The Russian Revolution  By 1915 Russia is in trouble  2 million soldiers killed or wounded  Food shortages people blam...
Impact of  World War I  Czar Nicholas II goes to the front  Czarina Alexandra left in charge; relies upon  Rasputin ’s a...
Rasputin   Holy man and healer  Claimed ability to cure son Alexei’s hemophilia {in reality used hypnosis}  Held influe...
 
 
 
The Russian Revolution: 1917   The March [February] Uprising: Women  in  Petrograd  Protest  Bread Shortages    Touches ...
Soviets = councils of workers and soldiers
The Russian Revolution: 1917  New government continues war against Germany
The Russian Revolution: 1917  New government continues war against Germany  Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia in April  ...
Vladimir Lenin ~ Notes  Had been exiled to Switzerland for spreading Marxist ideas to factory workers  Older brother han...
Vladimir Lenin ~ More Notes <ul><ul><li>Lenin returns from Switzerland with German assistance and issues his  April theses...
 
Lenin’s Russia: 1917-1924  The Bolsheviks took control of the government in an almost bloodless coup between November 8-1...
 
Dictatorship of the Proletariat 1848 Karl Marx wrote   The Communist Manifesto  Marx called upon factory workers (proleta...
Lenin’s Russia: 1917-1924 <ul><ul><li>November 19: Bolsheviks Call for an Immediate Armistice On All Fronts </li></ul></ul...
The Treaty of Brest Litovsk  Russia lost more than 300,000 square miles of territory   The treaty helped to establish [f...
Lenin’s Russia: 1917-1924 <ul><ul><li>November 19: Bolsheviks Call for an Immediate Armistice On All Fronts </li></ul></ul...
The invasion of U.S., British and French troops fed communist distrust of the West
Leon Trotsky <ul><ul><li>Used “brutal measures” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Czar and his family are killed </li></ul></ul>
From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939  By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  creates consti...
<ul><ul><li>Rebuilding = immense job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy = in ruins; prices 10x higher than before WWI </li...
From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939 <ul><li> By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  create...
<ul><ul><li>Lenin’s body displayed for 65 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalin – had changed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>nam...
From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939 <ul><li> By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  create...
<ul><ul><li>5-year plans take USSR back to real communism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Command economy = government official...
From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939 <ul><li> By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  create...
<ul><ul><li>Kulaks = wealthy peasants; many sent to Siberia or killed in “Great Purge” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret p...
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Russian Revolution-Presentation no animation

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Russian Revolution-Presentation no animation

