IN THE BROKEN IMAGES Robert Graves He is quick, thinking in clear images; I am slow, thinking in broken images.Reference: These verses have been taken from the poem “In Broken Images” by Robert Graves.Context: In this poem, the poet has highlighted two kinds of persons having different and quiteopposite ways of thinking. The first type of person sees everything in clear images and truststhem without questioning. Soon he comes up with facts that later prove to be wrong. Thus all hisefforts go waste and he is confused. Whereas the other types of person sees life is broken imagesand he does not trust them. He questions everything and when the facts fail him, he is notconfused. He appreciates his senses and develops a new understanding from his failures. So lifeshould not be taken at its face value because our inquisitive nature helps us to grow and find newmeaning in different realities of life. As life is 10% what happens to you and 90% how you reactto it.Explanation: A person perceives life in simple and clear images. He has pre-conceived notionsabout everything in life. He trusts everything that he sees. He is quick in making decisions basedon his previous knowledge. He doesn’t question the facts while there is another person who seeslife like a broken and scattered glass painting or jigsaw puzzle. He contemplates a lost and keepsthinking about problems and facts of life. He questions his senses and the facts of life. When heis faced with failure he is not confused because he learns through his failure and trails. Life isthe art of drawing without an eraser. Life isnt about finding yourself. Life is aboutcreating yourself. He becomes dull, trusting to his clear images; I become sharp, mistrusting my broken images.Explanation:-The person, who is overconfident about his abilities and clear images, becomesdull and dead. His faculties are not sharp because he doesn’t believe in practice and its potential.All this makes him idle, which is the beginning of all vices. The other person does not trustanything. He does not believe in whatever he sees. All the images are broken for him.Disappointment and failure help him to make more alert and sharp. Success depends uponprevious preparation, and without such preparation there is sure to be failure. Trusting his images, he assumes their relevance; Mistrusting my images, I question their relevance.Explanation :-The person, who trusts his images is also quick to assume their truth and clarity.He becomes so used to trusting everything that he becomes ignorant. He believes his factswithout questioning that he becomes ignorant. He believes in his facts without questioning andthis leads him towards confusion and failure. The other kind of person never believes in hisimages. He questions the truth of every matter. He is never satisfied. He keeps questioning hisfindings and as a result keeps growing. Such a person has potential to develop. Assuming their relevance, he assumes the fact; Questioning their relevance, I question their fact.
Explanation:- The ignorant man assumes everything based on his previous knowledge. Heconsiders all his findings as relevant, important and truthful. Soon he draws facts andconclusions from his images which all bound to disappoint him later on.The other man questions everything as he does not trust his broken images. He can never besatisfied with his knowledge. Even if he finds a fact reaches a sound conclusion, it is incompletefor him. When the fact fails him, he questions his senses; when the fact fails me, I approve my senses.Explanation :-The ignorant man is not ready to accept failure. When his facts prove him wrong,he loses control and questions his understanding and his senses. He loses hope and becomesdisappointed as the outcome wad against his expectations. The confused person, when faced with failure is least bothered by it. As he was alreadyexpecting it, failure is no shock for him. He approves of his senses and inquisitive nature. Thequestioning of his broken images has given him a sense of confidence. As it is well remarkedthat our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. He continues quick and dull in his clear images; I continue slow and sharp in my broken images.Explanation:The person, who sees life in clear images is at a loss. The whole process has turnedhim into a dull and doubtful person. He trusted too much on his previous knowledge. Thisaffected his understanding of facts in an adverse manner. The person, who sees life in brokenimages, becomes sharp in intellect and reasoning. Although he has already mistrusted everythingyet his failure enriches his thoughts. He in a new confusion of his understanding; I in a new understanding of my confusionExplanation: The man, who has a clear view of life in the beginning of the poem, is all confusedwhen it ends. He thinks that he knows everything, which is great mistake on his part. He does notquestion facts and happenings, thus takes them relevant. This results in his failure and he startsdoubting his understanding and his senses.The man, who is confused about his broken images in the beginning of the poem, has gained anew insight into the reality of life. His questioning of the facts helps him to see everything in adifferent light. His inquisitive nature opens up a new avenue of thoughts for him. He hasemerged as a strong and intelligent person from his confusion.Muhammad Azam, Lectrurer, F. G. Science Degree College, Wah Cantt. Cell-03335418018