The Principle of Islam


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The principle of Islam
The benefit of principle of Islam for social Interaction
The school of thought in Islam
Islam in the world to day
How does the world view Islam to day

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The Principle of Islam

  1. 1. The member of Group 3 : Adnan Mufid Dede Jaelani Ela Ruslia Hasbie Felayabi
  2. 2. ISLAM  Definitions  The principle of Islam  The benefit of principle of Islam for social Interaction  The school of thought in Islam  Islam in the world to day  How does the world view Islam to day
  3. 3. DEFINITION Etymologically “Salima” which means "safe". “Aslama” which means surrender or submission and obidience. The followers are called “muslim”.
  4. 4. TERMINOLLOGY Islam is a religion of revelation cored monotheism or the oneness of God, which is revealed by Allah to Prophet Muhammad as His last messenger and applies to all humans wherever and whenever, whose teachings covering all aspects of human life.
  5. 5. THE PRINCIPLE OF ISLAM In Islam there are five basic duties which Muslims must perform. They are known as the five pillars of Islam (Arkanul Islam). These are: Shahadah, the establishment of prayer (Salah), the payment of Zakah (paying the poor due), the Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah and Sawm Ramadan (fasting the month of Ramadan).
  6. 6. 1. SYAHADA H (THE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM) “I bear witness that (there is) no God except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.” This declaration is called “Syahadah”.
  7. 7. 2. SHALAT (THE SECOND PILLAR OF ISLAM) The second pillar of Islam is performing Shalat (prayer). The Muslim is enjoined to perform five obligatory prayers every day to keep himself in relation with his Lord, to invoke and implore Him, and to refrain himself from committing lewdness or indecency.
  8. 8. 3. ZAKAT (THE THIRD PILLAR OF ISLAM) Allah ordained every Muslim who possesses a certain amount a certain amount of property to pay annually of these possessions the Zakah to the poor, or to the other categories mentioned in the Quran.
  9. 9. 4 . S H AU M R A M A DA N ( T H E F O U RT H P I L L A R OF ISLAM) The fourth pillar of Islam is to fast during the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Hijri calendar. Before the dawn of the first day of Ramadan, the Muslim in-tends to fast this month, and abstains every day from drinking, eating till after the sun sets.
  10. 10. 5. HAJJ (THE FIFTH PILLAR OF ISLAM) Pilgrimage (Hajj) is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is a duty for a Muslim to perform pilgrimage to the House of Allah once in lifetime (if he is able to do that). However it is permissible to him to do pilgrimage voluntarily more than once
  11. 11. THE BENEFITS OF PRINCIPLE OF ISLAM FOR SOCIAL INTERACTION Syahadah  As the support of the Islamic faith of a Muslim.  As the foundation of the faith of a Muslim.  Always take refuge in Him, keep His commandments, and avoid His prohibitions.
  12. 12. PRAYER  Prayer will make someone always remember Allah.  Prayer is a sign of gratitude to god.  Prayer can take away sins  Prayer prevented shameful and unjust deeds.  Prayer can give the blessing, glory and happiness.  Prayer can calm the soul.
  13. 13. Zakat  ingratitude towards God, increased wealth and reward, also cleanse the soul from defilement, miserly and sin.  protect the public from the dangers of poverty and destitution with all its consequences.  combat poverty and address the source of the disaster and ignorance.  foster and develop social stability, economy, education, and so on.  create a sense of solidarity and compassion.  is a manifestation of mutual cooperation and mutual help.
  14. 14. FASTING  To Practice to reduce the ego while creating a closer relationship with the Creator.  To Strengthen family and community ties.  To Learn humility.  Sharing material (assets) and affection.  To Motivate yourself to be disciplined and be able to control myself.  Teaching simplicity.
  15. 15. HAJJ  Being a guest of God.  Cleanse sin.  Reinforce faith.  Taking a lesson from the events of righteous people.  Symbols of unification of Muslims.
  16. 16. THE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT IN ISLAM Madzhab is an Islamic term that refers to school of thought or religious jurisprudence within Sunni Islam
  17. 17. THE FOUR SCHOOLS OF T H O U G H T I N I S L A M I C L AW  Hanafi  Maliki  Shafi΄i  Hambali
  18. 18.  A close study of the history of the madzahib and a search into the reasons for their birth, existence, and spread, reveals that the various governments were the main factor in the birth and spread of these schools. Governmental aid took physical and financial forms by establishing schools, sponsoring books of fiqh (law), adopting and sponsoring official madzahib, and giving freedom to the founders and scholars of some of the “official” madzahib. However, There is nothing wrong if a Muslim wishes to follow one of these established schools of jurisprudence as long as he does not become chauvinistic and biased to it, and an opinion of his school is not shown to go against clear textual evidence.
  19. 19. H O W I S I S L A M I N T H E WO R L D T O DA Y At this time, Islam has developed in several aspects, such as in population, culture and others. Amount of data that is composed by Demented Vision (2007).
  20. 20. O F T H E O B S E RVAT I O N A L DATA , T H E AG E N C Y N O T E D : • Christians is 26.9% 1900 • Muslims is 12.4% • Christian grew 3.1% to 30%, 1980 • Muslims increased 4.1% to 16.5% • Christian declined 0.1% to 29.9% 2000 • Muslims rose again to 19.2%.
  21. 21. When the average is taken, Islamic adherents increased 2.9% per year. This growth is faster than the growth in the number of inhabitants of the earth itself which is only 2.3% per year
  22. 22. DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAM IN MANY ASPECTS Such as :  Science  Culture  Architects  Literature  Calligraphy
  23. 23. H OW D O E S T H E WO R L D V I E W I S L A M TO DAY ? ? ? There are many opinions and views, on the world, of Islam. Specially the west, there is a bad view and there is also a good view.
  24. 24.  However, it is undeniable that some of them have a good or positive view. Hundreds or maybe even thousands of Western intellectuals who admired the teachings of Islam as well, and admitted it as a rational doctrine. Moreover, some of them, after studying Islam (Al-Quran and Hadith), and comparisons with other religions, declared themselves as Muslim.
  25. 25. THERE IS AN OPINION AMONG THOSE WHO CLAIM THAT ISLAM INCLUDES FOUR ELEMENTS :  Islam is religion  Islam is political system  Islam is way of live, and  Islam is interpretation of history
  26. 26.  As a religion, Islam is suitable for all aspects of life and society. Islamic religion in accordance with the progress of time. The progress that was known in Islamic countries since centuries ago, it proves that Islam go hand in hand with the progress and will always be there forever.
  27. 27. T H E M OT I VA T I O N S F O R BEING MUSLIM First, it’s because their previous life were secular, not directional, no purpose, life just for money, music and fun. Second, is feeling the tranquility, peace and happiness that they had never felt before in the Christian religion.
  28. 28. Third, is finding the truth that sought. Fourth, women, protecting many apparently and American concluded respecting that women. Muslims Islam In is other words, women in Islam is glorified and highly respected position.
  29. 29. Conclution