Campus Journalism
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Augmenting Campus Journalism
Proficiency: A Catalyst...
Primary Objective
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By the end of this 4-hour seminar, everyone
should h...
Campus Journalism
101

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FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

Basics of Campus Journalism

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What is Journalism?
VOL. I NO. 1

FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

According to Wikipedia, Journalism is:
- a method of inqu...
What is Journalism?
VOL. I NO. 1

FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

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Whereas, according to The Free Dictionary, it
is:
...
What/Who is a Journalist?
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FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

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- a person who practices or prepares journal...
Areas of Journalism
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 Print Publishing (newspapers and magazines)
 Te...
What is Campus Journalism?
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- a microcosm of journalism in general in
s...
Campus Journalism
101

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FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

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Benefits of Campus Journalism
Benefits of Campus Journalism?
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 It serves as a training ground for th...
Benefits of Campus Journalism?
VOL. I NO. 1

FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

 It brings up matters that the school and its...
Campus Journalism
101

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FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

Roles of Campus Journalism

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Four I‟s of Campus Journalism
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 INFORM
 INFLUENCE
 INTEREST
 INSPIRE

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Republic Act 7079
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Campus Journalism Act of 1991
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR T...
Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy
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It is the declared policy of the State t...
Qualifications of a Campus Journalist
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Sec. 3 (c). Definition of Terms ...
Rights of a Student Publication
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Sec. 5. Funding of Publication states:...
Rights of a Student Publication
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Sec. 7. Security of Tenure states:

A ...
Rights of a Student Publication
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Sec. 8. Tax Exemption states:

Pursuan...
Campus Journalism
101

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Characteristics of Campus
Journalists

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Characteristics of Campus Journalists
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 They should gather and learn i...
Characteristics of Campus Journalists
VOL. I NO. 1

FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

 They should write effectively.
 They...
Characteristics of Campus Journalists
VOL. I NO. 1

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 They should and can engage their audi...
Campus Journalism
101

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Responsibilities of Campus
Journalists

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Responsibilities of Campus
Journalists
VOL. I NO. 1

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SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
LEGAL RESPONSIBI...
Campus Journalism
101

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FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

Basics of Campus Journalism

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Our Agenda
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Basics of News Writing
- Workshop
Basics of Feature Writing
- Work...
Campus Journalism
101

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Parts of a News Article

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Headline
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- must catch the scanner’s attention and should
summarize the...
Headline
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Guidelines for Writing a Good Headline:
1. Think of it last.
...
Headline
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Guidelines for Writing a Good Headline
(cont‟d):
6. Use a sem...
Byline
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- contains the name of the writer and sometimes,
his specialty....
Placeline
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- refers to the writer’s location or where the story
took pl...
Lede/Lead/Hook
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- Journalism slang word for the first or two sentences
...
Lede/Lead/Hook
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Guidelines for Writing a Good Lede:
1. Decide which asp...
Lede/Lead/Hook
VOL. I NO. 1

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Guidelines for Writing a Good Lede:
6. Keep it short.
7. Get t...
Body
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- it provides details or further information about the
lead.
- Mu...
Campus Journalism
101

