Writing a news story


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Tips on how to write a news story.

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Writing a news story

  1. 2. The Particular Formula used when Writing News Writing a News Story
  2. 3. Topics to be Covered: <ul><li>BUILDING THE STORY </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of News </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of the News </li></ul><ul><li>The Lead </li></ul><ul><li>The Summary Lead </li></ul><ul><li>The Novelty Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Steps in Writing the News Story </li></ul>
  3. 4. Topics to be Covered: <ul><li>BUILDING THE STORY </li></ul><ul><li>Tips for Writing the News Story </li></ul><ul><li>REPORTING SCHOOL NEWS </li></ul><ul><li>The Classroom Story </li></ul><ul><li>The Enrolment Story </li></ul><ul><li>The Meeting Story </li></ul><ul><li>The Program/Party Story </li></ul>
  4. 5. Topics to be Covered: <ul><li>Reporting School News </li></ul><ul><li>The Awards Story </li></ul><ul><li>The School Improvement Story </li></ul><ul><li>The Election Story </li></ul><ul><li>Out-of-School Activity </li></ul><ul><li>The Special Occasion Story </li></ul><ul><li>The School Club Story </li></ul><ul><li>The Honor Roll Story </li></ul>
  5. 6. What is News?
  6. 7. News … <ul><ul><li>is a record of the most interesting, important and accurate information obtained about the things man thinks, says, sees and describes, plans and does. </li></ul></ul>“ What is news? It is information only.”” -Walter Cronkite, former CBS News anchor
  7. 8. Structure of NEws
  8. 9. Inverted Pyramid Structure of a News
  9. 10. The news story consists of: <ul><li>First paragraph or the LEAD: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>presents the most important or most interesting element of the story. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Example: </li></ul>Berwynson R. Salazar, IV-Faraday, copped the “Outstanding Young Filipino Creative Researcher” title given by the World Intellectual Property Organization during the awarding rites at the Malacañang Palace July 19. <ul><li>First paragraph or the LEAD: </li></ul>
  11. 12. The news story also consists of: <ul><li>One or two additional paragraphs on the other highlights of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul>Salazar received this honor for his performance in the Singapore Youth Science Fortnight. He emerged as the highest awardees out of eight youth delegates from Asian nations.
  12. 13. And the last: <ul><li>Elaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul>In the Singapore Youth Science Marathon with his teammate Allan Reyes, batch ’85, ranked first in the Case Study Competition (international level) for their science project, “Parboiling as a Pre-Planting Process For Oryza Sativa(IR62 Variety).”
  13. 14. What do my readers need to know most? The Lead
  14. 15. The lead: <ul><li>opens the news story. </li></ul><ul><li>answers the questions who, what, why, when, where, and/or how. </li></ul><ul><li>provides quick identification of persons, places, events necessary for quick understanding of the story. </li></ul>
  15. 16. The lead: <ul><li>emphasizes the news feature by placing it at the beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>must be short and provocative; must have only one sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>must come naturally and the rest of the story must flow from it. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Berwynson R. Salazar, IV-Faraday, copped the “Outstanding Young Filipino Creative Researcher” title given by the World Intellectual Property Organization during the awarding rites at the Malacañang Palace July 19. </li></ul>Sample lead:
  17. 18. The summary lead <ul><li>answers the five W’s (what. who, why, where, and when) and one H (how) </li></ul>
  18. 19. Types of Summary Lead <ul><li>the what beginning </li></ul><ul><li>A historical marker was… </li></ul><ul><li>the who beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Miss MHS Sweetheart of 1982, Estrellita Castillo, III-6, and the runners-up were crowned… </li></ul>
  19. 20. Types of Summary Lead <ul><li>the who beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Miss MHS Sweetheart of 1982, Estrellita Castillo, III-6, and the runners-up were crowned in colorful ceremonies which started at 6:00 p.m at the school quadrangle, Feb. 19. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Types of Summary Lead <ul><li>the why beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Because the weather forecast warned Metro Manila against no more than “occasional rains,”… </li></ul><ul><li>the when beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Today, September 30, is the… </li></ul>
  21. 22. Types of Summary Lead <ul><li>the how beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Trapped in their air-conditioned bedroom… </li></ul><ul><li>the where beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Manila will be … </li></ul>
  22. 23. The Novelty Lead
