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أخطاؤنا في رمضان... 3ـ الأخطاء التي يقع فيها الأئمة عند صلاة ال

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أخطاؤنا في رمضان... 3ـ الأخطاء التي يقع فيها الأئمة عند صلاة ال

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  177. 177. ً َ َ َِ
  178. 178. ً َ َ َ{{{{]‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺭﺓ‬:٧٠،٧١[ ...، ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬–‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬-‫ﺍﻝﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻱ‬‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺜﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻀﻼﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﻀﻼﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺜﺔ‬.
  179. 179. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٢ 1: ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﺤﺏ‬‫ﺩﻋﺎ‬‫ﺇﻝﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﺤﻜﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺭﻉ‬. ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ٍ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻝﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﺘﻐ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﻊ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬. ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﺘﻐ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﱢﻤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺎﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻠـﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﻗـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻥ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺤ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬.)‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﻝﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻭﻱ‬( ‫ﻋﺎﺯﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺕ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﻭﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺯﻴﺘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺤﺒﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸﻌﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺤﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺭﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﻝﻭ‬ •‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺒﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁل‬ ‫ﻤﺯﺍﻤﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺯ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ُﺘﻴﺕ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻝﻘﺩ‬)‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬( •‫ﻋﺎﺼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﱡﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ِل‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺠ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺤﺫﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻡ‬: ‫ﺃﻤﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬)‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻩ‬( ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬:‫ﱡﻊ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺨ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﺤﺯﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﻴﺒﻪ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬. ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻭﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﻭﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺴﻥ‬:‫ﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺸﺎﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻐﻨـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺭﺠﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﺡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺘﺠﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬. ‫ﺤﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬-‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬-: ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬،‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺯﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬،‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺨـﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺠﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬،‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﺘﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬‫ﺭﺁﻥ‬،‫ﻭﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻐﻨﻰ‬‫ﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻝﺤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﺘﻐ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻌﺩﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.
  180. 180. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٣ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﻴﺩ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﺌل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﻌﺏ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻁﺒﺭﺍﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴـﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻨﺩ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬‫ﺤﺫﻴﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﻗﺭﺀﻭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﺤﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭﺃﺼﻭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻭﺇﻴﺎﻜﻡ‬‫ﻭﻝﺤ‬‫ﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬‫ﺍﻝﻔﺴـﻕ‬‫ﻭﺃﻫـل‬‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘـﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬، ‫ﻭﺴﻴﺠ‬‫ﻲﺀ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻡ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻌﻭﻥ‬‫ﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﻫﺒﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻐﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻴﻊ‬‫ﻴﺠـﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺘﻭﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﺤﻨﺎﺠﺭﻫﻡ‬‫ﺸﺄﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺠﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬،‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻬﺩ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﻁﺒﺭﺍﻨـﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬‫ﺍﻝﻐﻔﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺘﺨ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺃﻤﺘﻪ‬‫ﺨﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺕ‬:‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬،‫ﱡـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺜـﺭﺓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻁ‬، ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﺸﻭﺓ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬:‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻊ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺨﻔﺎﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻁﻴﻌﺔ‬،‫ﻭﻨﺸﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺨﺫﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﺍﻤﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻓﻘﻬﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﻓﻀﻠ‬‫ﻬﻡ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﻐ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﻏﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺘﻐﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻠﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻤﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻁﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺯﺍﺌـﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺘﻜﻠﻔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺠﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﺌل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺼـ‬١٩٥: ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻐﺭﺽ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﺭﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬،‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺎﻋﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺕ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭﺘﻔﻬﻤﻪ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺨﺸﻭﻉ‬ ،‫ﻝﻠﻁﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻘﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺨﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺼﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻨﻐﻤﺎﺕ‬،‫ﱠ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﺯﺍﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻠﻬﻴﺔ‬،،‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﺴـﻴﻘﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻘـﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ل‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻭﻴﻌ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻠﻙ‬‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬. ‫ﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺠﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻝﺤﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺃﺤ‬‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭﻩ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻀﺤﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻐﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬‫ﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﻓﻼﻥ‬‫ﺃﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﻓﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺒﻠﻐﻨﻲ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺍﻝﻐﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬
  181. 181. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٤ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬‫ﺫﺭ‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺨﻭﻑ‬‫ﺃﻤﺘﻪ‬‫ﻴﺘﺨﺫﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﻭﻤ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻤﺯﺍﻤﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻴﻘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻝﻴﻐﻨﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻓﻘﻬﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻥ‬. ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬‫ﻭﻨﻬﻲ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻭﻋﺩ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻭﻋﻴﺩ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻭﻋﻅ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺘﺨﻭﻴﻑ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻀـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻀﺎﺀ‬...‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺯل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﻨﻐﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻁﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻝﺤﺎﻥ‬، ‫ﻜﻨﻘﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺼﻭﺍﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺃﺼﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺯﺍﻤﻴﺭ‬،‫ﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬‫ﻗﺭﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻡ‬‫ـ‬: }}}}ً^
  182. 182. ِ ‫ـ‬ َa
  183. 183. P ‫َـ‬ ِWِ`‫ـ‬
  184. 184. ْ
  185. 185. ِ ُa
  186. 186. َ
  187. 187. ً^
  188. 188. ِ ‫ـ‬ َa
  189. 189. P ‫َـ‬ ِWِ`‫ـ‬
  190. 190. ْ
  191. 191. ِ ُa
  192. 192. َ
  193. 193. ً^
  194. 194. ِ ‫ـ‬ َa
  195. 195. P ‫َـ‬ ِWِ`‫ـ‬
  196. 196. ْ
  197. 197. ِ ُa
  198. 198. َ
  199. 199. ً^
  200. 200. ِ ‫ـ‬ َa
  201. 201. P ‫َـ‬ ِWِ`‫ـ‬
  202. 202. ْ
  203. 203. ِ ُa
  204. 204. َ
  205. 205. {{{{]‫ﺍﻷﻨﻔﺎل‬:٣٥[،‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻨﺯل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻝﺘﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺁﻴﺎﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬،‫ﻬ‬‫ﻭﺘﻔ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻡ‬، ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:}}}}ِ ‫ِـ‬a
  206. 206. Q [
  207. 207. ٌ
  208. 208. َِW
  209. 209. ْ
  210. 210. َS َbِِ ‫ِـ‬a
  211. 211. Q [
  212. 212. ٌ
  213. 213. َِW
  214. 214. ْ
  215. 215. َS َbِِ ‫ِـ‬a
  216. 216. Q [
  217. 217. ٌ
  218. 218. َِW
  219. 219. ْ
  220. 220. َS َbِِ ‫ِـ‬a
  221. 221. Q [
  222. 222. ٌ
  223. 223. َِW
  224. 224. ْ
  225. 225. َS َbِ{{{{]‫ﺹ‬:٢٩[،‫ﻴﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﻘـﺭﺃ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻝﺤـﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻁﺭﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﻸ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺸﺒﻬﺔ‬‫ﻏﺎﻨﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺨﺸﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺫﻝﻙ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻘﻴﺽ‬‫ﻭﺠل‬. 2‫ء‬: ،‫ﻤﺘﻌﺴـﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻘﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻬﻭﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬:‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﻁﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ...‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬:‫ﻗﺎﺭﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻝﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻝﻠﻬﻔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻏﺎﺜﺔ‬) :١/١٦٠‫ـ‬١٦٢:( ‫ﻤﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺴﻭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﻁﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻨﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺭﻭﻑ‬:‫ﺘﺄﻤـل‬ ‫ـﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻱ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻝﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻗﺭﺍﺭﻩ‬‫ﻗﺭﺍ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻭﺴﻭﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺸﺩﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺘﻨﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺨﺭﺍﺝ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬)‫ﺼـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻉ‬٨،٩( 3‫ء‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭ‬. )‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬: ١٢/٣٥٦‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻨﻘ‬ ،(
  226. 226. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٥ 4: ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺎﺩ‬‫ﺌﻤﺔ‬–‫ﻫﺩﺍ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬-‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺴﻼﻤ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﻔﻔﻭﺍ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻴﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺒﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻌﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺨﻼل‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴـﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜـﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻤﺄﻨﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺭﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﻨﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺭﻜﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺴـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬،‫ﺒﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻤﺞ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﺒﺔ‬،‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﻼﺜ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃ‬‫ﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻠﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗل‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ‬‫ﻷﻫل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﻁﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﺌﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻁ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ل‬،‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺘﻪ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻗﺭﺏ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻠﻌﺏ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻕ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺭﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺼﻠﻲ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻨﻔ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﻘﻴﻡ‬‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺒﺎﻁﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬. :‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﻜﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬....‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ :‫ﺍﻝﺨﺸﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻘﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻀﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻁﻤﺄﻨﻴﻨﺔ‬،‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎل‬‫ﺍﻹﺨﻼﺹ‬،‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺩ‬‫ﻝﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺴﺒﻴﺢ‬.)٧‫ﺼـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻘﻴل‬ ‫ﻝﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬٥٩( ‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬-‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬-‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺒﺩﺍﻉ‬‫ﺹ‬٢٨٦: ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺨﻔﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﺍﻫﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺩ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻁ‬،‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺠﻬ‬‫ﺌﻤـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻭﻜﺴـ‬، ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻔﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺄﻤﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﻜـﺎﻥ‬‫ﻝـﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺩﺍﺀﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺢ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺼ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬:‫ﺼﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻭﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺘﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻁﻔﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻝﻠﻤﻁﻔﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻤﻁﻔﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍل‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬: ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ،. ‫ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﻔﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻭﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬)‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﺤﻭﺭ‬(
  227. 227. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٦ 5: ‫ﺍﻝﺼـﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﺤﺭﺼﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺼﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻔﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﻘﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬‫ﺭﻜﻌﺎﺕ‬‫؛‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺍﺭﺙ‬،‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻴﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﻠﺴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬‫ﺃﺭﺒـﻊ‬‫ﺭﻜﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻝﻼﺴﺘﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬.)‫ﺍﻝﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬:١/٤٧٤(،)‫ﺍﻝﻌﺩﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺸﻴﺔ‬:٢/٣٢١( ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬:‫ﻭﻝﻌل‬‫ﺍﻷﺼل‬‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻭﺼـﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬:‫ﻴﺼﻠﻲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺘﺴﺄ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺒﻌ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭﻁﻭﻝﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬،‫ﻴﺼﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺘﺴ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺒﻌ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻝﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻨﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬،‫ﻴﻔﻌﻠـﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﻴـﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻌـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻌﺽ‬.)‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﺒﻲ‬‫ﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬:١/٤٢٠( 6‫ء‬: ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺒﺎﻝﻎ‬‫ﺌﻤﺔ‬‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﻭﻴﺅﻝﻔﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﺩﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻐﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤﻠﺘﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻊ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻭﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺨﺸﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺒﺎﻜﻲ‬،‫ﻭﺘﻐﻴ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬،‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻓﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﻝﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬،‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺍﺸﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻔﺎﺅﻩ‬،‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻪ‬‫ﻓﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺌ‬‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬،‫ﻭﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺌ‬‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺩﻝﺔ‬، ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺩﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜل‬‫ل‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻓﻀ‬ ، ‫ﺃ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺅﻻﺀ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻔﻴﻥ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻌﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬،‫ﻤﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻁﻴﻠﻭﻥ‬، ‫ﻭﻴﺅﻝﻔﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﺩﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺠﻭﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻓﻠﻭ‬‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺃﺘﻭﺍ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺒﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺓ‬،‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘ‬‫ﺄﻨﺴ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫؛‬‫ﻝﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬‫ﺃﻴﺴﺭ‬،‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬‫ﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﺫﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻙ‬،‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬،‫ﻝﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺎﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺤﺴﺎﻥ‬، ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻝﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﺯل‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﺩﻴﺭ‬،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻕ‬،‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺒ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻌﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻕ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻗﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻕ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﺎﻫﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬،‫ﻭﻝﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﻭﺠﺏ‬‫ﺠﺎﺤﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬........‫ﺇ‬‫ﻝﺦ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺼل‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻝﻰ‬‫ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺒﻪ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬،‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻅ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻨﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻪ‬،‫ﻓﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻜﻪ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﺭﻭﺍ‬،‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝﻭﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻝﻔﺕ‬.
