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أخطاؤنا في رمضان... 5ـ الأخطاء الخاصة بالنساء

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أخطاؤنا في رمضان... 5ـ الأخطاء الخاصة بالنساء

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  170. 170. ً َ َ َِ
  171. 171. ً َ َ َ{{{{]‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺭﺓ‬:٧٠،٧١[ ...، ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬–‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬-‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺭ‬‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻀﻼﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﻀﻼﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺜﺔ‬.
  172. 172. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٢ 1‫ء‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺼﻭﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬،‫ﺴﻨﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬،‫ﺁﺩﺍﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬، ‫ﻤﻔﺴﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬،‫ﺘﺩﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬. ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻝﻘﻴﻡ‬: ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ،‫ﻭﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺅﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬. ‫ﻓﻁﻠﺏ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻬﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﻝﻭ‬ ، ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺎﺴﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺕ‬‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬: ‫ﻝﺘﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻼﺌﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺴ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺘﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﻝﻁﺎﻝﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻨﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻴﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻡ‬...‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺼﻴﻠﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻨﺠﺎﺓ‬ ،‫ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﺡ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬. 2‫ء‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻀﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍل‬‫ﺍﻝﻴﻭﻡ‬‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻐﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴل‬‫؛‬‫ﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺸﺭﺒﻥ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻝﻘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻌﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴﺠﺭ‬‫ﺼﻴﺎﻤﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻜﻤ‬‫ﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻠﻥ‬(،‫ﺒﺩﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬،‫ﺼﺎﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬‫ﻤﺄﺠﻭﺭﺓ‬،‫ﻭﺘﺸﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻜﻥ‬،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻀﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻉ‬. ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﺨﺩﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺩﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻡ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ل‬‫ﹸﺼ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻀﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻴﺱ‬. ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻤﺴﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺎﺌﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺯﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻤﺼﻨﻔﻪ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬: ‫ﻝﻌﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬:‫ﺘﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﺘﺘﻤﻪ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺎﺌﻀ‬ ‫ﺒﺢ‬:‫ﻻ‬.‫ﻗﺎﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬
  173. 173. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٣ 3‫ء‬: ‫ﻓﺎﻝﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺴﺎﺀ‬،‫ﺘﻘﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺇﻝ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻤﻔﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬... ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺴﺒﻴﺢ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬،‫ﺒﺘﻜﺒﻴﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﺒﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺨﺭﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻋﺎﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺩﻋﻭﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬:‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺩﻋ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﻔﻘﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺯ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺄﻤﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬ ، ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻝﺤ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻼﻑ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺃﺤ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ؛‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﺍﺠﺢ‬ ،‫ﻝﻠﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺎﺌﺽ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺎﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺢ‬ ‫ﻻ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬:‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﺤﻨﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ،‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻜﻲ‬ ،‫ﺠﻭﺍﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺫﺭ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺤﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬) ١/٧٧‫ـ‬٧٨:( ،‫ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺩﻭﺏ‬ ،ٍ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺨﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺼﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬،‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺄﺠﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺒﺭﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﱢﻑ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻰ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩل‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺒﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻝﻠﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻝﻌ‬‫ﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬-‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬-‫ﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬: ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺒﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻌﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬. ‫ﺘﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺃﺼ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻗﻭﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻻ‬)‫ﺒﺎﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬(، ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻀﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻝﺼﻼﺓ؛‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻭ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻷﻤﺘﻪ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻘﻠﻭﻨﻪ‬‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻴﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﺯﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺍﻤ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﻬﻴ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻤ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭﻡ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬
