Evolution Review

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Evolution Review

  1. 1. Evolution Review History of the Earth: Know the dates for the beginning of each period and one important event in each • Quaternary • Tertiary • Cretaceous • Jurassic • Triassic • Late Palaeocene • Middle Palaeocene • Early Palaeocene • Precambrian Fossils: • Different Modes of Preservation: o Trace, cast, mould, compression, permineralization, resin • Be able to identify which type it is from a picture Charles Darwin: • Know who he was o About his Beagle voyage  Galapagos Islands  Darwin’s Finches
  2. 2. o About his Theory of Evolution & the Mechanism of Natural Selection o “Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” published 1859 • Alfred Russel Wallace o Came up with a theory for evolution as well • Charles Lyell o “Principles of Geology” o Used Hutton’s Uniformitarianism o Fossils were animals that lived ages ago o How he contributed to Darwin’s Theory Natural, Sexual and Artificial Selection • Be able to define the different types of selection, and give examples for each. • Know the Peppered Moth example • Darwin Awards Other Theories and Evidence for Evolution: • Lamarck o Alternate Theory of Evolution: Be able to describe it and compare it to Darwin’s  Theory of Need, Theory of Use and Disuse, Theory of Inherited Acquired Characteristics (ie. Giraffe & necks extension) • Hugo deVries o Theory of Mutation (Evening Primroses) • Carl Linneaus o Binomial nomenclature (Genus and species, ie. Homo sapiens)
  3. 3. • Key Missing Links o Coelocanth (btw. Fish and terrestrial life), archaeopteryx (btw. Dinos and birds) Comparative Anatomy: • Be able to describe the following, using examples, how they support the theory of Evolution o Homologous Structures o Vestigial Structures o Analagous Structures o Embryological o Comparing DNA

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