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Peace through understanding Islam || Mawlana Feizel Chothia || Australian Islamic Library

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Peace through understanding Islam || Mawlana Feizel Chothia || Australian Islamic Library

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Peace through understanding Islam || Mawlana Feizel Chothia || Australian Islamic Library

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
  2. 2. ) ) 2 ) )' 8 = ) I ) ! ,' , * "! + 87 "! + ' - 8 $ "! + ' 1 "" 8 ; + ) ) "! + 8 ! ,# ) "+ ) ,"! + ; ! ' )' ) $ ' ) ! 8 ,++ 0 J"
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
  4. 4. % ) + !! ( 3 ,"! +9 !! " " ) + " )'!," # * ) + " * > 9 ) ) - " ) - " 9 - ' !! / " "(
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
  8. 8. > 9 # ) * - " ) ) " - ) > % ** ) # )" ) % ) ( > 9 , 9 " ) ) ) ' "" " ) + "( ? " !! * , " ) " ' + ! &) -! * # ) )"( " + + 9 > " ) ) , - " 9 %, ? " " " ! " ) ? +( ? " ' + ! ! ) ) ) * !! ) "( !! ' ) " ) ) , ) ? +( * # " ) ) - ! - ' + - " )! > 9 - ,! ) % ) * > ) ! " ( - ,! ) ) +J" - ? " + F " ' + ) )( )# " ! 9 * !! ' ) % ) ) - " * > 9 - ,! ) ' " ? " + ) ) ) ! " ( - " ) > 9 - % ) * , -) " ,!" ) *,!* !! ) %! , " * - ' - - ' ( > " ) ) "L ? " * 9 ( ; " " ) F," ) ! ! ," ' + ) " ' ' "( $ ' )' * - " " )'!," # ( ) ) 9 ) ) ) ' ) * ) J" ) "9 " - !! " '& ) , ' * % & ) ! "" * + " - !& !! ' ) % * +" * - " * ) - + ) ) ! " > ( * ) " * )9 % - ! 9 F %9 - 9 ' ) )9 % ' + " + + ) ) ! " ) > 9 # ) " * + * ! "+( - . ! % ! & / ! $ ,) ., ) "" ) ) ) "" * > ) ? " ) + " ) %, " ) ' " > " ) " ) %, " * ' % ) "9 ) " ) ) * ? "( > " ,) ., ) # - ( ? ' )) % ! + ) ) - 9 * ? " * # ) ( > 9 $ % " "9 0% !1 / & 2 *) ' ) (2 ! 3 / +
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
  10. 10. ) 9 " + ! ) ) ) )9 " ( ' ) )! ' + "" * > - !!" )( ?,+ ) %, " ' )) % "' % > ( !! ,+ ) % , " ! + ( > " ) ) 9 - &) ""9 * ' )' ( > " % ) ,+ ) ) ' ) %, * ) ( ? - # ," ) ,) M? N )! % ' ," " ) ) ) , ! ) ,) ) 0) ! " 6 + ' ! ) , "9 ) * !! -" ' )# ) )" * 0) ! " ," ( ; ) ! M; N " ," ) G, H ) * > 9 " * " ' ) ) ) - + ! " !, ! ( $ "' % > %, " * ' ) " " * + * ! "+( " ! & - " * + * ! "+ "' % ' ) " %, " % ! ) > ! ) ( 3 )" )' 9 ) ) - % ! # " ) ) > " + " ' ++ " ) * ! "+( 09 ! ' !2 : 2 2 ! 7 QG, H ) 5 R
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