  174. 174. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٤ 4: ‫ﺠﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺯ‬،‫ﺘﺭﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻴﻀﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻔﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺨﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺤﻠل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭﺨﻴ‬ ،‫ﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻀﻲ‬ ،‫ﺃﻓﻁﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺭﻉ‬ ،.‫ﺃﻫـ‬ ‫ـ‬،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺒﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺒﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺯﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺫﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻁ‬ ،‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﻭﺝ‬‫ﻤﻨﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﻗﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﻠﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺒﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻴ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻨﺌﺫ‬‫ﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻰ‬...‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻀﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﻭﻓ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻜﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺍﻡ‬. ‫ﻭﺃﻗﻭل‬:،‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬‫ﻓﺎﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻓﻘ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻝﻌﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺭﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺘﺒﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺎل‬: ‫ﻨﻔﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻝﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬:‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬.‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺁﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝﺫﻱ‬‫ﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﺤﺘﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺒﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻜﺭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺼﺩﻕ‬ ،‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬.)‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﺜﻴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺦ‬‫ﺼـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺎﻭﻯ‬٦٨‫ـ‬٦٩( 5: ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻔﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻴﺎﻤﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻁﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﻠﻴل‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻴﺎﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻡ‬. ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﺤﻴﺤﻴﻥ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻭﻴﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﺘﺴل‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺭﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ‬) ١/١٩٢(‫ﺍﻝﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬ ‫ﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻔﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻁﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻝﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻐﺴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﻤﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬
  175. 175. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٥ 6: ‫ﻝﻠﺤﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﻓﻁﺎﺭ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻀﻊ‬‫؛‬‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬‫ﻴﻀﻌﻔﻬﺎ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬‫؛‬ ‫ﻷ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬:}}}}ِWً ْ َ ّ َ َِWً ْ َ ّ َ َِWً ْ َ ّ َ َِWً ْ َ ّ َ َ
  176. 176. {{{{]‫ﺍﻝﺒﻘﺭﺓ‬:٢٨٦[ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﻀﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﻠﺯﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬. 7‫ء‬‫ء‬ :‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻨﻊ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺱ‬ ،. 8‫ء‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﻤﻬﺎ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻗﺎﺌﻕ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻐﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻀﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻭ‬ 9: ‫ﻓﺎﻝﻌﺒﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺯﻭل‬‫ﻌﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺂﻻﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻴﻀ‬. 10: ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﺒﺎﻝﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝﻌﺒﺭﺓ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻘﻁﻊ‬‫ﺃﺴﺒﻭﻉ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻤﺜ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺃﺕ‬،‫ﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﻠﻲ‬،‫ﺘﻤﻜﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺎﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻤﻊ‬‫ﺒﻌﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﱢﻲ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺘﺼ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬ ،‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬. ‫ﻋﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺼﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬‫ـ‬:‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻨﻔﺎﺴﻬ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻝﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬( ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝﻤﻘﺼﻭﺩ‬:‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﱢﻲ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺘﺼ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺯل‬ ‫ﻝﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬. ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺍﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻓﺼﺎﺩﻑ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺤﺎﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺎﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺤﻴﺽ‬.
  177. 177. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٦ 11، )(: ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﹸﻌﺩ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻜﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻔﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺯﻭﺝ؛‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺄﺘﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﱢﻲ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸﺼ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬،‫ﻋﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬: ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﻔﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺎ‬]‫ﺍﻝﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬[‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ : ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻝﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺼﻠﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻜﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻔﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻻﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ :‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻌﺜﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺔ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻝﺨﺭﻗﺔ‬(‫ﹸﺭﺴﻑ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬)‫ﺍﻝﻘﻁﻥ‬(،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﹾﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻴﺴﺄ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻔﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻘﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻝﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺠﻠﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﺤﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬ ، 12‫ء‬ : ،‫ﺒﺎﻝﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻅﻨ‬‫ﺍﻝﺩﺍﺭﻗﻁﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺩﻝﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﻴﻘﻁﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺴﺭﺩﻩ‬ ،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺢ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ،‫ﻴﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻝﺔ‬:- ‫ﺃ‬.‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻝﻪ‬:}}}}
  178. 178. ُS S ] ِ َ
  179. 179. ُS S ] ِ َ
  180. 180. ُS S ] ِ َ
  181. 181. ُS S ] ِ َ{{{{]‫ﺍﻝﺒﻘﺭﺓ‬:١٨٤[‫ﺒﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻁﻠﻕ‬ ،. ‫ﺏ‬.‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬: ‫ﻴﻔﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺠـ‬.‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﺍﺭﻗﻁﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻴ‬‫ﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺃﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺘﻔﺭﻗ‬ ‫ﺸﺌﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺘﺘﺎﺒﻌ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ِ‫ﺽ‬‫ﻓﺎﻗ‬ ‫ﺸﺌﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻫﺏ‬:‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺨﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬. ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬:‫ﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﻓﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻡ‬(
