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Why do inequities exist in the health
of Australians?
• Factors that create inequities:
o Daily Living Conditions
o Qualit...
Daily Living Conditions
Peoples everyday environments including the
places they live, play and work.
Quality of early years of life
Genetic & Environmental factors
Genetics may give an individual a predisposition
to certain...
Quality of early years of life
Genetic & Environmental factors
Environmental factors influence an individual’s
development...
Quality of early years of life
Socioeconomic Status of Parents
The socioeconomic status of the parents has a
bearing on a ...
Quality of early years of life
Sociocultural Factors
Sociocultural factors play an important role in
development of an ind...
HOW WOULD THESE FACTORS IMPACT
YOUR HEALTH?
Access to services
& transport
Low
socioeconomic
people are more
likely to use...
Social Attributes
Australia is considered to be a very multicultural
society, with its own blend of races, values,
attitud...
Social Attributes
Social exclusion
Social exclusion occurs when a community or
group shows bias against particular individ...
Social Attributes
Discrimination
Discrimination is the unfair treatment of a
person or group based on factors such as sex,...
Government Policies & Priorities
The Federal and state governments are
responsible for prioritising health care and
alloca...
2 LESSONS I am away..
Classwork while Miss is away!!
Students have been given a population that experiences inequities in
Australia.
This is ind...
2 POINT FOCUS FOR TRIALS
YOU HAVE
COVERED
THIS IN…
CORE 1 &
OPTION 1
KEY IMPORTANT QUESTION…
AN INDIVIDUAL’S CHILDHOOD HAS WHAT
IMPACT ON YOUR ACCESS TO HEALTH AND/OR
PERCEPTION OF HEALTH?
QUALITY OF EARLY YEARS OF LIFE
WHAT ABOUT THESE?
GENETIC &
ENVIORNMENTAL
FACTORS
SOCIOECONOMIC
STATUS OF
PARENTS
SOCIOCULT...
QUALITY OF EARLY YEARS OF LIFE
ACTIVITY TIME
Australia is ranked as one of the healthiest nations
worldwide, however we know that not all Australians
experience the sa...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
ENABLING MEDIATING
ADVOCATING
ACTIONS THAT IMPROVE HEALTH
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
ENABLING MEDIATING
ADVOCATING
ACTIVTY: I GOT THE P, YOU GIVE ME THE ‘EE”
Forming partnerships wit...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
Empowering individuals in
disadvantaged circumstances
WHAT IS IT?
Empowering disadvantaged
commun...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
Empowering individuals in
disadvantaged circumstances
WHAT IS IT?
• Priority: Improve health
lite...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
WHAT IS IT?
• Priority: Instil connectedness
= feel empowered
• Empowered if they are a part
of t...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
WHAT IS IT?
• Priority: Improve infrastructure
= more likely to seek treatment
earlier and on a m...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
WHAT IS IT?
• Priority: Government funding is
essential = supportive
environment & promotes bette...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
APPLICATION ACTIVITY
FOCUS QUESTION:
ANALYSE HOW IS THE ‘CLOSE THE GAP’
SCHEME UTLISING THE SOCIA...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
HEALTH PROMOTION ANALYSIS
SO….
IF YOU ARE ASKED TO ANALYSE A HEALTH
PROMOTION INITIATIVE USING TH...
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
HEALTH PROMOTION ANALYSIS
SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK
HEALTH PROMOTION ANALYSIS
HOMEWORK
Extended response:
Using the social justice framework critically
analyse the effectiveness of health promotion
sc...
HSC Option 5: Equity & Health
HSC Option 5: Equity & Health
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HSC Option 5: Equity & Health

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HSC Option 5: Equity & Health

