - 1978
VAHS most famous visitor - 1978
VAHS most famous visitor - 1978
New Building 136 Gertrude Street
New Building 136 Gertrude Street
Official Opening 1979
Former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam at Official Opening
Of VAHS Nicholson Street Premises 1993
1. The basic value of the VAHS –
Caring for the Community
2. The basic political stance of the VAHS –
“Self-Determination”
or
Aboriginal Control of Aboriginal Affairs
or
“WE are th...
3. The basic philosophy of the VAHS –
Educate yourself
then
Educate the People
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Shirley Smith (Redfern AMS)
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Prof Fred H0llows (Redfern AM...
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Gordon Briscoe (Redfern AMS)
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Aunty Edna Brown VAHS
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Alma Thorpe VAHS
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Bruce McGuinness VAHS
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Naomi Mayers and Gary Foley R...
Important People in the early
Development of Community-Controlled
Aboriginal Health Services
Dr Bill Roberts VAHS and NAIHO
A final message –
Don’t Smoke...
End
For further information
Visit
The Koori History Websites via
www.kooriweb.org
www.goorweb.org
All material is from the...
NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History
NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History
NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History
NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History
NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History
NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History

821 views

Published on

Gary Foley, NACCHO

Published in: Healthcare
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

NACCHO 2018 National Conference – NACCHO History

  1. 1. Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services A Historical Reflection By Dr. Gary Foley Professor of History, Victoria University
  2. 2. Today I would like to talk about History
  3. 3. History is important
  4. 4. “It’s important to understand what went before, because if you’ve got no history, There’s no present. And if you’ve got no present, there’s no future...” Dr. Bruce B. McGuinness VAHS Chair 25th Anniversary celebrations 1998
  5. 5. Today we reflect on the first 20 years of history of Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Services because it is those years that shaped these organisations and their ideals and philosophy...
  6. 6. The challenges of today and tomorrow have been created in our past and our history...
  7. 7. So it is important and timely to remember and to celebrate the ideals and philosophy that were part of the community spirit that created NAIHO and NACCHO
  8. 8. It is important to remember that Community Controlled Health Services were a product of the Black Power era...
  9. 9. So what was the Black Power era... And how did Redfern AMS and VAHS evolve from the ideals and philosophy of the era?
  10. 10. Black Power Movement Influences and inspirations
  11. 11. Malcolm X
  12. 12. Black Power became part of the political language in Australia in 1969
  13. 13. In 1969 Bruce McGuinness and Bob Maza were officials at the Aborigines Advancement League in Northcote
  14. 14. McGuinness and Maza invite a Caribbean academic Prof. Roosevelt Brown to address a meeting at Aborigines Advancement League in Northcote
  15. 15. Bob Maza Patsy Kruger Roosevelt Brown
  16. 16. Roosevelt Brown holds a press conference for Australian media
  17. 17. Roosevelt Brown is interviewed by Australian media And creates a sensation when he talks about “Black Power”
  18. 18. Bruce McGuinness asserts that the term Black Power means “Black Control of Black Affairs” Or in other words…. Aboriginal Community Control of Aboriginal Organisations
  19. 19. Bruce McGuinness is vilified in the media
  20. 20. Meanwhile in Sydney and Brisbane....
  21. 21. Meanwhile in Sydney and Brisbane.... Other young activists are inspired by the example set by McGuinness and Maza.
  22. 22. In Sydney in Redfern a Black Power group is led by Paul Coe...
  23. 23. The Australian Black Power Movement stood for:- Land Rights Saw land as an economic base Self-Determination Aboriginal control of Aboriginal Affairs Economic Independence Aboriginal sovereignty
  24. 24. The Black Power Movement established the first - Aboriginal Community-controlled Legal Aid Centres Aboriginal Community-controlled Health Clinics Aboriginal Housing collectives Black Theatre
  25. 25. First Aboriginal Legal Service Redfern 1971
  26. 26. First Aboriginal Medical Service Redfern 1971
  27. 27. Redfern Aboriginal Breakfast Program evolved into Murawina Women and Children’s Centre
  28. 28. Redfern 1972 Developing Community-controlled, self-help programmes
  29. 29. National Black Theatre
  30. 30. In 1970 Bob Maza had visited the Black Theatre in Harlem, New York. In 1972 he created the National Black Theatre company in Redfern, Sydney.
  31. 31. In 1970 Bob Maza had visited the Black Theatre in Harlem, New York. In 1972 he created the National Black Theatre company in Redfern, Sydney.
  32. 32. And another clip from “Basically Black”
  33. 33. The principle of ‘Aboriginal control of Aboriginal affairs‘ was the underlying idea of Black Power as it was developing in Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane...
  34. 34. Meanwhile in Melbourne...
  35. 35. In May 1973 poor health conditions in the Aboriginal community in Gippsland drew public attention to the failure of the mainstream health care system to provide effective health care to the Aboriginal community. This led to a group of people in the Fitzroy Aboriginal community to decide That they should seek to establish a health centre operated and controlled Aboriginal people themselves.
  36. 36. Aunty Edna and Aunty Cissy Hyllus Marus Geraldine Briggs In June 1973 among the group who were involved in the establishment the VAHS were ... Jim Berg Reg Blow Alma Thorpe
  37. 37. The dominant political voice in Fitzroy at that time was Bruce McGuinness