  182. 182. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٧ 13‫ء‬: ‫ﻓﻴ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺸﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻀل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺼﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻝﻙ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،: ‫ﺼﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﺘﺒ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﺩﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺸﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻔﻬﻡ‬‫ﺒﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﻀل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺸﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺕ‬‫ﻗﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ،‫ﻋﺜﻴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺠﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬-‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬– ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻁﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻌﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻔﻬﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻝﻌﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻔﺭﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻝﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻪ‬ : ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺸﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﺎﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺸﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺸﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻀﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺼﻭﺼ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ل‬،‫ﻗﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﻝﻭ‬‫ﻗﻭﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺩل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬:}}}}
  183. 183. ُS S ] ِ َ
  184. 184. ُS S ] ِ َ
  185. 185. ُS S ] ِ َ
  186. 186. ُS S ] ِ َ{{{{]‫ﺍﻝﺒﻘﺭﺓ‬:١٨٤[‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬ ،‫ﻵ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻕ‬‫ﺩﻩ‬. ‫ـ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺩل‬‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻪ‬-‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬- ‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬:‫ﺸﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻀﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺇﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬. ‫ﺜﻭﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺫﻝﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻔﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﺃﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﻬﺭ‬ ، ‫ﻓﺎﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻕ‬‫ﺒﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺘﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻲ‬.
  187. 187. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٨ 14‫ء‬: ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺸﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻁﺎﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺒﺩﺃ‬،‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺸﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﻌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺴﻭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺒﺘﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻘﺩ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﺃﺸﻜﺎﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻭﺍﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺸﺭﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﺫﻝﻙ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻴـﺎﻤﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻜﺴﺭﺍﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺤﻠﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬‫ﻝﻔﺎﻜﻬﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴـﻤﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻠﺤﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻁﻴﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴـﻼﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺨﻀـﺭﻭﺍﺕ‬، ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﺼﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻝﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺯﺒﻴﺏ‬...‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻌﻙ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺯﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻬﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﺴـﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺯﻭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻬﻙ‬‫؛‬‫ﺘﺒـﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬‫ﻫـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻜﺎﻑ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻁﺒﺨ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍل‬،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻜﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬.. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻬل‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﻀﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻐﻔﺭﺓ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﻴﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﺘﻕ‬‫؟‬!. 15، ‫ء‬: ‫ﻓﺎﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻜﺜﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻴﺭﺩﺩﻭﻥ‬:‫ﻴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺭﻉ‬‫ﺎﺫﻨﺠﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﻯ‬‫ﻴﻨﻔﻘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻨﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬،‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺄﻜﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﻠﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻬﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻝﻬﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺭﺒﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺨﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺩﺓ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺅﻻﺀ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: ‫ﺃﻤﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﻜﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬،،‫ﺍﻝﺜﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻠﺒﺴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺸﺩﻗﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺩﻕ‬: ‫ﺘﺴﻌ‬ ‫ﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨـﺎﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻝﺨﺩﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺨﺴﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﺌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻜﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺒل‬‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻭﺯ‬‫ﺤﻼﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺸﻌﺭ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬،‫ﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺒﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻠﺫﺫ‬‫؛‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺃﻻ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﺜ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺭ‬،‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻝﻘﻭﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺘﺜﺎﻻ‬: }}}}
  188. 188. ^ِ ِ ْ Zِ َ ِWْ ُ ِ ُaَ
  189. 189. ْ [
  190. 190. ْ ُ ُ
  191. 191. ^ِ ِ ْ Zِ َ ِWْ ُ ِ ُaَ
  192. 192. ْ [
  193. 193. ْ ُ ُ
  194. 194. ^ِ ِ ْ Zِ َ ِWْ ُ ِ ُaَ
  195. 195. ْ [
  196. 196. ْ ُ ُ
  197. 197. ^ِ ِ ْ Zِ َ ِWْ ُ ِ ُaَ
  198. 198. ْ [
  199. 199. ْ ُ ُ{{{{]‫ﺍﻷﻋﺭﺍﻑ‬:٣١[ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬:‫ﺇ‬‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻵﻴﺔ‬
