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Petroleum products import export indian option


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Petroleum products import export indian option

  1. 1. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS <br />IMPORT & EXPORT<br />IndianOption<br />A Presentation By<br />Muzahid Khan (muzahidkhan123@gmail)<br />UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & ENERGY STUDIES<br />
  2. 2. Highlights<br /><ul><li> International Trading of Petroleum Products
  3. 3. The Indian Scenario
  4. 4. India-The Future Refinery Hub for exports</li></li></ul><li>Internationally traded Petroleum Products<br /><ul><li> Motor Gasoline
  5. 5. Jet Fuel
  6. 6. Kerosene
  7. 7. Distillate Fuel Oil
  8. 8. Residual Fuel Oil
  9. 9. Liquefied Petroleum Gas</li></li></ul><li>Major Refining Hubs<br />Rotterdam<br />Refinery Capacity: 64 MMTPA<br />Refinery product surplus: 62 MMTPA<br />Product Export: Europe hinterland, US<br />US Gulf Coast (USGC)<br />Refinery Capacity: 385 MMTPA<br />Refinery product surplus: 106 MMTPA<br />Product Export: Far East, Asia, Europe<br />Middle East<br />Refinery Capacity: 340 MMTPA<br />Refinery product surplus: 92 MMTPA<br />Product Export: Far East, Asia, Europe<br />Singapore<br />Refinery Capacity: 67 MMTPA <br />Refinery product surplus: 40 MMTPA<br />Product Export: Asia Pacific<br />
  10. 10. Total Exports and Imports of Refined Petroleum Products<br />WORLD TOTAL<br />Imports: 21,083.59<br />Exports: 21,856.61 <br />Source: EIA (2008)<br />
  11. 11. World Oil Refining <br />World Refining capacity 1.1.2008<br />World Refining capacity & thruput<br />1980-2008 (mbpd)<br />88.6<br />Refinery capacity<br />Total: 88.6 mbpd<br />(4431 MMTPA)<br />Sources: BP Stats 2009<br /><ul><li>World oil demand grown faster than refining capacity-better capacity utilization
  12. 12. World average refy capacity utilization moves around 75% (1980) to 87% (2008)
  13. 13. USA: Refining capacity declining, reached peak of 18.6 mbpd in 1980. </li></li></ul><li>Regional product balance, 2020<br />Russia<br />Deficit: 13<br />MS: 7<br />Jetkero: 4<br />Others: 3<br />Surplus: 71<br />LPG: 1<br />Naphtha: 2<br />HSD: 34<br />FO: 34<br />Net: (+) 58<br />All figures in MMTPA<br />North America<br />Deficit: 43<br />MS: 24<br />Jet kero: 19 <br />Surplus: 68<br />LPG: 19<br />Naphtha: 15<br />HSD: 5<br />FO: 14<br />Others: 15<br />Net: (+) 25<br />Europe<br />Deficit: 145<br />LPG: 17<br />Naphtha: 23<br />Jet kero: 54 <br />HSD: 49<br />Surplus: 133<br />MS: 126<br />FO: 7<br />Net: (-) 12<br />Middle East<br />Deficit: 31<br />MS: 26<br />Others: 5<br />Surplus: 188<br />LPG: 85<br />Naphtha: 44<br />Jet/kero: 19<br />HSD: 17<br />FO: 23<br />Net: (+) 157<br />Asia Pacific<br />Deficit: 419<br />LPG: 40<br />Naphtha: 56<br />MS: 107<br />Jet kero: 26 <br />HSD: 86<br />Others: 28<br />Surplus: 0<br />Net: (-) 419<br />Africa<br />Deficit: 71<br />LPG: 5<br />MS: 24<br />Jetkero: 3<br />HSD: 38<br />Others: 1<br />Surplus: 36<br />Naphtha: 11<br />FO: 25<br />Net: (-) 35<br />Latin America<br />Deficit: 50<br />Naphtha: 7<br />MS: 10<br />HSD: 32<br />Others: 1<br />Surplus: 30<br />LPG: 5<br />FO: 25<br />Net: (-) 20<br /><ul><li>By 2020, world would be net product deficit @ 247 MMTPA
  14. 14. 100 MMT surplus (LPG:49 & Fuel Oil:51)
  15. 15. 347 MMT deficit (Naphtha:15, MS:72, Jet/kero:88, HSD:147 & Others:25)</li></ul>Source: EIA<br />
  16. 16. Highlights<br /><ul><li> International Trading of Petroleum Products
  17. 17. The Indian Scenario
  18. 18. India-The Future Refinery Hub for exports</li></li></ul><li>Crude Oil <br />Import<br />Product<br />Export<br />Product<br />Import<br />India:Imports & Exports<br />US$ Billion<br /><ul><li>Gross crude and petroleum products
  19. 19. Crude/product Imports : ~ 28% of total imports
  20. 20. Product Exports : ~ 8% of total exports </li></ul>Source: PNGRB<br />India - A Net Exporter of Products<br />
  21. 21. Total Exports and Imports of Refined Petroleum Products in India<br />Net Imports: 220.45<br />Net Exports: 450.70<br />Source: EIA (2008)<br />
