Geography Ireland is an island in the northwestern Europe, in the north Atlantic Ocean whose main geographical features include low central plains surrounded by a ring of coastal mountains.
Geographical Facts• The highest peak – Carrauntoohil (1041 m)• The longest river – River Shannon (386 km)• The largest lake – Lough Neagh (392 km2)• It has a total area of 84,421 km2• It is located at approximately 53°N, 8°W• It’s population reaches 4,620,352
Early History• Around 300 BC - Celts invade Ireland• 1169 - Normans conquered Celts• 1542 - Kingdom of Ireland• 1799 - Union with Great Britain
History• The Easter Rising - the aims of ending British rule in Ireland and establishing the Irish Republic• Independence - The principal beneficiary of the 1916 rising was Sinn Fein, a political movement founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith.
Dublin“town of the hurdled ford” Dublin is the capital of Ireland. It is situated on the River Liffey and encompasses a land area of approximately 115 km2. It’s population is approximately 1.8 million.
Dublin Landmarks Dublin Castle Other Landmarks• Originally built as a defensive fortification for the Norman city of Dublin, it later evolved into a royal • St. Patrick’s Cathedral residence.• The Castle served as the seat of • Mansion House English government, and now it’s a major Irish government complex. • Spire of Dublin • Trinity College
Dublin Entertainment• Dublin has a vibrant nightlife• Many pubs across the city centre (Temple Bar)• Live music on the streets• Large modern multiscreen cinemas
Traditional Music • Irish traditional music includes many kinds of songs, including drinking songs and laments. • Traditional dance music includes reels, hornpipes and jigs.
Music Today• Today, the traditional music combines with popular like pop and rock.• Thanks to that, many performers such as U2, Flogging Molly or Cranberries became very famous.
Art• Jonathan Swift – the oldest vernacular poetry in Europe• Gullivers Travels• Newgrange – neolithic carvings, bronze age