11
WELCOMEWELCOME
22
PRIMARY & MASS EDUCATION INPRIMARY & MASS EDUCATION IN
BANGLADESHBANGLADESH
((An Overview)An Overview)
Ministry of Prim...
33
Bangladesh
(Socio-Economic Condition )
People’s Republic of Bangladesh has emerged as an independent state
in 16th
Dece...
44
POLICY ASPECTS
The constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Article 17: The state shall adopt effective meas...
55
Primary and Mass Education Division
15-08-1992
Ministry of Primary and Mass Education
02-01-2003
66
Responsibility
(Rules of Business 1996)
Rule 3(2) Allocation of Business
• Formulation of sectoral plan in primary and ...
77
• Curriculum Development
• Preparation, Printing and distribution of text books.
Taking all other cases in the field of...
88
• Secretariat administration including financial
matters.
• Administration and control and subordinate officers
and org...
• Directorate of Primary Education
• Compulsory Primary Education
Implementation Monitoring Unit
• National Academy for Pr...
1010
The Primary School (Taking Over Act) 1974
(Act No-VIII of 1974)
• Taking over all primary school by the Government
• ...
1111
Primary education (compulsory) law, 1990
• Compulsory primary education to all children
(6-10 years)
• Compulsory pri...
1212
Education Policy 2010
• Early Childhood Education
• Primary Education extended up to Grade-VIII
• Unified Primary Edu...
1313
Statistical overview of Literacy
Literacy Rate
• Since Independence in 1971 : 16.8 %
• Census of 1974 : 25.9%
• Censu...
1414
Statistical overview of Literacy
• Annual Report of Ministry of primary & Mass Education2009: 53%
•NFE Mapping Report...
1515
Primary Schools
School Type Number of
Schools
Government Primary Schools 37,672
Registered Non-Government Primary Sch...
1616
Primary School’s Teachers
School Type Number of
Teachers
Government Primary Schools 1,82,803
Registered Non-Governmen...
1717
Primary School’s Students
School Type Number of
Students
Government Primary Schools 97,55,362
Registered Non-Governme...
2222
Teachers (All Category)
Male 210,474
Female 150,976
Total 361,450
Teachers
(Government Primary School)
Male 86,430
Fe...
2323
Pupil
Boys 8,084,837
Girls 8,454,526
Total 16,539,363
• Gross Enrolment Rate: 97.06%
• Net Enrolment Rate: 91%
• Year...
2424
Governments intervention in
Primary Education
• Free Primary Education to All
• Free supply of Textbooks (80 million ...
Primary Education Budget
2525
Year Developmen
t
Revenue Total
2006-07 256.66 457.67 714.33
2007-08 269.51 484.05 753.56
20...
2626
Primary Education Development
Program-2 (Up to June 2011)
• Construction of 40,000 new classroom (35,000 completed)
•...
• Recruitment of 45,000 teachers
• Training of School Management Committee Members-
137,000 already trained
• Certificate-...
2828
School Level
Improvement Plan (SLIP)
designed to
* address issues of teaching learning improvement in
schools
* promo...
2929
Objectives of SLIP
* Decentralize planning activities at the school
level
* Meet actual needs and demands of the
scho...
3030
Objectives of SLIP (cont.)
* Make school a child-friendly institution
* Improve teachers’ relationship with the
commu...
3131
SLIP committee
SMC
PTA
teachers
local governmentHead Teacher
Student
as observer
SLIP
Process
Targets
PSQL / KPI
Analysis
Identify
Major Issues
OpportunitiesExpectations/
Vision
Catchment's
Area Map
Self...
SLIP:Activities
Recurring Nature,
To be Implemented by
SMC
Development Nature,
To be included in
UPEP
Catchment's Area Map...
3434
• Supported by EEC- 10 Upazilla 200,000 pupils
• Supported by Word Food Program- 61 Upazilla
1,170,719 pupils
• Schoo...