  12. 12. 9 & 9 4 ,"! +" % ! # ) !! * ) ! "' , " # ! % > ? " "" ) "( ,"! + +," % ! # ) # "' , + ) ) % > ) G, H )( > 9 % ) 9 # ! + ) - 9 ) ) ! * +"9 ' , ! - * > ( $ "' , " > + ) )" ) G, H ) " * !! -"5 ( $ ) ! ' !!" " # ! % + ( $ ) ! $ " # ! " " 7( $ ) ! " !+" " # ! 1 # 8( $ ) ! )F ! @> " ! * C ","A " # ! C "," ( $ G, H ) " # ! , ++ @- ' " !! + )" ) " ) ! * +A ,"! +" ) ' )" "' , " # ! % * G, H )9 - ' " ) ! ) ' ',! ) ) # ," )" ) # " )"9 % ) '', " ) ) * ) ! # ! * +( '' ) G, H )9 ! # " " "' , " * -) - ! ! )( $ " " )" # '', ) + ) ** ) - "9 ",' " )" ! )" * / ' ) " ) + ) ) ! ) , ( $ " " )" - # + ) - + )" " + / , * ) ! # ) / - + )+ ) ) ) ' ) + ) )( ! , ,"! +" % ! # ) !! # ," # ! % &"9 * ) ! + )" % - ' F, ** ) + " ) " & ,! + , )' " " , , G, H ) ) , ) ' )" * , ++ @ A( $ ** ) " !" ) J" %! - - ) * + * C "," @ A % , "( $ )F ! + ) ) ) G, H ) * " )! # ! )" ' + , C "," @ A9 " ) * (
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
  17. 17. ) ) " 9 # ) " ) - & ) ! ' 9 ) # ) - !! ) ) *, , ( > J" # ) &) -! " * ' ( > " 8 (9 ) !! ? &) -" - !! ' + ""( > 9 , ! 9 ? " %" !, " # ) # ? " ' )( 0# ) / " " - ) ? " ' ) ) # # ) '', " " ' ",! * ? " ' ) ( ) )" ) ' ) /' % ? " - 9 ? " - !!9 ) ? " &) -! (
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
  19. 19. / = ( 3 + " + " " ) * - !!9 * !! -" "! + ' ) )! % '' % * ' ' ( $ , " * ,+ ) ! * " - " > * ) J" -) * - !!( $ * 9 + " * * # # !, )! * '' ) % " " * * + * ' ' ( * " ) " ' ' ) '' ) ) ! )9 '' )' " * !" ) " ) # !, ( > 9 % 9 " "9 0 ( ! < ) : ) ! ) % ! ( ! ! ! ) 4 ! % ! ! 4 ( 7 QG, H ) 5 R
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
  24. 24. ! +" - " + ! + ) " " - " )' )" * '! "" ) ',! , ( 0 ' * " %! ' " * - " & " + +% )' * > ! # ) + ) " !! ,"! +" * + > - ' + ) > - - !! !! , )(
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
  28. 28. I ! & 7
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
  30. 30. $ @ A " - ,"! +" - * + !! " ' " * - " ( ? * 7 @ ) 7 0A ) - " %, " + ) ' * ) @D %A( ? !- " ) * + " ' + ) )" - " !, )" ) ) # ' )" * ' 9 - ' " ' ++ ) * !! ,"! +"( ; ) ' ) , 9 "! + " )) ' ) ) ) "9 * + ) ' "" " 9 , , * ' 9 ) ) ) ) 0, (
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