  200. 200. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ٩ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬–‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬–‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘ‬‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬: ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﻓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺘﻰ‬،‫ﻝﻠﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻝﺏ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻼﻫﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﻋﻨﻲ‬ ،‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻜل‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﺭﺏ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﻑ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬،‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻔﻅ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻜﻠﻤﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺘﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺩﻕ‬: ‫ﻤﺨﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺸﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﺎ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻹﻓﺭﺍﻁ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺄﻜل‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺒﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺸﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬،‫ﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻔﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻜﺴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻋﺎﺓ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬‫ﺸﻌﺏ‬‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬)٥/٢٢(‫ﺍﻝﺤﻠﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻲ‬–‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬–‫ﺃ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬. ‫ﺤﻼل‬ ‫ﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬،‫ﺒﺩﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺜﻘل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻷﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬‫؛‬‫ﺇﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺤﻭﺠﻪ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻡ‬،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻨﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎ‬،‫ﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻴﺄﻜل‬،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻴﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻜل‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﻐل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺎﻝﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻯ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺎﻓﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬–‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬-:‫ﺍﻝﻔﻁﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻁﻨﺔ‬. ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬: ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻤﺘﻸﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻝﻔﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻤﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺭﺴﺕ‬،‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻌﺩﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬. ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻤﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻴﻜﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﻲ‬‫ﺃﺩﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﻸ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﻭﻋﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺸﺭ‬‫ﺒﻁﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺴﺏ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ـ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹸﻘﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴﻘﻤ‬‫ﺼﻠﺒﻪ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺈﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﺤﺎﻝ‬،‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺙ‬‫ﻝﻁﻌﺎﻤﻪ‬،‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺙ‬‫ﻝﺸﺭﺍﺒﻪ‬،‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻝﻨ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬ِ‫ﻪ‬ ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻜﻼﺕ‬:‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻘﻡ‬.)‫ﺍﻝﺠﺎﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬:٥٦٧٤( 16‫ء‬،: ‫ﺘﻨﺘﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬‫ﺒﺩﻗﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻐﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬،‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻨﺸﻐل‬‫ﻭﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻀﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻐﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺇﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﺤﻭﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬‫ﺴﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺴﺒﻴﺢ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬،‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺜﺭﺓ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬‫ﺴﺘﻐﻔﺎ‬‫ﺭ‬،‫ﻴﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺘﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻝﻙ‬،‫ﻝﻠ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻬﺎ‬‫ﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻁﺒﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.
  201. 201. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١٠ 17: ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻀﻴﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺯﻭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺇﺤﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺼﺎﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬. ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻨﺱ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻤﻔﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻨﺎ‬،‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻤﻨﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺯﻝﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺤﺎﺭ‬‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭﻨﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻜﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺤﺏ‬‫ﺒﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬،‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﻘﻁ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺭﺒﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻤﻔﻁﺭﻭﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻘﻭﺍ‬،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﺍﻝﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻔﻁﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻫﺒﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻁﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺅﻻﺀ‬،‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬‫ﺼﺎﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬،‫ﻓﻤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭﻩ‬‫ﻤﻀﺎﻋﻑ‬‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻻ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﻎ‬‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻗﻠﻨﺎ‬:‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﺭ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺹ‬‫ﻭﺨ‬ ، ،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬‫ﻓﻌﻠ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻁﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺴﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩﻫ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺄﺨﺫ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺠﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺭ‬، ‫ﻲ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻝﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺹ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺃﺠﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ؛‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﺎﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﱠﺭ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ )‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻝﺒﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺤﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﻏﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬:١٠٧٢( •‫ﺍﻝﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺜﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻷﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻝﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺕ‬) ٢/٣٠٨:( ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭل‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﻝﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﻝﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺜﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻌﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬)‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻤل‬(‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﻤﺜﺎﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺎﻋﻑ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺤﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻲ‬. ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻐﺯﺍﻝﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺀ‬) ٤/٣٢٣(‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬: ‫ﻓﺒﻜﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﻀل‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺎﻋﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﻀﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺎﻋﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺼﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺼل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﺜﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬‫ﺃﻤﺜﺎﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺎﻋﻑ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻨﺔ‬.
