Catalina Morales de Flores, High School
12th Grade English
“ My only love sprung from my
only hate! Too early seen
unknown, and known too late!
Prodigious birth of love it is to
me, That I must love a loathèd
enemy.”- Juliet Capulet from
Romeo & Juliet
A play is a form of literature written by a playwright,
usually consisting of scripted dialogue between
characters, intended for theatrical performance rather
than just reading.
Plays are performed at a variety of levels, from
Broadway, Off-Broadway, regional theater, to
Community theatre, as well a University or school
Comedies are plays which are designed to be
humorous. Comedies are often filled with witty
remarks, unusual characters, and strange
circumstances. Certain comedies are geared toward
different age groups. Comedies were one of the two
original play types of Ancient Greece, along with
tragedies. An example of a comedy would be William
Shakespeare's play "A Midsummer Night's Dream,"
A generally nonsensical genre of play, farces are often
overacted and often involve slapstick humour.
A satire play takes a comic look at current events people
while at the same time attempting to make a political or
social statement, for example pointing out corruption.
An example of a satire would be Nikolai Gogol's The
Government Inspector and Aristophanes' Lysistrata.
These plays contain darker themes such as death and
disaster. Often the protagonist of the play is a tragic hero
has a tragic flaw, a trait which leads to their downfall.
Tragic plays convey all emotions, and have extremely
dramatic conflicts. Tragedy was one of the two original
play types of Ancient Greece. Some examples of
tragedies include William Shakespeare's Hamlet, and
also John Webster's play The Duchess of Malfi.
These plays focus on actual historical events. They can
be tragedies or comedies, but are often neither of these.
History as a separate genre was popularized by William
Shakespeare. Examples of historical plays include
Friedrich Schiller's Demetrius and William
Shakespeare's King John.
A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person
who writes dramatic literature or drama. These works
may be written specifically to be performed by actors,
or they may be closet dramas - simple literary works -
written using dramatic forms, but not meant for
William Shakespeare (23 April 1564 – 23 April 1616)
was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely
regarded as the greatest writer in the English language
and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
He is often called England's national poet and the
"Bard of Avon".
His extant works, including some collaborations,
consist of about 38 plays,154 sonnets, two long
narrative poems, and a few other verses, the
authorship of some of which is uncertain.
William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare,
an alderman and a successful glover originally from
Snitterfield, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an
affluent landowning farmer.
At the age of 18, Shakespeare married the 26-year-old
Anne Hathaway, and six months after the marriage
Anne gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, baptised 26
May 1583. Twins, son Hamnet and daughter Judith,
followed almost two years later and were baptised
February 1585.Hamnet died of unknown causes at the
age of 11 and was buried 11 August 1596.
After the birth of his twins, very little is know about
Shakespeare until he re emerges in the world of
Scholars refer to the years between 1585 and 1592 as
Shakespeare's "lost years".
Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616.
Shakespeare was buried in the chancel of the Holy
Trinity Church two days after his death.The epitaph
carved into the stone slab covering his grave includes a
curse against moving his bones, which was carefully
avoided during restoration of the church in 2008
The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with
It was built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, the Lord
Chamberlain's Men, on land owned by Thomas Brend and
inherited by his son, Nicholas Brend and grandson Sir Matthew
Brend, and was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613.
A second Globe Theatre was built on the same site by June 1614
and closed in 1642.
A modern reconstruction of the Globe, named "Shakespeare's
Globe", opened in 1997 approximately 750 feet from the site of
the original theatre.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William
Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-
crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their
It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during
his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most
frequently performed plays.
Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal
Ruling house of Verona :
Prince Escalus is the ruling Prince of Verona
Count Paris is a kinsman of Escalus who wishes to
Mercutio is another kinsman of Escalus, and a friend
House of Montague:
Montague is the patriarch of the house of Montague.
Lady Montague is the matriarch of the house of
Romeo is the son of Montague, and the play's male
Benvolio is Romeo's cousin and best friend.
House of Capulet :
Capulet is the patriarch of the house of Capulet.
Lady Capulet is the matriarch of the house of Capulet.
Juliet is the 13-year-old daughter of Capulet, and the play's
Tybalt is a cousin of Juliet, and the nephew of Capulet's wife.
The Nurse is Juliet's personal attendant and confidante.
Rosaline is Lord Capulet's niece, and Romeo's love in the
beginning of the story.