  23. 24. The novelty lead <ul><li>a good, straightforward lead, stated in a subject-verb declarative sentence. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Types of Novelty Lead <ul><li>Dramatic statement </li></ul><ul><li>Beware outsiders, and take care, students! </li></ul><ul><li>VHS security officer Roberto Crisostomo is right there ready to “catch” outsiders who crash in to molest students. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Types of Novelty Lead <ul><li>Narration </li></ul><ul><li>A twenty-four year old clerk in a Swiss patent office was curious about the universe and during lunch hours scribbled mathematical results of his thinking on bits of paper. </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Unusual circumstance </li></ul>Types of Novelty Lead <ul><li>Being physically handicapped does not deter Mario Rigos from joining school activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Idea subordination </li></ul><ul><li>Because VHS was knee-deep in flood water caused by Typhoon Ruping, classes were suspended Sept. 9. </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Quotation </li></ul>Types of Novelty Lead <ul><li>“ No amount of criticism can dislodge you from the hearts of your people if you show sincerity in whatever little things you do for them,” Deputy Prime Minister Jose A. Roño told the town mayors in Tagbilaran City, Oct. 31. </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Question </li></ul>Types of Novelty Lead <ul><li>Who says that temper and sports don’t go together? </li></ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul><ul><li>Looking bright, scrubbed and eager, thousand of children will troop today to their schools to begin a new school year. </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>Suspended Interest </li></ul>Types of Novelty Lead <ul><li>Once the school gymnasium is built, more winnings by the VHS can be expected. </li></ul><ul><li>DCS volleyball champion- Us! </li></ul><ul><li>Exclamation </li></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>Relating to a previous or current news </li></ul>Types of Novelty Lead <ul><li>A slight increase over last week’s figure was noted when additional 40 influenza cases were reported this week, Mrs. Sofia Barrera school nurse, said this morning. </li></ul>
  31. 32. Steps in News Gathering
  32. 33. Steps in writing the news story: <ul><li>List all your facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange your facts from the most important to the least important. </li></ul><ul><li>Write the lead making sure to play up the most interesting or important points. </li></ul>
  33. 34. Steps in writing the news story: <ul><li>Write the next paragraph or paragraphs presenting the other highlights or answering questions not yet answered. </li></ul><ul><li>Add the other facts, keeping in mind their descending order of importance. </li></ul>
  34. 35. Tips for News Gathering
  35. 36. Tips for writing the news story: <ul><li>Be sure to emphasize the lead. </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed from the most interesting to the least interesting . </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t cover all the major components in the lead. Don’t pour facts into it, thus making it overloaded and unwieldy. </li></ul>
  36. 37. Tips for writing the news story: <ul><li>Avoid beginning with “There is…,” “According to…,” “A,” “An,” “The.” </li></ul><ul><li>Give your source or authority when necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify all persons. </li></ul>
  37. 38. Tips for writing the news story: <ul><li>Remember, the time element is an important part of your story. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid editorializing. Avoid opinions, colored words, adjectives and verbs unless you are quoting somebody. ** </li></ul><ul><li>Write one-idea, one sentence paragraphs. </li></ul>
  38. 39. Tips for writing the news story: <ul><li>Strive for variety in sentence structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Guard against misleading statements that may unintentionally come into the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Shorten your paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the length of your story by its value in reader interest. </li></ul>
  39. 40. Tips for writing the news story: <ul><li>Study constantly the construction of news stories in good metropolitan publications to improve your writing style and technique. </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful with your grammar, spelling, capitalizations, use of abbreviations, and sentence construction. </li></ul>
  40. 41. Tips for writing the news story: <ul><li>To assure consistency of style in your paper. Observe the rules in your style sheet. </li></ul>
  41. 42. Reporting the School News
  42. 43. The Classroom Story <ul><li>Stories of debates, new teaching techniques, group dynamics and contests will surely enliven school papers that are usually heavy with news about promoted administrators, teachers and personnel, and school plans and programs. </li></ul>
  43. 44. The Classroom Story <ul><li>Actual classroom observation and interviews with teachers and students provide plenty ideas for classroom stories. </li></ul>
  44. 45. Classroom story: <ul><li>Fourth Year students are hoping they will get higher NCEE grades this year. </li></ul><ul><li>Their teachers took time and effort to review them on abstract reasoning, mathematics, space relations, language usage, verbal reasoning, science proficiency, and other areas of learning. </li></ul>
  45. 46. The Enrolment Story <ul><li>enhanced by statistics, comparison with previous year’s figures, and background information such as causes of dropouts or transfer to other schools. </li></ul>
  46. 47. The Enrolment Story <ul><li>MHS ENROLMENT DROPS BY FOUR PERCENT </li></ul><ul><li>A total of 3780 students are enrolled this school year at Manila High School. It is four percent lower than 3,933, the enrolment figure last school year. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all of this number, however made it to the end of the school year. A total of 346 students, either dropped out or transferred at the middle of the year to other divisions. </li></ul>
