Religious discrimination


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Religious discrimination

  1. 1. Religious Discrimination In Pakistan
  2. 2. Contents • Define Discrimination. • What is religious discrimination? • Why? • Background • Facts & Figures • Recommendations
  3. 3. Unjust or unfair treatment given to different categories of people/group of people on the basis of their caste, sex, religion, race or language. Define Discrimination
  4. 4. • Unequal treatment of an individual or group based on their beliefs. • Religious discrimination is a serious issue in Pakistan. Minorities are routinely discriminated by our Mullas and society. What is Religious Discrimination?
  5. 5. Why? There are three simple points that I think are the main cause of discrimination. • Some people / group of people think that they are more superior than the others. • They have problems accepting anyone who isn’t like them. • That is how they are raised.
  6. 6. Demographics Islam: 95-98% •Sunni:80-95% •Shia:5-20% Other Religions •Christans: 1.6% •Hindus: 1.6% •Ahmadi: 1.42% •Parsis: 1600- 20,000 •Kalash: 3000
  7. 7. Background • The sectarian violence emerged after 1980’s Islamization policies of the Dictator General Zia ul Haq. • He infused education system with rigid Islamic contents. • Students are encountering problems because of their minority status and faith.
  8. 8. Statistics These are the reports conducted by USCRIF. • More than 100 textbooks in four provinces of Pakistan were found to contain discriminatory and disrespectful materials. • Religious minorities are often portrayed as inferior and second class citizens. • Hindus are repeatedly describe as extremists and eternal enemies of Islam.
  9. 9. • In 2003, six years old Sikh girl was abducted by Afridi tribe, and was forced to convert to Islam. • In 2013 UNRA published a report regarding the kidnapping of 700 christans girls. • Every month 10-15 Hindu girls kidnapping cases were reported to Hindu council in Karachi. • Rinkle Kumari, a 19 year Pakistani student, Dr. Lata Kumari, and Asha Kumari, a Hindu working in a beauty parlor, were allegedly forced to convert to Islam.
  10. 10. August 2012 Manshera Shia Massacre • Massacre of 25 Shia Muslims travelling from Rawalpindi to Gilgit. • Stopped at Manshera by individuals dressed up in military uniforms. • Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan claimed the responsibility.
  11. 11. February 2012 Kohistan Shia Massacre • Killing of 18 Shia Muslims travelling from Rawalpindi to Gilgit. • Killed by individuals dressed up in military uniforms. • Out of 18, three were children and a Sunni Muslim.
  12. 12. Quetta Shia Bombing • Two incidents took place in Quetta in the Jan 2013 and Feb. 2013. • In January 125 people were killed, and in February 81 were killed and 170 were wounded.
  13. 13. May 2010 Ahmadiyya Lahore Massacre • 94 people were killed and 120 were injured during Friday prayers. • Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan claimed responsibility. • Although many politician and prominent figures made statements condemning the attacks, neither they attend the burial ceremony nor the electronic media cover the funeral.
  14. 14. Recommendations • Education and curriculum policies should be reviewed, must remove lessons discriminatory towards other religions. • Students who study ethics instead of Islamic studies, should be able to study their own religion. • Equal treatment should be given to people / students belonging to all religions. • Religious institutions must be a part of government. • No one will be allowed to open private madrassas or mosques. • Government should make strict law to protect the rights of minorities.
  15. 15. Famous Quote by Our Founder Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah On August 11, 1947 at Karachi he said in his presidential address that: The minorities in the State of Pakistan would be have equal rights, privileges and obligations like the majority. “You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed that has nothing to do with the business of the State.15 He added that in Pakistan, Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslim would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense,…but in the political sense as citizens of the State”.
  16. 16. References • Wikipedia. • USCRIF and UNRA report on Religious Discrimination in Pakistan.