15 the future tense

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The futur

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15 the future tense

  1. 1. The future tense (El futuro) Las nuevas microcomputadoras serán aún más pequeñas.
  2. 2. The Spanish future tense is formed with onlyone set of endings for the -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. For regular verbs, the endings are attached tothe infinitive, as follows: hablaré hablar emos hablar ás hablaréis hablar á hablarán hablará hablar án Again, the infinitive is the basis for all forms of regular verbs.Notice that all forms except nosotros/as carry a written accent.
  3. 3. The Future Tense Notice the following chart: tomar comer vivir yo tomaré comeré viviré tú tomarás comerás vivirás él, ella, Ud. tomará comerá vivirá nosotros/as tomaremos comeremos viviremos vosotros/as tomaréis comeréis viviréisellos/as, Uds. tomarán comerán vivirán
  4. 4. In the present tense, we might say . . .En la clase, hablo español con el profesor, leo un cuento chistoso, y escribo unas frases.
  5. 5. In the future tense, we would say . . .Esta tarde cuando llegue a casa, hablo español con el profesor, aré con mi mamá, leeré una revista, y o un cuento chistoso, yescribo unas mensaje electrónico. iré un frases.
  6. 6. Some Facts About the Future TenseAs in English, the Spanish future tense expresses whatwill happen in the future. The English equivalent iswill + verb. Estudiaré informática en la universidad. I will study computer science at the university. Ustedes comprarán pronto otro disco duro. You will buy a new hard drive soon. Keep in mind that in English the subject and will are often contracted: You’ll buy a new hard drive soon.
  7. 7. Some Facts About the Future TenseRemember, however, that the present tense is oftenused to express immediate future in Spanish. El técnico viene para arreglar mi computadora hoy. The technician will come (is coming) to fix my computer today. Termino mi trabajo esta tarde. I will finish my paper this afternoon.
  8. 8. Some Facts About the Future TenseThe future may also be conveyed with the presenttense of ir a + infinitive. Voy a arreglar la computadora. I am going to fix the computer. ¿Vas a archivar ese documento? Are you going to save that document?
  9. 9. Some Facts About the Future TenseThe idea of willingness, sometimes expressed with theEnglish future, cannot be expressed with the Spanishfuture tense. Use verbs like querer or the simplepresent tense to express willingness. ¿Quieres ayudarme con la impresora? Will you help me with the printer? ¿Me traes el otro programa? Will you bring me the other program?
  10. 10. Irregular Verbs in the Future TenseIrregular verbs in the future are formed by adding thefuture endings to an irregular stem. The irregularstems can be grouped into three categories.1. Drop two letters to form the stem of the future.decir decir - diré diremos dirás diréis dirá diránhacer ha cer - haré haremos harás haréis hará harán
  11. 11. Irregular Verbs in the Future TenseIrregular verbs in the future are formed by adding thefuture endings to an irregular stem. The irregularstems can be grouped into three categories.2. The e of the infinitive ending is dropped to form the stem of the future.haber haber - habré, habrás, . . .poder poder- podré, podrás, . . .querer querer- querré, querrás, . . .saber saber - sabré, sabrás, . . .
  12. 12. Irregular Verbs in the Future TenseIrregular verbs in the future are formed by adding thefuture endings to an irregular stem. The irregularstems can be grouped into three categories.3. The e or the i of the infinitive ending is replaced by d to form the stem of the future.poner pond - er pondré, pondrás, . . .salir salir - d saldré, saldrás, . . .tener tender- tendré, tendrás, . . .venir vend - ir vendré, vendrás, . . .
  13. 13. A Special Use of the Future TenseProbability or conjecture with regard to the present isoften expressed in Spanish with the future tense. Thisuse of the future has many equivalents in English; forexample: probably, may, I wonder, etc. ¿Dónde estará Antonio? I wonder where Antonio is? Estará jugando juegos electrónicos. He’s probably playing computer games. ¿Qué hora será? What time must it be? Serán las seis. It must be six.
  14. 14. FIN

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