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‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﺔ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﳚﺐ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎﺭﺉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻧﻈﻢ‬‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ‬‫ﻭﺣﺠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫ﺑﻦ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫ﺑﻦ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫ﺑﻦ‬...
5‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺇ‬ٌ‫ﺐ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫...
Articulation Points of the Letters chapter )‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺝ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬(
9‫ﺝ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬...
15‫ﹸ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﱡﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫...
The Characteristics of Letters chapter )‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬(
20‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺻ‬ٌ‫ﺮ‬‫...
26‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬ً‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬،‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺﻳـ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬‫...
31‫ﱡ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـــ‬‫ﻛ‬ٍ‫ﺪ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ــﻲ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫...
37َ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬:،‫ﹴ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺑ‬،‫ﹴ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬،‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺹ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬...
The ‫ﺕ‬‫َﺍ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ chapter ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺕ‬‫َﺍ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬( )
41‫ﹺ‬‫ﻖ‬‫ﱢــ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬َ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ...
‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬ and Other Different Rules ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺘ‬...
49‫ﹺ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﺷ‬ٍ‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶــﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻙ‬:‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﱠـﻰ‬‫ﻓ‬‫...
The ‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and the ‫ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ Chapter ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬( )
52‫ﺩ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬ٍ‫...
57‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ًﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫...
‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﱡﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﲔ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ...
‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﱡﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹺﻳ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬( )  
The Chapter on t...
The Lengthening Chapter ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬( ) 
 
69‫ﱡ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬،ٌ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ٌ‫ﺐ‬‫ﹺـــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬...
The Chapter on Knowing the Stops and Starts ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺑ‬...
77‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬:،ٌ‫ﺢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺃ‬،‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶـ‬...
82‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹸـــﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹺﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺡ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ...
86‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡﻭﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬...
89‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶﺎﻟ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱡ‬...
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library
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The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library

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The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library

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The Jazariyyah Poem for Tajweed Rules (Arabic with English Translation) || Australian Islamic Library

  1. 1.  ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﺔ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﳚﺐ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎﺭﺉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻧﻈﻢ‬‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ‬‫ﻭﺣﺠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫ﺑﻦ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫ﺑﻦ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫ﺑﻦ‬‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻦ‬‫ﻳﻮﺳﻒ‬‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬‫ﺍﳉﺰﺭﻱ‬‫ﺭﲪﻪ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬ The Jazariyyah (Tajweed) Poem 1‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺــﻲ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ 1. In the hope of pardon and forgiveness from his Lord, All-Hearing. Muhammad ibn Al-Jazaree Al-Shafi’ee (meaning following the Shafi’ee school of thought) says: 2‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﱠـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶــﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬⊕‫ﻪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ 2. All Praise is due to Allah and May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon His Prophet  and the chosen one, 3ٍ‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺉ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬ 3. Muhammad , his family and companions, and the reciter of Quran together with the one who is devoted to it. 4‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬1 ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻴـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬⊕‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺋ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ 4. And thereafter: this is an introduction concerning which the reciter of Qur’an is required to learn.                                                              1 Written with both a fathah and a kasrah, so the reader has the option to choose either one. 1   
  2. 2. 5‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺇ‬ٌ‫ﺐ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺍ‬ 5. It is without any doubt required for the recitor to know before starting recitation: 6‫ﺝ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬ 6. The articulation points )‫ﹺﺝ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬( and characteristics of letters )‫ﹶﺎﺕ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬( So that they can articulate in the most eloquent of languages. 7‫ﹺﻱ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹺﻳـ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬ 7. In order to make clear the application of tajweed and the stops and that which is written in the (‘Uthmani) copies of the Qur’an, 8‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺏ‬:‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬ 8. As regards to all those words that are separated and joined in it (in writing in the Qur’an), and the feminine ‘taa’ (‫)ﺕ‬ which is not written with a ‘haa’ (‫.)ـﺔ‬ 2   
  3. 3. Articulation Points of the Letters chapter )‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺝ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬( 9‫ﺝ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﳊ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺍ‬ 9. The articulation points of the letters are seventeen According to those who chose it by examination 10‫ﻑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟ‬ٌ‫ﻒ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬،‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ــﻲ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺـﻲ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗ‬ 10. The empty space in the throat and mouth has the alif and its two sisters (i.e. the wow ‫ﻭ‬ and yaa ‫ﻱ‬) and they are; the medd letters which stop with the (stopping of) air. 11‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ـﻰ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻖ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﳊ‬‫ﺍ‬:ٌ‫ﺰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻭ‬:ٌ‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ـــﺎ‬‫ﺣ‬ 11. Then from the lowest part of the throat are: ‫ﻫﺎﺀ‬ , ‫,ﳘﺰﺓ‬ and from its middle then the ‫ﻋﲔ‬,‫ﺣﺎﺀ‬ 12‫ﻩ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬:ٌ‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻏ‬،‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ـﻰ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬،‫ﻕ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸــ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ 12. Its closest (the throat’s area closest to the mouth) are: ‫ﻏﲔ‬ and ‫ﺧﺎﺀ‬. And the ‫ﻗﺎﻑ‬: the deepest part of the tongue above (meaning looking from the mouth inside the mouth, the ‫ﻗﺎﻑ‬ is deeper), then the ‫:ﻛﺎﻑ‬ 13،‫ﹸ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻂ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺﻴـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـﻴـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ 13- Lower (meaning closer to the mouth), and the middle (meaning middle of the tongue), then ‫ﺟﻴﻢ‬,‫ﺷﲔ‬,‫ﻳﺎﺀ‬ And the ‫ﺿﺎﺩ‬ from its (meaning the tongue’s) side when it is close; 14‫ﺱ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟـــ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬ 14. To the molars from its (the sides of the tongue) left or right And the ‫,ﻻﻡ‬ its (sides of the tongue) lowest part (closest to the mouth), until it (sides) ends (at the tip). 3   