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How to Write a News Story

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1. Research your material
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Tips for finding scoops:
1. Ask the right pe...
2. Organize your information
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How to outline a newspaper article:
1. Be...
2. Organize your information (cont‟d)
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How to outline a newspaper artic...
3. Craft the lead
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5 Ws and the H:
WHO is involved? Who is affected? Wh...
3. Craft the lead (cont‟d)
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5 Ws and the H:
WHEN did the event happen? When wi...
3. Craft the lead (cont‟d)
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5 Ws and the H:
WHY is the event important ...
4. Elaborate on the lead
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The inverted pyramid style:
Summary of the Most
Impo...
5. Transition well
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TRANSITIONS are words, phrases, sentences,
and even...
5. Transition well (cont‟d)
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How to transition seamlessly and logically...
5. Transition well (cont‟d)
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How to transition seamlessly and logically...
5. Transition well (cont‟d)
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How to transition seamlessly and logically...
5. Transition well (cont‟d)
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How to transition seamlessly and logically...
5. Transition well (cont‟d)
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How to transition seamlessly and logically...
5. Transition well (cont‟d)
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How to transition seamlessly and logically...
5. Transition well (cont‟d)
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How to transition seamlessly and logically...
6. Quotes help
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Guidelines for source attribution:
1. Be specific. Cite a pers...
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For example:
A report says that 15 days after the 7.2-magnitude
earthq...
6. Quotes help (cont‟d)
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Guidelines for source attribution:
2. Never cl...
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Example (good citation):
“Manny’s camp is making a big mistake if
they...
6. Quotes help (cont‟d)
VOL. I NO. 1

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Guidelines for source attribution:
2. Avoid speculati...
7. Conclude your article
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Options for wrapping up a news story:
1. Rest...
7. Conclude your article (cont‟d)
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Options for wrapping up a news story:
4. In...
Campus Journalism
101

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How to Write a Feature Article
What is a Feature Story/Article?
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Feature Stories/Articles
- are intere...
What is a Feature Story/Article?
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Feature Stories/Articles
- make use o...
Qualities of a Well-Written Feature
Story
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 Well-researched
 Catchy

 Descr...
Qualities of a Well-Written Feature
Story
VOL. I NO. 1

 Emotional
 Engaging
 Neutral
 Thorough

FOR VOX NOVA November...
Different Types of Feature Stories
VOL. I NO. 1

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HUMAN INTEREST
discusses issues through th...
Different Types of Feature Stories
VOL. I NO. 1

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PROFILE
talks about the life and
character...
Different Types of Feature Stories
VOL. I NO. 1

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HOW-TO
educates readers by walking ...
Different Types of Feature Stories
VOL. I NO. 1

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HUMOR
pokes fun at or draws laughte...
Different Types of Feature Stories
VOL. I NO. 1

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HISTORICAL
commemorates important d...
Different Types of Feature Stories
VOL. I NO. 1

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SEASONAL
features holidays, life
ac...
Different Types of Feature Stories
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BEHIND THE SCENES
highlights what g...
Few Things to Remember
VOL. I NO. 1

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 Your opinion and mood are not important to th...
Campus Journalism
101

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Steps in Writing a Feature Article
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“Writing is an exploration. You start
from nothing and learn as you go...
1. Find your story.
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How to source stories:
o
o
o
o

Observation
Interview
Bac...
2. Learn more about it by gathering
information.
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“If you start with a bang, you won’t end
with a whimper.”
T.S. Eliot
F...
3. Decide on the type you want to
write about and its purpose.
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4. Think about the best style and
choose the single focus.
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5. Organize the feature into three parts
(introduction, body, and conclusion).
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6. Grab the reader‟s attention by
covering the 5 Ws and the H
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How to d...
6. Grab the reader‟s attention by
covering the 5 Ws and the H
VOL. I NO. 1

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How to d...
6. Grab the reader‟s attention by
covering the 5 Ws and the H
VOL. I NO. 1

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Types of...
6. Grab the reader‟s attention by
covering the 5 Ws and the H
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Types of...
7. Use short paragraphs but vary the
length of sentences for effect.
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T...
7. Use short paragraphs but vary the
length of sentences for effect.
VOL. I NO. 1

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The usua...
7. Use short paragraphs but vary the
length of sentences for effect.
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The usua...
8. Keep that attention and enhance it
by adding creative details.
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8. Leave a lasting impression by
concluding it effectively.
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How to end...
9. Then, write the title.
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What makes an effective headline:
 Somethin...
Campus Journalism
101

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How to Write an Opinion or OpEd
What is an Opinion Article?
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FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

An opinion story is a quite long article that
pre...
What are opinion stories for?
VOL. I NO. 1

FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013

Editorials are meant to:
 Influence public opi...
Types of Opinion Materials
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Explanation – explains the way the writer
d...
Types of Opinion Materials
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Persuasion – contrary to the critique, this...
Types of Opinion Materials
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Advocacy – promotes a cause, a campaign, or...
1. Pick a significant topic that has a
current news angle and would interest
readers
VOL. I NO. 1

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2. Collect information and facts
VOL. I NO. 1

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INCLUDE OBJECTIVE
REPORTING AND DO
RESEARCH
...
3. State your issue briefly in the
fashion of a thesis statement
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For e...
4. Explain the issue objectively and
tell why the situation is important
VOL. I NO. 1

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Offe...
5. Give opposing viewpoint first with
its quotations and facts
VOL. I NO. 1

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Identify the p...
6. Refute the other side and develop
your case.
VOL. I NO. 1

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 Use facts, details, ...
7. Concede a point of the opposition
VOL. I NO. 1

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They must have some good points
y...
8. Repeat key phrases to reinforce an
idea into the reader's minds.
VOL. I NO. 1

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9. Give a realistic solution(s) to the
problem.
VOL. I NO. 1

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Encourage critical thi...
10. Wrap it up in a concluding punch
that restates your opening remark.
VOL. I NO. 1

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11. Keep it to 500-800 words
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Make every word count.
Never use „I‟.

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Campus Journalism
101

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What to do and assure before
submitting your article f...
Review your work
VOL. I NO. 1

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Here are questions you should ask yourself:
 Does yo...
Review your work
VOL. I NO. 1

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Here are questions you should ask yourself:
 Have yo...
Proofread for spelling and grammar
lapses
VOL. I NO. 1

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Beat the deadline but don‟t beat up
quality.
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Social Media and Contact Information
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Facebook: www.facebook.com/MyronStaAnaTC...
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“I still believe that if your aim is to change
the world, journalism i...
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Campus Journalism 101: Augmenting Campus Journalism Proficiency-A Catalyst of Change

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In this presentation, the Philippines' top young corporate trainer and fast-rising motivational speaker, Mr. Myron Sta. Ana discusses the basics of Campus Journalism and how to write news, feature stories, and opinion/column articles for a campus newspaper/publication.

Campus Journalism 101: Augmenting Campus Journalism Proficiency-A Catalyst of Change

