Energy Crisis Of Pakistan (by Muhammad Nadeem Zulfqar)

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Energy Crisis Of Pakistan (by Muhammad Nadeem Zulfqar)

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Energy Crisis Of Pakistan (by Muhammad Nadeem Zulfqar)

  1. 1. • IntroductionPhase1 • Means of Energy in Pakistan • Pakistan’s Total Capacity • Reason of Energy Shortfall in PakistanPhase 2 • Impact of Energy Shortfall in our economy • RecommendationPhase 3Phase 4 • Solvation of Crisis will benefit our National Economy • Future Considerations and Plans for next 50 years
  2. 2. Energy: It is a capacity of a physicalsystem to perform work.It Plays a vital role in our Socio –Economics development of anyCountryUses:- Industrial and Agriculture purpose- Domestic use of citizen
  3. 3.  It is a Energy related to Electricity
  4. 4. Dams Coal, Bio Gass Hydel Thermal Reciprocate (Diesel/Gas) Engine
  5. 5. Air Sun Light Wind Solar Mill Atomic Nuclear
  6. 6. Requirement•19,855 •4,855 MW •15,000 MW Generation MW Surplus Capacity
  7. 7. 1- WAPDA – HydelTerbela 3478MW Rasul 22MWMangla 1000MW Shadiwal 28MWBarotha 1450MW Nandi pur 24MWWarsak 243MW Kurram 4MWChasma 184MW Chitral 2MWDargai 20MW Jagran 30MW Total Wapda Hydel 6,461MW
  8. 8. 2- WAPDA – Thermal Shadra 59MW Kotri 174MWFaislabad 132MW Jamshoro 850MWFaislabad 244MW Larkana 150MW Multan 195MW Quetta 35MWMuzzafargarh 1350MW Punjgur 39MW Guddu 1655MW Pasni 17MW Total Wapda Thermal 4,811MW
  9. 9. 1,756MW 6,365MW 642MW
  10. 10. WAPDA KESC IPPS PAEC 9% 32% 57% 2%
  11. 11.  Demand  Supply14,500 MW as per April Pepco Merely2011 (Pakistan Supplying 10,000MWeconomic SurveyReport) 25000 20000 15000 Supply 10000 Demand 5000 0 2012
  12. 12. Household 45.6%Commercial 7.4% Industrial 28.4% Agriculture 11.8% Street Light 0.6% Govt 6.2%
  13. 13. 1- Economic and Political instability Effect our GDP & Energy Growth 2- Fluctuation of Oil Price in International MarketWapda and KESC purchase expensive oil from Market and Transfer cost to Consumer 3- Faulty Distribution System 15% to 20% Energy is wasted due to poor distribution system
  14. 14. 4- Aging of equipment Unable to generate required electricity 5- Silting ProcessIt is Naturally cased process which reduce storage capacity of our reservoirs 6- Circular Debt It is causing less production of Electricity
  15. 15.  Effect Education System.5-7 hours of electricityoutage effect onStudent’s studies
  16. 16.  Effect on Industrial Sector. minimum supply of Energy resource to Industries lead minimum Production
  17. 17. • Higher Electricity PriceConsumer to Payhigh price ofelectricity due toinsufficient supplyand high cost ofelectricityproduction
  18. 18. • Effect on Economy Minimum Supply ofEnergy into aneconomic will leadto less economyactivity as wholeproduction ofcountry will not be asper its capacity.
  19. 19. • Unemployment Downfall ofeconomy to anyindustry will allowdownsizing ofemployment andcloses of Newhiring
  20. 20. Transformation of Existing SystemDeveloping and installation of Solar andWind Project in VillageInduction of more IPPs in energy generationsystem
  21. 21. After overcoming in energy crisis, following bestadvantages to our national economy

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