  4. 4. 15‫ﹸ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﱡﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺـﻴـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 15. And the ‫ﻧﻮﻥ‬ from its tip (meaning tip of the tongue) it is found under (under the ‫ﻻﻡ‬, meaning closer to the mouth), And the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ is close to it (meaning close to the ‫ﻧﻮﻥ‬ ) it uses the top (meaning the top of the tip, with the tip). 16ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ﱠـﺎ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬،‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬:‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ 16. And the ‫ﻃﺎﺀ‬,‫ﺩﺍﻝ‬,‫ﺗﺎﺀ‬ from it (tip of the tongue from the top side) and from The upper incisors, and the whistle (meaning the letters that have the inherit characteristics of the whistle which are ‫ﺻﺎﺩ‬,‫ﺯﺍﻱ‬,‫ﺳﲔ‬ ) are cozy, 17‫ﻪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬⊕ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ﱠـﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﱠﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ــﺎ‬:‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟ‬ 17. from it (meaning the tip of the tongue) and above the two lower incisors. And the ‫ﻇﺎﻝ‬,‫ﺫﺍﻝ‬,‫ﺛﺎﺀ‬ with the upper (the upper two front incisors), 18‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬،‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬:‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﹾـﺮﺍ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬ 18. from the edges of them both (the edges of the two from the upper incisors and the tongue); and from the inside of the lip, so the ‫ﻓﺎﺀ‬ with the edges of the towering incisors (front upper). 19‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ٌ‫ﺀ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻏ‬:‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﳋ‬‫ﺍ‬ 19. Using the lips are ,‫ﺑﺎﺀ‬,‫ﻣﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻭ‬ And the ghunnah has the nasal passage as its articulation point. 4   
  5. 5. The Characteristics of Letters chapter )‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬( 20‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺻ‬ٌ‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ٌ‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ٌ‫ﺢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬،‫ﹲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـــ‬‫ﻗ‬ 20. Its (the letters’) characteristics are ( )‫ﺟﻬﺮ‬ apparent, ( ‫ﺭﺧﺎﻭﺓ‬ / )‫ﺭﺧﻮ‬ softness, and ( ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﻝ‬ /‫ﻣﺴﺘﻔﻞ‬ ) lowered Opened ( ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺘﺢ‬,‫ﺍﻧﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ) desisted, ( ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺻﻤﺎﺕ‬ /‫ﻣﺼﻤﺘﺔ‬ ), and the opposite (of them) say: [The following are the opposites of these named characteristics and their letters. The first group of characteristics has the remaining letters left after the opposite characteristic’s letters are taken out.] 21‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺳ‬:‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ٌ‫ﺺ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬:‫ﺪ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ٍ‫ﻂ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬ 21. Its whispered ( ‫ﳘﺲ‬ /‫ﻣﻬﻤﻮﺱ‬) (letters are :) “ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺺ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺳ‬ ”, Its strengthened ( ‫ﺷﺪﺓ‬ /‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬) (letters are :) “ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻂ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺑ‬ ”. 22‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬:‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬:‫ﺺ‬‫ﺧ‬ٍ‫ﻂ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺣ‬ 22. And between soft and strengthened ( ‫ﺭﺧﻮ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺪﻳﺪ‬ ) (are the letters :) “ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ ” And the seven elevated are gathered (‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﺀ‬ /‫ﻋﻠﻮ‬) (in the phrase of) “ ‫ﺺ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﻂ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﻗ‬ ”. 23‫ﺩ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺿ‬ٌ‫ﺩ‬ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻃ‬ٌ‫ﺀ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻇ‬:‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻟ‬:‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﳊ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ 23. (The letters) ‫ﺻﺎﺩ‬,‫ﺿﺎﺩ‬,‫ﻃﺎﺀ‬,‫ﻇﺎﺀ‬ (have the characteristics of) ‫ﺍﻃﺒﺎﻕ‬ /‫.ﻣﻄﺒﻘﺔ‬ And the letters in the phrase “ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬ ” (have the characteristic of) ‫ﻣﺬﻟﻘﺔ/ﺫﻻﻗﺔ‬. 24‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻴـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺻ‬:ٌ‫ﺩ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﺻ‬ٌ‫ﻱ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـﻴــ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬:‫ﺐ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻗ‬،ٍ‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﱢـﻴـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬ 24. Its whistle ‫ﺻﻔﲑ‬ (has the letters of) ‫ﺻﺎﺩ‬,‫ﺯﺍﻱ‬,‫ﺳﲔ‬ . The ‫ﹶﺔ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ٌ (has the letters) “ ‫ﺐ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺟ‬ .” And (the letters of) softness ‫ﺍﻟﻠﲔ‬ (are) 25ٌ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ٌ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬،‫ﺎ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬،‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬ 25. ‫ﻭﺍﻭ‬ And ‫ﻳﺎﺀ‬ (that have a) sukoon and a fathah ‫ﻓﺘﺨﺔ‬ before them. And the drifting ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬ is correct, 5   
  6. 6. 26‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬ً‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬،‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺﻳـ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬،‫ﻦ‬‫ًﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍ‬ 26. On the ‫ﻻﻡ‬ and the ‫ﺭﺍ‬, and on it (the ‫,ﺭﺍ‬ the characteristic of) repetition. And (the characteristic of) spreading (‫)ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺸﻲ‬ is on the ‫ﺷﲔ‬ , and (the letter) ‫ﺿﺎﺩ‬ has (the characteristic of ) lengthening ( ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬ /‫ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻞ‬). Tajweed chapter ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹺﻳ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬( ) 27‫ﹸ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹺﻳـ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹺﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬ٌ‫ﻢ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﺁ‬ 27. The practical application of tajweed is without doubt compulsory Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner. 2 28‫ﻪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻧ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺـــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶـــ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬⊕‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬ 28. Because this (Qur’an) was revealed to us by Allah in this form And exactly like this (with tajweed) it reached us (from our Prophet, then related in authentic chains over generations to our present day shuyookh and those with ijaazah). 29‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ًـﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺔ‬‫َـﻴـ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻭ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺓ‬َ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ 29. And it (tajweed) is also a beautification of recitation And an adornment of pronunciation and reading. 30‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬:ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ 30. And it (tajweed) is giving each letter its required rights )ّ‫ﻖ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹾﺤ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬( Of each and every characteristic as well as (giving each letter its) presented rights [or dues] )ّ‫ﻖ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹾﺤﺮ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻑ‬( ,                                                              2 Mistakes are of two types ‫ﳊﻦ‬‫ﺟﻠﻲ‬ and ‫ﳊﻦ‬‫ﺧﻔﻲ‬ . The clear and obvious mistakes are labeled as: ‫ﳊﻦ‬‫ﺟﻠﻲ‬ , this type of mistake should be corrected and avoided because it may lead to change in the meaning, grammar, or incorrect in the Arabic language. ‫ﳊﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻔﻲ‬ are the hidden mistakes that one should also make an effort to fix.   6   
