Fat is the most concentrated
source of food energy, and
has 9 calories in
Liquid at room
KNOWN AS OIL
Examples: canola oil,
olive oil, vegetable oil,
Solid at room
Fat consumption for a standard
2,000 calorie diet…
*No more than 66 grams TOTAL FAT.
*No more than 30% of total calories should
come from fat.
*No more than 10% or 22 grams saturated fat
*No more than 20% or 44 grams
monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat
STEP 1: Grams fat per serving multiplied by 9
STEP 2: Divide by total calories
Honey3: Multiply by 100 to give percentage
Calories = 130
Protein = 2
Carbs. = 21 grams
Cholesterol is NOT fat, but a “fat-like”
substance present in all body cells.
It contributes to the digestion of fat and the
absorption of fat soluble vitamins.
Cholesterol is manufactured by the body mostly in the liver!
ANY animal food or animal
food bi-product including
will ultimately raise
Foods high in cholesterol
LDL’s and HDL’s
Cholesterol circulates in the blood in chemical
“carriers” called lipoproteins…..
There are two major kinds of lipoproteins:
LDL’s (Low-Density Lipoprotein) =
Lipoprotein) = HEROES
LDL’s are BAD for our bodies!
LDL’s take cholesterol from the liver to wherever
it is needed in the body.
Because of LDL’s - excess amounts of cholesterol
can build up in artery walls leading to heart
disease, stroke and even death!
HDL’s are GOOD for our bodies!
HDL’s carry excess cholesterol back to the liver –
keeping it from causing artery cholesterol buildup
*Organic acids units that
make up fat…
Trans Fatty Acids
Saturated and Unsaturated
Raises the level of
LDL cholesterol in
Food sources: meat,
poultry skin, whole-milk
dairy products, tropical
oils-coconut oil, palm oil,
and palm kernel oil.
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
Lowers TOTAL blood cholesterol –
including both LDL and HDL levels!
Food sources: many vegetable oils, such as corn
oil, soybean oil and safflower oil.
Soy beans and oil
Safflower and oil
The process in which missing hydrogen atoms
are added to an
UNSATURATED FAT (oil)
making it more firm in texture forming a new
fatty acid called
Trans Fatty Acid
containing many of the same properties as
Fat in Food…
Fat that is not
easily seen in foods…
Fat that can be