3535
• Beneficiary- 7.8 million primary school students
Stipend Program
Ministry of Primary & Mass Education
(MOPME)
DPE CPEIMU BNFE NAPE
Deputy Director
(Division)
PTI Super
DPEO
(District)
Sch...
3737
• 100% Primary Enrolment by the Year 2011
• Achieve 100% literacy rate by the year 2014
Commitment of the Present Gov...
3838
• Introducing and strengthening early childhood
and Pre-school education
• Introducing a unified and common primary
e...
3939
• Expanded Program on immunization
• Control of Diarrheal Diseases
• School Health Services
• Control of Vitamin-A de...
4040
Non-Formal Education
(NFE Policy)
1) Provide quality and relevant NFE programs and
skill training which meet the asse...
4141
Continue …
3) Establish a working mechanism of government,
NGOs and broader civil society including the
private secto...
Literacy, Continuing Education & NFE ProgramsLiteracy, Continuing Education & NFE Programs
By Ministry of Primary &Mass Ed...
Literacy Continuing Education & NFE programs ByLiteracy Continuing Education & NFE programs By
Ministry Of Primary & Mass ...
Literacy Continuing Education & NFE Programs ByLiteracy Continuing Education & NFE Programs By
Ministry Of Primary & Mass ...
NFE Programs By NGOsNFE Programs By NGOs
 1048 NGOs in education Program1048 NGOs in education Program
 6574 Centers run...
Main Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFEMain Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFE
 Integrated Non Formal Education (IN...
Main Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFEMain Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFE
 Non Formal education project-1: 199...
4848
Challenges Of NFE In Bangladesh
1) Achieving 100% Adult literacy by the year 2014
2) Capacity Building For Local Gove...
ThanksThanks
Presentation for thailand from bangladesh (updated)
Presentation for thailand from bangladesh (updated)
Presentation for thailand from bangladesh (updated)
Presentation for thailand from bangladesh (updated)
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Presentation for thailand from bangladesh (updated)

  1. 1. 11 WELCOMEWELCOME
  2. 2. 22 PRIMARY & MASS EDUCATION INPRIMARY & MASS EDUCATION IN BANGLADESHBANGLADESH ((An Overview)An Overview) Ministry of Primary and Mass Education
  3. 3. 33 Bangladesh (Socio-Economic Condition ) People’s Republic of Bangladesh has emerged as an independent state in 16th December 1971. Bangladesh is situated to the North eastern part of South-Asia.  Area : 147,570 sq. kilometres  Population : 144.5 million (Estimated 2008)  Population growth rate : 1.39 % (2008).  Population Density/sq. Kilometre: 979 (Estimated 2008)  Life expectancy: 66.7 years (Male 65.6 Female 70)  Per capita income : US$ 690 (2010)  Infant Mort. Rate/(1000 Live Birth Below 1 Yr) : 43  Persons Per Registered Physician : 3469 (2007)  Literacy Rate : 56.1% (7+ Yrs)  Improved drinking Water Coverage: Rural 85% Urban 60%  Export earning - $14.11 Billion(2007-2008)
  4. 4. 44 POLICY ASPECTS The constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Article 17: The state shall adopt effective measures for the purpose of- (a) Establishing a uniform, mass-oriented and universal system of education and extending free and compulsory education to all children to such stage as may be determined by law; (b) Relating education to the needs of society and producing properly trained and motivated citizens to serve those needs; (c) Removing illiteracy within such time as may be determined by law.
  5. 5. 55 Primary and Mass Education Division 15-08-1992 Ministry of Primary and Mass Education 02-01-2003
  6. 6. 66 Responsibility (Rules of Business 1996) Rule 3(2) Allocation of Business • Formulation of sectoral plan in primary and mass education sector. • Preparation, monitoring and evaluation of development project. • Mass Literacy program including informal and non- formal education. • Motivation and publicity at national and local level about primary education for all and mass education programs. • Educational policy and reforms.