  7. 7. 31‫ﱡ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـــ‬‫ﻛ‬ٍ‫ﺪ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ــﻲ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹾـﻠـ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ 31. To take every one (of the letters) back to its origin (i.e. place of articulation), And to pronounce the equivalent letter in the same way (as you would pronounce that letter). 32‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ِـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻣ‬3 ‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹺﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻖ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬ 32. Complete (with all its characteristics) yet without any exaggeration, Being gentle in pronunciation without any abuse. 33‫ﺲ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺉ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﱢــ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬ 33. There exists nothing between (applying the ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ) and leaving it, Except for a person to exercise (correctly) with his jaws. The Chapter Mentioning Some Warnings )‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺾ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬( 34‫ﻦ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﱢـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﻴـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻟ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ 34. Make attenuation (tarqeeq) “‫”ﺗﺮﻗﻴﻖ‬ the letters of istifal “‫.”ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﻝ‬ And beware of making (be careful not to make) the letter alif “‫”ﺍﻷﻟﻒ‬ with velarization (tafkheem ) [when it occurs after a letter of ‫ﹶﺎﻝ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍ‬ ]. 35‫ﺰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ــﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺍ‬،‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠــ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶﻟـ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸـــ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬:‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠــ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻟ‬ 35. And the hamzah "‫ﳘﺰﺓ‬" (be careful not to give it tafkheem in):  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬ ,  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬  ,  ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻫ‬  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺍ‬ُ‫ﷲ‬ and then the ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻡ‬ of (likewise be careful not to give it tafkheem in): ِ‫ﷲ‬ ,  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬  , 36‫ﻒ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺾ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬:ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺽ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬ 36. (Also)  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻄ‬  ,  ‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻰ‬ِ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬  and  ‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ,  And (likewise) the ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ of  ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺼ‬  and of   ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺽ‬‫ﺮ‬  (be careful not to give it tafkhem),                                                              3 It was written as such in the original version, with a fathah and kasrah on the meem. So one can choose either of the vowels. 7   
  8. 8. 37َ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬:،‫ﹴ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺑ‬،‫ﹴ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬،‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺹ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ 37. And [be careful not to give tafkheem to] the ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ of  ‫ﺑ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺮ‬  ,  ‫ﺑ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺎ‬  ,  ‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬  and  ‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬  and take care on (observing the characteristics of) ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ that are 38‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺﻴـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻙ‬:‫ﺐ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬،ٍ‫ﺓ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬َ،‫ﺖ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬،‫ﺞ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬ 38. In it (i.e. the ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ) and in the ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ as in  ‫ﺣ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬  ,  ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻮ‬  ,  ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺘ‬  ,and  ‫ﺣ‬‫ﺞ‬ ,  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬  39‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ِـ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬4 ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶــﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 39. And make clear the letter of qalqalah "‫ﹶﺔ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬" when it occurs with a sukoon (unvoweled) and when stopping on it, (meaning the qalaqalah letter) it should be even clearer (‫ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻘﻠﻘﻠﺔ‬ ). 40َ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭ‬:،‫ﺺ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـﻄـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫،ﺍ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـﻴـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻭ‬:،‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـﻴـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬،‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬ 40. And (read with attenuation [tarqeeq]) the ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ of  ‫ﺣ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺺ‬  ,  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻄ‬  and  ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻖ‬  And (likewise read with attenuation [tarqeeq]) the ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ of ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ,  ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻄ‬  and  ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻘ‬  .                                                              4 This word was written with both a fathah and a kasrah, so the reader has the option to choose either one. 8   