  228. 228. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٧ : ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻝﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺼﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﺤ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺒﻌﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﺼﺎﻑ‬) ٢/١٨٥:( ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺩﺍﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺌل‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬:‫ﻭﻴﺩﻋﻭ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺘﻡ‬‫ل‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻓﺴ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺩل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬:‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺤﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺒﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺎﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬. ‫ﺤﺫﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻤﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻝﻶﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻉ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺘﻘﻭﺍ‬ ، ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺫﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﺀ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﺜﻴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺭﺡ‬)٤/٥٧(: ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺼل‬،‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻝﻴل‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬ •‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬: ‫ﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻡ‬‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬،‫ﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻨﻪ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﻨﺱ‬‫ﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﻴﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﻴﺩﻋﻭ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﺸﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﺼﻨﻔﻪ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺩﺍﺭﻤﻲ‬‫ﺴﻨ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻪ‬،‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒـﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺯﻫﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻨﺎﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻋﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬...‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﻡ‬: ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﻨﺱ‬‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﻤﺎﻝﻙ‬‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠ‬‫ﻝﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻝﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺠﻼﺀ‬‫ﻓﻬﺎﻡ‬‫ﺼـ‬٢٨٨: ‫ﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻝﺨﺘﻤﺔ‬،‫ﺍﺒـﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺭﺙ‬:‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺨﺘ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺱ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺠﻤ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﻭﻭﻝﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴﻭﺴﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬‫ﻤﻭﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬، ‫ﻴﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻓﻴﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺇﻝﻴﻪ‬‫ﻓﻴﺩﻋﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻪ‬:‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻌﻤـﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴـﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬،‫ﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺍﺴﺘﺤﺏ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﺠﻤـﻊ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠـ‬‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺩﻋﻭ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬
  229. 229. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٨ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴﻴﺭ‬‫ﺃﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻼﺀ‬)١١/١٧٦(:‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﻝﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﺤﻨﺒل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺘﻡ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻤﻌ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬،‫ﹸ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻋﻭ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﻥ‬. ‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﺠ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺡ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺩﻋﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫؛‬‫ﺨـﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨـﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨـﺯل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﺝ‬‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﺘﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺩﺍﺭﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺒﺔ‬: ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺒﺩﻩ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﻝﺒﺎﺒﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺼﺎﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﻀﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ﺍﻝـﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻴـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩﻭﺍ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﺠﺘﻤﻌﻭﺍ‬،‫ﻲ‬‫ﺇﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺴﻠﻭﺍ‬،‫ﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﻜﻬﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝﻭﺍ‬:‫ﺇﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺼﺎﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺎ‬، ‫ﻓﺄﺭﺩﻨﺎ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺨﺘﻡ‬،‫ﻓﺄﺤﺒﺒﻨﺎ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺘﺸﻬﺩﻭﻨﺎ‬‫ﻓﺈ‬ ،‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬:‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺨ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺯﻝﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺘﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻀﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺨﺎﺘﻤﺘﻪ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﺸﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬‫ﺠﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺯل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬‫ﻓﻀل‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺯﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹﺨﻼﺹ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬‫ﺍﻝﺒـﺭ‬،‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬،‫ﻭﺼﺩﻕ‬‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬: ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺨﻠﺹ‬‫ﺴﻴﺌﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻨﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻭﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﻠﺒﻴﺱ‬‫ﺇﺒﻠﻴﺱ‬: ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻋﺠﺏ‬‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻓﻴ‬‫ﻬﻡ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺭﺠ‬،‫ﻓﻴﻘـﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺘﻔـﺕ‬ ‫ﺜـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻭﺫﺘﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻭﻴﺩﻋ‬‫ﺍﻝﺨﺘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫؛‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﻌﻠﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﺨﺘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺴـﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﻭﻥ‬،‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺨﺜﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺒﻴﻊ‬ ‫ل‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬‫ﻨﺸـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝـﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺼﺤﻑ‬‫ﻓﻴ‬‫ﺒﺜﻭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻐﻁﻴﻪ‬،‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﺤﻨﺒل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﻴﻘﺭﺃ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻴﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﻴﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻰ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻭ‬‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻌل‬‫ﺃﻨﺱ‬،‫ﻴﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﻭﻝﺩﻩ‬‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬‫ﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺩﻋﻭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫؛‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﻭﺃ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﻨﺯﻭل‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻰ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬‫ﺒﻴﺘﻪ‬.
  230. 230. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ٩ 7: ‫ﻓﺘﺠﺩ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺍﻝﺨﺘﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻓﺴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬،‫ﺒ‬‫ﺒﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭﺇﻤﻌﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻨـﺯل‬ ‫ﻝﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺎﻝﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺠﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬،‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:}}}}ِ
  231. 231. َْTْ ُ ُS
  232. 232. َ َb
  233. 233. ِ
  234. 234. ِ ِa
  235. 235. Q [
  236. 236. ٌ
  237. 237. َِW
  238. 238. ْ
  239. 239. َS َbِِ
  240. 240. َْTْ ُ ُS
  241. 241. َ َb
  242. 242. ِ
  243. 243. ِ ِa
  244. 244. Q [
  245. 245. ٌ
  246. 246. َِW
  247. 247. ْ
  248. 248. َS َbِِ
  249. 249. َْTْ ُ ُS
  250. 250. َ َb
  251. 251. ِ
  252. 252. ِ ِa
  253. 253. Q [
  254. 254. ٌ
  255. 255. َِW
  256. 256. ْ
  257. 257. َS َbِِ
