TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 1 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Table Of ContentsThe...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 2 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02© Protected by India...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 3 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Table Of Contents1. ...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 4 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Project details will...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 5 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02About the AuthorsAmr...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 6 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02AcknowledgmentsThe M...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 7 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 021. Executive Summary...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 8 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 0256.19 million tonnes...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 9 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Domino Effect … of B...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 10 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 023. The megaproject ...
TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 11 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02NOTEThis document i...
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The Mumbai Megaproject is a plan to re-build Mumbai in Project Mode. The Project consists of 22 Major Concept Projects and 2 Project Control Documents. The entire project is expected to take 10 years to execute and requires Zero Net Financing from the Government of India

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Trans harbour relocation_of_mumbai_port

  1. 1. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 1 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Table Of ContentsThe Mumbai MegaprojectSecond EditionTrans Harbour Re-Location Of Mumbai PortAn Initiative of the Planning and Design LabCopyright March ‘ 2013This material is protected by Indian copyright lawRevision 0228thMar ‘ 2013Busybric Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd.
  2. 2. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 2 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02© Protected by Indian copyright 2013Busybric Infrastructure and The Nataraja Foundation are the owners of this project design basis. Further development of theproject is hereby assigned to “ The Planning and Design Lab “, which is a joint initiative of Busybric Infrastructure and TheNataraja Foundation .BusyBric Infrastructure is a next generation infrastructure concept, design and implementation company with an agenda tobring totally new ideas to the Infrastructure business in India. ( website : www.busybric.com )The Nataraja Foundation on the other hand,is an independent organization which promotes rigorous study of issues pertainingto India and attempts to provide solutions for large social and economic challenges. ( website : www.nataraja.org.in )The Nataraja Foundation is the promoter of “ The Indian Education Megaproject “. The Education Megaproject is a plan toprovide high quality education, totally free of cost to 126 Million Children in 28 states and 7 union territories across India. Theentire financing of Rs. 6 Lakh Crores ( US $ 131.38 Billion ) for this project is to be raised independent of central and statebudgets. A detailed plan to execute the Education Megaproject has been submitted to the Ministry of HRD and the PlanningCommission, Govt. Of India. Those interested can view and download all the project documents including detailed calculationsand the financing scheme from the Nataraja Foundation website : http://www.nataraja.org.in/masseducationproject.htmTogether, Busybric Infrastructure and The Nataraja Foundation have an agenda to provide thought leadership in the areas ofEducation, Healthcare, Urban Infrastructure and a number of other matters of national interest.The projects Busybric and Nataraja promote are in the public interest for people in India and around the world. We thereforewould like to share our ideas with like minded individuals and organizations globally for the service of the public with thecaveat that the source of information ( this report ) be mentioned in each case while referring to the information and uniqueideas contained herein to avoid legal action.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic ormechanical including photocopying, recording or any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior writtenpermission of the Planning and Design Lab.Those interested in knowing more about our work may write to us at the following address :Current mailing address :The Planning & Design Lab104, Parshudhar Building, Plot No 5, Sector 25Nerul ( East ), Navi Mumbai 400706Maharashtra, IndiaT: + 91- 22 2 7707623M: + 91-9867612368E Mail : nataraja.foundation@gmail.com ( Enquiries pertaining to the Indian Education Megaproject )Lab@mumbaimegaproject.com ( Enquiries pertaining to the Mumbai Megaproject )Nataraja Foundation Charity Registration No. E – 24721 ( Mumbai )Cover image : Collage based on generic pictures available on the internet. Link to the source of the pictures is provided on thewebsite.Designed , typeset and printed in India by “ The Planning and Design Lab “.
  3. 3. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 3 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Table Of Contents1. Executive Summary2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9. The Game Changing Role Of The Judges Of The Mumbai High Court10. About the Mumbai MegaprojectProject details will be shared with interested parties and Govt. after signing ofconfidentiality agreement, payment of prescribed fees and signing of the initialproject agreement.
  4. 4. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 4 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Project details will be shared with interested parties and Govt. after signing ofconfidentiality agreement, payment of prescribed fees and signing of the initialproject agreement.