  48. 49. The Meeting Story <ul><li>Features the most important or most interesting thing that took place at the meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t begin, for example, with “The Science Club held a meeting at the library, Feb. 4” </li></ul>
  49. 50. Meeting Story <ul><ul><li>PROBLEMS DISCUSSED AT FACULTY MEET </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes of and solutions to common school problems were discussed at the faculty meeting presided over by Miss Margarita del Rosario, principal, Feb. 13. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems like vandalism inside and outside the classrooms, discipline, dropouts, and the uniform problem were brought out for solutions. </li></ul></ul>
  50. 51. The Program/Party Story <ul><li>brighten up this story with description and audience reaction. </li></ul>
  51. 52. Program/Party Story <ul><li>A show entitled “Tell the Teachers was presented and sponsored by the vocational department in the professional meeting of teachers held at the conference hall, Dec. 12. </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Socorro Cacdac, assistant principal said that the vocational department under Mr. Isaac Isaac sponsored a very entertaining and informative meeting. </li></ul>VOC. DEPT. PRESENTS ‘TELL THE TEACHERS’
  52. 53. The Honor Roll Story <ul><li>Present the highlights before giving the list of honor students </li></ul>
  53. 54. The Honor Roll Story: <ul><li>REYES, IGNACIO LEAD GRADUATING CLASSES </li></ul><ul><li>Three boys and three girls lead the different years in the third grading period, according to the list submitted by the teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>Erlinda Reyes has retained her place at the top of the fourth year college preparatory classes. Fabian Ignacio of the vocational group has inched his way from the third place he held in the second grading period to first place. </li></ul><ul><li>The complete honor roll follows:... </li></ul>
  54. 55. The Awards Story <ul><li>Most significant facts here, of course, are who won, what are the contests and award all about, and other results. </li></ul>
  55. 56. The Awards Story <ul><li>VHS TEAM GETTING SET FOR TYPE II </li></ul><ul><li>The VHS PMT competing team garnered first place at the annual PMT Platoon Drill Competition, Type I, held t the Pamantasan Ng Lungsod ng Maynila Jan. 11. </li></ul><ul><li>Cdt. Col. Rodolfo Roman was chosen Second Best platoon Leader… </li></ul>
  56. 57. School Improvement Story <ul><li>Be sure about your facts. Attribution is valuable for this type of story. </li></ul>
  57. 58. School Improvement Story <ul><li>So much is happening, in matters of improvement, in VHS these days. </li></ul><ul><li>Come high and low water, the students are sure to touch dry ground before they enter VHS with the elevation of the front entrance. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional cement benches and flower boxes are being built around the quadrangle which has undergone face-lift… </li></ul>VHS UNDERGOES FACE-LIFT
  58. 59. The Election Story <ul><li>Instead of just reporting that an organization has conducted an election and mentioning the officer’s , focus the new officers plan of action </li></ul>
  59. 60. The Election Story: <ul><li>The VHS girl scouts will launch development projects and strengthen their commitment to peace and order in the campus, according to new president Flordeliza Illao. </li></ul><ul><li>Illao, II-4, was elected president for 1985-86 at the quadrangle, June 27, under the supervision of the new adviser, Miss Slavez Andez, YDT. </li></ul>VHS GIRL SCOUTS PLAN DEVELOPMENT
  60. 61. The School Club Story <ul><li>Focuses the unusual or give it a light treatment </li></ul>
  61. 62. The School Club Story <ul><li>ON DECK WITH INTERACT :PRESENTATION, SALES </li></ul><ul><li>The VHS Interact Club will have rummage sales and a cultural presentation for its school year’s projects. These were discussed at the organizational meeting held the first Saturday of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>The meeting also saw the election of the news batch of officers headed by Ma. Luisa Francisco. </li></ul><ul><li>Miss Elvira Palayo and Mrs. Cristina Cabuhat are the advisers of the Club. </li></ul>
  62. 63. Out-of-School Activity <ul><li>Action, being more newsworthy than opinions and plans, could add life to the news page. </li></ul>
  63. 64. Out-of-School Activity <ul><li>Armed with spades and picks, VHS boy scouts, along with scoutmaster Fernando Paras, attacked the potholes caused by floods in their “Operation Lubak” during the days classes were suspended due to floods. </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Paras got the idea when he fell into a manhole along herran street (“No bones broken, thank God”)… </li></ul>BOY SCOUTS LAUNCH “OPERATION LUBAK ”
  64. 65. The Special Occasion Story <ul><li>Lends itself to the composite treatment because of the unusual number of activities. </li></ul>
  65. 66. The Special Occasion Story: <ul><li>Film showing, literary musical programs, and contests highlighted the VHS United Nations Week celebration Oct. 18-24. </li></ul><ul><li>Students and teachers witnessed the film showing of “Disarmament,” “Decade for Women,” “Development Decade,” and Racism and Discrimination” in connection with this year’s major and conceptual themes, “Equality, Development and Peace” and “The Role of Women In National Development .” </li></ul>SHOWS, PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS UN CELEBRATION IN VHS