  258. 258. َْTْ ُ ُS
  259. 259. َ َb
  260. 260. ِ
  261. 261. ِ ِa
  262. 262. Q [
  263. 263. ٌ
  264. 264. َِW
  265. 265. ْ
  266. 266. َS َbِ{{{{]‫ﺹ‬:٢٩[ ‫ﻭﻜﺎ‬‫ﻴﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻗﻠﻴ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻭﺘﻔ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻘﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻏﻔﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺸـﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻫﻥ‬.‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬‫ـ‬: ‫ﺃﻗﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺁل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻘﺭﺓ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﺩ‬‫ﺭﻫﻤﺎ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺇﻝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺃﺤ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻫﺫﺭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ )‫ﺍﻝﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﻴﺎﺀ‬( ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬:‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﺯﻝﺯﻝﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﻋﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺃﺘﺩ‬‫ﺭﻫﻤﺎ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺃﺤ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺇﻝ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﻗـﺭﺃ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﻘـﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﺁل‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺯﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻬﺯﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻬﺫﺭﻤﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﻉ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬‫ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻝﻌﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻙ‬: ‫ﺇﻨﻲ‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﺭﻜﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻔﺼل‬،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﱢ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻜﻬ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﻌﺭ‬،‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻴﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﻭﺍﻤ‬‫ﺀﻭ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻻ‬ ،‫ﺘﺭﺍﻗﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬‫ﻭﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻨﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬)‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠ‬‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻪ‬( -‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘﺭﺍﻗﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬:‫ﻤﻌﻨﺎﻩ‬:‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﻴﻘﺭ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺒﺄﻝ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ل‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﻗﻠﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻗﻲ‬:‫ﺘﺭﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﺎﺘﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬. -‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ِ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺒﻌﻬﻭﺩﻩ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺼـﻠﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺩﺒﺭﻫﺎ‬، ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻠﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻘﻑ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻨﻔﺫﻫﺎ‬.)‫ﺇ‬‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻝﺩﻴﻥ‬( 8‫ء‬: ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬‫ﺌﻤﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻴﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﻴﻔﺘﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻑ‬،‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﻴﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺇﻅﻬﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺨﻠﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒـﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺩﻴﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻝﺼﺩﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﺃﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺃﺘﻴﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻴﺼﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬،‫ﻭﻝﺠﻭﻓﻪ‬‫ﺃﺯﻴﺯ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺌﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﻌﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﻴﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺭﺍﺥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻨﻑ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﺸـﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭﻓـﻲ‬‫ﺤﻠﻴـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝﻴـﺎﺀ‬ )١/١٣٠:(‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻝﺤﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒﻠﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻑ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﻨﺎﺌﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ﻭﺒﻨﻬﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﻴﻔﻁـﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨـﺎﺱ‬، ‫ﻭﺒﺤﺯﻨﻪ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﻴﻔﺭﺤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ﻭﺒﺒﻜﺎﺌﻪ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﻴﻀﺤﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ﻭﺒﺼﻤﺘﻪ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬،‫ﻴﺨﻠﻁﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻭﺒﺨﺸـﻭﻋﻪ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﻝﺤﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ،‫ﻴﺨﺘﺎﻝﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺤﺯﻭﻨ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻜﻴ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻠﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻜﻴﻤ‬،ِ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻤ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﺘ‬،‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻝﺤﺎﻤل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﻜﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠﺎﻓﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬،‫ﻏﺎﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ً،‫ﺼﺨﺎﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ً،‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺎﺤ‬،‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬
  267. 267. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ١٠ •‫ء‬: ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬: ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ل‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺭﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺩﻤﻭﻋﻪ‬‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺭﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻤﻭﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺴﻴل‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻌﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺼﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬: ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺒﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺠﻴﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺠﻠﺱ؛‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬. )‫ﺍﻝﺯﻫﺩ‬‫ﻝﻺﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺼـ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬٢٦٢( ‫ﺍﻝﺴﺨﺘﻴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺎﻫﻭ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬: ‫ﻭﻋﻅ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﱠ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻓﺭ‬)‫ﺨﺎﻑ‬(‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل‬ ،‫ﻭﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻝﺯﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﺸ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬.)‫ﺍﻝﻤﺩﻫﺵ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﻭﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﻥ‬( ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺒﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻭﺍﻝﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺼﻠﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻝﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻠﺤﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺤﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﻴﺸﺘﻬﺭﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺒﺫﻜﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺠﺎﻝﺱ‬ ‫ِﻴﺏ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،. ‫ﺍﻝﻁﻭﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺎﻫﻭ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻯ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﺴل‬ ،‫ﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﺒﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﺼـﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺘﻪ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺴ‬،‫ﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻭﻗﻴل‬:‫ﺃﻝﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻝﻑ‬. : ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﻡ‬‫ﻭﺃﻅﻬﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،. ‫ﺍﻝﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺯﻱ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺘﻠﺒﻴﺱ‬‫ﺇﺒﻠﻴﺱ‬‫ﺼـ‬٢٠٣: ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﺇﺒﻠﻴﺱ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺘﻌﺒﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻥ‬،‫ﻭﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﻝﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﻪ‬،‫ﻴﻤﻜـ‬ ‫ﻓـﻼ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﻌﻪ‬،‫ﺴﺘﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻓﺄﻅﻬﺭﻩ‬‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻠﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬.