  1. 1. Why do inequities exist in the health of Australians? • Factors that create inequities: o Daily Living Conditions o Quality of early years of life o Access to services and transport o Socioeconomic factors o Social Attributes eg, social exclusion, discrimination o Government policies and priorities eg. economic, social,health
  2. 2. Daily Living Conditions Peoples everyday environments including the places they live, play and work.
  3. 3. Quality of early years of life Genetic & Environmental factors Genetics may give an individual a predisposition to certain diseases and physiological factors
  4. 4. Quality of early years of life Genetic & Environmental factors Environmental factors influence an individual’s development and access to services/resources.
  5. 5. Quality of early years of life Socioeconomic Status of Parents The socioeconomic status of the parents has a bearing on a child’s potential to achieve good health.
  6. 6. Quality of early years of life Sociocultural Factors Sociocultural factors play an important role in development of an individual during their early years, impacting their behaviour, self-worth, beliefs and values.
  7. 7. HOW WOULD THESE FACTORS IMPACT YOUR HEALTH? Access to services & transport Low socioeconomic people are more likely to use primary health care rather than preventative measures Occupation Level of education
  8. 8. Social Attributes Australia is considered to be a very multicultural society, with its own blend of races, values, attitudes, religions and range socioeconomic status that contribute to our overall patterns of illness, death and health.
  9. 9. Social Attributes Social exclusion Social exclusion occurs when a community or group shows bias against particular individuals, which results in them being excluded or feeling left out. Individuals and groups can feel disempowered and disconnected from mainstream society. This can lead to anti-social behaviour such as vandalism, self harm, withdrawal from society and even homelessness.
  10. 10. Social Attributes Discrimination Discrimination is the unfair treatment of a person or group based on factors such as sex, race, cultural origins, age and disability.
  11. 11. Government Policies & Priorities The Federal and state governments are responsible for prioritising health care and allocating funds to the general health areas and specific population groups.
  12. 12. 2 LESSONS I am away..
  13. 13. Classwork while Miss is away!! Students have been given a population that experiences inequities in Australia. This is individual work – no group work. They are to design a prezi/powerpoint or video that answers the following questions • Nature of population – including health inequities they experience • Extent of inequities • Explain whether the ‘gap’ they are experiencing is decreasing or increasing? • Describe the impact of health determinants on their health • Examine the media’s role in influencing social attitude towards population • Evaluate 1 government intervention aimed at population • Students will present these to the class. A one-page summary needs to be created to give to the class.
  14. 14. 2 POINT FOCUS FOR TRIALS YOU HAVE COVERED THIS IN… CORE 1 & OPTION 1
  15. 15. KEY IMPORTANT QUESTION… AN INDIVIDUAL’S CHILDHOOD HAS WHAT IMPACT ON YOUR ACCESS TO HEALTH AND/OR PERCEPTION OF HEALTH?
  16. 16. QUALITY OF EARLY YEARS OF LIFE WHAT ABOUT THESE? GENETIC & ENVIORNMENTAL FACTORS SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS IN THE EARLY YEARS NOTE: SIMILAR TO DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
  17. 17. QUALITY OF EARLY YEARS OF LIFE ACTIVITY TIME
  18. 18. Australia is ranked as one of the healthiest nations worldwide, however we know that not all Australians experience the same level of health • Social justice principles refer to values “that favour measures that aim at decreasing or eliminating inequity; promoting inclusiveness of diversity; and establishing environments that are supportive of all people.” The social justice principles include: equity, diversity and supportive environments. WHAT IS IT? WHY IS IT NEEDED?
  19. 19. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK ENABLING MEDIATING ADVOCATING ACTIONS THAT IMPROVE HEALTH
  20. 20. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK ENABLING MEDIATING ADVOCATING ACTIVTY: I GOT THE P, YOU GIVE ME THE ‘EE” Forming partnerships with individuals or groups to empower them, through mobilising human material resources and using skills in order to promote and protect their health Working to bring about consensus and reconciling the different interests of individuals, communities and sectors in a way that promotes and protects health Combination of individual and social actions designed to speak up for specific groups, gain political commitment, policy support, social acceptance and systems support for a particular health goal GIVE ME AN EXAMPLE AND JUSTIFY ITS LINK TO HEALTH
  21. 21. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK Empowering individuals in disadvantaged circumstances WHAT IS IT? Empowering disadvantaged communities Improving access to essential facilities and services Encouraging economic and cultural change
  22. 22. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK Empowering individuals in disadvantaged circumstances WHAT IS IT? • Priority: Improve health literacy = improved knowledge • More knowledge you have, the better decisions you can make • Access services/ problem solving • Adopt health promoting behaviours • Requires strong personal support networks Example?
  23. 23. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK WHAT IS IT? • Priority: Instil connectedness = feel empowered • Empowered if they are a part of the decision making process • Community members to run initiatives, programs, services • HP more likely to meet the needs of community Empowering disadvantaged communities Example?
  24. 24. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK WHAT IS IT? • Priority: Improve infrastructure = more likely to seek treatment earlier and on a more regular basis • Early intervention • Health care workers/ support personnel that reflect community Improving access to essential facilities and services Example?
  25. 25. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK WHAT IS IT? • Priority: Government funding is essential = supportive environment & promotes better health • Financial support is needed for minority groups so that their health is prioritised • Draw attention to their needs and issues • Encourage social change through changing people’s attitudes. Encouraging economic and cultural change Example?
  26. 26. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK APPLICATION ACTIVITY FOCUS QUESTION: ANALYSE HOW IS THE ‘CLOSE THE GAP’ SCHEME UTLISING THE SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK?
  27. 27. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK HEALTH PROMOTION ANALYSIS SO…. IF YOU ARE ASKED TO ANALYSE A HEALTH PROMOTION INITIATIVE USING THE SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK… DO YOU STILL NEED THE OTTAWA CHARTER?
  28. 28. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK HEALTH PROMOTION ANALYSIS
  29. 29. SOCIAL JUSTICE FRAMEWORK HEALTH PROMOTION ANALYSIS
  30. 30. HOMEWORK Extended response: Using the social justice framework critically analyse the effectiveness of health promotion schemes aimed at priority population • BAND 6 : 4-5 PAGES • BAND 5: 3-4 PAGES • BAND 4: 2-3 PAGES

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