  7. 7. 77 • Curriculum Development • Preparation, Printing and distribution of text books. Taking all other cases in the field of pre-primary and primary education • Processing of educational projects/schemes of primary and mass education sector with PEC/NEC/ ECNEC and implementation of the decisions of the Cabinet. • Aid from foreign and international bodies in the field of primary and mass Education. • International Organizations and other international programs in the field of primary and mass education. • Matters relating to the recommendations of Education Reforms Commission.
  8. 8. 88 • Secretariat administration including financial matters. • Administration and control and subordinate officers and organizations under this Ministry. • Liasion with international organisations and matters relating to treaties and agreements with other countries and would bodies relating to subjects allotted to this Ministry. • All laws on subjects allotted to this Ministry. • Matters relating to the recommendations of Education Reforms Commission.
  9. 9. • Directorate of Primary Education • Compulsory Primary Education Implementation Monitoring Unit • National Academy for Primary Education (NAPE) • Bureau of Non-Formal Education Directorates 99
  10. 10. 1010 The Primary School (Taking Over Act) 1974 (Act No-VIII of 1974) • Taking over all primary school by the Government • All teachers of the Primary School became employees of the Government Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  11. 11. 1111 Primary education (compulsory) law, 1990 • Compulsory primary education to all children (6-10 years) • Compulsory primary education committee (Local level) • Responsibility of the Committee to bring the children in primary school • Committee can order the guardian to send the children to school • Incase of failure committee is responsible.
  12. 12. 1212 Education Policy 2010 • Early Childhood Education • Primary Education extended up to Grade-VIII • Unified Primary Education • Ratio of Student Teacher 1:30 • ICT Education in Primary Level • Community participation in primary education • Reduce Drop-out rate • Establishment of more primary school
  13. 13. 1313 Statistical overview of Literacy Literacy Rate • Since Independence in 1971 : 16.8 % • Census of 1974 : 25.9% • Census of 1991 : 35.3% • Bangladesh Bureau Of Statistics 2001: 47.9 % (15 +age group) • Ministry Of Primary & Mass Education, 2003: 65% (7+ above age group) • UNESCO: 2005 : About 52 million people (7+above) are illiterates,
  14. 14. 1414 Statistical overview of Literacy • Annual Report of Ministry of primary & Mass Education2009: 53% •NFE Mapping Report-2009-37.35 million people of 11-45 age group are illiterates. Literacy in Rural area : 46.4 % and in Urban area : 56.9 % Net Enrolment Rate in Primary Stage: 91% (6+ Yrs) Total Enrolment in Primary School: 16 million (grade 1-grade 5) Boy-49.5% Girl-50.5% Drop Out Rate(Primary Stage): 32% (from grade 1 to grade 5)
  15. 15. 1515 Primary Schools School Type Number of Schools Government Primary Schools 37,672 Registered Non-Government Primary Schools 20,061 Non-Registered Primary Schools 819 Experimental Schools 55 Community Schools 2,991 Kindergartens 2,744 NGO Schools 230 Ebtedaye Madrasha (Religious) 6,744 Ebtedaye Madrasha attached to High Madrasha (Religious) 9,233 Primary Schools attached with High School 959 Total 81,508
  16. 16. 1616 Primary School’s Teachers School Type Number of Teachers Government Primary Schools 1,82,803 Registered Non-Government Primary Schools 76,628 Non-Registered Primary Schools 2,086 Experimental Schools 280 Community Schools 9,307 Kindergartens 19,243 NGO Schools 925 Ebtedaye Madrasha (Religious) 28,231 Ebtedaye Madrasha attached to High Madrasha (Religious) 31,691 Primary Schools attached with High School 10,256 Total 3,61,450
