The member of Group 3 :
The principle of Islam
The benefit of principle of Islam for social Interaction
The school of thought in Islam
Islam in the world to day
How does the world view Islam to day
“Salima” which means "safe".
“Aslama” which means surrender or submission and obidience.
The followers are called “muslim”.
Islam is a religion of revelation cored monotheism or the oneness
of God, which is revealed by Allah to Prophet Muhammad as His last
messenger and applies to all humans wherever and whenever, whose
teachings covering all aspects of human life.
THE PRINCIPLE OF ISLAM
In Islam there are five basic duties which Muslims must perform. They are
known as the five pillars of Islam (Arkanul Islam). These are:
Shahadah, the establishment of prayer (Salah), the payment of
Zakah (paying the poor due), the Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah and
Sawm Ramadan (fasting the month of Ramadan).
1. SYAHADA H (THE FIRST PILLAR OF
“I bear witness that (there is) no God except Allah, and I bear
witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.”
This declaration is called “Syahadah”.
2. SHALAT (THE SECOND PILLAR OF
The second pillar of Islam is performing Shalat (prayer). The
Muslim is enjoined to perform five obligatory prayers every
day to keep himself in relation with his Lord, to invoke and
implore Him, and to refrain himself from committing
lewdness or indecency.
3. ZAKAT (THE THIRD PILLAR OF
Allah ordained every Muslim who possesses a certain amount
a certain amount of property to pay annually of these
possessions the Zakah to the poor, or to the other categories
mentioned in the Quran.
4 . S H AU M R A M A DA N ( T H E F O U RT H P I L L A R
The fourth pillar of Islam is to fast during the month of
Ramadan, the ninth month of the Hijri calendar. Before the dawn of
the first day of Ramadan, the Muslim in-tends to fast this month, and
abstains every day from drinking, eating till after the sun sets.
5. HAJJ (THE FIFTH PILLAR OF
Pilgrimage (Hajj) is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is a duty for a Muslim
to perform pilgrimage to the House of Allah once in lifetime (if he is
able to do that). However it is permissible to him to do pilgrimage
voluntarily more than once
THE BENEFITS OF PRINCIPLE OF
ISLAM FOR SOCIAL INTERACTION
As the support of the Islamic faith of a Muslim.
As the foundation of the faith of a Muslim.
Always take refuge in Him, keep His commandments, and avoid
Prayer will make someone always remember Allah.
Prayer is a sign of gratitude to god.
Prayer can take away sins
Prayer prevented shameful and unjust deeds.
Prayer can give the blessing, glory and happiness.
Prayer can calm the soul.
ingratitude towards God, increased wealth and reward, also cleanse the
soul from defilement, miserly and sin.
protect the public from the dangers of poverty and destitution with all
combat poverty and address the source of the disaster and ignorance.
foster and develop social stability, economy, education, and so on.
create a sense of solidarity and compassion.
is a manifestation of mutual cooperation and mutual help.
To Practice to reduce the ego while creating a closer relationship with
To Strengthen family and community ties.
To Learn humility.
Sharing material (assets) and affection.
To Motivate yourself to be disciplined and be able to control myself.
Being a guest of God.
Taking a lesson from the events of righteous people.
Symbols of unification of Muslims.
THE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT
Madzhab is an Islamic term that refers to
school of thought or religious jurisprudence
within Sunni Islam
THE FOUR SCHOOLS OF
T H O U G H T I N I S L A M I C L AW
A close study of the history of the madzahib and a search into the
reasons for their birth, existence, and spread, reveals that the various
governments were the main factor in the birth and spread of these schools.
Governmental aid took physical and financial forms by establishing schools,
sponsoring books of fiqh (law), adopting and sponsoring official madzahib,
and giving freedom to the founders and scholars of some of the “official”
madzahib. However, There is nothing wrong if a Muslim wishes to follow
one of these established schools of jurisprudence as long as he does not
become chauvinistic and biased to it, and an opinion of his school is not
shown to go against clear textual evidence.
H O W I S I S L A M I N T H E WO R L D T O DA Y
At this time, Islam has developed in several aspects, such as in
population, culture and others.
Amount of data that is composed by Demented Vision (2007).
O F T H E O B S E RVAT I O N A L
DATA , T H E AG E N C Y N O T E D :
• Christians is 26.9%
1900 • Muslims is 12.4%
• Christian grew 3.1% to 30%,
1980 • Muslims increased 4.1% to 16.5%
• Christian declined 0.1% to 29.9%
2000 • Muslims rose again to 19.2%.
When the average is taken, Islamic adherents increased 2.9%
per year. This growth is faster than the growth in the number
of inhabitants of the earth itself which is only 2.3% per year
DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAM
IN MANY ASPECTS
Such as :
H OW D O E S T H E WO R L D
V I E W I S L A M TO DAY ? ? ?
There are many opinions and views, on the
world, of Islam. Specially the west, there is a bad
view and there is also a good view.
However, it is undeniable that some of them have a good or
positive view. Hundreds or maybe even thousands of Western
intellectuals who admired the teachings of Islam as well, and admitted
it as a rational doctrine. Moreover, some of them, after studying Islam
(Al-Quran and Hadith), and comparisons with other
religions, declared themselves as Muslim.
THERE IS AN OPINION AMONG THOSE WHO
CLAIM THAT ISLAM INCLUDES FOUR
Islam is religion
Islam is political system
Islam is way of live, and
Islam is interpretation of history
As a religion, Islam is suitable for all aspects of life and society.
Islamic religion in accordance with the progress of time. The progress
that was known in Islamic countries since centuries ago, it proves that
Islam go hand in hand with the progress and will always be there
T H E M OT I VA T I O N S F O R
First, it’s because their previous life were secular,
not directional, no purpose, life just for money,
music and fun.
Second, is feeling the tranquility, peace and
happiness that they had never felt before in the
Third, is finding the truth that sought.
words, women in Islam is glorified and highly