Dr. Farhan Khalid
M.Abdullah Shaukat (B38)
M. Razaullah Tariq (B34)
Awon Muhammad (B35)
UCA & ES
Common Name: Berseem
English Name: Egyptian Clover
Scientific Name: Trifolium alexandrium
is an annual, hairy, erect forage legume.
30 to 80 cm high.
shallow taproot system.
stems are hollow, branching at the base, with
Flowers are yellowish-white
Berseem probably originated in Syria.
It was introduced into Egypt in the 6th
into India in the 19th century
into Pakistan, South Africa, the USA and
Australia in the 20th century.
Requires cool temperature specially
during germination and early growth
Requires well drained medium to
Can be grown in alkaline soil.
Sowing Time: Oct-Nov irrigated areas
•Land is deep ploughed
•Flat beds are prepared.
Seed Rate: 20-25 kg/ha.
•Broadcasting in standing water
Fertilizer Rate: (N:P:K)
Weeding: Two hand weeding at 30
Irrigations: 3-4 irrigations after the interval
of 10-15 days.
Harvesting Time: Mid December-Mid May
Yield: 20-25 tons/ha.
Varieties: Joe Burton