Development of low cost Birdsnest houses

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Development of low cost burung walet houses (Birdsnest)

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Development of low cost Birdsnest houses

  1. 1. Development of Low Cost Methods to Farm Swiftlets
  2. 2. Definition & Issues <ul><li>“ Swiftlet farming” can be defined as a production system of edible bird’s nests using specifically-designed buildings for the swiftlets to roost and nest. Just like bees, the swiftlets are free to roam and forage anywhere outside, only returning to roost at night. </li></ul><ul><li>Lim, C., K, Edible Bird’s Nest: Swiftlet </li></ul><ul><li>Farming in Specifically-Designed </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings, The Ingenieur, April 2007, pp. </li></ul><ul><li>19-23 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Issues <ul><li>Lucrative industry which attracts non-sustainable practices with those trying to maximise returns </li></ul><ul><li>High failure rates of 70-80% </li></ul><ul><li>One of the fastest growing indusries in S.E. Asia </li></ul><ul><li>No accepted code of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of opportunity for “low income groups” to benefit from the industry </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of research into breeding biology of the swift, low cost farming methods, etc </li></ul><ul><li>A number of “unknowledgeable” advisors and consultants in the industry. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives <ul><li>To understand swiftlet nesting behaviour under captivity more thoroughly </li></ul><ul><li>To develop low cost methods of swiftlet farming </li></ul><ul><li>To research and develop sustainable practices and promote a code of practice </li></ul><ul><li>To disseminate this information to rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>To look at potential breeding practices </li></ul>
  5. 5. Swiftlet Behaviour
  6. 6. Swiftlet Distribution
  7. 7. Collocia Aerodramus
  8. 8. Collocalia esculenta Glossy Swiftlet
  9. 9. Collocalia linchi Cave Swiftlet
  10. 10. Aerodramus francicus Mascarene Swiftlet
  11. 11. Aerodramus infuscatus Moluccan Swiftlet
  12. 12. Aerodramus mearnsi Philippine Swiftlet
  13. 13. Aerodramus unicolor Indian Swiftlet
  14. 14. Natural Habitat
  15. 17. Swiftlet Farming & Processing
  16. 18. Objective and Process of swiftlet farming
  17. 19. Swiftlet Nesting
  18. 20. Collection
  19. 21. Sorting and Cleaning
  20. 22. To the Consumer
  21. 24. To the Consumer Market size unknown but rapidly growing
  22. 26. Future Products
  23. 31. Market Size World market estimated at 500 Tonnes USD 735 Million Production Indonesia 250 Tonnes Thailand 100 Tonnes Vietnam 100 Tonnes Malaysia 50 Tonnes
  24. 32. Number of Swiftlet Houses <ul><li>Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>Post WWII Formal swiftlet farming (1950-90) </li></ul><ul><li>Acoustic techniques 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>150 houses </li></ul><ul><li>800 houses </li></ul><ul><li>7000 houses </li></ul><ul><li>2007 10000+ houses </li></ul>
  25. 33. Significance to Thailand Economy (Agriculture Industries) Rank Industry Exports (USD) 5 years Growth (%) Last Years Growth (%) 1 Natural rubber and similar natural gums 3694645 179% 8.2% 2 Crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates 2496774 24.1% 10.9% 3 Rice 2321682 47.1% -13.7% 4 Pearls and precious or semiprecious stone 989895 76.94% 17.59% 5 Meat and edible meat offal, prepared or preserved, n.e.s. 878513 122% 36.58% 6 Sugars, molasses and honey 798453 4.34% -8.4% 7 Edible products and preparations, n.e.s 788382 127.7% 25.6% 8 Fruit, preserved, and fruit preparations (excluding fruit juices) 656935 56.9% 10.9% 9 Paper and paperboard 571437 54% 22.77% 10 Starches, inulin and wheat gluten; glues 535797 73.41% 10.3% 11 Feeding stuff for animals (not including unmilled cereals) 498150 83% 15.1% 12 Fish, fresh (live or dead), chilled or frozen 475850 24% 12.6% 13 Fruit and nuts (not including oil nuts), fresh or dried 282298 56.9% 19.35% 14 Vegetables, roots and tubers, prepared or preserved, n.e.s. 254699 40.4% 4.76% 15 Crude vegetable materials, n.e.s. 147587 55.2% 8% 16 Raw and Refined Birds' Nest 147058 400% 25% 17 Milk and cream and milk products other than butter or cheese 143886 43.24% 4.86% 18 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, soft, crude, refined or fractionated 97060 46% -25% 19 Tobacco, unmanufactured; tobacco refuse 63220 10.71% -10.53 Sources: International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO
  26. 34. Pattani An established urban industry
  27. 37. CS Pattani Hotel “A reversal of the theory”
  28. 38. Perlis Malaysia A Rapid Growth Industry
  29. 39. Rural Birdhouses
  30. 40. A relatively new “birdtown”
  31. 42. Pak Panang The Bird City of South East Asia
  32. 44. Up to USD 5 Mil Investments (many Malaysians and Singaporeans)
  33. 47. Ranong An emerging industry set for rapid growth
  34. 51. Industry Just Starting in Hat Yai
  35. 52. Beliefs and Aspects of the Birds House Industry
  36. 53. Chumpon
  37. 54. Big capital investment Bird Cities
  38. 55. Conventional Thinking Based on Observation
  39. 56. Swiftlets are at home nesting on many different materials in “unrecommended” conditions
  40. 57. The classic style (unofficial industry standard)
  41. 61. Our Hypothesis
  42. 62. Appears Swiftlets like to nest near people Do not have to be massive buildings
  43. 63. Not necessary to construct using materials and methods most “consultants” are recommending
  44. 73. Materials
  45. 75. Variables Success or Failure Location Selection of position Entry and exit into house, if no nesting If no entry/exit Acoustics Position Reach Distance Recording source Monitoring of population in area Temperature Humidity Boards Inside Acoustics Design Risk Management Code of Practice <ul><li>Land Development </li></ul><ul><li>Material Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Clay </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Cement </li></ul><ul><li>Labour Cost </li></ul>
  46. 76. Risk Management <ul><li>Proper survey of area before building </li></ul><ul><li>Construct proper conditions for nesting </li></ul><ul><li>Use correct acoustics (part of project will be to record bird sounds for distribution) </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent predators entering </li></ul>
  47. 77. Power Supply
  48. 78. The next stage would be to build swiftlet houses from pre-cast ferro-cement sheets which could be assembled on site. This building method could support 2 story construction

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