  17. 17. 1717 Primary School’s Students School Type Number of Students Government Primary Schools 97,55,362 Registered Non-Government Primary Schools 35,25,832 Non-Registered Primary Schools 1,23,056 Experimental Schools 11,073 Community Schools 3,98,079 Kindergartens 3,60,939 NGO Schools 36,655 Ebtedaye Madrasha (Religious) 6,36,984 Ebtedaye Madrasha attached to High Madrasha (Religious) 13,52,831 Primary Schools attached with High School 3,38,552 Total 1,65,39,363
  18. 18. 2222 Teachers (All Category) Male 210,474 Female 150,976 Total 361,450 Teachers (Government Primary School) Male 86,430 Female 96,653 Total 183,083
  19. 19. 2323 Pupil Boys 8,084,837 Girls 8,454,526 Total 16,539,363 • Gross Enrolment Rate: 97.06% • Net Enrolment Rate: 91% • Yearly Contact Hour (Grade 1-2): 863 hours • Yearly Contact Hour (Grade 2-5): 1537 hours • Success Rate of terminal examination (Grade 5): 88.84%
  20. 20. 2424 Governments intervention in Primary Education • Free Primary Education to All • Free supply of Textbooks (80 million books in 2010) • Salary and allowances of Teachers • Stipend to 7.8 million primary students • Construction, repair & maintenance of government & non-government primary schools • School feeding program (supported by WFP & EEC) • Free learning materials
  21. 21. Primary Education Budget 2525 Year Developmen t Revenue Total 2006-07 256.66 457.67 714.33 2007-08 269.51 484.05 753.56 2008-09 301.97 495.10 797.07 2009-10 403.31 575.08 978.40 2010-11 431.57 695.23 1,126.81 (million u$)
  22. 22. 2626 Primary Education Development Program-2 (Up to June 2011) • Construction of 40,000 new classroom (35,000 completed) • Construction of 398 school-cum-cyclone shelter (70 completed) • Construction of 397 URC (Sub-District Resource Center)- (352 completed) • Construction of 23,500 School toilets (22,000 completed) • Setup of 18,000 new tube wells (16,000 completed)
  23. 23. • Recruitment of 45,000 teachers • Training of School Management Committee Members- 137,000 already trained • Certificate-in-Education for Primary School Teachers- 90,000 teachers already Completed Certificate-in- Education Program • Training for Head-teachers in School Management- 22,000 Head-teacher already trained Primary Education Development Program-2 (Up to June 2011) 2727
  24. 24. 2828 School Level Improvement Plan (SLIP) designed to * address issues of teaching learning improvement in schools * promote local ownership & participation in improvement initiatives through provision of direct grants to schools
  25. 25. 2929 Objectives of SLIP * Decentralize planning activities at the school level * Meet actual needs and demands of the school * Improve overall teaching-learning environment and the quality of education in primary schools * Promote equity in the primary education and eliminate the existing disparity
  26. 26. 3030 Objectives of SLIP (cont.) * Make school a child-friendly institution * Improve teachers’ relationship with the community * Effectively involve the stakeholders in the school activities * Uphold education as a tool for poverty alleviation
  27. 27. 3131 SLIP committee SMC PTA teachers local governmentHead Teacher Student as observer
  28. 28. SLIP Process Targets PSQL / KPI Analysis Identify Major Issues OpportunitiesExpectations/ Vision Catchment's Area Map Self EvaluationActivities SMC Implements Social Assessment 3232
  29. 29. SLIP:Activities Recurring Nature, To be Implemented by SMC Development Nature, To be included in UPEP Catchment's Area Map Motivation of Parents Mothers’ Gathering Repair of Benches Maintenance of Tube well / Toilets Child Friendly School / Classroom Para Teacher Pre-primary Additional Classroom Construction Repair of School building Procure Furniture etc. Construction of Toilets Construction of Toilets Teachers’ Recruitment / Training 3333