  32. 32. - > 9 ' ++ ) ! "+( ) / + ! * " - ,! % + & & !! ) * )) ' ) " ! -*,!( $ ! -" * > * ' ) ) ) % K+ ) I J % ) ) ( > !! -" ," * + % " % ? + % ' " ) * !! - ? " * * !! - , -) " "( ? - # 9 ? * % " ," ' ) ? " ! ," )' ! "( @ " ) " ) ) ' "' ) + ) " ) " ) # * ! ) * "! +9 " , ++ @ A ) # ," + ) ) ( - " ) " +% ! ) ) )) # ) % , % , % ! ) )" " ! ' ! " +% !( ! 9 " ' ++ )! ) + " & ) " ) "! + ' " + % !(A
  33. 33. , ! ! *) $ " * + ) 0# " ! ) G, H )( ! , " " + ! ) + ) - " - " * ,) ) ", # # ) +) ) " * # ," "' , "9 " + + ) )' ! " ** ( > )) ,)' ) !" ? - " ! ' ) ) - " ' " ) ( > ' + @ A9 * " ) ) + * + '! ( ? % " ,! ) + @ A9 , + ) + " * !! ) "9 ) ' * + " + " ,! " - * 9 0# ( > ! ! - + - !! ) " - * - !!( > " ) !"9 09 ! ! 7 @$ " ) * + * " ' 9 ) - " A( ) - " " ) + ) ) !"9 , - " ) ) * +( ? - " * F ))9 ' * % ) "9 "" "" ) * - !!9 > ' % * + @ A * + "+ & ! "" *! + * * ( ; ) > ) !" ) " ) ' + ) % - -) + @ A9 !! " /' )9 - *," , * ) )' 9 '! + ) % % ) + @ A % ' ," - " ' * + * 9 - " + @ A - " ' * + '! ( ) 9 ) - " * " ' " ( ) * !! * + > J" ' ( > 9 = 4 9 ' ) +) + * " " % )' 9 %, )9 '', " 9 "& > # + " ,) ! 1 * C, + ) @ ", ' )A9 " ' ,! + & + @ A ) " "' ) ) " ,)- ( ) " 9 0J ! ! ) ! 7 > ) + " " " ! * ,+ ) ( > &) -" - ) &) -" ) ( " + ) ) " ) - ) ' ,! # K- J - > 9 % $ F )) - ' % * +L # * - !!( 1 " % ) F ))" + )"( $ ! # - ," ) " + + )) % - ' ' ) " ," %, - ' )) " + ,)! "" ' " + & +" !# " ( ' 9 - ' " * % ) ) "! +9 " !" * + , +(
  34. 34. ' ," F," ! & # ) !" 9 " > J" ' )( ) / " " )! % > J" ; !!L " ' + ! ! ,) > J" - ( * > ) - ) ) " ! " / " 9 - ,! ) % %! + ) ) / " )' * # ) + + ) ( "! + " ) # ) ) " * > J" # ) ( " ) %, + ) ! & # ) ., ! "( "! + F ' " ) ) ) - ) - - > ) & * " " * ? # ) - +( ) " ) # - ) + * ,+ ) 9 %, " + ! ' , 9 %" !, ! ) ) , ) > * " # / " )' ( $ , *,!9 '', " 9 ) * !! ) * + ' * > 9 ) " # " , " ( > - ) ,+ )" # * ' ' % - ) ) - ) ( ? ) ,+ ) % ) " ) )) % ! ' ) I ) , ) ? +( $ ,+ ) % ) " ' )" % ) !! % ) , 9 % ) , ) " * "! + @",%+ "" )A( ) ) " " " # ! ) " 9 " & ) + " , ,+ ) 9 " # - ) + 9 ) # ! ) ! 9 - * + + ) "+9 ,") ""9 ) * > ( > 9 9 )# " ,"! +" )F ) ) * % # !( ' ," - / ' " * - !!9 % " " ) + ) * )9 ,+ )" ' ) ) ! # ! * ) ( $ * !! - ) " ",++ * ! * + ) 0# ) " ( $ )F * ' * + ) ) "" ) " ( > ! + * * , " * > ) - ! " , ) ! " ! " ( ? * % + * + ' ) ) 9 ) - ) + * 9 - !! % % * - ) "( ) ' + ) ' # +9 " ) > )! * % + * + ) * % ' ," - ,! + & + ++ ! - ,! % ' + ! & ) !"( $ - ," ' # % ) ) * ( + ) 0# * ! " + ( $ , ) > ) " )' ) )' ) > 9 +; ( ) (9 $ % 9 $ $ 9 * # +( "! + '! ! F ' " ' )' *