  202. 202. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١١ 18‫ء‬ ،،: ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻔﻠﺕ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﺨﻭﺍﺘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻜﻴﻨﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃﻝﻑ‬‫ﻝﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤﺌﺯﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺨل‬،‫ﻝﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎ‬،‫ﻭﺃﻴﻘﻅ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠﻪ‬ )‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻔﻕ‬( ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬: ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺍﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺘﻬﺩ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺘﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﺘﻨﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺘﺤﺭﺹ‬‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﺘﺠﺘﻬﺩ‬ ،‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ، ‫ﻓﻠﺘﺸﺘﺭﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻼﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬. 19: ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺘﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬َ‫ل‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﻴﺤﺎﺴ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬،‫ﻭﺃﻨﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺨﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻓﺭﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،:‫ﻝﻌﺒـﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻔﺭﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬. )‫ﺍﻝﺠﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﻊ‬:٢٠٢٠( ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭﻴﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻜﺤﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻠﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﺭﻭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﻭﺩﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻔﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﻡ‬‫ﺎﻁ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻔﺴﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺴﻘﻁ‬،‫ﻁ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬،‫ﺒﺎﻷﻭﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻁﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬.
  203. 203. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١٢ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺭﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ -‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻴﺤﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺒﺭﻫﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ُﺒ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺎﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺭﻋﻭﻥ‬. -‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﺎﻝﺤﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﻬﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﺩﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻓﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻴﻥ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺼﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﻨﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻌﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻏﻀﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﻓﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬:ٌ^
  204. 204. ِ
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  301. 301. ِ ِ
  302. 302. [ ِ
  303. 303. َ َ َ]‫ﻤﺭﻴﻡ‬:٥٩[ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺘﺎﺭﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﺼــ‬٣: ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺇﺜﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺒﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻨﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻔﺭﻭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻠﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺨﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺯﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺘل‬ ‫ﺇﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺯﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺨﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻝﻌﻘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬. ...،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ِ‫ﻙ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬. ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤﻪ‬‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺨﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻁﺎﻋﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺼﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬. ‫ﺒﻠﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬: ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺎﻤﺕ‬ ،‫ﺨﻤﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﱠﺕ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻴل‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻁﺎﻋﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﻅﺕ‬: ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺸﺌ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺨﻠﻲ‬.
  304. 304. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١٣ 20: ‫ﻭﻏﺴﻴل‬ ‫ﻁﺒﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺯل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﺨﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺸﻐل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬...‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺘﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻔﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺨﺼﻭﺼ‬ ،‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺄﺨﺭ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﷲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﺫﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:}}}}
  305. 305. ^
  306. 306. ْ ِ ٌ
  307. 307. َ
  308. 308. ^
  309. 309. ْ ِ ٌ
  310. 310. َ
  311. 311. ^
  312. 312. ْ ِ ٌ
  313. 313. َ
  314. 314. ^
  315. 315. ْ ِ ٌ
  316. 316. َ****
  317. 317. ِ ِa َ
  318. 318. ِ
  319. 319. ِ ِa َ
  320. 320. ِ
  321. 321. ِ ِa َ
  322. 322. ِ
  323. 323. ِ ِa َ
  324. 324. ِ ]‫ﺍﻝﻤﺎﻋﻭﻥ‬٤،٥[ ‫ﺃﻱ‬:‫ﻤﺴﺭﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺭﺠﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺨﺭﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﻅﺭ‬‫ﺒﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻗﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻠﺱ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻗﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﻁﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬. ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﺌﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺯﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻤﺼﻨﻔﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬. ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺤﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﻝﻠﺫﻫﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺒﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﺼــ‬٢٦: ‫ﻭﻗﺘل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻤﻥ‬. ...‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺴﺄ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻝﺕ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫؟‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬:‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬.‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬:‫ﺃﻱ؟‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺍﻝﻭﺍﻝﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺭ‬.‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬:‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫؟‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻬﺎﺩ‬.
