Statistics: define a hypothesis, then test it\nData Mining: Test all possible hypotheses\n- crosslink the data\n
include visualization --> as part of the interaction with the data, add-on analysis\n
- validity of the data --> choosing the data and whether it is reliable\n- is it a static/dynamic data?\n- how often does it change, what changes?\n
Ashton Setoe\nAlso submitted by: Lilian Tjon, Sahar, Binyam Mersa, Niels, Mustafa & Paul\n\n
A heterogeneous network model for so-\ncial media with `like' function, using Facebook as an\nexample. A blue bidirectional arrow is the friend-\nship link. A red dashed arrow is a like action, while\na green arrow denotes a post action, annotated with\nthe time stamp when it was posted. The dashed blue\nline shows that the two photos are visually similar\n
Create vectors that describe image content features (color histogram, color correlogram, texture features etc) and textual content (topics from text)\n
Classification: Spam/no-spam\nAssociation: Supermarket finding out which items are frequetly bought together: chips & beer \n\n
Data product: is interest based recommendations\nEvaluation is missing from the paper\nIn the example for twitter - mention also the followers (as part of the PageRank)\n
Lecture 5: Mining, Analysis and Visualisation
Social Web Lecture 5How can we MINE, ANALYSE and VISUALISE the Social Web? (1)
Why?• UCG provides an enormous wealth of data • insights in users’ daily lives • insights in communities • insights in trends
What’s the added value of mining social web data for the individual?
To whom it may concern• Politicians• Companies• Governmental institutions• You?
The Age of Big Data• 25 billion tweets on Twitter in 2010, by 175 million users• 360 billion pieces of contents on Facebook in 2010, by 600 million different users• 35 hours of videos uploaded to YouTube every minute• 130 million photos uploaded to ﬂickr per month
Questions to Ask• Who uploads/talks? (age, gender, nationality, community)• What are the trending topics?• What else do these users like?• Who are the most/least active users?• etc.
The Rise of the Data Scientist http://radar.oreilly.com/2010/06/what-is-data-science.html
The Rise of the Data Scientist• Data Science enables the creation of data products• Data products are applications that acquire their value from the data, and create more data as a result.• Users are in a feedback loop: they constantly provide information about the products they use, which gets used in the data product.
Data Mining 101 Data mining is the exploration and analysis of large quantities of data in order to discover valid, novel, potentially useful, and ultimately understandable patterns in data. (Inspired by George Tziralis’ FOSS Conf’09, John Elder IV’sSalford Systems Data Mining Conf. and Toon Calders’ slides) http://www.freefoto.com/images/33/12/33_12_7---Pebbles_web.j
Data Mining 101Databases Statistics Artiﬁcial Intelligence
Steps• Data input & exploration• Preprocessing• Data mining algorithms• Evaluation & Interpretation
Data Input & Exploration• What data do I need to answer question X?• What variables are in the data?• Basic stats of my data?
Are all likes equal? Do they all mean the same? Do people like for the same reason?The ‘likes’ across the different systems?
Data mining algorithms• Classiﬁcation: Generalising a known structure & apply to new data• Association: Finding relationships between variables• Clustering: Discovering groups and structures in data
How do you know you measured what you wanted to measure?
Mining in ‘LikeMiner’• Filter users by interests• Construct user graphs• PageRank on graphs to mine representativeness• Result: set of inﬂuential users• Compare page topics to user interests to ﬁnd pages most representative for topics
Brand Sentiment via Twitterhttp://ﬂowingdata.com/2011/07/25/brand-sentiment-showdown/
Assignment 3: Data Analysis • Analyse an existing social data analysis report • Apply same analyses to your own data • Write research report http://www.actmedia.eu/media/img/text_zones/English/small_38421.jpg
Final Assignment:Your SocWeb App • Create a Social Web app with your group • Use structured data, relationships between entities, data analysis, visualisation • Write individual research report on one of the main aspects of your app Image Source: http://blog.compete.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Like.jpg
Hands-on Teaser• Your Facebook Friends’ popularity in a spread sheet• Locations of your Facebook Friends• Tag Cloud of your wall posts image source: http://www.ﬂickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/1375254387/