4 the present tense of regular ar verbs

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AR verbs

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4 the present tense of regular ar verbs

  1. 1. Verbs in the Present Tense (Los verbos en el tiempo presente) First conjugation: -ar
  2. 2. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The infinitiv e : The basic, unconjugated form, the one that corresponds to the English “to do” (something). For example, to speak, to work, to sing, etc. The Spanish infinitive always ends in r 1
  3. 3. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The Spanish infinitive always ends in r habla r come r escribi r canta r aprende r lee r sali r conoce r costa r corre r finaliza r freí r
  4. 4. The ending : The last two letters of the infinitive . The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb 2 The ending always consists of two letters .
  5. 5. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb habl ar com er escrib ir cant ar aprend er le er hablar comer escribir cantar aprender leer The ending always consists of two letters salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír sal ir conoc er cost ar corr er finaliz ar fre ír There are three types or categories of verbs in Spanish: those that end in ar , those that end in er , and those that end in ir ar ar ar ar er er er er er ir ir ir
  6. 6. The stem or root : Whatever is left after removing the ending from the infinitive . The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb 3 The stem can consist of a variable number of letters, depending on the length of the verb in question.
  7. 7. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The infinitive – the ending = the stem sal ir conoc er cost ar corr er finaliz ar fre ír habl ar com er escrib ir cant ar aprend er le er
  8. 8. The infinitive : The basic, unconjugated form of the verb . The fundamental parts of the verb estudiar 1 2 The ending : The last two letters of the infinitive . 3 The stem : What is left after taking the ending from the infinitive . ar estudi ¡No te olvides! Don't forget!
  9. 9. When we conjugate any verb we always begin with its stem . To conjugate : To put a verb in its correct person and number so that we know who is doing the action. Verb Conjugation
  10. 10. The following verbs are regular - ar verbs and are conjugated according to the pattern in the following slides. hablar to speak ayudar to help bailar to dance buscar to look for caminar to walk comprar to buy Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) conversar to converse enseñar to teach escuchar to listen estudiar to study llegar to arrive mirar to look at nadar to swim necesitar to need preparar to prepare regresar to return tomar to take or to drink trabajar to work viajar to travel
  11. 11. hablar a a h bl o a a h bl as a a h bl a a habl mos a á habl is á a h bl an a Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) All persons and numbers are based on the stem. Notice which vowel gets the emphasis! yo tú nosotros/as vosotros/as Ud. él ella ellos ellas Uds.
  12. 12. trabajar a a trab j o a a trab j as a a trab j a a trabaj mos a á trabaj is á a trab j an a Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) Its stem? The emphasis?
  13. 13. buscar a u b sc o u u b sc as u u b sc a u busc mos a á busc is á u b sc an u Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) Its stem? The emphasis?
  14. 14. estudiar a u est di o u u est di as u u est di a u estudi mos a á estudi is á u est di an u Verbs of the 1 st conjugation (- ar ) Its stem? The emphasis?
  15. 15. Verb usage The Spanish present indicative tense has several equivalents in English. As in English, it can express present habitual actions: Estudiamos español en la universidad. We study Spanish at the university. But, unlike English, it can also express ongoing actions: En este momento estudiamos en la biblioteca. Right now we’re studying in the library. It can even express future actions: Esta noche estudiamos para el examen. Tonight we will study for the exam.
  16. 16. La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar . estudio estudiamos estudias estudiáis estudia estudian Verb forms that refer to people that are within the conversation flip to their “opposite” form. ¿Qué estudias? Estudio matemáticas. ¿Qué estudias tú?
  17. 17. La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar . estudio estudiamos estudias estudiáis estudia estudian Verb forms that refer to people that are outside the conversation do not change. ¿Qué estudia Juan? Estudia filosofía.
  18. 18. FIN

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