6 summary of uses of ser and estar

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Ser vs estar

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6 summary of uses of ser and estar

  1. 1. Summary of Uses of ser and estar (Resumen de los usos de ser y estar)
  2. 2. Ser is used: with adjectives to express characteristics such as size, shape, etc. with the subject of a sentence when followed by a noun or noun phrase that restates the subject. with de to tell origin , possession , and what things are made of to express dates , days of the week , months , and seasons Ser is one of the “to be” verbs to express time with the preposition para to tell for whom or for what something is intended or to express a deadline with impersonal expressions to indicate where and when events take place
  3. 3. S ER tells the origin of people Yo soy de México. ¿ De dónde eres tú ? Notice the use of the preposition de to indicate the origin of people.
  4. 4. S ER also tells the origin of things El reloj es de Suiza. Notice the use of the preposition de to indicate the origin of things.
  5. 5. S ER also expresses possession El perro es de Elena. Notice the use of the preposition de to indicate possession.
  6. 6. S ER tells what something is La mesa es de madera. (The table is made of wood.) made of Notice the use of the preposition de to indicate what something is made of.
  7. 7. S ER also expresses characteristics La mesa es redonda.
  8. 8. S ER also expresses characteristics Gracias, señorita. Usted es muy simpática también . . . ¡y muy guapa! Usted es muy simpático, señor.
  9. 9. S ER tells what is Yo soy banquero. ( I am a banker.) Tú eres carpintero. ( You are a carpenter.) Luis es programador de computadoras. ( Luis is a computer programmer.) Nosotros somos estudiantes de español. ( We are Spanish students.) someone
  10. 10. S ER tells what is Esto es un diccionario. ( This is a dictionary.) Esto es una pluma. ( This is a pen.) something
  11. 11. S ER tells who is someone Yo soy Luis Andrés Rosales.
  12. 12. S ER is used for days, months, years and seasons Hoy es jueves. Es septiembre. Es el 4. Es el año 2008. Hoy es jueves, 4 de septiembre de 2008. ¡Es otoño!
  13. 13. S ER is used for time of day Es la una. ¿Qué hora es ? Son las tres y media. 12 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 4 12 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 4
  14. 14. S ER is used with para to tell for whom or for what something is intended Esa calculadora es para Armando. Es para su clase de matemáticas.
  15. 15. S ER is used with para to express a deadline La invitación es para el viernes.
  16. 16. S ER is used for impersonal expressions Es importante. Es verdad. Es necesario. Es increíble. Es maravilloso. = It's important. true. necessary. incredible. wonderful.
  17. 17. S ER means to “take place” fiestas What kinds of things “take place”? conciertos bodas conferencias clases reuniones partidos (juegos) películas discusiones funerales graduaciones desfiles
  18. 18. S ER means to “take place” La película es en el cine “Los Rollos”. Es a las siete y media.
  19. 19. to indicate the location of persons and objects with adjectives to describe the state or condition of the subject with descriptive adjectives (or adjectives normally used with ser) to indicate that something is exceptional or unusual. This structure often reflects someone’s subjective reaction and is frequently used when complimenting someone. to describe the taste of food or drink Estar is the other “to be” verb Estar is used:
  20. 20. ESTAR tells where Estoy en casa. I’m at home. Claudio está en la cocina. Claudio is in the kitchen. París está en Francia. Paris is in France.
  21. 21. ESTAR tells how Estoy muy cansado. I am very tired. Amelia está enojada. Amelia is angry. Mamá está dormida. Mom is asleep.
  22. 22. ESTAR expresses subjective reactions ¡Caray! ¡Con ese corte de pelo estás muy guapa!
  23. 23. ESTAR tells how things taste ¡Mmmm! ¡Este café está muy rico!
  24. 24. FIN

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