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The United States government


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An overview on US political system

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The United States government

  2. 2. 2 A FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT  The Government of the USA is based on the Constitution, a document which was written in 1787.  It provides for a federal system in which power is divided between the states and the national, or federal, government. ChiaraSbarbada
  3. 3. 3 DIVISION OF POWERS Federal government:  power to make peace or war  to print money  to regulate trade between the states. States  justice (death penalty..)  education  marriage and divorce ChiaraSbarbada
  4. 4. 4 U.S. POLITICAL PARTIES The DEMOCRATIC Party It is the oldest existing party, founded in 1830s. It is progressive and liberal. (Left wing) Symbol: Donkey The REPUBLICAN Party It is more conservative than the Democratic Party. (Right wing) Symbol: Elephant ChiaraSbarbada
  5. 5. 5 THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE B. (The President) LEGISLATIVE B. (The Congress) JUDICIAL B. (Supreme Court) ChiaraSbarbada
  6. 6. 6 THE EXECUTIVE POWER The job of the Executive Branch is to make sure that the laws of the nation are being followed. The White House, WashingtonChiaraSbarbada
  7. 7. 7 WHO IS IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH?  The President  The Vice-President  The Executive Office  The Cabinet ChiaraSbarbada
  8. 8. 8 THE PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA (Democratic)  Approves the laws that Congress creates.  Meets with the leaders of other countries and can make treaties with them.  Is technically the boss of every government worker.  Commands the armed forces. ChiaraSbarbada
  9. 9. 9 A President of the U.S. Identity Card  Native – born American  Over 35 years old  Elected every 4 years (max 2 terms)  Works and live in the White House ChiaraSbarbada
  10. 10. 10 THE VICE PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN  President of the Senate  Becomes President if the President can no longer do the job. ChiaraSbarbada
  11. 11. 11ChiaraSbarbada
  12. 12. 12 THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE There are several different departments that work directly with the President:  The WHITE HOUSE OFFICE – They compose speeches, give the President advice, decides who gets to see him, take care of the White House.  The NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL – They discuss foreign policy and military matters  And many others.. ChiaraSbarbada
  13. 13. 13 THE CABINET (15 departments) The 15 Secretaries meet with and advise the President regularly, like Italian Consiglio dei Ministri. The most important is the SECRETARY OF STATE who deals with Foreign Affairs. JOHN KERRY ChiaraSbarbada
  14. 14. 14 THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE B. (The President) LEGISLATIVE B. (The Congress) JUDICIAL B. (Supreme Court) ChiaraSbarbada
  15. 15. 15 THE CONGRESS Propose, debates and pass laws and approve President’s decisions Capitol Building, WashingtonChiaraSbarbada
  16. 16. 16 THE CONGRESS ChiaraSbarbada
  17. 17. 17 House of Representatives  435 members  Elected by the people every TWO years  Members must be 25 years old  Number of members based on population ChiaraSbarbada
  18. 18. 18 The Senate  100 members ( 2 for each State )  Elected every 6 years  Members must be 30 years old  Every two years, one-third of the Senate comes up for re-election, to mantain stability. ChiaraSbarbada
  19. 19. 19 THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE B. (The President) LEGISLATIVE B. (The Congress) JUDICIAL B. (Supreme Court) ChiaraSbarbada
  20. 20. 20 THE SUPREME COURT  It is the highest court in the nation, it is located in Washington.  It is made up of 9 Justices, appointed by the President and approved by the Senate.  Justices have their jobs for life, unless they resign, retire, or are impeached. The nine justicesChiaraSbarbada
  21. 21. 21ChiaraSbarbada
  22. 22. 22 THE SUPREME COURT Cases brought before this court for review come from the lower FEDERAL COURTS. Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are applied, and whether they break the rules of the Constitution. Once the Supreme Court makes a decision, it can only be changed by another Supreme Court decision or by “amending” the Constitution. ChiaraSbarbada
  23. 23. 23 Washington, District of Columbia United States Symbol ChiaraSbarbada