Gustar and Similar Verbs ( Gustar y verbos parecidos) ¿Te gusta mi coche? Sí, me gusta mucho.
Gustar = to be pleasing gusto gustas gusta gustamos gustáis gustan Gustar is a completely regular -ar verb in its conjugation. Gustar is used to express preferences, likes, and dislikes; however, gustar means “to be pleasing,” and is constructed very differently from the English “to like.”
I like it. In English, we say . . . In Spanish, “it” becomes the subject of the sentence and we say instead . . . It’s pleasing to me. Gustar = to be pleasing In Spanish, the thing or things that we like are expressed as being “pleasing to us.” . . . where “it” is the direct object. “ I” is then expressed as the indirect object phrase “to me.”
I like Spanish. Spanish is pleasing to me. El español gusta me. But, of course, in Spanish, pronouns must be placed before conjugated verbs. me gusta. In Spanish, this would literally be . . . Now, it so happens that, by convention, the subject (in this case El español ) is generally placed at the end of the sentence with this type of construction. Let’s start by talking about something we all like. Following the format on the previous slide, we would say . . .
I like Spanish. me gusta. El español el español. Spanish is pleasing to me. Me gusta It turns out, then, that the sentence in Spanish is exactly the reverse of that in English, in its sense, and also in its word order.
To express that others like Spanish, only the object pronoun needs to change, since Spanish remains the subject in all the sentences. gusta el español. Me like Spanish. I Te Le Nos Os Les You He We You all They likes Spanish.
gusto gustas gusta Since most of the things or people that please us are expressed in third person, the two forms of gustar that are used most commonly are gusta and gustan gustamos gustáis gustan Nos gust a el flan que hace la abuela. No le gust an los huevos . We like the flan that grandma makes. She doesn’t like eggs.
Of course, it is possible to use other forms. Gustas , for example is used frequently. Me gust as (tú). You please me. (I like you.) When gustar is used with one or more infinitives, only the third person singular is used. Me gust a leer. Me gust a leer, jugar fútbol, y viajar.
The verb gustar is used exclusively with indirect object pronouns me te le nos os les
Me gusta ese restaurante. Gustar is used with indirect object pronouns I like that restaurant. ¿ Te gusta el té helado? Do you like iced tea? Le gustan mucho las zanahorias. He likes carrots a lot. No nos gusta el yogur. We don’t like yogurt. Les gusta cenar en casa. They like to eat dinner at home.
aburrir to bore; to tire encantar to delight; to be extremely pleasing faltar to be lacking or needed fascinar to be fascinating interesar to be interesting molestar to be a bother or to annoy parecer to seem quedar to be left; to remain Many other verbs function like gustar These, too, are used with indirect object pronouns.
Me aburre comer solo. Eating alone bores me. French cuisine fascinates us. Les encanta comer fuera. They love to eat out. Nos fascina la cocina francesa. Do you all need some napkins? ¿Les faltan servilletas? Many other verbs function like gustar
¿Te queda suficiente dinero para pagar la cuenta? This wine seems expensive to us. Nos parece caro este vino. Do you have enough money left to pay the bill? We’re interested in penguins. Nos interesan los pingüinos. Some customers annoy me. Me molestan algunos clientes. Many other verbs function like gustar
When we like something a lot (mucho) or more (más) than something else, mucho and más immediately follow the verb gustar: Me gusta mucho comer. I really like to eat. A different word order would convey a different meaning: Me gusta comer mucho . I like to eat a lot of food.
When we like something a lot (mucho) or more (más) than something else, mucho and más immediately follow the verb gustar: ¿Te gustan más las naranjas o las toronjas? Do you like oranges or grapefruit best? Me gustan más las naranjas. I like oranges best.
Again, the verbs gustar, encantar, etc. are used exclusively with indirect object pronouns (for clarification or emphasis ) me te l e nos os les (a mí ) (a ti) (a usted) (a é l) (a ella) (a nosotros) (a vosotros) (a ustedes) (a ell o s) (a ellas) These are mandatory The prepositional forms are optional
All the prepositional forms can be used to emphasize the object pronoun form. no le gustan los frijoles, pero sí me gustan. doesn’t like beans but A Juan a mí Juan I do. Notice that because Juan and I were stressed in the above sentence in English, we added the prepositional forms a Juan and a mí in Spanish to reflect that stress.
Les encantan las bananas. Since les can represent a number of different people, we may need to add a prepositional form to avoid confusion. Since the third-person pronouns le and les can be ambiguous, they sometimes require prepositional forms for clarification . A ellos les encantan las bananas. A ellas les encantan las bananas. A Uds. les encantan las bananas. A Luis y a Marta les encantan las bananas.