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History of Sewing machine

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History Of Sewing Machine By Niftians.

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History of Sewing machine

  1. 1. Sewing Machine A revolution in clothing
  2. 2. The  manufacturing  of  Sewing  Machine  was  a   very  gradual  inven8ve  step  that  spanned  over   an  exorbitant  amount  of  8me.   By  the  year  1900  over  20  million  sewing   machines  a  year  were  being  produced  from   factories  all  over  the  world.   No  single  inven8on  was  as  eagerly  accepted  by   people  in  all  parts  of  the  planet  as  the  humble   sewing  machine.   History
  3. 3. Archaeologists  have  discovered  bone  needles  with  eyes,  used  to  sew  together  skins  and  furs,  da8ng   back  to  as  long  as  20,000  years.   A  sewing  set  along  with  thimble  was  found  by  Chinese  Archeologists  in  the  tomb  of  a  minor  official  of   the  Han  Dynasty  (202  BC-­‐AD  220).   The  earliest  known  sewing  needles  made  of  iron  come  from  the  Cel8c  hill  fort  at  Manching,  Germany,   and  date  to  the  third  century  BC.    
  4. 4. 1755  –  Karl  Weisenthal,  a  German  inventor,  devised  the  first  sewing  macine  needle,  but  did  not   produce  a  complete  machine.   1790  –  Thomas  Saint,  a  Bri8sh  inventor,  invented  and  patented  the  first  workable  sewing  machine.   Designed  to  sew  leather  and  canvas,  mainly  on  boots,  used  only  a  single  thread  and  formed  a  chain   s8tch.  It  never  progressed  beyond  the  patent  model  stage  but  s8ll  overlooked  the  Weisenthal  needle   design.   1814  –  Josef  Madersperger,  Austrian  inventor  introduced  the  first  working  model  of  a  chain  s8tch   machine  with  single  thread
  5. 5. 1830  –  Barthelemy    Thimonnier  patented  the   first  prac8cal  sewing  machine  which  produced   a  chain  s8tch  as  well  similar  to  Saint’s.  By   1841,  eighty  of  his  machines  were  being  used   to  sew  uniforms  for  the  French  army.   However,  his  factory  was  destroyed  by  a  mob   of  tailors,  who  saw  the  new  machines  as  a   threat  to  their  livelihood.   1834  –  Walter  Hunt  came  up  with  the  earliest   idea  for  a  double-­‐thread  sewing  machine   which  used  a  reciproca8ng  eye-­‐pointed   needle  which  worked  in  combina8on  with  a   shuYle  carrying  a  second  needle  thus  making   an  interlocked  s8tch  comparable  to  that  of   modern  machines.  He  abandoned  the  project,   however,  convinced  that  his  inven8on  would   throw  impoverished  seamstresses  out  of   work.   None  of  these  machines  presented  any  real   compe88on  to  hand-­‐sewing.  
  6. 6. 1846  –  Elias  Howe  patented  a  sewing  machine.  This  lock  s8tch  machine  could  sew  nothing  but   straight  seams,  which  could  not  be  longer  than  the  basing  plate  which  made  it  a  commercial   failure.  However,  sewing  machines  were  being  sold  by  many  manufacturers  later,  all  infringing  on   some  part  of  his  1846  patent  in  just  a  maYer  of  years.   1851  –  Issac  M.  Singer,  one  of  the  many  infringers  was  able  to  make  a  real  breakthrough  by   subs8tu8ng  various  parts  of  Howe’s  machine  and  introducing  many  u8litarian  components  of  his   own  such  as  the  rigid  arm  that  held  the  ver8cal  presser  foot  and  the  needle  bar  in  posi8on  over  a   table  which  provided  support  to  the  cloth  in  place  of  a  feed  bar.  The  hand  crank  was  also   subs8tuted  for  a  foot  treadle.  Before  this,  all  machines  employed  an  overhanging  arm  that  held  the   needle  directly  and  vibrated  with  it.  
  7. 7. LEADING BRANDS • JUKI   • BROTHER   • MERROW   • DURKOPP  ADLER   • PFAFF   • CONSEW   • BERNINA   • JANOME  
  8. 8. Popular Variants John  Lewis  Mini   Sewing  Machine   
 Available  in  a  range  of  funky   colours,  this  is  just  the   8cket  for  light  and  medium   fabrics  and  everyday  jobs   such  as  adjus8ng  cuffs  and   trousers.   Brother  Innov-­‐is  10   