  1. 1. Campus Journalism VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Augmenting Campus Journalism Proficiency: A Catalyst for Change The ABCs of Student Publication Writing “Campus Journalism 101 News Writing ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ Feature Writing ______________________ ______________________ Opinion Writing” ______________________ Myron Sta. Ana Resource Speaker ______________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. 2. Primary Objective VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 By the end of this 4-hour seminar, everyone should have been able to:  Learn and apply the basics of campus journalism by: Knowing how to write news, feature and opinion articles  Appreciate campus journalism’s important role in keeping the faculty, the school administration, and the studentry informed, interested, inspired, and influenced.
  3. 3. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Basics of Campus Journalism P0.00
  4. 4. What is Journalism? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 According to Wikipedia, Journalism is: - a method of inquiry and literary style used in social and cultural representation. - it is a public service machinery in the dissemination and analysis of news and information. P0.00
  5. 5. What is Journalism? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Whereas, according to The Free Dictionary, it is: - the collecting, writing, editing, and presenting of news or news articles in newspapers and magazines and in radio and television broadcasts.
  6. 6. What/Who is a Journalist? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 - a person who practices or prepares journalism. - a professional who collects, organizes, writes, edits, presents, and distributes news or information via the newspaper, magazine, TV, radio.
  7. 7. Areas of Journalism VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00  Print Publishing (newspapers and magazines)  Television  Radio  Internet (online newspapers, e-zine, blogs, and vlogs)
  8. 8. What is Campus Journalism? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 - a microcosm of journalism in general in schools. - journalism carried out by students on subjects related to campus life or issues published in publications only intended for campus distribution and readership.
  9. 9. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Benefits of Campus Journalism
  10. 10. Benefits of Campus Journalism? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00  It serves as a training ground for those who desire to pursue journalism or teaching it as a profession.  It acts as an instrument for keeping students and the faculty informed and updated about everything they are ought to know.
  11. 11. Benefits of Campus Journalism? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013  It brings up matters that the school and its stakeholders should be concerned about or proud of.  It is an avenue for freedom of expression or of the press. P0.00
  12. 12. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Roles of Campus Journalism P0.00
  13. 13. Four I‟s of Campus Journalism VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013  INFORM  INFLUENCE  INTEREST  INSPIRE P0.00
  14. 14. Republic Act 7079 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Campus Journalism Act of 1991 AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OF CAMPUS JOURNALISM AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
  15. 15. Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 It is the declared policy of the State to uphold and protect the freedom of the press even at the campus level and to promote the development and growth of campus journalism as a means of strengthening ethical values, encouraging critical and creative thinking, and developing moral character and personal discipline of the Filipino youth. In furtherance of this policy, the State shall undertake various programs and projects aimed at improving the journalistic skills of students concerned and promoting responsible and free journalism.
  16. 16. Qualifications of a Campus Journalist VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Sec. 3 (c). Definition of Terms states:  Must be enrolled for the current semester or term  Was passed or met the qualification and standards of the editorial board  Must likewise maintain a satisfactory academic standing.
  17. 17. Rights of a Student Publication VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Sec. 5. Funding of Publication states: Funding for the student publication may include the savings of the respective school's appropriations, student subscriptions, donations, and other sources of funds. In no instance shall the Department of Education, Culture and Sports or the school administration concerned withhold the release of funds sourced from the savings of the appropriations of the respective schools and other sources intended for the student publication. Subscription fees collected by the school administration shall be released automatically to the student publication concerned.
  18. 18. Rights of a Student Publication VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Sec. 7. Security of Tenure states: A member of the publication staff must maintain his or her status as student in order to retain membership in the publication staff. A student shall not be expelled or suspended solely on the basis of articles he or she has written or on the basis of the performance of his or her duties in the student publication.
  19. 19. Rights of a Student Publication VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Sec. 8. Tax Exemption states: Pursuant to paragraph 4, Section 4, Article XIV of the Constitution, all grants, endowments, donations, or contributions used actually, directly and exclusively for the promotion of campus journalism as provided for in this Act shall be exempt from donor's or gift tax.