  5. 5. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 5 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02About the AuthorsAmrita Puntambekar is a designer with “The Planning and Design Lab”. She has detailed many ofthe concepts as regards the social equity dimensions of the Mumbai Megaproject. She leads theNataraja Foundations initiatives on women’s issues and particularly children’s education. She is alsoan associate fellow at the Nataraja Foundation and a consultant for its various projects. Amrita is afreelance artist and specializes in watercolour. She is a post graduate in commerce and lives inMumbai.Ashish Puntambekar is a Mumbai based , corporate planner and infrastructure project designer. He has20 years of experience in designing some of India’s largest infrastructure projects, the most notable andrecent of which is the Indian Education Megaproject. The Education Megaproject is a plan to providehigh quality education , totally free of cost to 126 Million children, 80 % of who live in rural areas andcome from the poorest families. Please visit : http://www.nataraja.org.in/masseducationproject.htmAs a designer , Ashish believes in Gandhiji’s vision of “ Sarvodaya “( i.e the rise of all ) and his projectdesigns therefore focus on including the excluded among the masses . All his projects also have hugeenvironmental dividends in that they are designed for sustainability while also deployingenvironmentally friendly building materials on a massive scale. Each project’s financial design alsofrees up large capital resources for afforestation schemes and for wildlife preservation.The Mumbai Megaproject for instance provides US $ 300 Million for Mangroves and another US $ 1.5Billion for the planting of dense forests in Maharashtra. Employment generation is also high on thedesign agenda. This is witnessed by the fact that the above mentioned two projects , alone will add 10Million new jobs in India.Besides designing large infrastructure and clean energy projects, the designer is also keenly interestedin the geopolitics of petroleum ( several published articles ) and has expert level knowledge in theenergy business and especially the price of crude oil which he has traded as a derivative trader on allthe worlds major exchanges and OTC markets for over 5 years. He currently works as a projectdesigner and also runs a private foundation, named the Nataraja Foundation, with a mandate toinnovate on an unprecedented level in the areas of Social Infrastructure, Urban Planning and CleanEnergy.Ashish holds an MBA in international business and a bachelors degree in Mechanical Engineering.
  6. 6. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 6 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02AcknowledgmentsThe Mumbai Megaproject is a scheme in the interest of the Millions of citizens of Mumbai City and the112 million inhabitants of Maharashtra. It is also a landmark project to safeguard the ecology andsustain a vast marine ecosystem around Mumbai. The project proposal itself is an exercise in the publicinterest and for the consideration of the State and Union Governments.In a project proposal as wide-ranging as this with its 22 different themes, the project designers havereceived much help from others, starting with FICCI-FLO and Deutsche Bank who organized andsponsored the seminar in Sept ’ 2011 at the YB Chavan Center at Nariman Point in Mumbai.While the Marco concepts and large project ideas are our own, several Individuals have contributed byproviding comments on draft chapters. A few senior specialists with vast experience in project planningand execution have reviewed the whole report consisting of 22 different themes + 2 project controlspecifications and have provided their inputs. Some contributed in terms of ideas while others providedcritical cost estimates for the various schemes within the Megaproject. It is not possible to thankeveryone by naming them as one cannot rank their ideas on the basis of relative criticality orimportance.We have also borrowed ideas and concepts from other projects implemented around the world such asthe palm islands in Dubai, The Semakau offshore landfill in Singapore, The Chunnel tunnel thatconnects the UK with France, The Cheonggyechon river re-development (Seoul, South Korea), Besosriver ( Spain ), The Sabarmati river re-development project in Ahmedabad, The Coral Reef Alliance’sBio Rock technology implementations around the world etc. In including these projects we acknowledgetheir thought leadership and would like to learn from their implementation experience. Each borrowedconcept is acknowledged by source and at no point do we claim these fundamental concepts as ourown. In fact we hope that the people and organizations involved in these earlier, path-breaking projectsaround the world see the opportunities in Mumbai and come here. The city will greatly benefit from theirexperience.Several friends have provided helpful guidance as we edited the final text for publication. We have alsotaken a number of generic pictures from the internet and have used graphics and material for tablesfrom various published sources and while doing so, we have taken care to quote our sources fornumbers and opinions expressed by various parties in the public domain.It is important to state here that the cost estimates within the Megaproject’s reports have been arrivedat after seeking relevant advice from experts. These are however indicative costs based on currentindustry practices and projects commissioned within the last 3 – 5 years in India and around the world.Based on all these inputs, we have modified the concepts in a manner that fits Mumbai’s uniquerequirements. This cross fertilization of ideas across industries has been our own and it is this thatmakes the Mumbai Megaproject unique. The estimates are critically linked to project executionstructures specified in each case to achieve the most efficient project schedule and least possible cost.The project configurations and the scope of work considered in each sub-project also have had a majorimpact on cost and these costs could vary if project scope is changed significantly.Finally, the authors take sole responsibility for any errors or omissions regarding opinions expressedand conclusions drawn from the various studies within the Megaproject proposals.