  1. 1. The Russian Revolution  By 1915 Russia is in trouble  2 million soldiers killed or wounded  Food shortages people blame Czar as they had done in the past  Legislature set up after 1905 (Duma) has no real power ~ Czar refuses advice
  2. 2. Impact of World War I  Czar Nicholas II goes to the front  Czarina Alexandra left in charge; relies upon Rasputin ’s advice
  3. 3. Rasputin  Holy man and healer  Claimed ability to cure son Alexei’s hemophilia {in reality used hypnosis}  Held influence over Czar and Czarina  Influence=danger; Rasputin killed in 1916 by czar’s nephew
  4. 7. The Russian Revolution: 1917  The March [February] Uprising: Women in Petrograd Protest Bread Shortages  Touches off Protest of 300,000 Workers Demanding The Overthrow of the Monarchy  Troops Fire on the Crowd of Protesters  Czar abdicates ; revolutionary socialists set up Soviets  The Czar and His Family Are Placed Under Arrest
  5. 8. Soviets = councils of workers and soldiers
  6. 9. The Russian Revolution: 1917  New government continues war against Germany
  7. 10. The Russian Revolution: 1917  New government continues war against Germany  Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia in April  Lenin and followers, the Bolsheviks (majority), start second revolution; Promise “Peace, Land, Bread” and win control of government in November 1917.
  8. 11. Vladimir Lenin ~ Notes  Had been exiled to Switzerland for spreading Marxist ideas to factory workers  Older brother hanged for trying to kill Alexander III
  9. 12. Vladimir Lenin ~ More Notes <ul><ul><li>Lenin returns from Switzerland with German assistance and issues his April theses (Peace, Land, Bread) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This called for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overthrow of Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End to war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soviets to form new government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land given to peasants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State to control factories and banks </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Lenin’s Russia: 1917-1924  The Bolsheviks took control of the government in an almost bloodless coup between November 8-11, 1917.  Lenin is assisted by Leon Trotsky; forces = “Red Guard” attack, take over provisional gov’t, then take over other cities, Moscow becomes capital, Kremlin = HQ  New Flag = Red w/ hammer and sickle to symbolize union between workers and peasants; “Bolsheviks”  “Communist”  Lenin adapts Marxist ideas to Russian conditions “dictatorship of the proletariat&quot;
  11. 16. Dictatorship of the Proletariat 1848 Karl Marx wrote The Communist Manifesto  Marx called upon factory workers (proletariat) to rise against factory owners (bourgeoisie) and take control of factory production.  Russia doesn’t have much industry so Lenin called for an elite group to lead the revolution and set up a  dictatorship of the proletariat
  12. 17. Lenin’s Russia: 1917-1924 <ul><ul><li>November 19: Bolsheviks Call for an Immediate Armistice On All Fronts </li></ul></ul><ul><li> December 1: Bolsheviks meet With Central Powers at Brest-Litovsk </li></ul><ul><li> December 15: Russia and the Central Powers declare a cease fire </li></ul>
  13. 18. The Treaty of Brest Litovsk  Russia lost more than 300,000 square miles of territory  The treaty helped to establish [for the time being,] the independence of Estonia, Finland, Latvia , Lithuania and Poland.
  14. 19. Lenin’s Russia: 1917-1924 <ul><ul><li>November 19: Bolsheviks Call for an Immediate Armistice On All Fronts </li></ul></ul><ul><li> December 1: Bolsheviks meet With Central Powers at Brest-Litovsk </li></ul><ul><li> December 15: Russia and the Central Powers declare a cease fire </li></ul><ul><li> Russia’s loss of lands  Civil War: Reds vs. Whites (counter revolutionaries loyal to czar); Allies support Whites (roused Russian nationalism); Japan seizes land in East Asia; Czar and family murdered; Trotsky “every 10th man in army killed for poor performance” </li></ul>
  15. 20. The invasion of U.S., British and French troops fed communist distrust of the West
  16. 21. Leon Trotsky <ul><ul><li>Used “brutal measures” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Czar and his family are killed </li></ul></ul>
  17. 22. From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939  By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  creates constitution, legislature “Supreme Soviet;” Most of old empire USSR; economic recovery=NEP; foreign policy=Comintern
  18. 23. <ul><ul><li>Rebuilding = immense job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy = in ruins; prices 10x higher than before WWI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Supreme Soviet” elected by anyone over 18 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USSR = Union of Soviet Socialist Republics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEP = “New Economic Policy” allowed for some capitalism (banks were gov’t owned, but some small businesses could make profit) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comintern = “Communist International” to aid revolutionary groups around the world and encourage colonial people to rise up against imperial powers </li></ul></ul>
  19. 24. From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939 <ul><li> By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  creates constitution, legislature “Supreme Soviet;” Most of old empire USSR; economic recovery=NEP; foreign policy=Comintern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lenin dies suddenly in 1924  Trotsky vs. Stalin* </li></ul></ul>
  20. 25. <ul><ul><li>Lenin’s body displayed for 65 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalin – had changed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>name to </li></ul><ul><li>“ man of steel” </li></ul><ul><li>(from Djugashvili) </li></ul>
  21. 26. From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939 <ul><li> By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  creates constitution, legislature “Supreme Soviet;” Most of old empire USSR; economic recovery=NEP; foreign policy=Comintern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lenin dies suddenly in 1924  Trotsky vs. Stalin* </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Stalin’s goal = Soviet Union as industrial power: Several “five-year plans;” command economy; production grows (machinery not consumer goods); collective farming; standard of living remains poor </li></ul>
  22. 27. <ul><ul><li>5-year plans take USSR back to real communism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Command economy = government officials make all economic decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective farming – large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group; the state sets prices and supplies </li></ul></ul>
  23. 28. From Lenin to Stalin: 1924-1939 <ul><li> By 1921 Communists defeated all foes; Russia in chaos; Lenin rebuilding  creates constitution, legislature “Supreme Soviet;” Most of old empire USSR; economic recovery=NEP; foreign policy=Comintern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lenin dies suddenly in 1924  Trotsky vs. Stalin* </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Stalin’s goal = Soviet Union as industrial power: Several “five-year plans;” command economy; production grows (machinery not consumer goods); collective farming; standard of living remains poor </li></ul><ul><li> Ruthless policy, kulaks targeted; Great Purge 1934: secret police crack down on opponents  labor camps in Siberia, execution 800,000 of 4 million “purged” </li></ul><ul><li> Propaganda, war on religion maintains totalitarian state </li></ul>
  24. 29. <ul><ul><li>Kulaks = wealthy peasants; many sent to Siberia or killed in “Great Purge” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret police = Cheka </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propaganda against capitalism leads to Red Scare in U.S. in 1920s </li></ul></ul>

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