  30. 30. 3434 • Supported by EEC- 10 Upazilla 200,000 pupils • Supported by Word Food Program- 61 Upazilla 1,170,719 pupils • School feeding program by Government of Bangladesh in 87 Upazilla is under processing School Feeding Program
  31. 31. 3535 • Beneficiary- 7.8 million primary school students Stipend Program
  32. 32. Ministry of Primary & Mass Education (MOPME) DPE CPEIMU BNFE NAPE Deputy Director (Division) PTI Super DPEO (District) Schools UEO/TEO (Upazilla/Thana) URC Instructor (Upazilla/Thana) 64 District Office 3636
  33. 33. 3737 • 100% Primary Enrolment by the Year 2011 • Achieve 100% literacy rate by the year 2014 Commitment of the Present Government Sheikh Hasina Hon’ble Prime Minister
  34. 34. 3838 • Introducing and strengthening early childhood and Pre-school education • Introducing a unified and common primary education for all children • Increasing access to primary education • Improving quality education at primary level • Ensuring equality and equity in education at the primary level • Improving quality of madrasha education at the primary level Policy Matrix (Primary Education) Source: National strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II, FY 2009-11, Planning Commission
  35. 35. 3939 • Expanded Program on immunization • Control of Diarrheal Diseases • School Health Services • Control of Vitamin-A deficiency disorders • De-worming program in schools • National Immunization Day in Primary Schools • Awareness about balanced food Ongoing Program (Child health & Nutrition) Source: National strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II, FY 2009- 11, Planning Commission
  36. 36. 4040 Non-Formal Education (NFE Policy) 1) Provide quality and relevant NFE programs and skill training which meet the assessed learning needs of the identifiable and potential clientele groups, Specific Objectives: With priority to children, adolescents and youth: 2) Provide opportunities for individuals and groups of persons with learning and skills needs to develop self-reliant, productive and empowered citizens through engaging in income generating and life skills related activities,
  37. 37. 4141 Continue … 3) Establish a working mechanism of government, NGOs and broader civil society including the private sector for policy co-ordination, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation to reduce illiteracy, poverty and promote human resource development, 4) Establish an organization for management and governance of NFE sub-sector, and 5) Institute a decentralized operation system involving local bodies, NGOs, CBOs and communities including learners to ensure community ownership and sustainability of NFE program, structures and facilities for lifelong learning.
  38. 38. Literacy, Continuing Education & NFE ProgramsLiteracy, Continuing Education & NFE Programs By Ministry of Primary &Mass EducationBy Ministry of Primary &Mass Education 4242 1)1) Post Literacy & Continuing Education For Human DevelopmentPost Literacy & Continuing Education For Human Development (PLCEHD) Project-2(PLCEHD) Project-2  Project Period –July 2002-June 2007 (original) July 2002 –Project Period –July 2002-June 2007 (original) July 2002 – June 2011 (Revised)June 2011 (Revised)  Project Cost $ 87.16 Million (GOB 17%)Project Cost $ 87.16 Million (GOB 17%) ObjectivesObjectives  To consolidate , maintain & upgrade the literacy skill of 1.6To consolidate , maintain & upgrade the literacy skill of 1.6 million new literates (11-45) of 29 districtmillion new literates (11-45) of 29 district  Provide Life skill Training for increasing income levelProvide Life skill Training for increasing income level  To eliminate gender disparity By empowering womenTo eliminate gender disparity By empowering women  Involve the target population in life long learning process &Involve the target population in life long learning process & develop them as productive citizen.develop them as productive citizen.