  7. 7. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 7 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 021. Executive SummaryMumbai port has a long and rich history. The Portuguese who had occupied the areatransferred it to the British crown in 1661 under the marriage treaty between Charles II ofGreat Britain and the infant princess Catherine of Portugal. Actual work on developing theport began after the transfer of the Port and the island of Mumbai to the East IndiaCompany by Royal Charter in 1668.In 1813, an act of the British parliament ended the East India Company’s commercialmonopoly over Mumbai port. This resulted in a great spurt in business for the Port. The year1858 witnessed the exit of the East India Company ( after the revolt of 1857 ) , and passingof Mumbai under the direct rule of the British crown.The opening of the Suez canal in 1869 revolutionized the maritime trade of Mumbai. It shiftedthe whole scenario of import and export trade from the east coast of India to the west andMumbai port became the principal gateway to India. In 1873, the present statutoryautonomous port trust was set up for administering the affairs of the port.Between 1873 and 1914 a number of berths were added and the port grew. After 1915, theport went through an extensive expansion phase during which the port was connected to thenational network of railway trunk lines. In addition road connectivity and capacity wasexpanded and large warehouse capacity was built. The first oil handling terminal was alsoadded in 1923.The important thing to remember in all this is that the island of Mumbai served as abreakwater which protected the port from the open sea and the joining of the islands and theformation of the city were essentially all done around the need to sustain a trading hub (which Mumbai essentially was ) centered around the port. Even the railway linkages wereestablished to keep communication lines open to sustain Britain’s trade linked colonialambitions and to allow for the movement of military hardware and troops. In fact the entirecity as we know it today has grown around the railway lines that the British built.Un-Sustainable ExpansionAfter Independence in 1947 the port was expanded repeatedly and its capacity wascontinuously increased both in terms of new additional dry bulk and liquid / oil cargo handlingberths.New container handling capacity was added after the commissioning of the first facility in1973. All this and subsequent capacity additions after 1984 have enabled the port to handleThe Mumbai MegaprojectSecond EditionTrans Harbour Re-Location Of Mumbai Port
  8. 8. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 8 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 0256.19 million tonnes of cargo in 2011-12.As the ports traffic grew, so did the city in a ratherunplanned way along the railway systems and the crowded road corridors.To understand what is happening now and why Mumbai port’s very existence today is un-sustainable we need to examine cargo movement data and source / destination relatedissues.1. Solid Bulk and Container CargoMumbai port in 2011- 12 handled 22.87 million tonnes of non – POL cargo which includessolid bulk and container cargo. This number includes 57760 TEU’s of container traffic.In 2011-12, 3.64 Million tonnes of cargo was handled by the ports railway system while amajority or 19.23 million tonnes (84 %) of the solid cargo and container traffic had to moveby road … through Mumbai’s already choked road network.In the middle of this already choked traffic situation, the Mumbai port trust is currentlyworking to commission a large Offshore Container Terminal ( OCT ) capable of handling 1.2million TEUs by mid 2013. This will imply a 20 fold increase in container traffic on Mumbai;salready crowded roads and greatly increase the difficulty of driving through the city. This istherefore going to prove very dangerous in terms of people who are likely to lose their liveswhile driving along roads within the city once the OCT gets commissioned and unleashes itscontainer traffic.2. POL / Liquid CargoThe two Refineries at Mahul together with RCF and Tata Power today contribute in excess of50 % to the ports revenues. The first three of these plants were repeatedly expanded overthe last two decades even as lakhs of people moved into areas well within the mandatoryexclusion zone as required under the Environment Protection Act. The Act which requires a25 kilometer distance between the plants and the boundary of the nearest large settlement of3,00,000 people has seen extremely serious violations in Mahul with traffic moving within 25meters from large and very dangerous storage tanks and with thousands of people livingwithin a few hundred meters of lethal chemical storage facilities.Given the huge threat of an industrial accident in the area there appears to be no otheroption but to move the BPCL, HPCL, RCF and Tata Power plants out of Mumbai. Thedecision in our view cannot be delayed given the ever present and extremely serious threatposed by these facilities. Allowing a status quo would in fact mean that we are putting a priceon the life of people living in Chembur, Mahul, Wadala and Sion.