  9. 9. The ‫ﺕ‬‫َﺍ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ chapter ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺕ‬‫َﺍ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬( ) 41‫ﹺ‬‫ﻖ‬‫ﱢــ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬َ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ِـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺚ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬ 41. And attenuate [make tarqeeq of] the letter ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ when it has a kasrah. Likewise (attenuate the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬) if it follows a letter with a kasrah when the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ has a sukoon. 42‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 42. If [the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ with a sukoon] it is not before a letter of ‫ﹶﺀ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ Or the kasrah (before the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ with a sukoon) is not a fixed one.5 43‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬:‫ﻓ‬،‫ﹴ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ًﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬ 43. There are different allowed ways (the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ having velarization or attenuation [tafkheem or tarqeeq] in the word): ‫ﹴ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻓ‬ due to the ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ present (on the ‫ﹶﺎﻑ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫)ﺍ‬ And supress the (characteristic of) ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ when it (the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬) occurs with a ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺷ‬ .                                                              5  Meaning, the conditional or temporary kasrah either due to a hamzah wasl, or a conditional/temporary kasrah on a letter preceding the hamzah al-wasl. (If this happens, then in both cases the ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ will be read with velarization [tafkheem])    9   
  10. 10. ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬ and Other Different Rules ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬( ) 44‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍ‬ِ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﻙ‬:‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬ِ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬ 44. And make velarization [tafkheem] of the laam (‫)ﺍﻟﻼﻡ‬ in the name of ‫ﺍﷲ‬ [if the laam ‫ﺍﻟﻼﻡ‬ in the name ‫ﺍﷲ‬] is preceded by a fathah or a dammah as in  ‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻋ‬ِ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬  45‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬،‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬⊕‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻧ‬:‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ 45. And velarize [make tafkheem] the letter (that has the characteristic) of ‫ﹶﺀ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ and single out The (letters of) ‫ﺍﻻﻃﺒﺎﻕ‬ are stronger [than the letters that have ‫ﹶﺀ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ without ‫ﺍﻻﻃﺒﺎﻕ‬] like [the difference] between  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬ and ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬. 46‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻃ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـﻄـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻄـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺏ‬:‫ﻢ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ 46. And make obvious the [characteristic of] ‫ﺎﻕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻃ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ of [the letter ‫ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ in]:  ‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺖ‬  along with  ‫ﺴ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺖ‬  and there is a difference of opinion (in the word) ‫ﻢ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻧ‬ 6 47‫ﺹ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺿ‬ 47. Take extra caution (in order the letter does not get voweled or a qalqalah on it) on the sukoon of  ‫ﻌ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ,    ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺖ‬  ,and  ‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻀ‬  together with  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬  .7 48‫ﹺ‬‫ﺺ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺡ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬:،‫ًﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﻰ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬⊕‫ﻑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺏ‬:،‫ًﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﻰ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬⊕ 48. Make clear and obvious the (characteristic of) ‫ﺎﺡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ of (the ‫ﱠﺍﻝ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ of)  ‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬  [and the ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ of]  ‫ﻋ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻰ‬  out of fear of confusing it with  ‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻮ‬  and  ‫ﻋ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻰ‬ .                                                              6 The difference of opinion is in terms of the presence or absence of ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﺀ‬ in the letter ‫ﻕ‬ when merging of the ‫ﻕ‬ into the ‫.ﻛﺎﻑ‬ This difference is not according to the way we read, therefore ‫ﺣﻔﺺ‬‫ﻋﻦ‬‫ﻋﺎﺻﻢ‬ only reads this word a complete merging of the ‫ﻕ‬ into the ‫ﻛﺎﻑ‬ only, so a pure ‫ﻛﺎﻑ‬ is only heard.   7 Another mistake commonly found in the word ‫ﻌ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ is that the reader makes idghaam or merges the ‫ﻻﻡ‬ into the ‫ﻧﻮﻥ‬ instead of pronouncing it clearly. 10   
  11. 11. 49‫ﹺ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﺷ‬ٍ‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶــﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻙ‬:‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﱠـﻰ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻓ‬ 49. Observe (the characteristic of) ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ in the ‫ﹶﺎﻑ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ and ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ As in:  ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻢ‬  ,  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻮ‬  and  ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬ . 50‫ﻲ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺲ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻙ‬:‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ 50. If the first (letter) of ‫ﹶﻥ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ [two like letters] and ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ [two similar letters] has a sukoon Then make ‫ﺇﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ (merge) as in:  ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺏ‬  and  ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬ ; and make clear without any merging: 51‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬:‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬،‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻧ‬،‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻗ‬،‫ﺏ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬ 51. [the ‫ﻳﺎﺀ‬ in]  ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬  together with [the ‫ﻭﺍﻭ‬ in]  ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬  ,[the ‫]ﻻﻡ‬  ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻧ‬  ,  [and also make clear with no idhgaam these letters which have close articulation points] ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ ,  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬  and ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬.8                                                              8 The letters that are close in articulation point that one needs to be careful to pronounce clearly with no merging (idhgaam) are: the ‫ﺣﺎﺀ‬ and ‫هﺎء‬ in: ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬, ‫ﺍﻟﻐﲔ‬ and ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻑ‬ in  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ , and ‫ﺍﻟﻼﻡ‬ and ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺀ‬ in ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬. 11   