  20. 20. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Characteristics of Campus Journalists P0.00
  21. 21. Characteristics of Campus Journalists VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00  They should gather and learn information fast and easily.  They should have the right ATTITUDE.  They should set the highest possible standards for themselves.
  22. 22. Characteristics of Campus Journalists VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013  They should write effectively.  They should have the built-in radar for newsworthy issues and events.  They should possess critical and creative thinking skills. P0.00
  23. 23. Characteristics of Campus Journalists VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013  They should and can engage their audience.  They are multimedia narrators. P0.00
  24. 24. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Responsibilities of Campus Journalists P0.00
  25. 25. Responsibilities of Campus Journalists VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY P0.00
  26. 26. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Basics of Campus Journalism P0.00
  27. 27. Our Agenda VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Basics of News Writing - Workshop Basics of Feature Writing - Workshop Basics of Opinion Writing -Workshop P0.00
  28. 28. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Parts of a News Article P0.00
  29. 29. Headline VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 - must catch the scanner’s attention and should summarize the entire story in a few words. - should be in bolded and larger fonts. Example: “P-noy: I am not a thief” Female cop found dead at Crame crime lab
  30. 30. Headline VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Guidelines for Writing a Good Headline: 1. Think of it last. 2. Shorten or lengthen it according to the width and/or number of columns provided. 3. Capitalize only the first word, the proper nouns, and the next word after a colon. 4. Write a colon after a source’s name or position. 5. Use an active voice in present tense.
  31. 31. Headline VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Guidelines for Writing a Good Headline (cont‟d): 6. Use a semi-colon to separate two different thoughts. 7. Never start the headline with a verb. 8. Use the infinitive verb (to report…) if a story is about future events. 9. Never use articles at the beginning of the title.
  32. 32. Byline VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 - contains the name of the writer and sometimes, his specialty. Example: Myron Sta. Ana Sports Writer
  33. 33. Placeline VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 - refers to the writer’s location or where the story took place/originated. Example: New York - …
  34. 34. Lede/Lead/Hook VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 - Journalism slang word for the first or two sentences of a story. - Must interest the reader in the rest of the story. Example: Stung by the label of “pork barrel king,” President Aquino lashed out last night at what he described as attempts to muddle the issue of thievery in the pork barrel scam. (31 words)
  35. 35. Lede/Lead/Hook VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Guidelines for Writing a Good Lede: 1. Decide which aspect or detail will be emphasized. 2. Summarize the gist of your news but do not sacrifice specificity. 3. Limit it to one or two sentences with just 25-40 words. 4. Avoid highfalutin words but make it catchy.
  36. 36. Lede/Lead/Hook VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Guidelines for Writing a Good Lede: 6. Keep it short. 7. Get to the point. 8. Focus on the action by using the active voice. 9. Hook the reader. P0.00
  37. 37. Body VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 - it provides details or further information about the lead. - Must be divided into short paragraphs of brief sentences. Ex. Days after President Aquino appeared on national television to defend the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP) and castigate his critics, Malacañang made clear yesterday Aquino remains firm in his position and is not about to temper his fiscal powers.
  38. 38. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 How to Write a News Story P0.00
  39. 39. 1. Research your material VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Tips for finding scoops: 1. Ask the right people the right questions. 2. Look around and find them. 3. Be the first to know current events in and around the campus or that indirectly and directly affects it. 4. Read stories, reports, public records, and other printed materials.
  40. 40. 2. Organize your information VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to outline a newspaper article: 1. Begin with a lead. - Indicate the who, what, when, where, why and how. 2. Use the inverted pyramid style. - Most important information first followed by the rest of the details.
  41. 41. 2. Organize your information (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to outline a newspaper article: 3. Source the data. - Include facts and data and mention the source. 4. Include Quotations. - Get quotes from involved and relevant people.
  42. 42. 3. Craft the lead VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 5 Ws and the H: WHO is involved? Who is affected? Who is going to benefit? WHAT is the news about and which matters to the readers?
  43. 43. 3. Craft the lead (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 5 Ws and the H: WHEN did the event happen? When will it happen? How long will it last for? WHERE will the event take place? P0.00
  44. 44. 3. Craft the lead (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 5 Ws and the H: WHY is the event important and necessary? Why is the story being written and reported to begin with? Why is it newsworthy? HOW will something work? How is something possible? How is it done?
