ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module    00 4   KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIASelf Access Learning Module ...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module         PUSAT PERKEMBANGAN KURIKULUM         KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN M...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module          3
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module1.     Name of Module :       Computer Hardware: Evolution and Types ...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleActivity 2: Evolution of the ComputerFIRST GENERATION (1940-1956)The ...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleThe creation of the transistor sparked the production of the second g...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleFOURTH GENERATION (1971-PRESENT)It took only 55 years for the 4 gener...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleFIFTH GENERATION (PRESENT & BEYOND)The fifth generation computers are...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleActivity 2: Types of ComputersSupercomputerSuper Computers: specifies...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleMicrocomputerThe microcomputer is the smallest group of the computers...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleActivity 3: Different Types of ComputerThere are a lot of terms used ...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module•   Wearable - The latest trend in computing are    wearable computer...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleExercise1. Instruction: Match the inventions according to the right g...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in ...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in ...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in ...
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Module 1 intro evolution computer

5,600 views

Published on

Nota ICTL Tg 1
Intro : Evolution Of Computer

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,600
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
297
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
106
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Module 1 intro evolution computer

  1. 1. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module 00 4 KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIASelf Access Learning Module ICT Literacy for Secondary Schooln Programme Computer Hardware Evolution and Types of the Computers 1
  2. 2. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module PUSAT PERKEMBANGAN KURIKULUM KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA MODULE 1Evolution and Types of the Computers Curriculum Development Centre Ministry of Education Malaysia 2
  3. 3. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module 3
  4. 4. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module1. Name of Module : Computer Hardware: Evolution and Types of the Computers2. Learning Outcomes:The students should be able to: a. State the generations of computers together with the respective processors used b. Explain the generations of computers together with the respective processors used c. Identify the types of computers: • Supercomputer • Mainframe • Mini Computer • Micro Computer • Work Station d. Define different types of computers3. Knowledge and Skills: 1. Explain the evolution of the computer generation 2. Match the types of processors used 3. Introduce various types of computers 4. Label a flow chart of the types of computers 5. Gather and present information on the types of computers4. Module Summary: At the end of the module, students should be able to explain about the evolution of the computer generation and types of processors used.This module contains 5 activities: Activity 1: Explaining the evolution of the computer generation Activity 2: Matching the types of processors used Activity 3: Introducing various types of computers Activity 4: Labelling a flow chart of the types of computers Activity 5: Gathering and presenting information on the types of computers 4
  5. 5. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleActivity 2: Evolution of the ComputerFIRST GENERATION (1940-1956)The first generation of computers were huge, slow, expensive and often unreliable. In 1946, twoAmericans, Prospers Eckert and Willian Mauchly build the ENIAC (Electronic NumericalIntegrator and Computer). It uses vacuum tube instead of mechanical switches of the MARK 1. Vacuum tube MARK 1 Presper Eckert Willian MauchlyIn 1951, Eckert and Mauchly build the UNIVAC,that could calculate at the rate of 10,000 additionsper seconds. UNIVAC – UNIVERSAL AUTOMATIC COMPUTERSECOND GENERATION (1956-1963)The famous computer scientists during the second generation era were: 5
  6. 6. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleThe creation of the transistor sparked the production of the second generation computer.Transistors were small devices used to transfer electronic signals across a resister. Transistorshad many advantages compared to other hardware technology. • transistors were smaller than vacuum tubes • they needed no warm up time • consumed less energy • generated much less heat • faster and more reliable THIRD GENERATION (1964-1971) In the third generation era, the IBM 370 series was introduced in 1964. It came in several models and sizes.It was used for business and scientific programmes. Other computer models introduced were the CDC 7600 and B2500. The development of integrated circuit (IC), signal the beginning of the third generation computers. Silicone chips were manufactured in 1961 at the Silicone Valley. Then came the integrated circuit technology, which had reduced the size and cost of computers. The microchip is a complete electronic circuit on small chip of silicon known as a semi conductor. 6
  7. 7. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleFOURTH GENERATION (1971-PRESENT)It took only 55 years for the 4 generations to evolve. The growthof the computer industry developed technologies of computerinventions. There are many types of computer models such as: • Apple Macintosh • IBM • DELL • ACERIn 1971 Intel created the first microprocessor. In 1976, Steve Jobs built the first Apple computer.Then, in 1981, IBM introduced its first personal computer. Steve Jobs Bill Gates Micheal Dell ( Apple Macintosh) (IBM) (DELL)During the fourth generation, hardware technology such as silicone chips, microprocessor andstorage devices were invented. A microprocessor is a specialized chip that is developed forcomputer memory and logic. Microprocessor Silicone ChipsThe microprocessor is a large-scale integrated circuit that contains thousands of transistors.The transistors on this one chip are capable of performing all the functions of a computerscentral processing unit. 7