  12. 12. The ‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and the ‫ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ Chapter ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬( ) 52‫ﺩ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹺﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺝ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬،ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﱠـﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺـﻲ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬ 52. And the ‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ with (the characteristic of) ‫ﹶﺔ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ and its articulation point, is distinguished from the ‫ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻈ‬‫,ﺍﻟ‬ and all of them [all the ‫ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ that occur in the Qur’an] are mentioned as follows: 53‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬:‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ 53. In [the words] ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ , ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ , ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ , ‫ﹾﻢ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬ , ‫ﹾﻆ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ , ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ , ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ , ‫ﹾﻢ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬ , ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ , ‫ﹾﻆ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ , 54‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬⊕‫ﹸ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶـﻼ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻇ‬ 54. ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻇ‬ , ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ , ‫ﺍﻅ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺷ‬ , ‫ﹾﻢ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ , ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ , ‫ﺍ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻏ‬ , ‫ﹶﻡ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ , ‫ﹾﺮ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻇ‬ , ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬ , ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ , 55‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴـ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ٍ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ 55. ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ , ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬ّ‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ however it occurs [meaning wherever and in whatever form each of these words occur in the Qur’an, i.e. with attached pronouns],and (the word) ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﻋ‬ except, ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻋ‬ , (the word) ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ in ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and (‫ﱠ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ ) in ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ are the same, (meaning both written with ‫ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬) 56‫ﺖ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﻭ‬،‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻇ‬،‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬ 56. ‫ﺖ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ , ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ , and in ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭ‬‫ﺓ‬ (the word) ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ The same (word is found) in ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬, (the word) ‫ﺖ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ as well as ‫ﱡ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻧ‬ in ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ , 12   
  13. 13. 57‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ًﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬،‫ًّـﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬ 57. ‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻳ‬ , ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬ together with [the word] ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ , ‫ﺖ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬ًّ‫ﹶﻈﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ and all [forms and derivatives of the word] ‫ﹶﺮ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻨ‬‫.ﺍﻟ‬ 58‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺏ‬:‫ﹲ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬،‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬ٌ‫ﺩ‬‫ــﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬ 58. Except in ‫ﻞ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ (meaning ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻔﻔﲔ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬), ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻫ‬ (meaning ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫)ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬, the first ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ (it occurs in ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ ) the first one is read with a ‫ﺿﺎﺩ‬ whereas the second is read ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬), And (the word) ‫ﻆ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ not the one in ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ and ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬ is shortened (to a ‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﺿ‬) 9 , 59‫ﱡ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺾ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ــﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻨ‬‫َﻇ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬ 59. (The word) ‫ﹼ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ not the one in ّ‫ﺾ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬ [not the ‫ﺽ‬], and the difference (in recitation) concerning (the word) ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ is sublime.10 60‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬:‫ﺾ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬،‫ﻙ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺾ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﱠـﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ 60. And when the two (letters i.e. the ‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and the ‫ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ) meet it is necessary to make clear and distinct [the articulation points for both letters], [as demonstrated in the words] ‫ﺾ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬َ and ‫ﱡ‬‫ﺾ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ 61‫ﺮ‬‫ﱡـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬:‫ـﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ 61. And in (the following words) ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍ‬ , ‫ﺖ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ together with ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ , And distinguish the ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ in ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺟ‬ and ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ .                                                              9 The difference between the letters ‫ﺽ‬ and ‫ﻅ‬ is the long stick on the ‫ﻅ‬ , so the shortening refers to the lack of the "stick”. 10 In some of the different qira’aat the word ‫ﺑﻀﻨﲔ‬ in aayah 24 of surah At-Takweer is read with a ‫ﻇﺎﺀ‬- ‫ﺑﻈﻨﲔ‬ 13   
  14. 14. ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﱡﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﲔ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬( ) The ‫ﻥ‬ and ‫ﻡ‬ with a Shaddah and ‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ 62‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ــﻮ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬،‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ 62. Make clear the ghunnah of the ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ when they occur with a shaddah; and read with ‫ﹶﺎﺀ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺧ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫:ﺍ‬ 63‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻟ‬⊕ٍ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ 63. the ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ when it is has a sukoon and meets the (letter) ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ according to the preferred view of the scholars [of Qur’anic recitation]. 64‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶــﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺗ‬ 64. And make ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (meaning make the ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ clear and obvious if it follows) any of the remaining letters, (meaning all the letters except ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ and ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬) and be careful not to make ‫ﹶﺎﺀ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺧ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (of ‫ﺍﳌﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻛﻨﺔ‬ ) when it meets [is followed by] the letters ‫ﺍﻭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ and ‫ﹶﺎﺀ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫.ﺍ‬ 14   
