Android system


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Android system

  1. 1. BY- Pankaj R. Kumawat ANDROID OPERATING SYSTEM
  2. 2. CONTENTS • Introduction • Mobile OS • Android History • Android Versions • Models • Architecture • Challenges • Merits and Demerits • Limitations Conclusion and future Scope
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Android is a software stack for mobile devices that includes an operating system, middleware and key applications.
  4. 4. 4 A mobile operating system (OS) is a software that allows smart phones, tablet PCs and other devices to run applications and programs. Examples • Symbian OS • BlackBerry OS • Apple’s iOS • Windows Phone OS • Android OS Mobile Operating System
  5. 5. Android is an open mobile phone platform that was developed by Google and, later, by the Open Handset Alliance. Google defines Android as a "software stack" for mobile phones. So, what's a software stack? It's made up of the operating system (the platform on which everything runs), the middleware (the programming that allows applications to talk to a network and to one another), and the applications (the actual programs that the phones will run). In short, the Android software stack is all the software that will make an Android phone. DEFINITION:-
  6. 6. 6 The Android™ was built upon the open Linux kernel, and developed by Android, Inc., which is owned by Google. History Open Handset Alliance - to develop open standards for mobile devices
  7. 7. Android Versions  First Version of Android.  The focus of Android beta is testing incorporating usability.  Android beta generally have many more problems on speed and performance.  First full version of android.  Released on September 23, 2008.  Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support.  Quite slow in operating.  copy and paste feature in the web browser is not present.
  8. 8.  Released on April 30, 2009.  Added auto-rotation option.  Copy and Paste feature added in the web browser.  Increased speed and performance but not upto required level.  Released on September 15, 2009.  Voice search and Search box were added.  Faster OS boot times and fast web browsing experience.  Typing is quite slower.
  9. 9.  Released on October 26, 2009.  Bluetooth 2.1 support.  Improved typing speed on virtual keyboard, with smarter dictionary.  No Adobe flash media support.
  10. 10.  Released on May 20, 2010.  Support for Adobe Flash 10.1  Improved Application launcher with better browser  No internet calling.  Released on December 6, 2010.  Updated User Interface with high efficiency and speed  Internet calling  One touch word selection and copy/paste.  New keyboard for faster word input.  More successful version of Android than previous versions.  not supports multi-core processors.
  11. 11.  Released on February 22, 2011.  Support for multi-core processors  Ability to encrypt all user data.  This version of android is only available for tablets.  Released on November 14, 2011.  Virtual button in the UI.  A new typeface family for the UI, Roboto.  Ability to shut down apps that are using data in the background.
  12. 12.  Released on June 27, 2012  . High performance graphics powered by OpenGL ES 3.0.  Android 4.1 Jelly Bean improves on the speed and simplicity  Released on 31 October 2013  Latest version of Android.  Smoother user interface.
  13. 13. Models 13 HTC Motorola Droid (X) Micromax Samsung Galaxy Sony Xperia Phone
  14. 14. 14 TABLETS Velocity Micro Cruz Samsung Acer beTouch Dawa D7 Toshiba Android SmartBook Cisco Android Tablet
  15. 15. Architecture
  16. 16. 16 APPLICATIONS  Android provides a set of core applications:  Email  SMS Program  Calendar  Maps  Browser  Contacts  Etc  All applications are written using the Java language.
  17. 17. 17 APPLICATION FRAMEWORK  Enabling and simplifying the reuse of components  Developers have full access to the same framework APIs used by the core applications.  Users are allowed to replace components.  Each application can publish its capabilities which other apps can use
  18. 18. 18 LIBRARIES  Including a set of C/C++ libraries used by components of the Android system  Exposed to developers through the Android application framework
  19. 19. 19 RUNTIME  Core Libraries  Providing most of the functionality available in the core libraries of the Java language  APIs  Data Structures  Utilities  File Access  Network Access  Graphics etc.
  20. 20. Challenges  CPU typically runs 500-600 Mhz  RAM available to an App may only be a few megabytes  Disk (flash) access is very slow may be in portrait or landscape very high DPI - small text may not be readable touch resolution is very low (~25 pixel)  Network access may be slow and (very) intermittent
  21. 21. 21  Highly customizable  Services can run in the background  Notifications let you know of background events  Multitasking  Widget Easy access to thousands of applications via the Google Android App Market  Advertising  Continuous Internet connection Merits Demerits
  22. 22. • Android operating system uses more amount of battery as compared to normal mobile phones. • As there are so many user sometimes it becomes difficult to connect all the users. • As we call Android is world of applications we continuously need to connected with the internet which is not possible for all the users.
  23. 23. • Android is now stepping up in next level of mobile internet. • Android Mobile sales have becomes more then iPhone in two years. • Google may launch another version of android that starts L because Google is launching all the android versions in the alphabetical order. • Android have become the widely used operating system in world.