Making mumbai a_safer_city_the_mumbai_999_report

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The paper talks about making Mumbai a safer city from an Industrial safety perspective.
It is one of the 24 papers written by Ashish Puntambekar about the city of Mumbai and its future. For the first time Mumbai has an Engineering, Financing and Execution plan.

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Making mumbai a_safer_city_the_mumbai_999_report

  1. 1. MAKING MUMBAI A SAFER CITYPage 1 of 628thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02The Mumbai MegaprojectSecond EditionMaking Mumbai A Safer CityAn Initiative of the Planning & Design LabRevision 0228thMar ‘ 2013The Nataraja Foundation
  2. 2. MAKING MUMBAI A SAFER CITYPage 2 of 628thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02Table Of Contents1. Executive Summary...................................................................................................................... 32. Quantification of the Industrial Disaster threat facing Mumbai … Snapshot ............................. 43. Mindless Expansions…In Contravention of all Existing Laws & Regulations.......................... 54. Terrorist Strike in Mahul … Indian Nuclear Command goes to Defcon 1............................. 65. Military Operation To Disperse Giant Ammonia Cloud Over Mahim.................................... 75. What Do Indian Regulations and Laws Say … About Plant Location ?..................................... 85.1 Possible Solutions :................................................................................................................ 96. Technical Basis For Mahul Disaster Modeling ........................................................................... 96.1 Historical Comparison with Major Global Disasters in each category.................................... 96.1.1 Ammonium Nitrate Disasters ........................................................................................ 106.1.2 Anhydrous Ammonia Disasters ..................................................................................... 126.1.3 LPG Disasters ............................................................................................................... 156.1.4 Refinery Disasters.......................................................................................................... 176.2 Wind Direction data and Topography in Mumbai................................................................ 186.3 Technical View … based on 20 years of experience in the Industry................................... 197. The Stark Choice Facing Mumbai Municipality … Learning From the City of Ranchi........... 19......................................................................................................................................................... 198. Making Mumbai A Safer City … Conclusions & Recommendations....................................... 209. Annexure I … Recent Terror Threat to BPCL / HPCL … 7thSeptember ‘ 2012....................... 2310. Annexure II … Recent Aircraft Accident Averted … 25th August ‘ 2012............................. 24
  3. 3. MAKING MUMBAI A SAFER CITYPage 3 of 628thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02About the AuthorAshish Puntambekar is a Mumbai based , Corporate Planner and Infrastructure Project Designer. Hehas 20 years of experience in designing some of India’s largest infrastructure projects, the most notableand recent of which is the Indian Education Megaproject. The Education Megaproject is a plan toprovide high quality education , totally free of cost to 126 Million children, 80 % of who live in rural areasand come from the poorest families.http://www.nataraja.org.in/masseducationproject.htmAs a designer , Ashish believes in Gandhiji’s vision of “ Sarvodaya “( i.e the rise of all ) and his projectdesigns therefore focus on including the excluded among the masses . All his projects also have hugeenvironmental dividends in that they are designed for sustainability while also deployingenvironmentally friendly building materials on a massive scale. Each project’s financial design alsofrees up large capital resources for afforestation schemes and for wildlife preservation.The Mumbai Megaproject for instance provides US $ 300 Million for Mangroves and another US $ 1.5Billion for the planting of dense forests in Maharashtra. Employment generation is also high on thedesign agenda. This is witnessed by the fact that the above mentioned two projects , alone will add 10Million new jobs in India.Besides designing large infrastructure and clean energy projects, the designer is also keenly interestedin the geopolitics of petroleum ( several published articles ) and has expert level knowledge in theenergy business and especially the price of crude oil which he has traded as a derivative trader on allthe worlds major exchanges and OTC markets for over 5 years. He currently works as a projectdesigner and also runs a private foundation, named the Nataraja Foundation, with a mandate toinnovate on an unprecedented level in the areas of Social Infrastructure, Urban Planning and CleanEnergy.Ashish holds an MBA in International business and a bachelors degree in Mechanical Engineering.
  4. 4. MAKING MUMBAI A SAFER CITYPage 4 of 628thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 021. Executive SummaryMumbai today is certainly amongst one of the most dangerous cities globally from anindustrial disaster perspective.The threat of large scale industrial disaster in Mumbai comes mainly from chemical plantsand refineries which are in extreme violation of plant location norms as specified in theIndian Environmental Protection Act. The Act specifies that in the case of large Industries,a distance of 25 Kilometers needs to be maintained and industry shall be sited at least 25km from the projected growth boundary of the nearest settlement of 3 lakh or morepeople.In Mumbai however, major plant capacity expansions have been permitted over the lasttwo decades despite the fact that there are literally lakhs of people living within a fewhundred meters of these very large and dangerous chemical complexes. In some cases,heavy traffic plies on roads just 25 meters from huge tanks with awesome destructivepotential. This is especially true in the suburbs of ****** and ****** where thousands ofpeople live very close to large and very old refineries and chemical plants handling lethalchemicals.Besides the above, the following amounts of an unheard of situation when we compareMumbai with any other global city :There is Cyanide in the Mithi river : Chemical analysis by the Maharashtra PollutionControl Board has revealed Cyanide in the Mithi river. This cyanide in low concentrationshas also been carried over to the Mahim Bay and to the Bandra – Worli offshore area.Apart from this there are extremely poisonous salts of mercury, lead , chromium, arsenicetc in the Mithi river and Mahim bay.Poisonous Gas releases : In the Thane – Belapur industrial belt, every night certainindustries release poisonous gases into the atmosphere. Many of these chemicals arealso carcinogenic and some of them could even cause genetic defects and mutations infuture generations. These industries also dump huge quantities of poisons, untreated intonallas which pass through densely populated areas and eco – sensitive mangroves aseffluent treatment plants are non-functional.The Mumbai MegaprojectSecond EditionMaking Mumbai A Safer City
  5. 5. MAKING MUMBAI A SAFER CITYPage 5 of 628thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02The Mumbai Megaproject has submitted a confidential report to the Government ofMaharashtra. The report titled “ Making Mumbai A Safer City “ requests the Governmentof Maharashtra to act immediately to safeguard the lives and property of the city’scitizens. This will prevent large scale industrial accidents and prevent biological andgenetic damage in future generations.As of now only excerpts from this report are being shared with the public as this is aserious document requiring immediate action by the Government.Ashish PuntambekarProject DesignerThe Planning and Design LabProjectsThe Mumbai Megaproject& The Indian Education Megaproject ... High quality Education to 126 Million Children Totally Free of costContact Details : ashish@mumbaimegaproject.comashish.puntambekar@gmail.com
  6. 6. MAKING MUMBAI A SAFER CITYPage 6 of 628thMar ‘ 2013 The Planning and Design Lab Rev 02NOTEThis document is protected by Indian Copyright Law. Please specifically quote yoursource while using the text / material presented herein, to avoid legal action.Pictures used within this document have been taken from the internet. They are thereforerepresentative and not necessarily from a location in Mumbai or Maharashtra. Thepictures used are generic and we have provided a link on the website ( to be updatedfrom time to time ) where we have identified the source of the pictures. In case of anyoversight on our part, please let us know and we will immediately rectify the matter.

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