  15. 15. ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﱡﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹺﻳ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬( )   The Chapter on the Rules of ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬   65‫ﻢ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗ‬ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬⊕:،ٌ‫ﺭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬،ٌ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶــﺎ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬،ٌ‫ﺐ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶــﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺇ‬ 65. The rules for the ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﺎﻛﻨﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ consist of: ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (clear and obvious), ‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶﺎﻡ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬ (merging), ‫ﹾﺐ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ (change) and ‫ﹶﺎﺀ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺧ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (hide). 66‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻖ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬،‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻟ‬ 66. Upon meeting the letters of throat make ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ [meaning make clear the ‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬ and ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ]; and make ‫ﹶﺎﻡ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ [meaning merge the ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ] when followed by the letters ‫ﱠﻡ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ without ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬ [meaning nasalized sound] a required (merging). 67‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻲ‬:‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻛ‬:‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ــﻮﺍ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬ 67. And make ‫ﹶﺎﻡ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (of the ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ) with a ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬ into (the letters of the group) "‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬" , except when within a single word as in: ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺩ‬ and ‫ﺍﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬. 68‫ﺐ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬،ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﳊ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬ 68. 11 ‫ﹾﺐ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ (which means change) is applied when it (the ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ and ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ) meets the letter ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ with a ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬; 12 and likewise is ‫ﹶﺎﺀ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺧ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (hiding) is applied with the remaining letters [meaning the letters remaining after taking out the letters of ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻇ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (clear and obvious), ‫ﹶﺎﻡ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺩ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬ (merging), and ‫ﹾﺐ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ (change)].                                                              11 It also called iqlaab; either term is acceptable. 12 In the iqlaab or qalb, the noon as-saakinah or tanween changes into a meem saakinah, and read with a ghunnah. 15   
  16. 16. The Lengthening Chapter ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬( )    69‫ﱡ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬،ٌ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ٌ‫ﺐ‬‫ﹺـــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ــﻰ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺋ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬،ٌ‫ﺰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬ٌ‫ﺮ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺛ‬ 69. The ّ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ (lengthening) occurs as ‫ﹺﻡ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ (compulsory), ‫ﹺﺐ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ (required) And ‫ﺰ‬‫ﺋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬ (allowed) and both (the lengthening) and shortening have been affirmed [in the allowed or ‫ﺰ‬‫ﺋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬ lengthening]. 70ٌ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬ّ‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬،‫ﹺ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﱡـﻮ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹺﺎﻟـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬ّ‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬ 70. The ‫ﹺﻡ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ (compulsory) is when after a ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﱟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻣ‬ (medd letter)13 there is a ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬ in both states (i.e. while continuing reading or stopping) and is lengthened for six counts (‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻄ‬‫)ﺍﻟ‬. 71ٌ‫ﺐ‬‫ﹺــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬َ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬ 71. The ‫ﹺﺐ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ [required lenghtening] is when it (the ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ or medd letter) comes before a hamzah, joined (meaning a medd letter is followed immediately by a hamzah) if they are together in one word. 72ٌ‫ﺰ‬‫ـﺎﺋــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ــﻰ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬⊕‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺽ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹰـﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬ 72. The ‫ﺰ‬‫ﺋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ [allowed lengthing] is when it occurs separately (meaning when the medd letter and the hamzah meet but in two different words). 14 or (another type of lenghtening when) stopping on a phrase due to a temporary sukoon ( ‫ﻣﺪ‬‫ﻋﺎﺭﺽ‬ ).                                                              13 The “medd” letters or ‫ﺣﺮﻭﻑ‬ّ‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﳌ‬ are: the alif preceded by a fathah, the ya’ saakinah preceded by a kasrah, and the wow saakinah preceded by a dhammah. Anytime any of these three letters occur under these conditions, it is a “medd” letter, which means a lengthened letter. 14 This medd (lengthening) occurs when the ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ is the last letter of the first word and the hamzah is the first letter of the second word. 16   
  17. 17. The Chapter on Knowing the Stops and Starts ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬( ) 73‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﹸــﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ 73. And after (having the knowledge of) the tajweed of the letters, It is without doubt necessary to have the knowledge of the stops 74ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺛ‬ٌ‫ﻡ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬ٍ‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶـــﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭ‬ 74. and the starts. And they (meaning the stops and starts ) are thus divided into three (categories): ّ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬ (complete stop/start), ‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬ (sufficient stop/start) and ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺣ‬ (good stop/start) . 75‫ﻲ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶــﺈ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬ٌ‫ﻖ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶــﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬ً‫ﻰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬_‫ـﺪﻱ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ 75. They (all three) refer to what is complete (a stop that is complete in meaning), then if there be no attachment (to what comes after it in meaning or grammar then this stop is ‫ﻭﻗﻒ‬‫ﺗﺎﻡ‬ ) or (when) there is an attachment in meaning (this type of stop is ‫ﻭﻗﻒ‬‫ﻛﺎﰲ‬ ), then start (with what follows). 76‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬،‫ﻡ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺎﻟ‬،‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹰـﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬:‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ 76. The complete ‫ّﺎﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ [stop]15 and ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ –the sufficient [stop]16 , and in grammar [if there is an attachment to what comes after in meaning and grammar], then it is forbidden (to start with what follows), Except when stopping at the end of an aayah then it is allowed (to start with the beginning of the next ayah). For then it is ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ 17                                                              15 The complete stop( ‫ّﺎﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫)ﺍﻟ‬ is the stop that has no attachment to what comes after in meaning or grammar. 16 The sufficient stop (‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ) is attached to what comes after in meaning, but not in grammar. The rule for these two stops (the complete stop and the sufficient stop) is that it is allowed to stop and then start with that which comes next. 17   The rule for ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ is that it is good to stop on it, but not good to start on what follows it except if the occurs to be at the end of an aayah then it is allowed to start with what follows, because stopping at the end of an aayah is sunnah.   17   