  268. 268. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ١١ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻭﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺼـ‬٨‫ـ‬١١: ‫ﺴﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻘﺼﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻼﻭﺘﻪ‬‫ﻝﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷﺼل‬،‫ﺇﻨﻤـﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺼـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻀﻭﺭ‬‫ﻴﺘﻠ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻊ‬،‫ﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺙ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﻴﻤﺎﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻘﻴﻨ‬،‫ﻭﺭﻫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻏﺒﺔ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺸـﻭﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺒـﺔ‬، ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﻀﻭﻋ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺨﺸﻭﻋ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭﺫ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻨﻜﺴﺎﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺎﺤﺏ‬. ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺼﺎﺤﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻰ‬،‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﺒﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻝﺨﺸـﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬‫ﻭﺼﻔﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺘﻜﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﻝﺨﻠﻕ‬. ‫ﻭﻝﻘﺩ‬‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺃﺌﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺼﻨﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺎﺠﺩ‬،‫ﻭﻴﺘﻜﻠﻔﻭﻨﻪ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻐﺎﻴـﺔ‬،‫ﻓﺘﺠـﺩ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺠﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺴـﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻬـﻡ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻅﻤﻭﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻪ‬. ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬‫ﻝﻠﻘﺎﺭﻯﺀ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻔﺽ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ‬،‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺒﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺙ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺤﺩ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬. ‫ﻭﻝﻘﺩ‬‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺌﻤﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻝﻠﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺠﻬﺯ‬ ‫ﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬،‫ﻝـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘـﻭل‬: ِ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺍﺒ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺦ‬،‫ﻭﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴﺒﻜﻲ‬‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝﻰ‬،‫ﺒل‬‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﺘﺨـﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ‬‫ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺭﺍﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﻨﻭﻗﺔ‬. ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻴﺒﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻀﻊ‬،‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘﺼ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻏﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬،ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﺜـﻪ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵ‬‫ﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﺸﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬،‫ﻭﺴﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬. ‫ﻭﻝﻘﺩ‬‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘﻜﺎ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒﻜﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻬﻡ‬‫ﻪ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺒﻜﻲ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﺁﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻭﻋﻴﺩ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒﻜـﻲ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻗـﺭﺃ‬‫ﺁﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎﺀ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺒﻜﻲ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﺁﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﻼﻕ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺒﻜﻲ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﺁﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻴﺭﺍﺙ‬. ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻴﺫﻜﺭﻨﻲ‬‫ﺒﺤﻜﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻜﺎﻝﻁﺭﻓﺔ‬،‫ﺭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﻻﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻤﻘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﻭﺯﻱ‬،‫ﻗـﺎل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤـﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﺎﺤﻅ‬،‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ‬‫ﻴﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻰ‬:‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺭ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬،‫ﻁـﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻠﻴ‬‫ل‬‫ﻴﺒﻜﻲ‬،‫ﻓﺄﻨﺒﻬﻨ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻭﻨﺤﻴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬،‫ﻴﺸﻬﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬،‫ﻭﺼﺩﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻀﺭﺏ‬،‫ﻭﻴﺭﺩﺩ‬‫ﺁﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬،‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻷﺴﻤﻌﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺯل‬‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻓﺘﺴ‬ ،‫ﻨﻭﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻭﺃﺫﻫﺒ‬ ،‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬:}}}}ً َS
  269. 269. ْ ُ ِ ِ
  270. 270. ْ ِ
  271. 271. َ َُT
  272. 272. ً َS
  273. 273. ْ ُ ِ ِ
  274. 274. ْ ِ
  275. 275. َ َُT
  276. 276. ً َS
  277. 277. ْ ُ ِ ِ
  278. 278. ْ ِ
  279. 279. َ َُT
  280. 280. ً َS
  281. 281. ْ ُ ِ ِ
  282. 282. ْ ِ
  283. 283. َ َُT
