Dr ho epcis in action

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Dr ho epcis in action

  1. 1. EPCIS in Action EPCIS in RFID Container Visibility What is an EPCIS? • Electronic Product Code Information Services (EPCIS) is a specification that defines a standard way to share EPC observations within and across an enterprise • Evidence of an event in the physical world • Observations consisting of “what, when, where, why” • The sharing is aimed at enabling participants in the EPCglobal Network to gain a shared view of the disposition of EPC-bearing objects within a relevant business context. www.smartag.my
  2. 2. EPCIS Observations 1) WHAT? This is the subject of the event which is the Electronic Product Code (EPC) which identifies the object 2) WHERE? This explains where the location of the event took place. 3) WHEN? This is where the timestamp of the event is recorded. 4) WHY? This will explain the business step or operation activities such as commissioning, packing, load, shipping and receiving of the Electronic product code EPCIS • A repository of item-level event data. • Sharing item-level event data between business partners in a standardized way. • Provides Visibility of item-level that allows Traceability. • Allow Business intelligence to detect inefficiencies in supply chains. • Provides Visualization of EPCIS repository data.
  3. 3. EPCIS in Supply Chain What is ISO 18186:2010? • Specifies how freight container logistic transparency and efficiency can be improved through use of an RFID cargo shipment tag system and an Internet- based software package. • Consisting of – System Composition : RFID cargo shipment tag (our case E-seal), reader(s) and network platform (including database, operational system and related system software). – System Operator (Smartag Solution Berhad) www.smartag.my
  4. 4. What is ISO 18186:2010? • ISO 18186:2010 clause 4.1 – System Composition is an open and distributed system, which can achieve management efficiencies in different geographical areas. • Smartag selected EPCIS as the open and distributed standard for data repository in ISO 18186:2010 implementation System Overview ISO 18186:2010 Ocean Port Port Shipper Consignee Loading Discharging Gate-In Gate-Out Stuffing Devanning Point Point EPCIS www.smartag.my
  5. 5. Container Security Threats Case 1: The Seattle Times reported (published April 5, 2007) that 22 stowaways were spotted by U.S. Washington Customs hiding in a container. Approximately 100 stowaways per year arrive in the port of Rotterdam by ship. Container Security Threats Case 2: According to Labor Daily China on July 2, 2008, goods valued more than RMB 1 million were stolen by only one container truck driver. Related information has shown that global cargo loss is estimated at USD 30-50 billion every year because of theft.
  6. 6. Container Security Threats Case 3: January 2008, hundreds of Japanese reported fell ill from eating tainted dumplings from China. Contamination took place during the long transportation and storage process, since no pesticide residue was found in the factory. Essential for us to monitor the process of production, but also to monitor the logistics process effectively. Potential Container Security Threats • Terrorists could, for example, use containers to transport dangerous materials, weapons, or use the containers themselves as weapons of mass destruction. • The potential threat of terrorists using containers poses a large risk to our economies and to our societies. • How large is this risk, and what is the most effective way to reduce these risks to acceptable levels?
  7. 7. The Urgent Need • An intelligent system based upon RFID : that records the information of container, cargo, container flow, as well as the security information, and realize the online real- time monitoring of the whole process of container logistics chain by Global Network (such as the Internet) • This is to guarantee the safety and transparent during the container transportation and improve the logistics efficiency and increase the level of container service. www.smartag.my How Does It Benefits the Industry? By Using RFID E-seal: Reduce long queuing time at the Gate In/Out Improve efficiency of container clearance and real time authentication Real time update of container information into system once tagged container enters certain zone Provide real time visibility of container status (compromised/open) Improved security Prevent container loading onto wrong bay and wrong ships, going to the wrong port - Prevent re-handling due to mistakes Reduce manpower & human resource Improve customer service by : i) fast clearance at receiving and docking onto ships ii) online access of container status real time
  8. 8. How Does It Benefits the Industry? • It makes the whole process of container logistics more transparent. – Know about the transport status of their cargos in time, so as to reduce logistics cost and brings obvious commercial benefits for enterprises. • More controllable and traceable; – prevent the loss of goods/cargo. • Enhance the level of Government supervision – prevent smuggling and stow away, – raise the level of national border security and protection. www.smartag.my What is RFID E-Seal? • Normally, a mechanical security seal is applied immediately after stuffing and seal number recorded manually. • Objective: – is to minimize the risk of unauthorized access into the container – reduce risk of cargo pilferage and the introduction of contraband. RFID E-seal • However, mechanical seals have weaknesses: – Manual inspection is required on every container by enforcement officer Mechanical Seal – Unable to record date/time if tempered with – Seal number can be duplicated and be manufactured – Unable to carry additional information for cross checking