  39. 39. Literacy Continuing Education & NFE programs ByLiteracy Continuing Education & NFE programs By Ministry Of Primary & Mass EducationMinistry Of Primary & Mass Education 2)2) Basic Education For Hard to Reach Urban Working ChildrenBasic Education For Hard to Reach Urban Working Children  Target Group- 2,00,000 urban working children(10-14 Yrs) ofTarget Group- 2,00,000 urban working children(10-14 Yrs) of them 60% are girlsthem 60% are girls  To provide quality non formal basic educationTo provide quality non formal basic education  Livelihood skill EducationLivelihood skill Education  6646 Learning centers in 6 Divisional towns6646 Learning centers in 6 Divisional towns  Total Learners -1,66,150Total Learners -1,66,150 4343
  40. 40. Literacy Continuing Education & NFE Programs ByLiteracy Continuing Education & NFE Programs By Ministry Of Primary & Mass EducationMinistry Of Primary & Mass Education 3)3) Reaching Out Of School Children ProjectReaching Out Of School Children Project • Project Duration July 2004-June 2010Project Duration July 2004-June 2010 • Target group-Out of School Children , 7-14 yearsTarget group-Out of School Children , 7-14 years • Project Cost $61.79 millionProject Cost $61.79 million • To encourage Out of School children to enroll Learning CentersTo encourage Out of School children to enroll Learning Centers • Providing quality education in LCsProviding quality education in LCs • Teacher per LC-01Teacher per LC-01 • Learner per Lc-25-35Learner per Lc-25-35 • Grants & Allowances to LCsGrants & Allowances to LCs • LC managed by Center Management CommitteeLC managed by Center Management Committee 4444
  41. 41. NFE Programs By NGOsNFE Programs By NGOs  1048 NGOs in education Program1048 NGOs in education Program  6574 Centers run by NGOs6574 Centers run by NGOs  145,470 Learner145,470 Learner  Among The Learners 70% are FemaleAmong The Learners 70% are Female  Different curriculum Developed By NGOsDifferent curriculum Developed By NGOs 4545
  42. 42. Main Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFEMain Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFE  Integrated Non Formal Education (INFEP) Pre-Integrated Non Formal Education (INFEP) Pre- Primary (4-5 Yrs)- 1991-1997-75000, Center BasedPrimary (4-5 Yrs)- 1991-1997-75000, Center Based Approach 12 monthsApproach 12 months  Integrated Non Formal Education (INFEP) BasicIntegrated Non Formal Education (INFEP) Basic Education, (6-10 Yrs)-1991-1997, Learner-150,000,Education, (6-10 Yrs)-1991-1997, Learner-150,000, Center Based Approach ,24 monthsCenter Based Approach ,24 months  Integrated Non Formal Education (INFEF)Integrated Non Formal Education (INFEF) Adolescent Education(11+Yrs),1991-1997, Learner-Adolescent Education(11+Yrs),1991-1997, Learner- 300,000, Center Based Approach,24 months300,000, Center Based Approach,24 months 4646
  43. 43. Main Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFEMain Outcomes & Impact Of Literacy and NFE  Non Formal education project-1: 1996-2001 ,(15-24Non Formal education project-1: 1996-2001 ,(15-24 Yrs), Learner 2.96 million ,Center BasedYrs), Learner 2.96 million ,Center Based Approach,9/10 monthsApproach,9/10 months  Non Formal Education Project-2: 1995-2002 (11-45Non Formal Education Project-2: 1995-2002 (11-45 Yrs) Learner-8.2 million, Center Based Approach ,Yrs) Learner-8.2 million, Center Based Approach , 9/10 months9/10 months  Non-Formal Education Project -3; 1996-2004 (8-14Non-Formal Education Project -3; 1996-2004 (8-14 yrs) ,Learner-350000,Center Based Approach, 24yrs) ,Learner-350000,Center Based Approach, 24 monthsmonths  Non-Formal Education Project-4:1997-2003 (11-45Non-Formal Education Project-4:1997-2003 (11-45 Yrs), Learners-22.9 million T LM Approach, 9 monthsYrs), Learners-22.9 million T LM Approach, 9 months 4747
  44. 44. 4848 Challenges Of NFE In Bangladesh 1) Achieving 100% Adult literacy by the year 2014 2) Capacity Building For Local Government, NFE Personals 3) Resources for future NFE Programs Programs Under Process Basic literacy & Continuing Education Project-1,2
  45. 45. ThanksThanks

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