  45. 45. 4. Elaborate on the lead VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 The inverted pyramid style: Summary of the Most Important Facts More details or background Additional details Conclusion P0.00
  46. 46. 5. Transition well VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 TRANSITIONS are words, phrases, sentences, and even paragraphs that connect ideas and show their relationships in a news article. They help organize the flow of the story and make the structure look better and make more sense.
  47. 47. 5. Transition well (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to transition seamlessly and logically: Show that a new idea expands on what was previously stated. in addition, additionally, and, similarly, also, as well, furthermore, moreover, further, besides, on top of, too, over and above, then
  48. 48. 5. Transition well (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to transition seamlessly and logically: Show an example, illustrate an idea, or prove a point. for example, for instance, as an illustration, to illustrate, namely, like, as, specifically, particularly, in particular, in fact, the fact of the matter is, in point of fact, the truth is, in this manner, this way, in this way
  49. 49. 5. Transition well (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to transition seamlessly and logically: Emphasize or show stress. indeed, even, in fact, of course, naturally, obviously, definitely, absolutely, perfectly, actually, certainly, surely
  50. 50. 5. Transition well (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to transition seamlessly and logically: Show differentiation or contrast. despite, but, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, however, although, even though, yet, still, on the other hand, in contrast, on the contrary, conversely, contrastingly, in spite of, albeit
  51. 51. 5. Transition well (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to transition seamlessly and logically: Show similarities. in like manner, in the same way, similarly, likewise, equally, just the same, in the same manner
  52. 52. 5. Transition well (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to transition seamlessly and logically: Show logical relationships or cause and effect. because, as, thus, therefore, hence, for this reason, as a result, so, consequently, accordingly, ergo, accordingly, thereby,
  53. 53. 5. Transition well (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to transition seamlessly and logically: Show time relationships. meanwhile, in the interim, between, during, simultaneously, since, afterward, after, before, earlier, later, then, formerly, immediately, at once, shortly, currently, now, recently, in the end, thereafter
  54. 54. 6. Quotes help VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Guidelines for source attribution: 1. Be specific. Cite a person or an organization. P0.00
  55. 55. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 For example: A report says that 15 days after the 7.2-magnitude earthquake in Cebu and Bohol, the number of casualties continues to rise with the current death toll reaching 222. 15 days after 7.2-magnitude earthquake in Cebu and Bohol, the number of casualties continues to rise with the death toll reaching 222, according to a report by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).
  56. 56. 6. Quotes help (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Guidelines for source attribution: 2. Never claim somebody else’s quote as yours. It is either you quote someone you interviewed yourself or you do not quote at all. If you are going to quote someone you did not interview yourself, have the decency to mention who owns the quote.
  57. 57. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Example (good citation): “Manny’s camp is making a big mistake if they think Rios is gonna be a pushover,” says Bob Arum in an interview by Boxing Scene.
  58. 58. 6. Quotes help (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Guidelines for source attribution: 2. Avoid speculating or judging. Stay away from subjective language like “admit”, “imply”, etc. 3. Never speculate. Refrain from saying “might”, “could”, “perhaps”, “maybe”, etc. P0.00
  59. 59. 7. Conclude your article VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Options for wrapping up a news story: 1. Restate the lead. 2. State potential future developments regarding the article. 3. Provide information on the next step.
  60. 60. 7. Conclude your article (cont‟d) VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Options for wrapping up a news story: 4. Indicate where to get or read additional information (give website addresses, contact information, or persons to reach). P0.00
  61. 61. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to Write a Feature Article
  62. 62. What is a Feature Story/Article? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Feature Stories/Articles - are interesting articles that focus on certain people, places, events, or subject matters like career, relationships, money, health, lifestyle, etc. - are longer, more in-depth, and more elaborate than hard news stories.
  63. 63. What is a Feature Story/Article? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Feature Stories/Articles - make use of the upright pyramid style rather than the inverted pyramid approach most of the time. - are not opinion essays or editorials and should not be confused with creative writing or works of fiction.
  64. 64. Qualities of a Well-Written Feature Story VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013  Well-researched  Catchy  Descriptive  Exciting  Reflective P0.00
