Fat is the most concentrated
source of food energy, and
has 9 calories in
Unsaturated
Fat:
Liquid at room
temperature; ALSO
KNOWN AS OIL
Examples: canola oil,
olive oil, vegetable oil,
etc.

Satur...
Fat consumption for a standard
2,000 calorie diet…
*No more than 66 grams TOTAL FAT.
*No more than 30% of total calories s...
CALORIES
FAT:

FROM

STEP 1: Grams fat per serving multiplied by 9
STEP 2: Divide by total calories
Honey3: Multiply by 10...
Cholesterol….

Cholesterol is NOT fat, but a “fat-like”
substance present in all body cells.
It contributes to the digesti...
All animals
make
cholesterol…
ANY animal food or animal
food bi-product including
red meat,
poultry and
fish,
will ultimat...
LDL’s and HDL’s

Cholesterol circulates in the blood in chemical
“carriers” called lipoproteins…..
There are two major kin...
Low-Density Lipoproteins
LDL’s are BAD for our bodies!
= LOSERS!
LDL’s take cholesterol from the liver to wherever
it is n...
High-Density Lipoproteins
HDL’s are GOOD for our bodies!
=

HEROES!

HDL’s carry excess cholesterol back to the liver –
ke...
Fatty Acids:
*Organic acids units that
make up fat…

Saturated /
Unsaturated

Polyunsaturated
Monounsaturated
Trans Fatty ...
Saturated and Unsaturated
Fatty Acids

Raises the level of
LDL cholesterol in
the bloodstream!

Food sources: meat,
poultr...
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
Lowers TOTAL blood cholesterol –
including both LDL and HDL levels!
Food sources: many vegetab...
Monounsaturated Fatty Acids
Lowers LDL cholesterol and
Raises HDL cholesterol!
Food sources:
Olives, olive oil, avocados, ...
Hydrogenation:

The process in which missing hydrogen atoms
are added to an

UNSATURATED FAT (oil)
making it more firm in ...
Fat in Food…
Invisible Fat:
Fat that is not
easily seen in foods…

Visible Fat:
Fat that can be
easily seen…
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Fn1 ppt. fats, oils and cholesterol

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Fn1 ppt. fats, oils and cholesterol

  1. 1. Fat is the most concentrated source of food energy, and has 9 calories in
  2. 2. Unsaturated Fat: Liquid at room temperature; ALSO KNOWN AS OIL Examples: canola oil, olive oil, vegetable oil, etc. Saturated Fat Solid at room temperature Examples: lard, butter, shortening.
  3. 3. Fat consumption for a standard 2,000 calorie diet… *No more than 66 grams TOTAL FAT. *No more than 30% of total calories should come from fat. *No more than 10% or 22 grams saturated fat *No more than 20% or 44 grams monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat
  4. 4. CALORIES FAT: FROM STEP 1: Grams fat per serving multiplied by 9 STEP 2: Divide by total calories Honey3: Multiply by 100 to give percentage STEP Grahams: Serving = 2 crackers Calories = 130 Protein = 2 grams Carbs. = 21 grams Fat
  5. 5. Cholesterol…. Cholesterol is NOT fat, but a “fat-like” substance present in all body cells. It contributes to the digestion of fat and the absorption of fat soluble vitamins. Cholesterol is manufactured by the body mostly in the liver!
  6. 6. All animals make cholesterol… ANY animal food or animal food bi-product including red meat, poultry and fish, will ultimately raise total body cholesterol. Foods high in cholesterol include: Egg Yolks
  7. 7. LDL’s and HDL’s Cholesterol circulates in the blood in chemical “carriers” called lipoproteins….. There are two major kinds of lipoproteins: LDL’s (Low-Density Lipoprotein) = LOSERS HDL’s (High-Density Lipoprotein) = HEROES
  8. 8. Low-Density Lipoproteins LDL’s are BAD for our bodies! = LOSERS! LDL’s take cholesterol from the liver to wherever it is needed in the body. Because of LDL’s - excess amounts of cholesterol can build up in artery walls leading to heart disease, stroke and even death!
  9. 9. High-Density Lipoproteins HDL’s are GOOD for our bodies! = HEROES! HDL’s carry excess cholesterol back to the liver – keeping it from causing artery cholesterol buildup
  10. 10. Fatty Acids: *Organic acids units that make up fat… Saturated / Unsaturated Polyunsaturated Monounsaturated Trans Fatty Acids
  11. 11. Saturated and Unsaturated Fatty Acids Raises the level of LDL cholesterol in the bloodstream! Food sources: meat, poultry skin, whole-milk dairy products, tropical oils-coconut oil, palm oil, and palm kernel oil.
  12. 12. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Lowers TOTAL blood cholesterol – including both LDL and HDL levels! Food sources: many vegetable oils, such as corn oil, soybean oil and safflower oil. Soy beans and oil Safflower and oil Corn oil
  13. 13. Monounsaturated Fatty Acids Lowers LDL cholesterol and Raises HDL cholesterol! Food sources: Olives, olive oil, avocados, peanuts, peanut oil and canola oil.
  14. 14. Hydrogenation: The process in which missing hydrogen atoms are added to an UNSATURATED FAT (oil) making it more firm in texture forming a new fatty acid called Trans Fatty Acid containing many of the same properties as saturated fats.
  15. 15. Fat in Food… Invisible Fat: Fat that is not easily seen in foods… Visible Fat: Fat that can be easily seen…

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