  284. 284. {{{{]‫ﺍﻝﺒﻘﺭ‬‫ﺓ‬:٢٢٢[)‫ﺃﻫـ‬‫ﺍﻝﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻱ‬( ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬،‫ﻴﺒﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻝﻨﻴﺎﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻜﻠﻤﻭﻥ‬، ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺄﻭﻫﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬‫ﻭﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬!!!‫ﺠﻴـﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺎﺩﻴـل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺨﺭﺠﻭﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺠـﻭﻫﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﺴـﺤﻭﻥ‬، ‫ﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺤﺭﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬....‫ﺒﺘﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـ‬
  285. 285. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ١٢ 9: ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬‫ﺜﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻜﺫﺍ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﻬ‬‫ﺒﻜـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺩ‬،‫ﻤﺒـ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠـﺏ‬‫ﺎﻝﻎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻫﻅﺔ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺒﺤﺜﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻻ‬،‫ﺃ‬‫ﺤﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫؟‬. ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺩﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺒﻴﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﺴﻨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻴﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻝﻁﺒﺭﺍﻨ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘ‬‫ﻲ‬: ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﺭ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﻤﻠﻭﺍ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻔﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻻ‬،‫ﺘﻐﻠـﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓﻴـﻪ‬،‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘـﺄﻜﻠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬،‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻜﺜﺭﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﺎﻤﻊ‬‫ﻝﻠﺘﺭﻤﺫﻱ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺴﺄل‬،‫ﻓﺈ‬‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﺴﻴﺠﻲﺀ‬‫ﺃﻗﻭﺍﻡ‬‫ﻴﻘﺭﺀﻭ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻴﺴﺄ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﻴﻬﻘﻰ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻴﺘﺄ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ل‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬،‫ﻭﻭﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻝﺤﻡ‬ ‫ﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬!‫ﺘﺘﺨﺫﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺒﻀﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺭﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﺘﻤﺴﻭﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻁﻠﺒﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻵﺨﺭﺓ‬‫ﺒﺎﻵﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻀﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺴﻔﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺎﻝﺱ‬‫ﺍﻝﺜﻭﺭﻱ‬،‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴـﻭﺍﺩ‬،‫ﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼـ‬‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ﺴﻔﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬: ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﺜﻴﺏ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻫل‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﻗﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺘﻬﻡ‬،‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺎل‬:‫ﺠ‬‫ﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺜﻭﺍﺒﻙ‬ ‫ﻠﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬: ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺃﺒﺎ‬‫ﺘﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻝﻲ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﻭﺃﻨﺎ‬‫ﺠﻠﻴﺴﻙ؟‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺃﺨﺎﻑ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬:‫ﺠﻠﻴﺴـﻙ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻓـﻼ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﺤﺘﻪ‬. ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻝﻌﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻴل‬‫ﺍﻝ‬‫ﻤﺒ‬‫ﺎﺭﻙ‬:‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ؟‬ ‫ﻠﺔ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:،‫ﺒﺩﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻴﺸﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻡ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﻜل‬،‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻝﻨﺫﺍﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﺄﻜل‬‫ﺒﺩﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺩ‬. : ‫ﻴﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻝﻌل‬‫ل‬:‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬،‫ﺠﺎﺌﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺩل‬: ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻕ‬‫ﺃﺨﺫﺘﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻝﻴﺱ‬‫ﻷﺨﺫ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺴﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺘﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬.‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺜﺒﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺃ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻕ‬‫ﺃﺨﺫﺘﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬، ‫ﻝﻜﻨﻪ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬،‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﻼﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺃﻫـ‬ ‫ﻝﻘ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻓﺘﻨ‬‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻭل‬:،‫ﺍﻝﺘﻼﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻜﺎﻝﺩﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻓﺄﻴﻥ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ؟‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺩﻻل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﻁل‬.