  9. 9. What is RFID E-Seal? • A RFID tag with seal function • Allows importers, shipping companies, port officials and customs inspectors to determine, without a physical inspection (automatically), whether the seal has been tampered or compromised. • Readers now can be placed in strategic places to query the seal info and check its status. RFID E-seal • Additional memory inside the seal allows for storing of information which can be used by Custom/Shippers to double checking, thus providing Mechanical Seal faster clearance. What is RFID E-Seal? The information that is contained inside: • Real-time transmission of container logistics information – Container information – Cargo information – Logistics information RFID E-seal • Security information of container logistics – Time of when opening or closing the container – Location of container when opened/closed Mechanical Seal (connect with GPS) – Dynamic information and authorized stated of container
  10. 10. What is RFID E-Seal? Mechanical Seal RFID E-Seal The RFID Seal can be utilized with the original seal simultaneously without any interference. How Does It Work? Handheld with Active Reader Container Truck RFID E-seal EPCIS Repository
  11. 11. How Does It Work? Shipper @ Stuffing point At stuffing area, information of container and cargo are written into the RFID Seal using the handheld/mobile device. The container door is closed and the RFID Seal will be affixed. Information of affixing/closing of doors will be send over the Internet via WiFi/GPRS/3G and is reflected on the website, also showing the time and location of the container and other related information of the container. www.smartag.my How Does It Work? Gate In & Gate Out At the gate, fixed RFID reader will retrieve information from RFID Seal and then uploads them to the server. The system will give alarmed/alert to the officer if security of the tag has been compromised – found to be opened illegally during transit. www.smartag.my
  12. 12. How Does It Work? Loading/Unloading at Quay Crane At QC, during the process of lifting the container into vessel, the fixed RFID reader will read the information from RFID Seal again and upload its information (the security condition of container) to the server for record. Likewise, it would give alarm message to if found to be compromised. www.smartag.my How Does It Work? Destination - Inspection Area If containers are found to be suspicious and had to be inspected by the Customs officer, the RFID Seal can be legally opened by using authorized handset provided to them. After inspection, it can lock RFID Seal again. The RFID Seal will automatically recorded the opening date & time of the inspection as well. Faster clearance may be introduced for Containers with RFID Seal which are not compromised and not suspicious. www.smartag.my
  13. 13. How Does It Work? Consignee @ Unstuffing Point At unstuffing area, handheld/mobile devices are used to retrieve information of the whole process from the RFID Seal and upload them to the server for record. Unlock the RFID Seal for another cycle use. www.smartag.my Case Studies Port-to-Port
  14. 14. Shanghai-Savannah Trial • SIPG and Savannah Port have completed trial project equipping RFID Seals, on the container boxes of ships sailing from Shanghai to Savannah. • Since March 2008, weekly sailings have averaged 350-500 TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units) per vessel between Shanghai and Savannah. Shanghai-Johor Port Trial • SIPG and Johor Port have completed trial project equipping RFID Seals, on the container boxes of ships sailing from Pasir Gudang, Johor to SIPG. • Successful trial, and is now making preparations to go into next stage of commercial adoption and awareness.
  15. 15. Kaohsiung - Penang EPCIS Trial between Smartag And Taiwan customs • On-going trial between Smartag and Taiwan customs including EPCIS data sharing between Taiwan customs and Smartag. • 1st Shipment arrived at Penang Port 25th September 2010 • 2nd shipment arrived at Penang Port on 1st October 2010 Case Studies Overland Transport
  16. 16. Thailand Check-Point • Sadau & Mukdahan border to Survanabumi, vice-versa. • Thai Royal Custom Introduce the system to ensure integrity of cargos going IN/OUT of Thailand airport from check-point / Free Zone. Moving Forward • We are serious and committed to move forward, not only with a technical trial, but with commercial implementation, that will reap great benefits. • Asian to become the first mover, and the showcase for the entire world as a model to follow. • Thus, we encourage and need many more shippers/liners/ports/manufacturers to come forward and participate in this exciting RFID future.
  17. 17. To Participate & Inquiries • Email us at info@smartag.my and provide us with the following information: Company information Contact details Date, venue, and time to meet up for further discussion Questions and Answers THANK YOU

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