Forcefully unmount a linux disk partition


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Forcefully unmount a linux disk partition

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Forcefully unmount a linux disk partition

  1. 1. How do I forcefully unmount a Linux disk partition? by nixcraft on January 27, 2006 · 6 comments It happens many times you try to unmount a disk partition or mounted CD/DVD disk and if you try to unmount device, which is accessed by other users, then you will get error umount: /xxx: device is busy. However, Linux/FreeBSD comes with fuser command to kill forcefully mounted partition. Understanding device error busy error What happens basically, is that Linux / UNIX will not allow you to unmount a device that is busy. There are many reasons for this (such as program accessing partition or open file) , but the most important one is to prevent data loss. Try the following command to find out what processes have activities on the device/partition. If your device name is /dev/sdb1, enter the following command as root user: # lsof | grep '/dev/sda1' Output: vi 4453 vivek 3u BLK 8,1 8167 /dev/sda1Above output tells that user vivek has a vi process running that is using /dev/sda1. All you have to do is stop vi process and run umount again. As soon as that program terminates its task, the device will no longer be busy and you can unmount it with the following command: # umount /dev/sda1 Following disussion allows you to unmout device and partition forcefully using Linux commands. Linux fuser command to forcefully unmount a disk partition Suppose you have /dev/sda1 mounted on /mnt directory then you can use fuser command as follows: WARNING! These examples may result into data loss if not executed properly (see "Understanding device error busy error" for more information). Type the command to unmount /mnt forcefully: # fuser -km /mnt Where, -k : Kill processes accessing the file. -m : Name specifies a file on a mounted file system or a block device that is mounted. In above example you are using /mnt Linux umount command to unmount a disk partition You can also try umount command with –l option: # umount -l /mnt Where, -l : Also known as Lazy unmount. Detach the filesystem from the filesystem hierarchy now, and cleanup all references to the filesystem as soon as it is not busy anymore. This option works with kernel version 2.4.11+ and above only. If you would like to unmount a NFS mount point then try following command: # umount -f /mnt Where, -f: Force unmount in case of an unreachable NFS system Caution: Using these commands or option can cause data loss for open files; programs which access files after the file system has been unmounted will get an error.