  325. 325. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١٤ 21: ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻜﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﹸﺒﺩﻱ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺴﺘﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻻ‬)١( ‫ﺒﺨﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬. ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺄﻝﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺩﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺘﺼﻠﻲ‬)٢( ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺇﺯﺍﺭ؟‬ ‫ﺒﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻤﺎﺭ‬:‫ﺍﻝﺩﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻤﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺎﺒﻐ‬. -‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻬﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﻜﺸﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺸﻌﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺴﺎﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻑ‬...‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ، ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺘﺭﺍﻋﻲ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻁل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺍﻡ‬. -‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﺘﻌﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻔﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﻝﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﻋﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬. -‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﻘﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬)‫ﺃﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬( ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺤﺭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻤﻌﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬:‫ﺍﻝﺤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬. 1)(‫ﺤﺎﺌﺽ‬:‫ﺒﺎﻝﻐﺔ‬. 2)(‫ﺍﻝﺩﺭﻉ‬:‫ﺍﻝﺠﻠﺒﺎﺏ‬.
  326. 326. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١٥ 22: ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬،‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﺘﺠ‬ ‫ﺭﺕ‬‫ﻭﻜﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻠﺕ‬‫ﺘﺯﻑ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﻋﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬،‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﻴﻡ‬‫ﻭﺇﺜﻡ‬‫ﻋﻅﻴﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻨﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﺒﺕ‬،‫ﺨﺭﺠﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬،‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬)‫ﺼﺤﺤﻪ‬‫ﺍﻷﻝﺒﺎﻨﻲ‬( ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﺎ‬‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻁﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬: ‫ﺃﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﺒﺎﺭ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺘﻁﻴﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻪ‬‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬ ‫؟‬.‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺃﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤﺘﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﺠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺔ‬،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬،‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﻏﺴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻊ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. -‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺸﻌﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬: ‫ﺃﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺨﺭﺠﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻁﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺠﺩﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻡ‬،‫ﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻤ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﻴﺒ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ،‫ﺴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬: ‫ﺘﻔﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺨﺭﺠﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻨﻌﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺘﻔﻼﺕ‬:،‫ﻤﺘﻁﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻔﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻘﺎل‬‫ﻴ‬:‫ﺘﺘﻁﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬.)‫ﺃﻓﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻁﺎﺒﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻨﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻝﻡ‬( ‫ﺍﻝﻌ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺩ‬:‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬)‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺙ‬(‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﺭﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻁﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻝﺘﺤﺭﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺒﺒ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺸﻬﻭﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﻘﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬:‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻝﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻝﻌﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬‫ﻁﻴ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻼ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬:‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺎﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﺕ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺨﺭﺠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺴﺄﻝﺕ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬،‫ﻝﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬‫ﺒﻴﺘﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﺠﺕ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬‫؟‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﺕ‬:‫ﻁﻠﺒ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻝ‬‫ﺭﻀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺠﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬،‫ﺘﻪ‬‫ﻭﻨﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺨﻭﻓ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻘﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻐﻔﺭﺓ‬،‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﺘﻕ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺒﻤﻌﺼﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺎل‬،‫ﺒﻁﺎﻋﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬. : ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺎﺭﻜﻔﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﻭﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻔﺔ‬) ٦/١٧٣:( ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻝﻤﻠﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻬﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺏ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﺎﻩ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻁﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻠﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻼﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺯﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬‫ﺃﻫـ‬
  327. 327. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١٦ 23‫ء‬: ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺨﺭﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺎﺩﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬،‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﻭﺠﻭﺍﻨﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺸﻴﻥ‬، ‫ﺃﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻝﻙ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻝﻬ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺭ‬‫ﻥ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬ ‫ُﺴﻴﺩ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﺭﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻘﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺄﺨﺭﻥ‬)١( ‫ﺒﺤﺎﻓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬‫ﺘﻠﺼﻕ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺜﻭﺒﻬ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺠﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﺼﻭﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺠﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻤﺘﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﺫﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺤﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻤﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺄﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﻭﺇ‬‫ﻝﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﺠﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻓﻠﺘﻠﺘﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺤﺠﺎﺏ‬،‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺎﻝﻁ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺸﻬﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻅﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺄﻤﻥ‬. 24: ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺒﺭﺝ‬:‫ﺘﺒﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﺴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻭﻤ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺸﻬﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺩﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬،‫ل‬:}}}}َ
  328. 328. َ
  329. 329. َ
  330. 330. َ
  331. 331. َ ُTْ ِ^ ِ ِ
  332. 332. ْ
  333. 333. َa
  334. 334. َaَ ُTْ ِ^ ِ ِ
  335. 335. ْ
  336. 336. َa
  337. 337. َaَ ُTْ ِ^ ِ ِ
  338. 338. ْ
  339. 339. َa
  340. 340. َaَ ُTْ ِ^ ِ ِ
  341. 341. ْ
  342. 342. َa
  343. 343. َa{{{{ ]‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬:٣٣[ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺠﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻲ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﻴﻌﻪ‬: ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﷲ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺎﻴﻌﻙ‬،‫ﺘﺴﺭﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺘﺯﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬،‫ﺘﺄﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﻝﺩﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺠﻠﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺘﺭﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻬﺘﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ 1)(‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻘﻥ‬:‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺸﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻁ‬.
