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Information Systems from Designers’ Perspective


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Information Systems from Designers’ Perspective

  1. 1. Information Systems from Designers’ Perspective Muhammad Ikhwan Jambak
  2. 2. Disclaimer
  3. 3. Disclaimer
  4. 4. Myths About Design: It’s just about art “Design is not just what it looks like and feels like. Design is how it works.” - Steve Jobs (
  5. 5. Myths About Design: CAD solved design problems long time ago
  6. 6. Myths about Design: An isolated designer
  7. 7. Research Vs Design ● Design: Artifact generation point of view ● Research: Knowledge generation point of view
  8. 8. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data
  9. 9. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data
  10. 10. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data
  11. 11. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data
  12. 12. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data
  13. 13. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data
  14. 14. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data
  15. 15. Information in Design: The origin of Big Data ● Understanding beyond facts ● Contextual even it is irrelevance ● Multiple Views
  16. 16. Information Processing in Design
  17. 17. Information Processing in Design ● The existing computer systems are far from ideal as design support systems ● Often Companies suffer from the brain drain ● Designs and products are protected intellectual properties, but not the ideas
  18. 18. Information Gathering in Design
  19. 19. Information Gathering in Design
  20. 20. Information Gathering in Design
  21. 21. Information Gathering in Design ● The notion of ”relevance” is still at the center of information retrieval research (Baeza-Yates and Ribeiro-Neto, 1999). ● An Information Retrieval Systems approach is needed to understand how to provide the search and retrieval capabilities needed by users (Kowalski, 2011)
  22. 22. Information Gathering in Design ● The designers wanted to have a needed information, not a correct or relevant ones. ● Filtering, classification, indexing are just not inline with designers’ nature
  23. 23. Internet of Things: Blended IT/IS-Design of Things
  24. 24. Internet of Things: Blended IT/IS-Design of Things
  25. 25. Internet of Things: Blended IT/IS-Design of Things
  26. 26. Internet of Things: Blended IT/IS-Design of Things
  27. 27. Concluding Remarks
  28. 28. Concluding Remarks ● Design is a vast and reliable area for IT/IS/SE/CS testbed ● Design covers all information systems components as per definition (People, Network and Communication, Software, Hardware, and Data) ranged from social ‘til engineering
  29. 29. References 1. Baeza-Yates, R. A. and Ribeiro-Neto, B. A. (1999). Modern Information Retrieval. ACM Press / Addison-Wesley. 2. Horvath, I. (1998). Shifting Paradigms of Computer Aided Design, Delft University Press. 3. Jambak, M. I. (2007). Context Knowledge: Supporting Designers’ Information Search in The Early Design Phase, TU Delft. 4. Jarvelin, K. and Wilson, T. D. (2003). On conceptual models for information seeking and retrieval research. Information Research Online Journal, 9(1):145–180. 5. Kowalski, G. (2011). Information Retrieval Architecture and Algorithms. Springer 6. Roozenburg, N. F. M. and Eekels, J. (1995). Product Design: Fundamentals and Methods. John Wiley & Sons. 7. Saracevic, T. (1975). Relevance: A review of and a framework for the thinking on the notion in information science. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 26(6):321–343. 8. Vermesan, O. and Friess, P. (2014). Internet of Things: From Research and Innovation to Market Deployment. River Publishers.
  30. 30. M. I. Jambak’s Short Bio Muhammad Ikhwan ’Iwan’ Jambak was born in Palembang, Indonesia on September 08, 1969. He finished secondary school in 1988, and studied Chemical Engineering at Sriwijaya University. Despite doing research in chemical labs as traditionally has been done by other students, he did a computer simulation of level control for his research that became the first ever chemical engineering research at the faculty using computers in the early 90’s. He graduated with his Bachelor of Engineering degree in 1993. Thereafter, he became a computer programmer in industry for several years before he went to Malaysia to finish his Master’s of Engineering in the field of Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and focus on Information Architecture. While he was finishing his master’s thesis, he applied research positions at some universities. He was called for interview at TU Delft and Twente University in Holland, as well as Karlsruhe University in Germany, and ETH Zurich in Switzerlands. He presented his research work and was accepted as an Assistent in Opleiding (AIO) at the Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, TU Delft in March 2000. In October 2000 he became a member of the Integrated Conceptual Advancement (ICA) project. He was assigned to explore new kinds of modeling entities called the nucleus. In mid 2002, he moved and focused more on contextual design information retrieval in the early phase of design. Prior to defense his thesis, he was invited to be a member of the special interest group, ”Design Creativity” for the Design Society. Now he is also a member of Production and Operations Management Society and a reviewer of International Journal of Production Research. Beside interested in information and knowledge management, he interested in the application of soft computing in manufacturing and computer in education.