  8. 8. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleFIFTH GENERATION (PRESENT & BEYOND)The fifth generation computers are technologically advance andare still being developed.The inventions of new hardware technology in the fifthgeneration have grown rapidly to include many other moderncomputer devices such as : • silicone chips • processor • robotics • virtual reality • intelligent systems • programmes which translate languagesNEW ERA COMPUTERAfter the fifth generation computer, the technology of computers has become more advanced,modern and sophisticated. The latest invention in the era of computers are : • Super Computers • Mainframe Computers • Mini Computers • Personal Computers • Mobile Computers Mini Computers Mobile Computer In the new era of computers, expert systems such as teleconferencing and speech-recognition Mainframe Computers systems have been Super Computers invented as part of the Personal Computers modern worldcommunication tool.Additional source: http://history.sandiego.edu/GEN/recording/computer1.html#gp05 8
  9. 9. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleActivity 2: Types of ComputersSupercomputerSuper Computers: specifies that these are the most powerfulcomputers compared to the mainframe.Additional Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supercomputer The Cray-2 was the worlds fastest computer from 1985 to 1989.MainframeMainframe Computer: Is a very powerful and large computer. Itcan process many users at a time. Its Terminals are used toconnect a user to the computer.The users submit the taskthrough mainframe.Additional Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mainframe_computer Multi-user mini computer at RALMinicomputerMinicomputers are smaller thanMainframes (usually the size of a filingcabinet). They have smaller memory andare not as powerful as a mainframe.Additional Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minicomputer 9
  10. 10. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleMicrocomputerThe microcomputer is the smallest group of the computersystem as (usually the size of a typewriter) it can sit on adesktop. A microcomputer allows only a user at a time.Microcomputers include: Home computers, Desktopcomputers, Portable computers, and Laptop computers. © From the Hutchinson Encyclopaedia. Helicon Publishing LTD 2007. All rights reserved.Additional Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microcomputer : http://www.tiscali.co.uk/reference/dictionaries/computers/data/m0008890.htmlWorkstationA type of computer used for engineering applications (CAD/CAM), desktop publishing, softwaredevelopment and other types of applications that require a moderate amount of computingpower and relatively high quality graphics capabilities.Workstations generally come with a large, high-resolution graphicsscreen, at least 64 MB (megabytes) of RAM, built-in networksupport, and a graphical user interface. 10
  11. 11. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleActivity 3: Different Types of ComputerThere are a lot of terms used to describe computers. Most of these words imply to the size,expected use and capability of the computer. The term ‘computer’ can apply to virtually anydevice that has a microprocessor in it . • PC - The personal computer (PC) is designed for personal use by a single person. PCs were first known as microcomputers because they were a complete computer built on a smaller scale. • Desktop - A PC that is placed on a permanent location. Most of them offer more power, storage and versatility for less cost. • Laptop - Also called notebook, laptops are portable computers that integrate the display, keyboard, a pointing device or trackball, processor, memory and hard drive all in a battery-operated package slightly larger than an average hardcover book. • Palmtop - More commonly known as Personal Digital Assistant (PDA), palmtops are tightly integrated computers that often use flash memory instead of a hard drive for storage. These computers rely on touchscreen technology for user input. Palmtops are typically smaller than a paperback novel, very lightweight with a reasonable battery life. • Server - A computer that has been optimized to provide services to other computers over a network. Servers usually have powerful processors, a large memory and hard drives. 11
  12. 12. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module• Wearable - The latest trend in computing are wearable computers integrated into watches, cell phones, visors and even clothing. 12
  13. 13. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are ModuleExercise1. Instruction: Match the inventions according to the right generations. 13
  14. 14. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in major universities, military agencies and scientific • Supercomputer research laboratories. It is designed to handle very high volume input and output (I/O) and emphasized • Micro Computer throughput computing. A midsized and multi-user computers. • Mini Computer Small desktop or portable computer, typically designed to be used by one person • Work Station at a time. A type of computer used for engineering applications, desktop publishing, software • Mainframe development and other types of applications. 14
  15. 15. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in major universities, military agencies and scientific • Supercomputer research laboratories. It is designed to handle very high volume input and output (I/O) and emphasized • Micro Computer throughput computing. A midsized and multi-user computers. • Mini Computer Small desktop or portable computer, typically designed to be used by one person • Work Station at a time. A type of computer used for engineering applications, desktop publishing, software • Mainframe development and other types of applications. 14
  16. 16. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in major universities, military agencies and scientific • Supercomputer research laboratories. It is designed to handle very high volume input and output (I/O) and emphasized • Micro Computer throughput computing. A midsized and multi-user computers. • Mini Computer Small desktop or portable computer, typically designed to be used by one person • Work Station at a time. A type of computer used for engineering applications, desktop publishing, software • Mainframe development and other types of applications. 14
  17. 17. ICTL For Secondary School - Computer hardw are Module2. Matching the types of computers. It was used to solve problems in major universities, military agencies and scientific • Supercomputer research laboratories. It is designed to handle very high volume input and output (I/O) and emphasized • Micro Computer throughput computing. A midsized and multi-user computers. • Mini Computer Small desktop or portable computer, typically designed to be used by one person • Work Station at a time. A type of computer used for engineering applications, desktop publishing, software • Mainframe development and other types of applications. 14

×