  344. 344. ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ١٧ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻝﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤﺂل‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﺎﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺒﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺎﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺃﺭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻔﺎﻥ‬:،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺭﺒﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺫﻨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺴﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬)1( ‫ﻤﺎﺌﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻴﻼﺕ‬)٢( ‫ﺭﺀ‬‫ﻭﺴﻬ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺎﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺴﻨﻤﺔ‬)٣(، ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺨﻠﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺇ‬‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻝﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ...‫؟‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺎﺒﻙ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﺴﺕ‬‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫؟‬:‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬.‫ﻝﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺼﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻙ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻝﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺏ‬:}}}}ْ ُ ِ
  345. 345. َS
  346. 346. ْ ُ ِ
  347. 347. َS
  348. 348. ْ ُ ِ
  349. 349. َS
  350. 350. ْ ُ ِ
  351. 351. َS
  352. 352. َ
  353. 353. ِ ِ َ
  354. 354.
  355. 355. ^ِ ِ V ْ ِP
  356. 356. ِ
  357. 357. ِa
  358. 358. [
  359. 359. ِ
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  361. 361. ِ ِ َ
  362. 362.
  363. 363. ^ِ ِ V ْ ِP
  364. 364. ِ
  365. 365. ِa
  366. 366. [
  367. 367. ِ
  368. 368. ْ َTَِ
  369. 369. ِ ِ َ
  370. 370.
  371. 371. ^ِ ِ V ْ ِP
  372. 372. ِ
  373. 373. ِa
  374. 374. [
  375. 375. ِ
  376. 376. ْ َTَِ
  377. 377. ِ ِ َ
  378. 378.
  379. 379. ^ِ ِ V ْ ِP
  380. 380. ِ
  381. 381. ِa
  382. 382. [
  383. 383. ِ
  384. 384. ْ َTِِ
  385. 385. ُ َ
  386. 386. َ
  387. 387. َ V َ َ
  388. 388. ْ
  389. 389. َS َ َS
  390. 390. َِ ِ ِ [ِ
  391. 391. ُ َ
  392. 392. َ
  393. 393. َ V َ َ
  394. 394. ْ
  395. 395. َS َ َS
  396. 396. َِ ِ ِ [ِ
  397. 397. ُ َ
  398. 398. َ
  399. 399. َ V َ َ
  400. 400. ْ
  401. 401. َS َ َS
  402. 402. َِ ِ ِ [ِ
  403. 403. ُ َ
  404. 404. َ
  405. 405. َ V َ َ
  406. 406. ْ
  407. 407. َS َ َS
  408. 408. َِ ِ ِ [{{{{ ]‫ﺍ‬‫ﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬:٥٩[ ...‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺤﺠﺎﺏ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺘﻌﺭﻓﻴﻥ‬.‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺘﻌﺭﻓﻴﻥ‬ }}}}
  409. 409. َ
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  411. 411. َ
  412. 412. ِ ِ ِ
  413. 413. ِ[ _ ِ ْ
  414. 414. _
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  416. 416. ِ ْ
  417. 417. ُbَ َ ِ
  418. 418. َTْ
  419. 419. ِ ِ َ
  420. 420. َ
  421. 421. َ
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  424. 424. ِ ِ ِ
  425. 425. ِ[ _ ِ ْ
  426. 426. _
  427. 427. ِ^
  428. 428. ِ ْ
  429. 429. ُbَ َ ِ

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