  22. 22. Refineries in India<br />BHATINDA <br />(9.0)<br />PANIPAT<br />(12.0+3.0)<br />DIGBOI<br />(0.65)<br />BONGAIGAON<br />(2.35)<br />MATHURA<br />(8.0)<br />NUMALIGARH<br />(3.0)<br />GUWAHATI<br /> (1.0)<br />BARAUNI<br />(6.0)<br />BINA <br />(6.0)<br />BARODA<br />(13.7)<br />JAMNAGAR<br />(RIL 33.0 + 29.0)<br />ESSAR 10.5+ 3.5)<br />HALDIA<br />(6.0+1.5)<br />PARADEEP <br />(15.0)<br />MUMBAI<br />(BPC 12.0)<br />(HPC 5.5+ 2.4)<br />VISAKH<br />(7.5+0.8)<br />TATIPAKA<br />(0.08 + 0.08)<br />MANGLORE<br />(9.69 +5.31)<br />Existing IOC<br />CHENNAI (9.5+ 1.7)<br />Subsidiaries of IOC<br />KOCHI<br />(7.5 + 2.0)<br />Others<br />NARIMANAM (1.0)<br />New / Additions<br />
  23. 23. India : Product Demand & Refining Capacity <br />Gap between Refining Capacity & Product Demand<br />140<br />100<br />29<br />Surplus refining capacity is expected to increase further by 2030<br />India will continue to be product surplus<br />Import/Export requirement for crude/products to be quite substantial<br />Source: Draft XI Plan Demand Document<br />
  24. 24. Govt. of India Policies<br />Administered Pricing Mechanism (APM) dismantling effective 1.4.2002<br />Gas Pricing<br />NELP<br />Policy on Refining<br />Auto Fuel Policy<br />Policy on Marketing of Petroleum Products<br />Gas Pipeline Policy<br />Petroleum Product Pipeline Policy<br />FDI Policy<br />
  25. 25. Highlights<br /><ul><li> International Trading of Petroleum Products
  26. 26. The Indian Scenario
  27. 27. India-The Future Refinery Hub for exports</li></li></ul><li>Located in the major maritime route from Middle East<br />Established refineries on western coast<br />Geographical advantage to serve western and eastern markets<br />Strong domestic demand provides an effective edge against fluctuations in exports<br />Strategic Location<br />
  28. 28. Cost Competitiveness<br />Cash Operating costs<br />Cost competitiveness driven by lower manufacturing wages<br />Low capital and cash operating costs<br />Access to large, technically skilled manufacturing base and workforce<br />Source: A T Kearney<br />
  29. 29. Refinery Configuration<br />For Indian companies, the surplus capacity comes at a time when the international refining industry witnesses capacity crunch<br />New capacity creation to address the current refining challenges<br />Above measures contribute in improving the refining margins<br />
  30. 30. Integration:Petrochemical Industry<br /><ul><li>Major capacity additions post 1991 have significantly reduced import dependence
  31. 31. Petroleum Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Regions (PCPIR) being set up
  32. 32. Major capacity additions done by IOC and RIL</li></ul>Aggregate Petrochemical Demand in ‘000T<br />Demand for polymers alone has the potential to reach 12.5 MMT by the end of the 11th Five-Year Plan, growing at a CAGR of 18%.<br />Growing rapidly at 1.5 - 2.5 times the GDP growth rate<br />
  33. 33. World’s 6th largest refiner with 3% of world oil consumption<br />Over 10,000 KM products pipeline network<br />Excellent maritime infrastructure: <br />POL facilities at 14 locations – 39 berths<br />2 barge jetties<br />8 SPMs<br />Infrastructure<br />
  34. 34. India as a refining hub <br />competing with Singapore & Middle East<br />Singapore (MMTPA)<br />Refinery Capacity: 67 <br />Refinery product surplus: 40<br />Product supplied to: Asia Pacific<br />India<br />Middle East (MMTPA)<br />Refinery Capacity: 340 <br />Refinery product surplus: 92<br />Product supplied to: Asia Pacific/Europe<br />
  35. 35. Way Forward<br />Leverage strategic advantage of coastal locations<br />Consolidate with current/proposed location<br />Proposed PCPIRs / SEZs<br />Cost competitiveness to position the product in target markets<br />Integration with petrochemicals, derivative and utility units, for maximizing value addition<br />Environmental norms and product quality specs to meet the export markets<br />Opportunity for India to emerge as a refining hub appears to be real and attractive<br />
  36. 36. References<br /><ul><li>PNGRB India
  37. 37. MOPNG
  38. 38. EIA</li>