  35. 35. ) ! " )9 ) ) !! ,+ )" % ) " )) " % ' ," * ' )" * +( ,+ ) " !! # % %, ) * ) @* > " A( 0# ,+ ) % ) " " )" %! * " ' )" ) " % ) " ,"! +9 , ) * * + " )( " + ) ) "! + " ) ! ' %! + ) 0# ( + ) 0# * - !!( * + * ( $ " ) ) " % )' - " F ) # ) , ( "! + F ' " - + ) - '& + "" " ', " - %, ) * + )" , ) ) ) * ' ! % , " ) * 0# ( > + # + ) 0# * + " ) + + - !! ) ( > ! " ) !" ? - " ! ' ) ) - % ) ) ( 0 " - > 9 * + + * ' )9 ) ? " + ! "" &) -! 9 - ) ," % (
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
  39. 39. ( $ " ) +," ' ) I ) '&) -! " " ' ++ " ) ) +," ,! # ) ) " ( ( $ " ) +," ,+%! , ) > * * # ) ""( 7( $ " ) +," # " )' " !# ) ' ++ " ) )( 8( * " ) ' ," + " + ) !" 9 " ) +," + & # "" %! + + +( $ " " ) + ) * " ) , )" " + " ) ) *, , 9 " * + ) )' " )),!! ( ; " ) " " ," ' ++ + ) ) ) " ) )( ' ," - ) &) - - *, , ! "9 ) )' " !- " )( > 9 + ! (9 " ! " - ) ' ! ) * + , ) ? + * ? " %,) ) * # ) ""( 2 ) )' " * + * - " ( ) ' ) * # " )" /' > ( " * % ) * ,"! + " & # ) * # ) "" * " ) , % , ) ) ) ) !" 9 " ,"! +" % ! # " - ,! % ' )" ! "+(
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
  41. 41. =) # " ) + "., + " " ) ! ) ' ) ) ! "( ; ) # ,"! +" 9 +," " ! ' ) ) # , ! " ) ) * ) ) ! " ) " !! + ) ,) ) + ) ( " % " " ! ' " ) - " + " &) -! * G, H ) ) "! +( $ " " ) " ' !! ) + +9 - ' ! !! + )" K ) - " ! ) (J + ) 3 "9 " " ' ! ' ) ) ! ( !! ,"! + + ) ., ) L " # !,) * - + )( $ " - &! " ' % " " + )( $ ) - # " " " + ) " ,! % % " # ! %! ) +" * " ,) " ) ) * "! + ' )' ! "(
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
  45. 45. - ' ++ ) " " ' 9 ) , + " 9 " F ' " " /, ! " # , ( $ + "" - + ) # " - ) " - " "! + ' "" ) " ' "9 M2 " ' + * - +( + ) " / %F ' (N "! + ' " ' )" ., )' " * ++ " * !! ) )! ) ) # , ! %, !" , ) " ' + " - + ) ) + ) + ) ! * ! 9 " ! +" !# "9 ) ' + !!, ) ) , " /, ! ' )( $ " ' )" ., )' " " ) * ' ) ) ' )) % ) ( $ + & - + ) ) " / %F ' " * ! ", * + ) " ) ! % )( ) * ' 9 " ,+ ) I ) * + * "" ) F ' % "! +( $ ! % ) * ,"! + - + ) " " " ' ) I % ' ) ) * ' ' ) % " ! * " ' ! %, "( 3 + "! + ' ) * # -9 K! % J ; " ) - + ) - +," * ) - % , ! &"9 * , 9 ) , * ! ", * " ) * + * "! # (