  18. 18. 77‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗ‬:،ٌ‫ﺢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺃ‬،‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ 77. That which is not complete is repulsive (‫ﺢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ) [stop], And there is the compelled (or forced)18 stop for which the reciter should start [afterwards]with what preceded it. 78‫ﺲ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬ٍ‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬ٌ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ 78. There does not exist in the Qur’an a stop that is necessary nor a stop that is prohibited except for a reason (for its prohibition). The Chapter on the [words written] Separated and Joined ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬( ) 79‫ﻑ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ِ‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ـﻰ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 79. Know the ‫ﻉ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ [those written separately as two different words]and the ‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬ [those words written as one word] and the ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ (the female ‫ﻫﺎﺀ‬ which is written as ‫ﺕ‬ ) In the Qur’anic copy of the Imam (referring to the Uthmani script) in what follows. 80‫ﻊ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺑ‬ٍ‫ﺕ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶــــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬ 80. Separate in ten words "‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬" (meaning the words are written separately as two words in ten places which are): with ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻣ‬ 19 , ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬ 20 , 81‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـﻴـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺـﻲ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ـﻰ‬ 81. ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬ in ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ (aayah 70) and the second place in ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ (aayah 26), ‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ (‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :14), ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺗ‬ 21 , ‫ﻦ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬ 22 , ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ 23 ,                                                              18 Some reasons for a compelled or forced stop are sneezing, coughing, or an unanticpated running out of breath. 19 ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ : 118 20 ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :14 21 ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﳊﺞ‬ : 26 22 ‫ﹶﻢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ : 24 23 ‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 19 18   
  19. 19. 82‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸـﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹸـــﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹺﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺡ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ـﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ 82. ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬ 24 , ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 25 ; and (separate the words) "‫ﹺﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ‬" [with a kasrah on the hamzah] in ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭ‬‫ﺓ‬ (aayah 40), 26 and join the "‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" with a ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ (on the hamzah)27 ; and (the words) “ "‫ﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ : 83‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـﻴـ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 83. separate in ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬ 28 (and write separately) "‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" in ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬: 28 and ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬:25 and there is a difference [in the copies of the Qur’an as to whether the word "‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" is written ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻮﻋﺔ‬ or] in ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :10 (and separate) "‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬" in ‫ﺲ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 29 (as well as in) 84‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺚ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺡ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ 84. ‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ (aayah 40), ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ (aaayah 109) and ‫ﺢ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ (i.e. ‫ﱠﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ aayah 11), (and separate) "‫ﹸ‬‫ﺚ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" ,30 "‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬" with a ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ (on the hamzah)31 , and (write separate) "‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" with the ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ (on the hamzah) 85‫ﻡ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺡ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ 85. In ‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻧ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ (aayah 134) and (separate) "‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" with the ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ (on the hamzah) in ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬ both of them; 32 It differs33 in ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ‬ : 41 and ‫ﻞ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ : 95.                                                              24 ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ : 169 and in aayah 105 for ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ in the same surah 25 There is one place not mentioned in the poem in which there is a difference in the copies of the Qur’an as to whether the word "‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬" is written separately or joined [ ‫ﹼ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃ‬] which is in ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ‬ . All the remaining places the word "‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬" are written joined). 26 All the remaining places the words "‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" are written joined together: ّ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺎ‬ 27 These two words are always written joined (‫)ﻣﻮﺻﻮﻟﺔ‬ as ‫ّﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫.ﺃ‬ 28 ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ : 177 29 ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :109 30 These two words occur only two times in the Quran, both in surah Al-Baqarah, and both times they are written as two separate words. 31 These two words are written as two separate words wherever they occur in the Quran. 32 Meaning in ّ‫ﺞ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫26:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ and ‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫.03:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 33 There is a difference in the different copies of the Qur’an as to whether "‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" is written joined or separately in the words in the aayaat that follow. 19   