  65. 65. Qualities of a Well-Written Feature Story VOL. I NO. 1  Emotional  Engaging  Neutral  Thorough FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  66. 66. Different Types of Feature Stories VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 HUMAN INTEREST discusses issues through the experiences of another person P0.00
  67. 67. Different Types of Feature Stories VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 PROFILE talks about the life and characteristics of a prominent person P0.00
  68. 68. Different Types of Feature Stories VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 HOW-TO educates readers by walking them thru how a process or an activity is done
  69. 69. Different Types of Feature Stories VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 HUMOR pokes fun at or draws laughter from a person, place, event, or any other topics
  70. 70. Different Types of Feature Stories VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 HISTORICAL commemorates important dates in history or turning points in social, political and cultural developments
  71. 71. Different Types of Feature Stories VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 SEASONAL features holidays, life achievements, and even social, political, cultural, and business cycles
  72. 72. Different Types of Feature Stories VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 BEHIND THE SCENES highlights what goes on in private with unusual occupations, issues, details, events, procedures, activities, and secrets that are not known to the public
  73. 73. Few Things to Remember VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00  Your opinion and mood are not important to the story.  You should keep yourself out of the story by using the third person.
  74. 74. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Steps in Writing a Feature Article
  75. 75. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 “Writing is an exploration. You start from nothing and learn as you go.” E.L. Doctorow Famous American Author
  76. 76. 1. Find your story. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 How to source stories: o o o o Observation Interview Background Research Brainstorming P0.00
  77. 77. 2. Learn more about it by gathering information. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  78. 78. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 “If you start with a bang, you won’t end with a whimper.” T.S. Eliot Famous American Essayist and Playwright
  79. 79. 3. Decide on the type you want to write about and its purpose. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  80. 80. 4. Think about the best style and choose the single focus. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  81. 81. 5. Organize the feature into three parts (introduction, body, and conclusion). VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  82. 82. 6. Grab the reader‟s attention by covering the 5 Ws and the H VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to draw readers in your introduction:  Provoke the reader's interest by making an unusual statement.  Provide any necessary background information.  Invite the reader to take sides by making a controversial statement.
  83. 83. 6. Grab the reader‟s attention by covering the 5 Ws and the H VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to draw readers in your introduction:  Heighten the drama of an event or incident to intensify its appeal.  Establish the writer's tone.  Create a relationship between the writer and the reader.
  84. 84. 6. Grab the reader‟s attention by covering the 5 Ws and the H VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Types of Feature Article Ledes/Leads: Question Lead – Draws your reader in with a question. Set-up Lead – Sets up the mood or the tone of the entire story in a few sentences. Talking Lead – Starts with a line or two of your or somebody else’s dialogue. Snapshot Lead – Creates a picture of the setting or the person in the reader’s mind
  85. 85. 6. Grab the reader‟s attention by covering the 5 Ws and the H VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Types of Feature Article Ledes/Leads: Factual Lead – Uses statistics and hard facts at the outset to gain immediate interest. Quotation Lead – Uses well-known sayings or quotes a famous or influential person and drawing on either one Anecdotal Lead – Shares one’s or somebody else’s story or just a part of the experience. Surprise Lead – Contains an element of surprise, being unusual, or something that the reader might least expect.
  86. 86. 7. Use short paragraphs but vary the length of sentences for effect. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 The body of your article consists of a sufficient number of paragraphs that expand the lede of the article into details.
  87. 87. 7. Use short paragraphs but vary the length of sentences for effect. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 The usual components of the body are: Subheadings. Facts and statistics which support the writer's content. Opinions from authorities and experts. Quotes and Interviews P0.00
  88. 88. 7. Use short paragraphs but vary the length of sentences for effect. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 The usual components of the body are: Anecdotes and stories. Specific names, places and dates. Photographs, tables, diagrams and graphs. Subheadings. P0.00
  89. 89. 8. Keep that attention and enhance it by adding creative details. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  90. 90. 8. Leave a lasting impression by concluding it effectively. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to end the article with an impact: • Remind the reader of the article's main point or focus. • Suggest an appropriate course of action. • Encourage a change of attitude or opinion. • Pose a challenge to the reader.
