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Production Technology of Berseem

berseem production to obtain high fooder

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Production Technology of Berseem

  1. 1. Submitted to: Dr. Farhan Khalid Submitted By: M.Abdullah Shaukat (B38) M. Razaullah Tariq (B34) Awon Muhammad (B35) UCA & ES I.U.B
  2. 2. Botanical discription: Common Name: Berseem English Name: Egyptian Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium alexandrium Other Spp.  White clover  Subterranean clover  Red clover  Crimson clover Family: Leguminoceae (Fabaceae)
  3. 3.  is an annual, hairy, erect forage legume.  30 to 80 cm high.  shallow taproot system.  stems are hollow, branching at the base, with alternate leaves.  Flowers are yellowish-white .
  4. 4.  Berseem probably originated in Syria.  It was introduced into Egypt in the 6th century.  into India in the 19th century  into Pakistan, South Africa, the USA and Australia in the 20th century.
  5. 5. Climate: Requires cool temperature specially during germination and early growth period. Soil: Requires well drained medium to heavy soils. Can be grown in alkaline soil.
  6. 6. Sowing Time: Oct-Nov irrigated areas Seedbed preparation: •Land is deep ploughed (3-4 ploughing). •Flat beds are prepared. Seed Rate: 20-25 kg/ha. Method of Sowing: •Broadcasting in standing water •Drilling
  7. 7. Fertilizer Rate: (N:P:K) 22:115:00 Weeding: Two hand weeding at 30 days interval. Rotation: Rice-Berseem-Rice Cotton-Berseem Irrigations: 3-4 irrigations after the interval of 10-15 days. .
  8. 8. Harvesting Time: Mid December-Mid May Yield: 20-25 tons/ha. Varieties: Joe Burton Saidi Serw 3 Tabor
  9. 9.  White Fly  Aphid  Dusky bug  Cutworm  Thrips  Leaf minor

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berseem production to obtain high fooder

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