  20. 20. 86‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡﻭﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬ 86. And [separate in writing] "‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" in ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬ 34 and it differs35 in ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬ 36 and likewise (there is a difference as regards to the words) ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺲ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬ in ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ 37 and (the places where the words ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" "‫ﹾﺲ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬ are written) joined are as follows: 87‫ﹺﻲ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺍ‬:‫ﻲ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬ 87. ‫ﹺﻲ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬ْ 38 and ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺍ‬ 39 . Separate (the words) "‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" in ‫ﻲ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬ 40 , ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ 41 , in 42 ‫ﺖ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺍ‬ and both "‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻟ‬ 43 , 88‫ﹺـﻲ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ٌ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗ‬،‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺻ‬ 88. The second ‫ﻦ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ 44 , also in ‫ﺖ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ (‫ﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :61), in ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :28, both places in ‫ﻞ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗ‬ (‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :30) and in ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ : 147 and join what is besides these (occurrences).                                                              34 ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ : 34 35 The difference is in the different copies of the Qur’an as to whether the words "‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" are written joined as one word or separately as two words. 36 ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ : 91. There are three other places which are not mentioned in this poem that are written differently in the various copies of the Qur’an for the word "‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" . Another scholar, Sheikh Ibraheem As-Samanoodiyy wrote in the following lines explaining further: ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﱡﻭﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶﺖ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺩ‬ Which means: And (separate) "‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" in ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺳ‬ (in ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ : 34) and there is a difference (in the various copies of the Qur’an as to the word "‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬" being written separately or joined) in ‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬ (in ‫ﻮﻥ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :44) and (the word) ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬ (in ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :91) and (the word) ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬ (in ‫ﹾﻚ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :8) and (the word) ‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﹶﺖ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺩ‬ (in ‫ﺍﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 28) 37 in ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫39:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 38 in ‫ﺍﻑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻋ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :150 39 in ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :90 40 in ‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻧ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :165 41 in ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :14 42 in ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻧ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫201:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 43 Meaning in ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :48 and ‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻧ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :240. 44 The second place where this word comes in ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :240. 20   
  21. 21. 89‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶﺎﻟ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬ 89. Join "‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬" 45 as in ‫ﻞ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :76 (join as well) and there is a difference (in the copies of the Quran)46 described in ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬: 42, ‫ﺍﺏ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺣ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ : 61and ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :78. 90‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ـﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﱠــ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻋ‬⊕ 90. Join "‫ﻢ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺇ‬" in ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ (aayah 14), ‫ﻦ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻧ‬ 47 , ‫ﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻧ‬ 48 , (also join) ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻟ‬ : ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬ 49 , ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ 50 91‫ﱞ‬‫ﺞ‬‫ــ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ٌ‫ﺝ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱠـﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬⊕‫ﻡ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬ 91. As well as [‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬]in ّ‫ﺞ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭ‬‫ﺓ‬ , in ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺝ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬ 51 . And separate [in writing] "‫ﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬" in ُ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ 52 , ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ( ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ in ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬:29) and (separate) "‫ﻡ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬" 53 . 92‫ﹺ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ــﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬،‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻫ‬،‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳــ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬:‫ـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬ 92. (And write separately the words) "‫ﹺ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﻫ‬" 54 , 55 ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ( ‫ﹺ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ) and ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻫ‬ ( ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬) 56 (The word) “ ‫ﻭﻻﺕ‬‫ﺣﲔ‬ ” 57 is forbidden to pronounce according to the Imam as joined into one word.                                                              45 ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :115 46  as to ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺃ‬ written as two words or one  47 ‫ﻒ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫84:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 48 ‫ﱠﻦ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ْin ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫3:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 49 ‫ﺁﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫351:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 50 ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻟ‬ in ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫32:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 51 ‫ﺍﺏ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺣ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫05:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 52 ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫34:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 53 ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :16 and ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﱠﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :14 54 In ‫ﻒ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ :49 and in ‫ﹶﺎﻥ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫8:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 55 ‫ﹺﺝ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫63:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 56 ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫87:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 57 ‫ﺹ‬ ‫3:ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ 21   

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