8 irregular verbs in the preterit (ii)

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Irregular verbs in the preterite tense in Spanish, Part 2

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8 irregular verbs in the preterit (ii)

  1. 1. Irregular preterit forms (Formas irregulares del pretérito)9 de febrer o de 2005Diario, hoy fue un día e xtraordin ario . . .
  2. 2. Irregular preterit forms ser, ir The verbs ser and ir are conjugated identically in the preterit. The context of the sentence or the situation will clarify the meaning. ser, ir  fui fuimos fuiste fuisteis fue fueron fue fueronNotice that the first- and third-persons singular, fui and fue,do not bear a written accent. As we learned earlier, single-syllable preterit forms need no written accent.
  3. 3. Irregular preterit forms ser, irLa fiesta fue en casa de Jorge, pero Jorgemismo no fue. The party was at Jorge’s house, but Jorge himself didn’t go.Yo fui a la comisaría de policía paraasegurarles que el que cometió el crimen nofui yo. I went to the police station to assure them that I was not the one who committed the crime.
  4. 4. Irregular preterit forms estar, andar, tener e (no accent) estar  estuv- iste o (no accent) andar  anduv- o (no accent) tener  tuv- imos isteisNotice that estar, andar ieronand tener have a similar ieronchange in their stems . . . and take the same verb endings, even though estar and andar are -ar verbs, and tener an -er verb.
  5. 5. Irregular preterit forms estar → estuv e (no accent)Estuve en España por tres meses. iste I was in Spain for three months. o (no accent) o (no accent)¿Por qué no estuviste en clase ayer? imos Why weren’t you in class yesterday? isteis ieronCarlos estuvo estudiando todo el día. ieron Carlos was studying all day.Estuvimos enfermos en casa la semana pasada. We were sick at home last week.Carla y Olga estuvieron en la fiesta. Carla and Olga were at the party.
  6. 6. Irregular preterit forms e (no accent) andar → anduv iste o (no accent)Anduve a la escuela esta mañana. o (no accent) I walked to school this morning. imos¿Anduviste solo o acompañado? isteis Did you walk alone or with someone? ieron ieronEl niño anduvo por primera vez a los doce meses. The child walked for the first time at twelve months of age.Anduvimos por el parque y fuimos al museo. We walked through the park and went to the museum.Los novios anduvieron juntos por la plaza. The lovers walked together around the plaza.
  7. 7. Irregular preterit forms e (no accent) iste tener → tuv o (no accent)Tuve suerte jugando a la lotería. o (no accent) I had luck playing the lottery. imos isteis¿Tuviste un resfriado el mes pasado? Did you have a cold last month? ieron ieronAna tuvo que trabajar la Víspera del Año Nuevo. Ana had to work on New Year’s Eve.Tuvimos una habitación muy cómoda en el hotel. We had a very comfortable room in the hotel.Ester y Roberto tuvieron una boda muy linda. Ester and Roberto had a very lovely wedding.
  8. 8. Irregular preterit forms dar The -ar verb dar is conjugated in the preterit as if it were a regular -er/-ir verb. di dimos diste disteis dio dieron dio dieronAgain, since the first- and third-persons singular di and dioconsist of a single syllable, they need no written accent.
  9. 9. Irregular preterit forms darLe di un regalito a mi novia. I gave a little gift to my girlfriend.Diste una fiesta de bienvenida para Tito, ¿no? You gave a welcoming party for Tito, didn’t you?Teodoro me dio las entradas para el concierto. Teodoro gave me the tickets for the concert.Les dimos limosnas a los pobres. We gave alms to the poor.Los profesores no dieron clases este verano. The professors didn’t give (teach) classes this summer.
  10. 10. Irregular preterit forms verThe verb ver is a regular -er verb in the preterit but, ofcourse, its first- and third-persons singular have nowritten accent since they are single-syllable forms. vi vimos viste visteis vio vieron vio vieron
  11. 11. Irregular preterit forms verVi a Ernesto ayer en el almacén. I saw Ernesto yesterday in the department store.¿Viste la última película de Pedro Almodóvar? Did you see Pedro Almodóvar’s latest film?Mi hermano vio al delincuente robar la tienda. My brother saw the criminal rob the store.Vimos las fotos que Juan sacó en Chile. We saw the photos that Juan took in Chile.Los niños vieron a Papá Noel en el centro. The children saw Santa Claus downtown.
  12. 12. FIN

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