The Formation of   Governments           Ch. 1, sec 2
Unitary vs. Federal   Unitary system-       All key powers to national or central govt.       Central govt. can create ...
Constitutions and    Government    Plan for rules of govt    Purposes:        1. sets out shared ideals        2. basi...
Constitutions   Incomplete- impossible to include every    law in one document   Amendments can be made   Some countrie...
U.S. Constitution   Organized into articles and    sections   U.S. Constitution has 7    articles and 21 sections   Con...
Politics and Government   Politics- the effort to control the conduct of government       Voting, protesting, debating, ...
Inequalities   Industrialized nations-       Large industries and advanced        technologies       Ex:        U.S., J...
Interdependence   Increased technologies- closely    linked economies-more    interdependence       Multinational corpor...
Formations of govt
Formations of govt
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Formations of govt

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Formations of govt

  1. 1. The Formation of Governments Ch. 1, sec 2
  2. 2. Unitary vs. Federal Unitary system-  All key powers to national or central govt.  Central govt. can create local govts. and choose to give them some power.  Great Britain, Italy, France Federal System-  Power divided between national govt. and provincial governments (states in the U.S.)  Canada, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia, India, and Russia
  3. 3. Constitutions and Government  Plan for rules of govt  Purposes:  1. sets out shared ideals  2. basic structure- defines powers and duties  3. supreme law (rules)  U.S. has oldest written constitution still in use (1787)  Constitutional Government- written constitution places limits on the leaders of government
  4. 4. Constitutions Incomplete- impossible to include every law in one document Amendments can be made Some countries (ex: China) have laws written in their constitution that they fail to follow. Some contain a preamble- statement of goals
  5. 5. U.S. Constitution Organized into articles and sections U.S. Constitution has 7 articles and 21 sections Constitutional Law- interpretation and application of the constitution.  limits of govt. power  Rights of citizens
  6. 6. Politics and Government Politics- the effort to control the conduct of government  Voting, protesting, debating, joining a party, etc.  Tries to maximize benefits while reducing costs  Different groups advocate for the govt to pass laws acting in their interest.  Politics help manage conflicts in society  The bad side of politics  Bribery, corruption  General welfare sacrificed for the desires of wealthy special interest groups  James Madison warned us against this in The Federalist Papers
  7. 7. Inequalities Industrialized nations-  Large industries and advanced technologies  Ex: U.S., Japan, Canada, Australia, Franc e Developing nations-  Limited industrial development  Starvation, disease, political turmoil  Ex: most of Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia In Between – Newly Industrialized Nations  Mexico, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Algeria, Kenya
  8. 8. Interdependence Increased technologies- closely linked economies-more interdependence  Multinational corporations  Ex: Nabisco, BP, Mitsubishi, Sony Many developing nations depend heavily on industrialized nations  Economic aid  Medical aid  Natural disaster recovery  Military aid

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