  91. 91. 9. Then, write the title. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 What makes an effective headline:  Something that sticks and persuades the reader to peruse the article.  Something that encapsulates into very few words the main idea of the article.  Something that includes key words that revolve on the focus of the article.
  92. 92. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 How to Write an Opinion or OpEd
  93. 93. What is an Opinion Article? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 An opinion story is a quite long article that presents a writer’s (usually one of the editors) opinion on an important social, political, economic, or legal issues and aims to persuade readers to agree on a particular point of view. P0.00
  94. 94. What are opinion stories for? VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Editorials are meant to:  Influence public opinion  Promote critical thinking  Cause people to take action on an issue P0.00
  95. 95. Types of Opinion Materials VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Explanation – explains the way the writer discussed a sensitive or controversial topic on its previous article. Critique – gives constructive feedback about other people or groups’ actions, decisions, viewpoints, or situations while providing solutions. Defense – stands up for an individual or an organization and its actions which are under attack by the society
  96. 96. Types of Opinion Materials VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Persuasion – contrary to the critique, this leads the readers to see the solution and not the problem. This intends to encourage readers to take a specific action immediately. Praise – commends people and organizations for something done well.
  97. 97. Types of Opinion Materials VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Advocacy – promotes a cause, a campaign, or a decision by backing it up with strong arguments or endorsement Prediction – explains what will potentially happen or how something might progress or end with facts, evidence or numbers.
  98. 98. 1. Pick a significant topic that has a current news angle and would interest readers VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Tip for choosing the editorial issue: IT SHOULD BE A CURRENT ISSUE
  99. 99. 2. Collect information and facts VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 INCLUDE OBJECTIVE REPORTING AND DO RESEARCH P0.00
  100. 100. 3. State your issue briefly in the fashion of a thesis statement VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 For example: Evidence has shown that music education promotes cognitive development, so funding music programs at all levels of the school system should be a high priority for state governments.
  101. 101. 4. Explain the issue objectively and tell why the situation is important VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Offer facts and quotations using the 5 Ws and the H P0.00
  102. 102. 5. Give opposing viewpoint first with its quotations and facts VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Identify the people, the decision, or the organization that opposes you and state their strong opinions objectively. P0.00
  103. 103. 6. Refute the other side and develop your case. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00  Use facts, details, figures, quotations and pick apart the other side’s logic.  Segue using a transitional word, phrase, or sentence and directly contradict the opposition’s beliefs.
  104. 104. 7. Concede a point of the opposition VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 They must have some good points you can acknowledge that would make you look rational and fair if not objective.
  105. 105. 8. Repeat key phrases to reinforce an idea into the reader's minds. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  106. 106. 9. Give a realistic solution(s) to the problem. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Encourage critical thinking and pro-active reaction.
  107. 107. 10. Wrap it up in a concluding punch that restates your opening remark. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  108. 108. 11. Keep it to 500-800 words VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Make every word count. Never use „I‟. P0.00
  109. 109. Campus Journalism 101 VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 What to do and assure before submitting your article for approval and publication P0.00
  110. 110. Review your work VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Here are questions you should ask yourself:  Does your article have a comprehensible structure? Have you presented the facts in an orderly manner?  Are the facts complete and accurate?  Can the your words and grammar be simplified more or presented better?
  111. 111. Review your work VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 Here are questions you should ask yourself:  Have you used quotes to make your story more credible and enliven its content?  Have you observed proper and ethical attribution?  Have you read through it again? Can it get any better?
  112. 112. Proofread for spelling and grammar lapses VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  113. 113. Beat the deadline but don‟t beat up quality. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00
  114. 114. Social Media and Contact Information VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 Facebook: www.facebook.com/MyronStaAnaTCS Linkedin: www.linkedin.com/in/MyronStaAna Twitter: www.twitter.com/MyronStaAna Pinterest: www.pinterest.com/MyronStaAna Youtube: www.youtube.com/MyronStaAna Website: www.MyronStaAna.com P0.00
  115. 115. VOL. I NO. 1 FOR VOX NOVA November 4, 2013 P0.00 “I still believe that if your aim is to change the world, journalism is a more immediate short-term weapon,” said Sir Tom Stoppard – Academy and Tony Award-winning playwright.

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