Read Together-Witness History on p. 154Ibn Battuta and the Sahara Desert
Africa’s Geography-Locate the following regions on the map on p. 156 Desert Savannah- grassy plain Rain Forests Dry Woodland
On your map, label: Sahara Desert World largest desert Located in northern Africa Kalahari Desert & Namib Desert Deserts in Southwest Africa
Africa’s Geography Many rivers in Africa Difficult to travel because of large waterfalls called cataracts
On your map, label: Nile River Congo River Zambezi River Limpopo River Niger River Orange River
Other Important Landmarks :(Label these too) Mediterranean Sea Red Sea Great Rift Valley Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Lake Victoria
Trade Salt, gold, iron, copper Geography not good for trading Used camels “ships of the desert”
Migration People originated in Western Africa Migrated south and east Bantu Migrations African languages originated from a common language called Bantu
Nubia Located on Nile River south of Egypt Under control of Egypt Traded with Egypt Adapted similar traditions Gained independence in 1100 B.C.
Nubia Capital – Meroe Traded gold, ivory, animal skins, perfumes, and slaves to Asia and Europe Created their own alphabet, but no modern historian can decipher it. Conquered in 350 A.D. by kingdoms from the south
OutsideInfluences Phonecians build Carthage Major trade port Burned by Romans during the Punic Wars Romans conquer northern coast- spread Christianity In 690s, Muslim Arabs conquer much of north Africa and spread Islam.