 This  is  the  ideal  machine  for   beginners.  There's  a  built-­‐in   needle  threader,  back-­‐lit  LCD   screen,  easy-­‐to-­‐use  digital   controls  and  16  s8tches
  9. 9. Popular Variants Bernina  800DL   
 An  over  locker  is  ideal  for   edging,  hemming  or   seaming.  Bernina's  800DL   model  does  the  job  with   easy-­‐to-­‐access  controls  and   standout  features  such  as  a   built-­‐in  rolled  hemmer  and   quick  looper-­‐threader Elna  6200   Get  cragy  with  the  Elna  6200,  which  has   been  designed  with  decora8ve  embroidery   for  the  home  in  mind.  Featuring  60   s8tches,  including  four  one-­‐step   buYonholes,  sa8n,  cross  and  heirloom,  this   has  useful  side  storage  too.  
  10. 10. Janome  525S   
 Both  Which?  magazine  and   sewmag.co.uk  rate  this  machine  as   outstanding.  It's  a  lightweight   machine  with  oodles  of  great   features,  notably  the  top-­‐loading   jam-­‐proof  bobbin  system  and   conver8ble  free-­‐arm  for  circular   sewing.   Janome  Horizon   
 If  you're  itching  to  start  an   ambi8ous  sewing  project  such  as  a   large  quilt  or  bridal  gown  and   money  is  no  object,  the  Horizon  is   for  you.  It  boasts  all  the  bells  and   whistles,  including  an  arm  space  of   28cm  and  speeds  of  up  to  1,000   s8tches  per  minute.  
  11. 11. Argos  2575   
 This  computerised  machine  is  a   steal  at  £200.  Boas8ng  75   automa8c  s8tches,  two  needle   posi8ons  and  50  waYs,  it's  easy   to  use  and  covers  most  needs   Easy  S8tch   
 If  you're  skint,  but  want  something   cheap  and  simple  for  repairing  clothes,   sog  furnishings  and  adding  personal   touches  to  children's  clothes,  this  is  a   good  bet  
  12. 12.      Singer  Tradi8on  2250NT   
 Singer's  name  is  as   synonymous  with  sewing   machines  as  Hoover's  is  with   vacuum  cleaners.  This  is  a   high-­‐quality,  robust   mechanical  machine  in  an   aYrac8ve  curvy  design  for  a   bargain  price.   Husqvarna  Emerald  116   
 Crea8ve  sewing  workshops,  including  the   famous  Makery,  say  this  machine  is  hard  to   beat  when  it  comes  to  ease  of  use,  reliability   and  good  value.  It  includes  a  built-­‐in  needle   threader,  hard  cover  for  storage  and  a  one-­‐ step  buYonhole.  
  13. 13. • Development  for  factory  use  revolu8onised  the  shoe  and   garment  industry.   • Domes8c  and  small  scale  produc8on  got  converted  to  mass   produc8on  on  a  very  large  scale.   • Automa8on  was  introduced.   • Produc8on  increased  and  the  Prices  of  commodi8es  fell.   • Manual  Labour  was  subs8tuted.   • Resulted  into  unemployment  during  the  Industrial   Revolu8on.   • Establishment  of  work  place  standards  by  the  governments   to  ease  the  social  unrest  created  by  worker’s  unions  etc.   • Reduc8on  in  produc8on  8me  by  about  10  8mes.   • Disappearance  of  Hired  help  trend.   Impact
  14. 14. FUTURE FEATURES • Some  models  are  aimed  at  garment   sewers,  quilters  or  embroidery  makers.
 • A  ver8cal  bobbin  that  can  handle  the   heavier  threads  used  in  embroidery.
 • A  solid-­‐state  electrical  foot  control  that   will  allow  the  needle  to  go  through   thick  seams  easily.
 • Touch-­‐screen  controls  of  the  machines.
 • Sensors  that  adjust  to  various  fabric   thicknesses.
 • Screens  that  offer  three-­‐dimensional   views  of  designs.
 • LED  lights  illumina8ng  the  needle  and  USB   data  ports.
 • Machines  with  NeedleCams  to  monitor   the  embroidery  field  from  the  needle’s   point  of  view.  
  15. 15. • hYp://www.garmento.org/mg311/History%20of%20the%20Sewing%20Machine.pdf   • hYp://www.ny8mes.com/1860/01/07/news/story-­‐sewing-­‐machine-­‐its-­‐inven8on-­‐ improvements-­‐social-­‐industrial-­‐commercial.html   •        The  Independent   •        blogspot.in   •        Google  Books   •        www.cleaveland.com   Bibliography
  16. 16. Thank you
  17. 17. Group Members Kushagr Tantia Manish Kumar Neha Patel Nishu Jalotia

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