  9. 9. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 9 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Domino Effect … of BPCL, HPCL, RCF and Tata Power Re-LocationThe Megaproject is of the view that re-location of industries from the Mahul area willfundamentally alter the skyline of Mumbai and nearly double the city’s GDP by 2020. This willalso have a huge and beneficial impact on welfare schemes for the urban poor who will see areal benefit in terms of vastly improved Education and Healthcare coverage.How all this will come about needs to be explained …If the plants are shut down and then relocated as they must, Mumbai port which last yearhandled 33.22 million tonnes of POL cargo out of a total of 56.19 million tonnes will lose inexcess of half its revenue. One does not need to be an expert in logistics or portmanagement to figure out that Mumbai Port would then be skating on very thin ice with anun-sustainable business plan.Given all this , the Megaprojects view is that the inevitable closure of Mumbai port is an eventthat must be planned for in a manner that protects the interests of all workers andpensioners. Secondly the closure needs to be managed in a manner that leads to a soundand fair resolution of issues for all stakeholders including the plants that are to be shut downand re-located.The Mumbai Megaproject’s SolutionThere is no doubt that the two refineries ( BPCL and HPCL ) and RCF / Tata Power have tobe moved out of Mumbai ASAP. It is therefore necessary to develop alternative plans thatmake economic sense and appear reasonable not just for the stakeholders of the Mumbaiport trust but also the affected companies. The Govt. of Maharashtra has to play a centralrole in this and they need to act very qucikly.The megaproject has developed a comprehensive plan which simultaneously resolves allconstraints. The main elements of the plan are as follows :1. BPCL , HPCL and RCF will be relocated outside Mumbai under a special schemedeveloped by the Megaproject in a manner that allows them to expand capacities. Plancan be discussed with the managements of these companies on request.2. All current employees of Mumbai port trust can be transferred to JNPT to safeguard jobs.If necessary a special plan containing additional safeguards can be prepared to ensurethat their very legitimate needs are addressed in full.
  10. 10. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 10 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 023. The megaproject has developed two separate concept plans to relocate current Mumbaiport capacities on the other side of the harbor. We have also developed an innovativeplan for integrating these new facilities with the Delhi - Mumbai freight corridor.It needs to be understood very clearly that there is no option to the re-location of the tworefineries and the RCF / Tata Power plants at Mahul because thousands of lives are at risk.It is no less important that that the interests of various stakeholders, including Mumbai ports25,000 employees and an equal number of pensioners are protected. Our view is that if along term rational approach is not adopted right in the beginning, there could be a collapseof Mumbai ports business plan with considerable hardship to all. We have stated our un-ambiguous view on this issue so that minimum time is lost in reaching a rational solution thatis acceptable to all.Project details will be shared with concerned parties and the government under a properlystructured government initiative. The Megaproject is committed to social justice as is clearfrom its “ Sarvodaya “ philosophy. We are not backed by and will not back any specialcommercial interests in any of our projects.Ashish PuntambekarProject DesignerThe Planning and Design LabProjectsThe Mumbai Megaproject& The Indian Education Megaproject ... High quality Education to 126 Million Children Totally Free of costContact Details : ashish@mumbaimegaproject.comashish.puntambekar@gmail.com
  11. 11. TRANS HARBOUR RE- LOCATION OF MUMBAI PORTPage 11 of 1128thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02NOTEThis document is protected by Indian Copyright Law. Please specifically quote yoursource while using the text / material presented herein, to avoid legal action.Pictures used within this document have been taken from the internet. They are thereforerepresentative and not necessarily from a location in Mumbai or Maharashtra. Thepictures used are generic and we have provided a link on the website ( to be updatedfrom time to time ) where we have identified the source of the pictures. In case of anyoversight on our part, please let us know and we will immediately rectify the matter.

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