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Bionics #scichallenge2017

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Bionics #scichallenge2017

  1. 1. Bionics Almost everyone has heard about it, but few really know. So what is this? The new discipline of bionics, which aims to transpose developed the live nature of the technical solutions into practice. But why is this effective?
  2. 2. The exciting natural selection in nature is the optimal solution of a problem, in addiction to this it was billion of years to develop. What are the methods: Analog bionics: -Defining the problem -Search for analogies in nature -Analysis of analogies found in nature -Find a solution to the problem based on the knowledge acquired For example: wing tips
  3. 3. Abstractive bionics: -Research of biological systems -Identification and description of the approach -Principle abstraction -Analysis of possible technical applications -Realization For example: water repellent materials
  4. 4. Why we need this? • USA only 185,000 Americans annually lose a limbs each year Össur, one of the world’s leading prosthetics markers, estimates that in 2012, the size of the prosthetic market in the U.S., EMEA and Asia regions was between $850-$950 million.
  5. 5. Other uses • Energy problems Chemist Daniel Nocera of Harvard University and his team nset out in search of a better catalyst, one that would play well with living organisms while effectively splitting water. As the team reports in Science on June 2, they found it in an alloy of cobalt and phosphorus, an amalgam already in use as an anticorrosion coating for plastic and metal parts found in everything from faucets to circuit boards. With a little charge, this new catalyst can assemble itself out of a solution of regular water, cobalt and phosphate.
  6. 6. Other uses(2) • Miniaturization Pretty much anything can be a computer, if it can compute logical functions, store data, and transmit information -- even living cells. A team at Stanford University has accomplished one of the the final tasks necessary to turn cells into working computers: They've created a biological transistor, called a transcriptor, that uses DNA and RNA instead of electrons and responds to logical functions.
  7. 7. People who use bionic technologies • Stephen Hawking:He is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works include a collaboration with Roger. Incredibly, Professor Hawking controls all the functions of his Windows tablet PC using just a single switch. As Hawking’s physical condition gradually deteriorates, his typing speed has dropped to just one or two words per minute.
  8. 8. People who use bionic technologies(2) • Oscar Pistorius: Oscar Pistorius can run a quarter mile in 45.07 seconds — fast enough to compete in the 2012 Olympic Games. He does it without feet. The Flex-Foot Cheetah is a prosthetic human foot replacement developed by biomedical engineer Van Phillips. The Flex-Foot Cheetah and similar models are worn by Oscar Pistorius and other amputee athletes in the Paralympics and elsewhere. It is made from carbon fibre, and unlike all previous foot prostheses, it stores kinetic energy from the wearer's steps as potential energy, like a spring, allowing the wearer to run and jump. It is now (as of September 2012) made by Össur.
  9. 9. In history The term bionics was coined by Jack E. Steele in 1958 while working at the Aeronautics Division House at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. However, nature-inspired inventions, older then the word itself.
  10. 10. Inventions • 1.Leonardo Da Vinci’s flying machine: • One of da Vinci’s most famous inventions, the flying machine (also known as the "ornithopter") ideally displays his powers of observation and imagination, as well as his enthusiasm for the potential of flight. The design for this invention is clearly inspired by the flight of winged animals, which da Vinci hoped to replicate. In fact, in his notes, he mentions bats, kites and birds as sources of inspiration. Unfortunately, as da Vinci himself might have realized, while the flying machine may have flown once it was in the air, a person could never have created enough power to get the device off the ground.
  11. 11. 2.cat’s eye reflector • The cat's eye is a retroreflective safety device used in road marking and was the first of a range of raised pavement markers. It originated in the UK in 1933 and is today used all over the world. The original form consisted of two pairs of reflective glass spheres set into a white rubber dome, mounted in a cast-iron housing. This is the kind that marks the centre of the road, with one pair of cat's eyes showing in each direction. The blackouts of World War II (1939–1945) and the shuttered car headlights then in use demonstrated the value of Shaw's invention and helped popularise their mass use in the UK.
  12. 12. 3.Computer viruses: • Computer viruses also show similarities with biological viruses in their way to curb program-oriented information towards self- reproduction and dissemination
  13. 13. 4.A hand that can feel: • After 10 years of research, the NEBIAS project has created oneof the world’s most advances bionic hands – one that can feel objects. A neutral interface provides sensory information from the artifical hand to the brain. This links the patient’s nervous system with enchanced sensors embedded in the prosthesis, enabling the user to control complex hand and finger movements.
  14. 14. 5.Total artifical heart: • A compeletely artifical heart was developed by SynCardia, and has already awaiting a heart transplant. The device is a battery powered, self-contained, total replacement system.
  15. 15. 6.Retinal implants: • There are now some 100recipients of the Argus II retinal prosthesis system, which is approved for use in the US and the EU. This bionic eye is a tiny camera mounted on a pair of glasses that sends images to an epiretinal prosthesis that is surgically implanted in the eye-
  16. 16. 7.thought-controlled robotic leg: A pair of sensors embedded in his muscle tissue detect electrical signals from the brain, connect the neural dots, and wirelessly transmit that signal to the robotic leg. The device is targeted for commercial use by 2018.
  17. 17. In politics • Advocates, especially in the anti-globalization movement, are already examples of runaway evolution – rendering a system that appeals to the consumer but which is inefficient at use of energy and raw materials. Biomimicry, they argue, is aneffective strategy to restore basic efficiency.
  18. 18. Futuristic ambitions • There are many opponents of this, but on my opinion we stand confidently in front of the future. Think about it! It has a lot of potential. We can develop physical and mental abilities of different innovations.
  19. 19. My potential innovations • Brain implant:I think everyone will have such this thing. It will boost our mental focus and memory. This will be the end of all mental illness. • Futuristic internet: It will function as the brain. Neurons will be the websites and it will work like an alive organization. These will be not only to transmit information, but also will to do communicate with each other. What do you think? Would you be able to bulid a future of bionic? Do you have something idea? If yes, then you realize it.

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