The House ofRepresentatives
Membership• 435 members• Larger body of Congress• Number of seats per state based on population• Each state must have at l...
Qualifications• To be elected to the House  of Representatives, you  must be:  • At least 25 years old  • A citizen of the...
Changes in 2012• Orange Park is now part of  district 3• Cliff Stearns ran in the  republican primary in  August, but he l...
Term of office• 2 year terms• Elections in November of even-numbered  years• Term begins on Jan. 3rd• Every 2 years, all 4...
Representation and reapportionment     • Census (population count) every       ten years      • First census was taken in ...
Congressional redistricting• After number of representatives is decided, states  must draw up districts• One district per ...
Gerrymandering• District boundaries drawn in an  irregular way, where one  particular political party gains  advantage• Na...
The original gerrymander
gerrymandering- Florida       District 3
Gerrymandering- Illinois      district 4
gerrymandering• 2 types- “Packing” and “Cracking”  • Packing     • Crowding the other party’s voters into one       distri...
Houseofreps
Houseofreps
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Houseofreps

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Houseofreps

  1. 1. The House ofRepresentatives
  2. 2. Membership• 435 members• Larger body of Congress• Number of seats per state based on population• Each state must have at least one
  3. 3. Qualifications• To be elected to the House of Representatives, you must be: • At least 25 years old • A citizen of the U.S. for at least 7 years • A legal resident of the state you are representingIt is a tradition to live in the district you represent, although it is technically not required• Your rep is Cliff Stearns- District 6
  4. 4. Changes in 2012• Orange Park is now part of district 3• Cliff Stearns ran in the republican primary in August, but he lost to Ted Yoho
  5. 5. Term of office• 2 year terms• Elections in November of even-numbered years• Term begins on Jan. 3rd• Every 2 years, all 435 members must run for re-election• Over 90% of all representatives are re- elected each year
  6. 6. Representation and reapportionment • Census (population count) every ten years • First census was taken in 1790 • Most recent was 2010 • Next will be 2020 • Reapportionment- pop. of each state (based on census) determines new number of representatives • Some states lose reps • Some states gain reps • Total number always remain 435-
  7. 7. Congressional redistricting• After number of representatives is decided, states must draw up districts• One district per representative• Redistricting-setting up new district lines after reapportionment has been completed• Problems • Unequal population between districts • Gerrymandering
  8. 8. Gerrymandering• District boundaries drawn in an irregular way, where one particular political party gains advantage• Named after Elbridge Gerry- drew a salamander shaped district in Massachusetts to help his party gain advantage-a cartoonists added a head, wings, and claws to the district map and called it gerrymandering• Gerry + Salamander = Gerrymander!
  9. 9. The original gerrymander
  10. 10. gerrymandering- Florida District 3
  11. 11. Gerrymandering- Illinois district 4
  12. 12. gerrymandering• 2 types- “Packing” and “Cracking” • Packing • Crowding the other party’s voters into one district ensures that your party of choice will win all the other districts • Cracking • Dividing the other party’s voters into small groups within each district weakens their voter base• Supreme Court has ruled that districts must be compact and physically adjoining, but gerrymandering still exists today.

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