Evidence suggests it was
played in England in the
In 1744 the London
Cricket Club produced
what are recognizably the
rules of modern cricket.
Canada v United States,
at New York, September
The first ever test
match was held
between England and
Australia, at Melbourne,
from the 15th to the
19th of March, 1877.
There are currently
96 cricket playing
nations in the world.
In the U.S., there are
leagues, 500 clubs
and over 10,000
11 player per
2 batsmen are
in action at a
1 bowler bowls
1 wicket keeper
2 sets of wickets
on each side
6 balls in 1 over
A bowler can bowl 1
over at a time
Wides and no balls
batsman out and
Test Match Cricket
- can go up to 5 days
- about 7 hours
- 50 over match
- 20 over match
- about 3 hours
The history of field hockey dates back to the
Egyptians, Greeks, Persians, Romans, and Arabs,
where stick and ball games were first invented to
play a game similar to hockey.
A similar sport called Hurling started during the 1st
millennium BC in Ireland.
Men’s field hockey was first played as an Olympic
Game in 1908.
Women started playing field hockey in the Olympic
Field Hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many
countries around the world. It is the oldest known stick and
ball game. It is a game in which players pass the ball down
the field and attempt to score by putting the ball in a goal.
Each team consists of eleven players: five forwards, three
halfbacks, two fullbacks, and a goalkeeper. Each player
uses a curved stick to advance a ball towards the
The objective of the game is to score more goals than the
Field hockey is usually played indoors in
Field Hockey can be played both indoor or
Terminology For Field Hockey
Center pass- Technique used to start a game at the beginning or at
halftime and to restart play after a goal.
Covering- A back-up defensive position used to support a teammate
who is beaten or to pick up a free player moving into attack position.
Defense hit- Term used to denote how play is resumed when the
attacking team hits the ball over the end line or commits a foul within
the attacking 16 yard area.
Penalty corner- The play awarded to the attack team for a foul by the
defense inside the circle when the defense intentionally hits the ball the
Penalty stroke- A shot awarded to the attacking team when a defensive
player commits a foul to protect a sure goal or flagrantly fouls the
opponent in a circle.
Foul- Infringement of rules. Penalty may be a free hit, penalty corner, or
Free Hit- A method used to restart play following certain infringement of
rules. It is taken by a player on the team fouled against.
cup: Four gold and two silver medals
gold, three silver and two bronze medals
Asian games: Eight gold, two silver and
three bronze medals.
In addition, we also hold the world record for the
highest number of goals scored in international
hockey with Sohail Abbas’s shining 348 goal
On the other hand, cricket has brought
home the World Cup just once in 1992,
the Asia Cup in 2000 and the International
Cricket Council (ICC) T-20 in 2009, and that
is about it.
Unfortunately, Hockey being an amateur sport does
not have much of a marketing appeal for the sponsors
to enable it to sustain media coverage.
Of course, cricket is where the money is. Banks,
mobile companies and all other major sponsors are
The current generation grows up, they are
bombarded through media with cricket.
Unfortunately, Hockey is neither in the memory
of our youth nor is its artistry and excitement
displayed on TV. There is simply no way that
hockey – our national sport – can have a future
with trends like this.