African drumming


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African drumming

  1. 1. African Music
  2. 2. West African Music <ul><li>Founded on the oral tradition so has no musical notation </li></ul><ul><li>Passed on through the generations by Griot </li></ul><ul><li>Griot – storyteller, poets, a wandering musician </li></ul>
  3. 3. African Drumming <ul><li>Watch video </li></ul><ul><li>Look out for the different instruments and elements in the music </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Instruments
  5. 5. The Djembe <ul><li>The most common drum and intergral part of West African music </li></ul><ul><li>the name comes from the saying &quot;Anke dje, anke be&quot; which translates to &quot;everyone gather together&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Now used in many types of music around the world – latin, fusion </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sounds on the djembe <ul><li>Bass - Striking the skin with the palm and fingers toward the drum's centre produces a bass note </li></ul><ul><li>Slap </li></ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S triking the skin near the rim (with the fleshy part of the palm just above the rim) produces the tone and slap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Striking the tone like its a hot pan. Beginners may think of the tone and slap as fingers &quot;together&quot; and &quot;apart.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Dunduns <ul><li>Double headed drum </li></ul><ul><li>Very important in providing the foundation for the music </li></ul><ul><li>The traditional style has each player using a single drum resting on its side, either on the floor or on a stand, and striking the head with one stick and a bell mounted on top with the other </li></ul><ul><li>For the other style, known as ballet style as it is used in the National Ballets, one player has command of the three dununs standing on the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>A melody is created across the interplay of the three dununs </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Dunduns
  9. 9. Components
  10. 10. Components <ul><li>Solo – performed by the master drummer on the djembe </li></ul><ul><li>Accompaniment – performed by a group of djembe players </li></ul><ul><li>Dundun </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul><ul><li>Percussion rattle or agogo bells </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Master Drummer <ul><li>Takes many years to become a Master Drummer </li></ul><ul><li>The master drummer directs the whole performance and signals to the other players when to start or change accompaniment by rhythmical cues </li></ul><ul><li>Signals to other players to take on the solo </li></ul><ul><li>Watches the feet of the dancers and responds accordingly </li></ul><ul><li>Controls the changes to make sure the music is always interesting </li></ul>
  12. 12. Main features <ul><li>Call and response </li></ul><ul><li>Polyrhythms – the complex rhythms played by the drummers that interweave with each other and with the rhythm played by the dunduns </li></ul><ul><li>The music usually increases in tension as the piece progresses </li></ul><ul><li>The tempo and dynamics vary from section to section to provide interest and variety </li></ul>
  13. 13. Kuku <ul><li>Kuku is a popular rhythm played at all kinds of festivals, including full moon celebrations. </li></ul><ul><li>Kuku is a women's dance performed in a circle. and played when the women came back from fishing. They would take their fishing tools and dance. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
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