  46. 46. ; + ) ) + ) ., ! % * > ( '' ,) %! % * > ( $ ., !! ' # - ) ? * * * ) "( " " ) ! )' , ) " % ! ! + ) ) " ' % ) ( "! + " " # - + )9 + ,)+ 9 " ) ) # , ! ) -) ( " " + -) 9 ) - ! ) " ) " + ) "( ? - ! " ) % ' + * ,"% ) * + # ' ( - + ) " ' " - + " + " ) 9 - ) + 9 " ) ' ) ! " ) + 9 , * " ' * ! ) ( - + ) ' ) " & # ' * + " ) - & , ( 0' ) + ' !! 9 ' + ) ) - + ) " ) ) ) ) ! ! ) ( ) ) - + ) # -) ) # , ! 9 ) ) %," ) ""9 ) ) * + "( # ., ! ' # ) ,' ) ) ) ) )*,! + ! + ) 9 " ! ) " "! + ' )' ! " ) # ! ( & ) &) -! " %! ) * # ,"! +9 + ! * + ! ( $ * &) -! " + " + " I " ! ," &) -! ( " !" ., - ) " ' # * "" ) !" * % ) " # ! %! * % ) * * ,%! '( 3 / + ! 9 " ' ., " ' "9 ' "9 ' ,)" ! "9 " ' ! - & "9 ) + ) + ) # ' )"( ; ) " " * ., ! * " )) !9 + % ' + %! * - + ) + ) ) / " ) " * ! " *,!* !! ) " * ,"! + ' ++,) ( ) " " , )9 , ! ) " * " ! + % , ! ( ; + ) )' , " & "! + ' &) -! 9 , ", ' + ' ) # " - ) * + - & * "! +9 ) " #
  47. 47. *,!* !! ) !! ' , ! ', " ( $ # ) ) ) * + ) ) ,' ) " ' ) ' ) " * "! +( + ) " " )" %! * + ) ) ) ) ' ) " * + ! ) # ) % " ' ) " ",' " * 9 '! ) 9 ) " ! * " - * 9 ' ! )9 ) @ * ) A * + ! ! # " ) ," ! ( ; + ) ) + ! " )" %! * "9 # ) * + ( $ , ++ @ A " + " * ' ) * + ) % ! # " " - " % " ) + )) " " - * (
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
  50. 50. !! * " ' ' " )" "! + ' ! -9 ) " " ) " % ! * !! ,"! +" ' + ) " ' "( D "9 "! + " ! ) * ',! , ! # " ) " ) % ! # ) ' ) - " * ! * * ** ) ! 9 ) " * ' ! # , ',! , ! ) - ) +% ' "! +( ? - # 9 - ) ',! , ! ' ' " * ! ' ) # ) ! -" * "! + # ! * > # )9 ) ! ) %! " ) * + * ' ' 9 % ' + " ! ," %! ) % ) ) " ' ' "(
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
  53. 53. , ! ) * F," ' 9 ' 9 + ' 9 ) * # ) ""9 * - ' " * ) + ",) " ) + " " ) ( "! + + )" ", ) ) J" - !! > 9 ( "! + " - * ! * * ) ) - ' " " '' " ) > )! 9 ) ) ) " - * - " %, ? +( $ " - ! " + ) ) + ) ! * ,+ ) 9 * - ' - - !! !! ) , ) > 9 4 ( $ ! * * ? * " * # ( > 9 ' ( 2 * , )' * ' ! ) * + @ A9 " ) ," "5 % + @ A9 " " @ A9 C "," @ A9 , ++ @ A9 !! " * "! +( > ' " , ++ @ A " ? " * ) ! ) "" ) ) ) + - # ! * # ! ) G, H ) , +( $ G, H ) " ' ,) ! %! - * > 9 ) - * , ++ @ A9 - - " ) ,)! + )( > " " # G, H ) - " ' ) " * !! * ,+ ) ( $ * # *,) + ) ! ' " * - " * ,"! +" " * !! -"5 ( $ K " * " ) /' > 9 ) , + + " ? " "" ) J ( $ * # + " 7( $ ! !+" 8( $ * " , ) 2 + ) ( $ + & ! + && ( > " " " ) ' + ,!" ) ) ! )( ?,+ ) " ) * + * ' ' " ' ( ) "! +9 - + ) ! # + ) ! ( ; + ) ., ! ) ., % ) % + )( > + ) )" ) G, H ) ? " * ' "! + " ! ) * !! * ,+ ) 9 ," ' + ! ) ? " * # , ) ,"(
  54. 54. > " * ," ! * "! + " , * ,+ ) J" , ) ? +(
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