Introduction to biology

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Introduction to biology

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TOBIOLOGYMAJOR CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS
  2. 2. MAJOR BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY•TAXONOMY--> a science that deals with the grouping and namingof living things.•MORPHOLOGY--> a science that deals with the forms and structuresof organisms.•EMBRYOLOGY--> a science that deals with the development oforganisms.•PHYSIOLOGY--> a science that deals with the functions andactivities of organisms.•GENETICS--> a science that deals with the transmission of traits andcharacters.•ECOLOGY--> a science that deals with the interrelationships betweenliving things and their environment.•BIOGEOGRAPHY--> a science that deals with the distribution of theorganisms on the earths surface.•EVOLUTION--> a science that deals with the origin of life and living forms.
  3. 3. Major classification of living organisms: Previous Kingdoms of Living Things
  4. 4. Whittaker’s Kingdoms of Living organisms
  5. 5. Levels of biological organization
  6. 6. LIVING WORLD IN TIME AND SPACE
  7. 7. APPLICATION OF BIOLOGY FOR THE WELFARE IFMANKIND 1. Vaccination 2. Radiotherapy 3. Chemotherapy
  8. 8. Cloning

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