   Ottomans- Turkish    speaking nomads   Invaded    Constantinople in    1453    ◦ 2 months of fighting    ◦ Re-named t...
 Sultan from 1520-  1566 Great ruler called  “the lawgiver” Greatly expanded  the empire Conquered new  lands Claimed...
   Divided into classes    ◦ Men of the Sword (soldiers)    ◦ Men of the Pen (scientists, lawyers, judges, poets)    ◦ Me...
   Suleyman killed two of    his sons   Only surviving    son, Selim II, was not a    good leader   European advances i...
   Located in Persia (in    between the Mughal and    Ottoman Empires)   Shiite Muslims- did not    like the Sunni Ottom...
 Decline   after Shah Abbas’ death Shiitespersecuted other religions- rebellion Rebelscaptured the capital city of Isfa...
The ottoman and safavid empires
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The ottoman and safavid empires

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The ottoman and safavid empires

  1. 1.  Ottomans- Turkish speaking nomads Invaded Constantinople in 1453 ◦ 2 months of fighting ◦ Re-named the city Istanbul ◦ Made it their new capital
  2. 2.  Sultan from 1520- 1566 Great ruler called “the lawgiver” Greatly expanded the empire Conquered new lands Claimed to be caliph of all the Muslims
  3. 3.  Divided into classes ◦ Men of the Sword (soldiers) ◦ Men of the Pen (scientists, lawyers, judges, poets) ◦ Men of Negotiation (merchants, tax collectors, artisans) ◦ Men of Husbandry (farmers and herders) Muslims, Christians, and Jews all lived under Ottoman rule- most were Sunni Muslims
  4. 4.  Suleyman killed two of his sons Only surviving son, Selim II, was not a good leader European advances in military technology allowed them to easily capture Ottoman land
  5. 5.  Located in Persia (in between the Mughal and Ottoman Empires) Shiite Muslims- did not like the Sunni Ottomans Shah Abbas- great king ◦ Made alliances with European coutries against the Ottomans ◦ Reduced taxes ◦ Built Safavid capital at Isfahan
  6. 6.  Decline after Shah Abbas’ death Shiitespersecuted other religions- rebellion Rebelscaptured the capital city of Isfahan in 1722

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