  38. 38. The dominant political voice in Fitzroy at that time was Bruce McGuinness 1969 - 1971 Director, Aborigines Advancement League 1971 – 1973, Student, Monash University 1973 – 1975, Chairperson, National Aboriginal Consultative Committee (NACC) 197 5 -1978, Co-ordinator, Swinburne Community Organisation Course 1976 - Chairperson, national Aboriginal & Islander Health Organisation (NAIHO)
  39. 39. The Victorian Aboriginal Health Service officially opened on the 18th of August 1973 At 229 Gertrude Street Fitzroy
  40. 40. The Victorian Aboriginal Health Service officially opened on the 18th of August 1973 229 Gertrude Street Fitzroy “[It was] a double-fronted building in Gertrude Street, 229. It had previously been a Balkan restaurant... They got it through two brothers in Carlton who had a certain empathy, so the rent was not quite market rent.” - Dr. Bill Roberts
  41. 41. In 1973 the Federal Government refused to Provide financial assistance for newly created Aboriginal community-controlled health services. So for the first six months or so the VAHS was run by staff on a voluntary basis. This was an expression of the tremendous dedication of Aboriginal community activists of that era. It was also an example of the philosophy of the Black Power inspired ideas of self-help, and self-determination.
  42. 42. In 1973 the Federal Government bureaucracy still clung onto their ideas and policy of assimilation. State and Federal governments were determined that Aboriginal people should access mainstream health programs in line with the policy of assimilation. The creation of Aboriginal community-controlled health services such as Redfern and Fitzroy were an explicit rejection of government attempts at imposing assimilation on our community.
  43. 43. By the beginning of 1974 the newly formed VAHS employed their first full-time staff They were.... Alma Thorpe, Administrator Dr. Janet Bacon, Doctor Debra Deakon, Receptionist Claire Garisu, Nurse Gene Blow, Field Officer Edna Brown, Cleaner/Social Worker
  44. 44. As part of the rejection of externally imposed ideas, the VAHS developed its own definition of health for our community. The VAHS also played a key role in defining the new type of community- controlled organisations that had emerged out of the Black Power movement. The VAHS also radically changed the perception of roles in a health care delivery system.
  45. 45. Definition of Health “Health does not simply mean the physical well-being of an individual but refers to the social, emotional and cultural well-being of the whole community. For Aboriginal people, this is seen in terms of the whole of life view, incorporating the cyclical concept of life-death-life and the relationship to the land. Health care services should strive to achieve the state where every individual is able to achieve their potential as human beings and thus bring about the total well-being of their community”
  46. 46. Community Control The VAHS believed that the only REAL experts about the situation of Aboriginal people in any given community were the people who live in that community. As a result, any programmes that existed in that community should be under the control of properly elected people from that community. The VAHS along with Redfern AMS pioneered the idea of community-controlled Aboriginal organisations in Australia.
  47. 47. The Role of Aboriginal Health Workers Consistent with the VAHS belief and policy on “Community – control, we also believed that the most important people involved in health-care delivery to Aboriginal people should be the Aboriginal Health Workers. “Even though they haven’t got the skills in the so-called white academic sense, they are Aboriginal people who can understand, sympathise and identify with their own people and are prepared to work amongst their own kind” - Paul Coe 1972
  48. 48. In September 1974 VAHS established the Victorian Aboriginal Dental Service, the first community controlled facility of its kind in Australia.
  49. 49. Dr. Bill Roberts
  50. 50. VAHS and NAIHO promoted the idea that paramedic Koori Health Workers were the key people in Aboriginal health. As the ‘middle- person’ between the community and the white medico, and equipped with specific paramedical skills, the Koori Health Worker was as important a component in an effective health care delivery system as the white doctor.
  51. 51. Koori Kollij opened in 1982
  52. 52. Koori Kollij opened in 1982 Health Worker Education Program
  53. 53. Koori Kollij opened in 1982 Health Worker Education Program
  54. 54. Other Significant VAHS initiatives..... Under 5’s program Koori Radio on 3ZZZ Fitzroy Stars Youth Club and Gymnasium Nindebya Workshop Koori Information Centre YAPPERA
  55. 55. VAHS’ most famous visitor - 1978
  56. 56. VAHS most famous visitor - 1978
  57. 57. VAHS most famous visitor - 1978
  58. 58. New Building 136 Gertrude Street
  59. 59. New Building 136 Gertrude Street Official Opening 1979
  60. 60. Former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam at Official Opening Of VAHS Nicholson Street Premises 1993
  61. 61. 1. The basic value of the VAHS – Caring for the Community
  62. 62. 2. The basic political stance of the VAHS – “Self-Determination” or Aboriginal Control of Aboriginal Affairs or “WE are the experts”
  63. 63. 3. The basic philosophy of the VAHS – Educate yourself then Educate the People
  64. 64. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Shirley Smith (Redfern AMS)
  65. 65. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Prof Fred H0llows (Redfern AMS)
  66. 66. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Gordon Briscoe (Redfern AMS)
  67. 67. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Aunty Edna Brown VAHS
  68. 68. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Alma Thorpe VAHS
  69. 69. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Bruce McGuinness VAHS
  70. 70. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Naomi Mayers and Gary Foley Redfern AMS
  71. 71. Important People in the early Development of Community-Controlled Aboriginal Health Services Dr Bill Roberts VAHS and NAIHO
  72. 72. A final message –
  73. 73. Don’t Smoke...
  74. 74. End For further information Visit The Koori History Websites via www.kooriweb.org www.goorweb.org All material is from the Foley Collection

×