  286. 286. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ١٣ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬‫ﺒﺘﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬‫ﺫﻜﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻤﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺎﺱ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻔﺭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﺼﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻝﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻎ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻓﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻝﻬﻡ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬‫ﺍﻝﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﺭﺍﻕ؟‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺭﺠ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻝﺩﻴﻐ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﻠﻴﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻜ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺭﺃ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻓﺒﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﺏ‬،‫ﻓﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﺸﺎﺓ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺒﻪ‬‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﻫﻭﺍ‬،‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝﻭﺍ‬:‫ﺃﺨﺫﺕ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫؟ﺤﺘﻰ‬، ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝﻭﺍ‬:‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺫ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬:‫ﺃﺤﻕ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﺨـﺫﺘﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻨﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻝﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺱ‬،‫ﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬‫ﻓﺈ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬،‫ﻓـﺈ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺤﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺼﺎﺤﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻜﺭﻭﺍ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻝﻡ‬‫ﻝﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﻝﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻤﺌﻥ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺨﺫ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻗﺎﻝﻭ‬ ‫ﻝﺫﻝﻙ‬‫ﺍ‬:‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬،‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺫ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻗﺒﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻘﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬،‫ﻝﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺨﺒﺭﻫﻡ‬‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺫﻝـﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺌﺯ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻗﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴﻼﻡ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬‫ﺃﺨﺫﻩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺤﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺯﺍل‬ ‫ﻝﺘﻼﻭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل‬. ‫ﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻝ‬‫ﻘﺎﺌل‬:‫ﺍﻝﺼﺤﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻐﻨﺎﺌﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻝﻘﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬:‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺨﺫ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬،‫ﻋﺠﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬،‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎﺱ‬‫ﻗﺼـﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝﺼﺤﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻝﺒﻁل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻐﻨﺎﺌﻡ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭﻫﻡ‬،‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻝﻙ‬‫ﺃﻤﻭﺍل‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻐﻨﺎﺌﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤﻭﺍل‬. : ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻨـﺏ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﹶﺤﺏ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻝﻘﺎﺭﺉ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺭﻭﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬. 10: ‫ﻜ‬‫ﻘﻭل‬‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺜﺎﺒﻜﻡ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻜ‬‫ﺍﻝﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻘﻭﻝﻬﻡ‬:‫ﺃﻭﺘﺭﻭﺍ‬‫ﺃﺜﺎﺒﻜﻡ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﺩﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺒﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻝﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻠﻡ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻜﺭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ٍ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﺤ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ، ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻭﺍﻅﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺼﻭﺼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺩﺜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻗﻭﺍل‬.
  287. 287. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ١٤ 11...: ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬‫ﺌﻤﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻴل‬ ‫ﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺼﻭﺕ‬‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴـﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻘﺭ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻨﻙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻗـﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻤـل‬ ‫ﻨﺼﻑ‬‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ‬،‫ﺭﻜﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻝﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﻋﺎﺯ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺕ‬،‫ﻗﻴﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﺠﺩﺕ‬،‫ﺭﻜﻭﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﺘﺩﺍﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻜﻭﻋﻪ‬،‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﻠﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺴﺠﺩﺘﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻓﺴﺠﺩﺘﻪ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺼﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﻠﺴﺘﻪ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﻴﺒ‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﺴﻠ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﻡ‬: ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺃ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﻌﺔ‬‫ﺤﺫﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﻓﺠﻌـل‬ ‫ﺭﻜـﻊ‬ ‫ﺜـﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻝﻌﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻗﻴﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﻭﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،:،‫ﻩ‬‫ﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻝﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻁﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﻴﺒ‬‫ﺭﻜﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬:‫ﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻥ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﻴﺒـ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍ‬‫ﻭﻤﺴﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬:‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻭﺩﻩ‬‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺭﺃ‬‫ﺁﻴﺔ‬‫ﻗﺒل‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺭﺃﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺌﻤﺔ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺎﻝﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﻴﻁﺒﻘﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺘﻨﺔ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻠﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻝﻜﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴﺘﻤ‬‫ﻠﻭﺍ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺭﻜﻭﻉ‬‫ﻭﺒﺎﻗﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻠﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻨﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬
  288. 288. ‫ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺢ‬ ١٥ ...، ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺴﺎﻝﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻝﻔﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺄﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻝﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺄل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﺭﺌ‬‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺨﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬......‫ﻭﺍﻝﻘﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬. ٍ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺤﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬ ٍ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺼﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺨﻁـﺄ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﱢـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻓﻤ‬ ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻨﺴـﻴﺎ‬‫ﻭﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻝﺼﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﻭﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﺸﻴﻁﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻝﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﻭﺍﺒ‬‫ﻝﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺴﺘﻐﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﻝﺘﻭﻓﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺨﻠﻼ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻌﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﻭﻋﻼ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ّ‫ل‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻷﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺎﻝﺼ‬ ‫ﻭﻝﻭﺠﻬﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﺎﻝﺤ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﺎﻝﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻌﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝﺤﻤﺩ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻭﺍﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺨﺭ‬‫ﺃﺠﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺤﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺒﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﹼﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻝﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﷲ‬ ‫ﺩ‬. ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬......... ‫ﺇﻝﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻬﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﺤﻤﺩﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻙ‬‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺇﻝﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺘﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﻐﻔﺭﻙ‬ ،‫ﺃﻨﺕ‬

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